Giulio E. Lancioni's research while affiliated with Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro and other places

Publications (658)

Article
BACKGROUND: People with severe/profound intellectual and multiple disabilities often need support for their occupational engagement. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed a smartphone-based intervention program to strengthen a functional object manipulation response (i.e., collecting and putting away objects) and possibly improve the mood of five adult pa...
Article
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Objectives The study assessed a smartphone-based technology system, which was designed to enable six participants with intellectual disability and sensory impairment to start and carry out functional activities through the use of reminders and verbal or pictorial instructions. Methods The technology system involved a Samsung Galaxy A22 with Androi...
Article
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Background: People with intellectual and multiple disabilities tend to engage in very low levels of physical activity. Objective: This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive picture of intervention programs using stimulation-regulating technologies to promote forms of physical activity in people with intellectual and multiple disabilities. Me...
Article
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Objectives The study assessed a smartphone-based technology system, which was designed to support functional occupation and mobility in people with severe to profound intellectual disability and visual impairment. Methods The technology system provided (a) verbal orientation cues to guide the participants to a desk with two containers (and two gro...
Article
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Objectives We compared two technology configurations (relying on a smartphone, indoor motion sensors, and mini speakers) for helping people with intellectual disability and visual impairments independently manage functional occupational engagement.Methods One of the configurations (a) provided a verbal instruction for each of the objects the partic...
Article
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The study assessed a new smartphone-based program to enable five adults with moderate intellectual disabilities and visual or visual-motor impairments to independently access leisure events, communication with distant partners, and functional activities. The program was evaluated through a non-concurrent multiple baseline design across participants...
Article
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Objectives This study assessed a new technology system that automatically presented instructions for multistep activities to people with intellectual and sensory disabilities. The instructions were presented one at a time, and tied to the participants’ performance of the activity steps. That is, a new instruction occurred only after the participant...
Article
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One of the main objectives for people with intellectual disability (with or without other disabilities) is the ability to perform multistep activities (e.g. preparing a sandwich) without external help from a caregiver. This paper provides a review of studies that evaluated technology systems to teach or support people with intellectual and other di...
Conference Paper
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Recent advances in the diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Neurocognitive Disorders (NCDs) build on neuropsychological models (Dodich et al., 2018; Possin et al., 2018). Despite the lack of harmonized protocols (Costa et al., 2017), tools such as the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) yield specific scores (e.g., ISC for cu...
Preprint
BACKGROUND People with intellectual and multiple disabilities tend to engage in very low levels of physical activity. OBJECTIVE This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive picture of intervention programs using stimulation-regulating technologies to promote forms of physical activity in people with intellectual and multiple disabilities. ME...
Article
Purpose This study assessed everyday technology to help eight participants with intellectual and sensory-motor disabilities access stimulation via functional arm/hand responses and improved body posture. Methods An ABABB¹BB¹ design was used for each participant, with A representing baseline phases, B intervention phases in which arm/hand responses...
Article
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Background: Persons with severe/profound intellectual disability and visual impairment tend to be passive and sedentary and technology-aided intervention may be required to improve their condition without excessive demands on staff time. Objective: This study was aimed at (a) extending the assessment of technology-aided intervention to support func...
Article
BACKGROUND: Music stimulation is considered to be a valuable form of intervention for people with severe brain injuries and prolonged disorders of consciousness (i.e., unresponsive wakefulness/vegetative state or minimally conscious state). OBJECTIVE: This review was intended to provide an overall picture of work conducted during the last deca...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Persons with severe or profound intellectual disability and visual impairment tend to be passive and sedentary, and technology-aided intervention may be required to improve their condition without excessive demands on staff time. OBJECTIVE This study aims to extend the assessment of technology-aided interventions for supporting function...
Article
Full-text available
Immigrants have poorer health outcomes due in part to limited access to health care. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have immigrant parents are diagnosed at a later age and those whose parents have limited English proficiency receive fewer hours of services. What contributes to these health care and support services disparities? Th...
