G. Bruce Doern's research while affiliated with Carleton University and other places

Publications (24)

Article
I will begin by briefly reviewing regulatory budgets illustrated by the current activities in the UK, which is the first country to adopt such a reform. I will then describe the concept of a strategic regulatory agenda for the Government of Canada and demonstrate first how the two starting logics are different but also how closely entwined the two...
Article
Royal Commission on Financial Management and Accountability, Final Report (The Lambert Report) - Volume 1 Issue 1 - G. Bruce Doern
Article
This article examines the transformation of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) as a regulatory institution caught in the midst of massive technological change in the converging broadcasting and telecommunications industry. Focusing on the last decade, the article assesses institutional change in relation to five...
Article
The article examines the institutional transformation of the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) in the last decade, set in the political-economic context of innovation policy. There are two main themes. The first is that the NRC has changed considerably in a way that reflects both the diverse and contested meanings of the,innovation policy p...
Article
The article examines the content and findings of the report of the Ham Royal Commission on the Health and Safety of Workers in Mines (in Ontario), and the preliminary report of the Beaudry inquiry into health in the Quebec asbestos industry. The reports are analyzed in relation to a case study (on the Matachewan asbestos plant) and in the broader c...
Article
The article presents an eight-point analytical framework for the examination of key political-institutional aspects of the functioning of national competition policy institutions. These are assessed against the competition policy regimes of the EC, UK, Germany, and, to a lesser extent, the US. Each element represents an aspect or institutional aren...
Article
Negotiated access to markets through the internationalization of business framework rules is of increasing importance. The article examines the political-economic factors that are contributing to, but also setting limits on, the greater internationalization of one such aspect of policy—competition policy. It analyzes whether internationalizing forc...
Article
Through a case study of the Canadian Department of the Environment, the article examines three conceptual issues involved as governments seek to institutionalize sustainable development concepts and practices into the center of executive decision-making. The conceptual issues examined in the dynamics of moving from sectoral to macro green governanc...
Article
The federal government’s research laboratories are facing numerous pressures. They must support important regulatory, policy and risk-management objectives, which are critical to ensuring public confidence in the government’s ability to protect the health and safety of Canadians and the environment. Government laboratories are also cast as catalyti...
Article
The article argues that the study of science in government needs a viable mezzo- or middle-level framework to deal adequately with the analysis of science in regulatory governance and then advances a possible framework. The case for mezzo-level analysis is developed through a brief review of relevant literature on science in government policy and r...
Article
The purpose of this chapter is to explore the evolution and changing nature of the international regime for biotechnology and indeed the extent to which an international regime actually exists for biotechnology. It also explores the core international and domestic politics shaping the regime. The notion of a regime must be taken as a question becau...
Article
The article examines the political and managerial origins of John Major's Citizen's Charter initiative and assesses its early implementation in three governmental agencies: the Employment Agency; Inland Revenue; and British Rail. Six managerial and implementation issues are explored including: changes in awareness of the exact business an agency is...
Article
This article examines the impact of two policy crises on the structure and behaviour of Canadian oil and gas interest groups. It first retests Glyn Berry's three propositions developed in 1974 after the first energy crisis, in light of the second energy crisis in 1979–1980. It then generates and examines two further propositions. The three proposit...
Article
. The article examines the role of science and technology in the nuclear regulatory process by focusing on Canadian efforts over the past two decades to regulate the health of Canadian uranium miners. While analysed in the general context of the political economy of the Canadian uranium industry, the article examines in particular a number of aspec...
Article
Transport in Transition: The Reorganization of the Federal Transport PortfolioLangfordJohn W.Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1976, pp. xviii, 267 - Volume 10 Issue 3 - G. Bruce Doern
Article
Trois techniques visant un même objectif ont été récemment introduites dans le processus de la formation des politiques au Canada. Installées entre 1966 et 1970, elles ont une origine indépendante bien qu'elles témoignent d'un désir parallèle de rationalisation et espèrent toutes trois fournir au gouvernement fédéral des bases de décision intellige...
Article
KilbournWilliam, Pipeline. Toronto, Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin & Co. Ltd., 1970, pp. xiii, 222. - Volume 3 Issue 4 - G. Bruce Doern

