George Siemens's research while affiliated with University of South Australia and other places

Publications (61)

Article
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The proliferation of AI in many aspects of human life—from personal leisure, to collaborative professional work, to global policy decisions—poses a sharp question about how to prepare people for an interconnected, fast-changing world which is increasingly becoming saturated with technological devices and agentic machines. What kinds of capabilities...
Article
The ability to develop new skills and competencies is a central concept of lifelong learning. Research to date has largely focused on the processes and support individuals require to engage in upskilling, re-learning or training. However, there has been limited attention examining the types of support that are necessary to assist a learner’s transi...
Article
Previous research suggests that common modifiable health risk factors (e.g., depression, anxiety, metabolic illness, inflammation) may have an impact on memory. In the present study, we sought to investigate relationships between a number of these health risk factors and two components of recognition memory (recollection and familiarity). Data were...
Article
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Massive Open Online Courses have provided researchers with considerable opportunities to assess student learning within technically mediated online environments. However, for most reported studies, analyses are conducted from a single MOOC or over multiple MOOCs with different learner enrolments. Thus, this limits the opportunities to assess the ch...
Article
The past 70 years of research in learning has primarily favoured a cognitive perspective. As such, learning and learning performance were measured based on factors such as memory, encoding, and retrieval. More sophisticated learning activities, such as perspective changes, still relied on a fundamental cognitive architecture (Dunlosky & Rawson, 201...
Conference Paper
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How ideas develop and evolve is a topic of interest for educators. By understanding this process, designers and educators are better able to support and guide collaborative learning activities. This paper presents an application of our Lifespan of an Idea framework to measure engagement patterns among individuals in communal socio-technical spaces...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examines the effects of a readiness exam in finding students’ areas of academic weakness in algebra concepts and for predicting their success in a College Algebra course. The students completed a readiness exam during the first week of the course and then received personalized feedback based on their performance to address specific defic...
Article
This article serves as a reflection on the papers accepted for this special issue. Although 2011 saw the first learning analytics conference, the field draws from a long history of research in associated disciplines such as psychology, statistics, education and computer science. However, the novelty of learning analytics research stems from the acc...
Conference Paper
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Learning Analytics (LA) studies the learning process in order to optimize learning opportunities for students. Although LA has quickly risen to prominence, there remain questions regarding the impact LA has made to date. To evaluate the extent that LA has impacted our understanding of learning and produced insights that have been translated to main...
Conference Paper
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This poster will present the findings from an ongoing research study examining course data to investigate the best conditions for student success in order to implement strategies and interventions that support student learning in a College Algebra course at a large, publicly funded university in the U.S. Many college students continue to fail or wi...
Article
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The learning analytics community has matured significantly over the past few years as a middle space where technology and pedagogy combine to support learning experiences. To continue to grow and connect these perspectives, research needs to move beyond the level of basic support actions. This means exploring the use of data to prove richer forms o...
Article
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This paper examines the discrete learning strategies employed within a massive open online course and their relationship to the student learning experience. The theoretical framework centered on the Community of Inquiry model of online education, which outlines the three critical dimensions (presences) of student learning experience: teaching, soci...
Conference Paper
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Reflective writing has been widely recognized as one of the most effective activities for fostering students' reflective and critical thinking. The analysis of students' reflective writings has been the focus of many research studies. However, to date this has been typically a very labor-intensive manual process involving content analysis of studen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research on learner behaviors and course completion within Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) has been mostly confined to single courses, making the findings difficult to generalize across different data sets and to assess which contexts and types of courses these findings apply to. This paper reports on the development of the MOOC Replication Fra...
Article
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This study presents an evaluation of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) survey instrument developed by Arbaugh et al. (2008) within the context of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). The study reports the results of a reliability analysis and exploratory factor analysis of the CoI survey instrument using the data of 1487 students from five MOOC course...
Book
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The Handbook of Learning Analytics is designed to meet the needs of a new and growing field. It aims to balance rigor, quality, open access and breadth of appeal and was devised to be an introduction to the current state of research. The Handbook is a snapshot of the field in 2017 and features a range of prominent authors from the learning analytic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2011, the phenomenon of MOOCs had swept the world of education and put online education in the focus of the public discourse around the world. Although researchers were excited with the vast amounts of MOOC data being collected, the benefits of this data did not stand to the expectations due to several challenges. The analyses of MOOC data are v...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ability to pay attention and self-regulate is a fundamental skill required of learners of all ages. Learning analytics researchers have to date relied on data generated by a computing system (such as a learning management system, click stream or log data) to examine learners' self-regulatory abilities. The development of wearable computing thro...