Article
BACKGROUND: People with severe to profound intellectual disabilities and visual or motor impairment tend to be detached and sedentary. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed a technology-aided intervention to promote ambulation in four people with severe to profound intellectual disability combined with blindness or deafness and spasticity. METHOD:...
Article
Full-text available
Music stimulation is considered to be a valuable form of intervention for people with severe brain injuries and prolonged disorders of consciousness (i.e., unresponsive wakefulness/vegetative state or minimally conscious state). This review was intended to provide an overall picture of work conducted during the last decade to assess the impact of m...
Article
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Objectives Self-injurious behavior (SIB) refers to any repeated self-directed, non-suicidal, behavior that may cause or has the potential to cause physical harm to the person’s body. Behavioral interventions provide the standard evidence-based treatments for SIB by people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID). Trans...
Article
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Purpose of Review Neonates present with a number of primitive reflexes that typically dissipate in later infancy. Persistence of such reflexes past infancy could indicate some type of developmental problem or compromised neurology and therefore might be predictably associated with various types of developmental disorders. The present review sought...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review studies that evaluated technology-based prompting systems for supporting participants with dementia or acquired cognitive impairment in their performance of multistep daily tasks. Design/methodology/approach A scoping review was conducted to identify eligible studies through a search of four electroni...
Chapter
In recent years, mindfulness-based programs and practices have been recognized as effective treatment and training approaches congruent with Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) principles and applications. In this chapter, we introduce definitions of mindfulness and possible mechanisms of its actions as used in the context of anger and aggression manag...
Article
Purpose This paper provides a review of studies that evaluated technology devices to sustain various forms of mobility in older people with cognitive impairment or dementia and mobility problems (e.g., inability to ambulate or difficulties to orient with consequent failures to reach relevant destinations). Methods A literature search was performed...
Article
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Objectives The present study was aimed at assessing a simplified technology-aided program to allow eight participants with extensive neuro-motor impairments and absence of verbal skills to access preferred leisure events and call the caregiver independently. Methods The technology included mainstream commercial components such as an Echo Dot© with...
Article
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Objectives Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) has been shown to be effective in reducing stress and burnout in parents and professional caregivers of children and adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess the comparative effects of the...
Article
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People with severe/profound and multiple disabilities may receive insufficient stimulation and correspondingly show low levels of happiness (satisfaction). Various stimulation strategies have been proposed to address this situation. This study aimed to extend the assessment of two of those strategies (i.e., self-regulated and staff-regulated stimul...
Article
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Objectives The present study assessed a new intervention strategy to help individuals with severe to profound intellectual disability and blindness (i.e., total blindness or minimal residual vision) to travel to different rooms located on both sides of long hallways.Methods The intervention strategy was based on the use of a smartphone (i.e., a Sam...
Article
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Technology is deemed to have a critically important role in programs for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities as well as disabilities following neurological damage and neurodegenerative diseases. Accordingly, a variety of technology solutions have been developed over the years to address the needs of persons with different disab...
Article
Objectives: Caring for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be gratifying as well as stressful. Professional staff employed as caregivers often report compromised mental and physical wellbeing due to the stressful nature of working with clients who exhibit aggressive and destructive behaviors. Prolon...
Article
Purpose This study assessed a new technology system to help six participants with intellectual and visual disabilities manage leisure engagement and communication with distant partners in an independent manner. Methods A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design across participants was used to assess the effects of the new technology system. This inc...
Preprint
Immigrants have poorer health outcomes due in part to limited access to health care. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have immigrant parents are diagnosed at a later age and those whose parents have limited English proficiency receive fewer hours of services. What contributes to these health care and support services disparities? Th...
Article
Background Smartphone-aided programs were recently developed to support leisure engagement and communication with distant partners in individuals with special needs. This study evaluated an extended smartphone-aided program that supported daily activities in addition to communication and leisure in individuals with intellectual and visual or visuo-...