Citations

... How scientific information is used and how it influences environmental policy and decision making are not well understood. Researchers sometimes attribute the apparent disconnect between the knowledge and information produced by scientists and that used by policy makers to problems at the "science-policy interface" (Ascher, Steelman, & Healy, 2010;Doern & Reed, 2000;Keller, 2009;Mitchell, 2010;Mitchell, Clark, & Cash, 2006;Mol, 2008). ...
... This leads to a wider questioning of the feasibility (and value) of trying to classify issues into requiring applied science or PNS (see also Carolan 2006). From the other end of the spectrum, there is evidence of skepticism among scientists and other conventional experts as to the value of what is referred to as ''anecdotal'' evidence more generally (e.g., Doern and Reed 2000;Petts and Brooks 2006;Turnpenny, Lorenzoni, and Jones 2009). Other critiques of the PNS include that of Tacconi (1998) who sees great promise in the concept but notes a gap in the literature regarding methodological detail. ...
... Also, reviewing these reports suggests that the importance of government labs for economic growth received more attention than the role of government labs for public good. Doern and Kinder (2002) [5] have done a comprehensive review of S&T recommendations to Canadian governments in the past and pointed out some of the challenges. ...
... It operates at various levels of scale: geographic, institutional, political, and temporal. Most models of scientific communication ignore the use of research information in public policy making, where information assimilation is different than in pure research contexts (Doern, 2001;Duff, 1997;Dunn, 2005;Søndergaard, Andersen, & Hjørland, 2003;Van der Veer Martens & Goodrum, 2005). Decision makers or their advisors may find it challenging to choose which information to use when there is an absence of consensus among scientific experts and the presence of competing views advocated by stakeholders. ...
... The Citizen's Charter (hereafter CC) is a formal document of proclamation which spells out the user's entitlement and indicates the service provider's obligations. In other words, CC is a document that outlines the commitment of the service provider towards the citizens through clearly specified benchmarks of quality and standards of service (Sharma and Sharma: 2002;Ghuman: 2000;Tritter: 1994;Doern: 1993;Lewis: 1993). In a nutshell, it is a formal piece of information that represents systematic endeavors of the organization assurance towards citizens with emphasis on standard of services, information, choice, and consultation among other things. ...
... These questions are significant as they point to an under researched area of Canadian, and indeed global, political economy: the public policy preferences of major firms and business associations. Scholars in Canada and elsewhere have argued that "big business" has considerable, if variable, influence over public policy outcomes (Berry, 1974;Doern, 1978;Mansbridge, 1992;Toner and Doern, 1986;Trebilcock, 1978;Vogel, 1989). If this is indeed so, then what business wants and why they want it is a foundational element of business-government relations. ...
... Indonesian top-down policy in handling COVID-19 emphasized more on aspects of bureaucratic structure (Malloy, 1999). Doern (1993) suggests that policies that are clear and originate from the policy paradigm and regulate ideas or principles; organization and bureaucratic power; and policies in the community can contribute to the development. ...
... Teniendo en cuenta que los instrumentos se dirigen a modificar comportamientos, un aspecto clave se refiere al grado y objeto de la coerción. Por un lado, la coercitividad se propuso como el principal criterio de selección, bajo el supuesto de que existe una preferencia general por los instrumentos menos coercitivos de la escala, avanzando hacia niveles superiores solo en la medida en que la resolución del problema lo requiere (Doern, 1983). Por el otro, según su modalidad y objeto particular de coerción, las políticas detonarían diferentes dinámicas políticas, es decir, diferentes patrones de organización colectiva e interacción entre actores estatales y no estatales (Lowi, 1972). ...
... In short, trade policy is more political and competition policy is considerably de-politicized. (Doern, 1996, p. 281) This fundamental difference between a 'legalistic' regulatory and 'politicized' distributive policy may create different incentives for relevant principals and agents. Such a difference in the nature of these two policy areas might lead one to believe that agents in trade policy will be more strictly controlled than competition agents. ...
... As O'Grady (2000) and others have pointed out, this framing of JOHSCs and worker representatives in Ontario began in large part with a provincial inquiry into mine health and safety in 1975-1976(Ham 1976, prompted by a wildcat uranium mine strike over cancer rates in the mine, which informed the creation of the OOHSA (1978/1990/2001) when committees were first mandated (see also Doern 1977;Gray 2002;MacDowell 2012;Storey & Tucker 2006;Tucker 2003). In discussing the need for joint OHS committees, the lone commissioner Dr. James Ham (1976: 157) stated 'that there is emphatically no place for the adversary system of collective bargaining in dealing with matters of health and safety', arguing further that without a 'cooperative will' to understand the complex issues of health and safety in the [mining] industry, it is unlikely that such committees can better the conditions of work. ...