Conference Paper
The scholarly investigation of discourse in teaching and learning is multi-disciplinary, theoretically rich, and highly technical. Researchers with backgrounds in education, cognitive psychology, computer science, and the social sciences apply a diverse set of techniques to understand how student discussions affect learning. Aided by big data comin...
Conference Paper
The amount of data extracted from learning experiences has grown at an astonishing pace both in depth due to the increasing variety of data sources, and in breath with courses now being offered to massive student cohorts. However, in this emerging scenario instructors are now facing the challenge of connecting the knowledge emerging from data analy...
Chapter
Full-text available
The field of learning analytics recently attracted attention from educational practitioners and researchers interested in the use of large amounts of learning data for understanding learning process and improving learning and teaching practices. In this chapter, we introduce content analytics – a particular form of learning analytics focused on the...
Technical Report
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In online learning, the most widely used model which outlines students’ learning experience is the community of inquiry (CoI) model. Central to the CoI model is the construct of cognitive presence, which focuses on students’ development of critical and deep thinking skills and is essential for the attainment of learning outcomes. Given the latent n...
Article
The papers in ths special section focus on the topic of learning analytics.
Poster
Full-text available
Research on learner behaviors and course completion within Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) has been mostly confined to single courses, making the findings difficult to generalize across different data sets and to assess which contexts and types of courses these findings apply to. This paper reports on the development of the MOOC Replication Fra...
Article
Full-text available
In 2011, the phenomenon of MOOCs had swept the world of education and put online education in the focus of the public discourse around the world. Although researchers were excited with the vast amounts of MOOC data being collected, the benefits of this data did not stand to the expectations due to several challenges. The analyses of MOOC data are v...
Article
The European LinkedUp and LACE (Learning Analytics Community Exchange) project have been responsible for setting up a series of data challenges at the LAK conferences 2013 and 2014 around the LAK dataset. The LAK datasets consists of a rich collection of full text publications in the domain of Learning Analytics and Educational Data Mining. The LAK...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, we present the results of an exploratory study that examined the problem of automating content analysis of student online discussion transcripts. We looked at the problem of coding discussion transcripts for the levels of cognitive presence, one of the three main constructs in the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model of distance educatio...
Conference Paper
This demonstration introduces the Connected Learning An-alytics (CLA) Toolkit. The CLA toolkit harvests data about student participation in specified learning activities across standard social media environments, and presents information about the nature and quality of the learning interactions .
Conference Paper
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Recent development of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOcs) commenced unprescendented interest of the general public. To leverage from attention given to MOOCs, understanding of public discourse is essential, as it can give critical insights into the important domains of biggest societal interests. Prevoius research showed the great need for understa...
Conference Paper
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Higher Education Institutions are increasingly called upon to provide more flexible student learning pathways – in degree programs as well as through the introduction of methods for micro-credentialing. However, the rhetoric of establishing such open and personalised learning pathways is far easier than the reality of implementation and organisatio...
Conference Paper
A key challenge in ITS research and development is to support tutoring at scale, for example by embedding tutors in MOOCs. An obstacle to at-scale deployment is that ITS architectures tend to be complex, not easily deployed in browsers without significant server-side processing, and not easily embedded in a learning management system (LMS). We pres...
Conference Paper
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This interactive event is meant to engage the CSCL community in brainstorming about what affordances in MOOCs would enable application of and research extending theories and best practices from our field. To provide a concrete focus as a foundation for this discussion, we present the innovative design of a recent edX MOOC entitled Data, Analytics,...
Article
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One of the striking differences between massive open online courses (MOOCs) and previous innovations in the education technology field is the unprecedented interest and involvement of the general public. As MOOCs address pressing problems in higher education and the broader educational practice, awareness of the general public debate around MOOCs i...
Chapter
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This report forms one part in a series of articles offering an overview of the state of distance, online, and blended learning, and positioning them in relation to the emerging domain of digital learning. This particular report focuses on blended learning (BL), referring to the practices that combine (or blend) traditional face-to-face (f2f) learni...