Article
Objectives The present study evaluated a new smartphone-based program to help 12 participants with intellectual disability plus visual and motor impairments to self-regulate their stimulation input (thus avoiding their dependence on staff) through simple non-verbal responses. Method Nonconcurrent multiple baseline designs across participants were...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The study evaluated a new smartphone-aided program that added the possibility of making video calls to the leisure and activity options available in the previous version of the program.Methods The participants were seven adults with moderate intellectual disability and sensory impairments who had been exposed to the original smartphone-a...
Article
Objective To assess a simple technology solution to support basic communication and leisure in people with neurological disorders, extensive motor impairment, and absence of speech. Design The design was a non-concurrent multiple baseline across participants. Methods The study included eight participants and assessed a technology setup including...
Article
Background. People with intellectual disability and motor impairment have reduced opportunities to participate in recreational and communication activities. Objective. This study reports on the evaluation of a new tablet-based program to help seven participants with mild/moderate or moderate intellectual disability, motor impairment, and limited co...
Article
Objective: The study evaluated a smartphone-aided program to support independent access to leisure events and performance of daily activities in seven participants with moderate intellectual disability, four of whom also had severe hearing loss. Method: The program relied on the use of a Samsung Galaxy J4 Plus smartphone with Android 9.0 operating...
Article
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Caregivers of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities are often stressed due to the demands of the job, including the nature and severity of challenging behaviors of the clients, work conditions, degree of management support for the staff, and the demands of implementing some interventions under adverse conditions. Mindfulness-...
Article
Background: Individuals with extensive neuro-motor impairment and lack of speech tend to remain passive and isolated, and to rely on others for communication and leisure. While their problems are known, only limited evidence is available about intervention tools that could help them curb those problems. Objective: This study was aimed at upgradi...
Article
Purpose: This study was aimed at assessing a smartphone-based intervention to help 11 individuals with moderate Alzheimer’s disease and ambulation problems to manage goal-directed, walker-assisted ambulation and object use (i.e., to reach specific destinations and put away objects at those destinations independently). Method: The study was carried...
Article
Background: Individuals with extensive neuro-motor impairment and lack of speech are known to remain fairly isolated and rely on others. Yet, there is only limited evidence as to how one can help them to reach a level of independence in relevant areas such as leisure and communication. This study assessed a program based on everyday technology to...
Article
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Objectives This study evaluated a smartphone-based technology package to guide eight participants with intellectual disability and visual impairment to engage in functional occupation and mobility (i.e., collect activity-related items and put them away at the appropriate destinations). Methods The technology package used during intervention and fo...
Article
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Objectives This study assessed a smartphone-based program to foster basic occupational engagement and personal satisfaction, and eventually increase physical exertion (heart rates), in people with extensive neurodevelopmental disorders. Methods The program relied on a Samsung Galaxy A3 smartphone with Android 6.0 operating system, near-field commu...
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Purpose of Review This paper summarizes a number of studies using communication technology with people with neurodevelopmental disorders to (a) provide illustrative examples of the technology solutions available, (b) examine the communication skills addressed and the results obtained, and (c) discuss the affordability and accessibility of the techn...
Article
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This paper presents an overview of recent technology-aided programs (i. e., technology-aided support tools) designed to help people with significant disabilities (a) engage in adaptive responses, functional activities, and leisure and communication, and thus (b) interact with their physical and social environment and improve their performance/achie...
Article
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Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that affects cognition, mental and physical health, and functionality of older people. As the disease progresses from the mild to moderate stage, there is a concomitant increase in several behavioral variables, chiefly agitation, anger, and aggression. Currently, there are no evidence...
Article
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by social and communication impairment, but some children appear to have relative strength in areas such as reading printed words. The present study involved two children with limited expressive communication skills, but relatively stronger reading ability. Based on this existing strength, we evaluated a te...