Chapter
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This report analyzes findings from research into online learning in order to provide guidelines for further research and practice. within this tertiary study, we performed a systematic review of thirty-two second-order studies that address issues of teaching and learning in online settings. From the examination of the studies included in the review...
Chapter
Full-text available
This report is one of a series of reports describing the historical developments and current state of distance education, online learning, and blended learning. with the intent of informing future research and practice in the emerging discipline of digital learning, this tertiary study focuses on the history and state of distance education, and the...
Article
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The analysis of data collected from the interaction of users with educational and information technology has attracted much attention as a promising approach for advancing our understanding of the learning process. This promise motivated the emergence of the new research field, learning analytics, and its closely related discipline, educational dat...
Article
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This article introduces the special issue from the 2015 Learning Analytics and Knowledge conference. We describe the current state of the field , and identify some of the trends in recent research. As the field continues to expand , it seems that there are at least three directions of vigorous growth: the inclusion of multimodal data (gesture, eye-...
Article
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This paper reports on the results of an analysis of the research proposals submitted to the MOOC Research Initiative (MRI) funded by the Gates Foundation and administered by Athabasca University. The goal of MRI was to mobilize researchers to engage into critical interrogation of MOOCs. The submissions – 266 in Phase 1, out of which 78 was recommen...
Article
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The rapid advances in information and communication technologies, coupled with increased access to information and the formation of global communities, have resulted in interest among researchers and academics to revise educational practice to move beyond traditional 'literacy' skills towards an enhanced set of "multiliteracies" or "new media liter...
Article
The massive adoption of technology in learning processes comes with an equally large capacity to track learners. Learning analytics aims at using the collected information to understand and improve the quality of a learning experience. The privacy and ethical issues that emerge in this context are tightly interconnected with other aspects such as t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learning analytics (LA) as a field remains in its infancy. Many of the techniques now prominent from practitioners have been drawn from various fields, including HCI, statistics, computer science, and learning sciences. In order for LA to grow and advance as a discipline, two significant challenges must be met: 1) development of analytics methods a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides an evaluation of the current state of the field of learning analytics through analysis of articles and citations occurring in the LAK conferences and identified special issue journals. The emerging field of learning analytics is at the intersection of numerous academic disciplines, and therefore draws on a diversity of methodolo...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the past decades, the potential of analytics and data mining - methodologies that extract useful and actionable information from large datasets - has transformed one field of scientific inquiry after another (cf. Collins, Morgan, & Patrinos, 2004; Summers et al., 1992). Analytics has become a trend over the past several years, reflected in l...
Article
Recently, learning analytics (LA) has drawn the attention of academics, researchers, and administrators. This interest is motivated by the need to better understand teaching, learning, “intelligent content,” and personalization and adaptation. While still in the early stages of research and implementation, several organizations (Society for Learnin...
Article
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The early stages of the internet and world wide web drew attention to the communication and connective capacities of global networks. The ability to collaborate and interact with colleagues from around the world provided academics with new models of teaching and learning. Today, online education is a fast growing segment of the education sector. A...
Article
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Growing interest in data and analytics in education, teaching, and learning raises the priority for increased, high-quality research into the models, methods, technologies, and impact of analytics. Two research communities -- Educational Data Mining (EDM) and Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK) have developed separately to address this need. Thi...
Article
Learning analytics are rapidly being implemented in different educational settings, often without the guidance of a research base. Vendors incorporate analytics practices, models, and algorithms from datamining, business intelligence, and the emerging "big data" fields. Researchers, in contrast, have built up a substantial base of techniques for an...
Article
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The last decade has produced tremendous innovation in how people connect with one another online. Social networks have experienced a rapid increase in popularity, producing both concerns (privacy, content ownership) and opportunities. The articles in this journal can be viewed as attempts to answer the question: What should educators do about socia...
Article
Full-text available
Nell’era di Internet, delle tecnologie mobili e dell’istruzione aperta, la necessità di interventi per migliorare l’efficienza e la qualità dell’istruzione superiore è diventata pressante. I big data e il Learning Analytics possono contribuire a condurre questi interventi, e a ridisegnare il futuro dell’istruzione superiore. Basare le decisioni su...

Citations

... For example, an original paper validating CESD-R showed 10.3 ± 11.7 on the internet survey, and 16.4 ± 13.5 among undergraduate psychology students [13]. Further, the average CESD-R scores among university students of the United States (US) were 10.2 ± 8.74 [24]. Another study with 98 African Americans and one white respondent, with an average age of 59 years old, in Washington DC, USA, showed 5.8 ± 8.88 [25]. ...
... From the overall view of this study, the on-time support of course teachers for preservice teachers via LA, along with the possibility of making one's own observations of progress via LA (cf. Barthakur et al., 2021), can have a positive influence on increased time management and decreased task avoidance, anxiety, and boredom. In addition, LA can support students' understanding of themselves as learners as well as their learning skills and metacognitive thinking (Durall et al., 2014;Marzouk et al., 2016), which is partially seen in our study results. ...
... Online and distance learning methods have been further commonly applied to facilitate professional development courses in workplace settings (Anderson, 2008;Ginda et al., 2019;Stacey et al., 2004;Thorpe & Gordon, 2012). The alignment of course objectives and assessment activities are also critical for such courses that focus on developing complex skills (such as critical thinking, creativity, and leadership) where open-ended and unstructured learning tasks and assessments are more common (Joksimovic et al., 2020). Nevertheless, establishing these alignments, in a newly developed course, between the objectives and assessments (and learning activities) is less straightforward (Baldwin & Ching, 2019;Lowenthal & Hodges, 2015;Martin et al., 2019) and hence, not readily available to the instructors. ...
... They particularly liked the design of highlighting severe language issues in the Correction View. As pointed out by previous research, learning dashboards should provide learners with actionable suggestions [24,52]. In particular, when learning with multiple tutors, different tutors point out diverse issues and give various suggestions, and it is challenging for learners to figure out the priority and distill actionable insights. ...
... As the field progressed, there were more retweets suggesting a developing network of members in the learning analytics community with ideas that are spreading out from individuals. In parallel with Peri et al. 's study [31], where epidemiological methods were used to measure engagement patterns in Twitter, the connections and influence of highly infective individuals can be used to increase greater social participation. Aligned with Chen et al.'s findings [9], the topics of interest in the learning analytics community become more diverse as indicated by the increasing number of hashtags being used. ...
... Entre las favorables, se destaca que la recolección y análisis de datos masivos provee información granular y detallada sobre los procesos de aprendizaje útil para la mejora de procesos. Para los críticos, la analítica de aprendizaje reproduce inequidades y deja aislados a los estudiantes que necesitan apoyo(Siemens, 2019). En cuanto al control de los datos que se extraen, se presentan diferentes modelos en los que las plataformas pueden solamente procesar datos que se producen en su uso, controlarlos o ambos, dependiendo del tipo de plataforma y de interacción. ...
... Ochoa et al. (2014) provided an overview of LA based on papers from Learning Analytics & Knowledge (LAK) 2013 using scientometrics. Dawson et al. (2019) reviewed literature in LAK conferences and the Journal of Learning Analytics from 2011 to 2018 regarding research aims, data types, institutional settings, and research and implementation scale. ...
... Despite some deep learning models (e.g., GPT-3 [7]) can generate human-like sentences [9], the uninterpreted sentence generation process from the model is still raised as a concern among educational stakeholders (e.g., students and teachers) [19]. Fortunately, many existing educational AF systems employed explainable AI algorithms to provide feedback [8] such as OnTask [32] (rule-based methods to automate feedback provision). However, even when the AF is built upon the explainable AI algorithms to generate feedback, the pitfalls of explainability can still exist, such as adding more complex rules in the model which can be less understandable to the educational stakeholders [19]. ...
... Kovanovića et al. (2019) mention that most students do not use the available tools for e-learning appropriately, indicating a lack of metacognitive capacity, skills, and motivation to use the provided technology effectively. Further, identification of VCC can guide stakeholders to focus on improving critical features of an attribute instead. ...
... Interest in LA is high among educational institutions; however, adoption remains low even though the HEI sector is incrementing its use to understand better and support students learning [70]. HEI is an education area that uses LA with different focuses: research, knowledge exchange, and praxis [45]. HEI research related to LA has been in [34]: student retention, predictive analytics, discourse analytics, helping students learn, and the relationship between educational theory and learning design. ...