Article
The aim of this study was to assess a new smartphone-based program version to allow seven participants with intellectual plus visual and/or motor disabilities and hesitant speech to send out and receive WhatsApp messages, make telephone calls, and access leisure activities. This program version relied on a Samsung A3 smartphone, which was automated...
Article
Objectives: This study assessed a smartphone-based program to promote practical and mildly demanding arm responses and personal satisfaction and increase physical exertion (heart rates) in people with advanced Alzheimer's disease. Methods: The program relied on a Samsung Galaxy A3 smartphone with Android 6.0 operating system. Two groups of 10 an...
Article
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This study extended the research on technology-aided programs for promoting the independent performance (practice) of functional motor responses (e.g., arm or leg-foot movements) in people with intellectual disabilities and extensive motor impairments. Specifically, the study assessed (a) the suitability of simple commercial technology (i.e., a sma...
Article
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Parenting a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disabilities (IDs) can be stressful for many parents. Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) is a customized mindfulness program that enables parents and other caregivers to reduce their perceived psychological stress to normative levels through mindfulness procedure...
Article
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Special education policies recognize the need for developing and preserving the heritage languages of individuals with disabilities. Yet there seems to be a disconnect between policy and practice. Should the heritage languages of bilingual individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders be incorporated into interventions? This review evaluated 18 stu...
Article
Purpose Music stimulation is considered beneficial for people with advanced Alzheimer’s disease. The purpose of this paper is to assess a tablet-based program to promote music-related hand responses and positive engagement (e.g. singing or moving the body with the music) in people with advanced Alzheimer’s disease. Design/methodology/approach Th...
Article
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Several methods have been used to assist children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to self-manage their anger and aggression, including psychopharmacological, behavioral, and mindfulness-based interventions. However, no intervention works well with all children who engage in aggression and there is a need to investigate alternative management te...
Article
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Students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have difficulty with academic work in school because they are inattentive and disruptive as a result of the core systems of their disorder. In addition to behavioral challenges frequently associated with ADHD, these students may also have deficits in working memory, planning and organiza...
Article
Objectives: This study assessed a new technology-aided program to support independent leisure and communication engagement with people with intellectual and motor or sensory-motor disabilities. Methods: Six adults participated. The program relied on the use of a Samsung Galaxy Tab S2 LTE tablet with Android 6.0 Operating System, a NANO SIM card, an...
Article
Developmental regression is characteristic of Rett syndrome and it also occurs in a number of other developmental disabilities. To assist clinicians in identifying promising therapeutic approaches, we identified 38 studies that sought to improve adaptive behavior functioning in cases where developmental regression had either already occurred or was...
Article
Purpose: This study evaluated a tablet-based program to help eight participants with moderate intellectual disability, sensory and/or motor impairments, and lack of expressive or expressive and receptive verbal skills to select and access leisure activities and video calls independently. Methods: The program relied on the use of a tablet (i.e., Sam...
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Some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) engage in verbal and physical aggression that is inimical to their educational and social development. Given that no specific treatment is applicable to all individuals with ASD, there is a need to develop and assess interventions that enable self-management of these behaviors. In a multiple-base...
Article
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These two studies were aimed at replicating and extending previous research on the use of microswitch-aided intervention for persons in a minimally conscious state (MCS). Study 1 was a new assessment of the effectiveness of such intervention in helping MCS persons increase functional responding to control environmental stimulation. Ten participants...
Article
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This study evaluated a new smartphone-based program to support independent leisure and communication activities in five participants with mild to moderate intellectual disability, visual and/or motor impairments, and poor speech. The new program relied on the use of two Samsung Galaxy A3 smartphone devices with Android 5.1 operating system. The par...
Article
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Background: People with intellectual disability and sensory or sensory-motor impairments may display serious problems in managing functional daily activities as well as leisure activities and communication with distant partners. Aim: The study assessed an upgraded smartphone-based program to foster independent leisure and communication activity of...