Fred O. Walumbwa's research while affiliated with Florida International University and other places

Publications (114)

Article
Does a chief executive officer’s (CEO’s) ability to manage and motivate their direct reports impact firm financial performance? Good or bad, CEO leadership research is increasingly romanticized, leading to investigations of CEO traits as visionary and transformational behaviors at the expense of understanding whether the mundane, everyday managemen...
Article
Although servant leadership has emerged as an important community‐oriented leadership approach that is desirable for public organizations, relatively less research attention has been devoted to understanding its antecedents as well as its organizational and community‐level consequences. Drawing on self‐categorization and stakeholder theories, this...
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Drawing on insights from social learning and social cognitive perspectives and research on the multilevel reality of leadership influences, we developed and tested a multilevel model that examines mechanisms and conditions through which ethical leadership deters work unit- and individual-level ostracism. Based on two field studies using multiple me...
Article
Research on extreme environments has highlighted the necessity of having response teams that serve both the community and team. Though researchers have discussed the need for "unit solidarity" or a "communal code," our research is among the first to examine communal solidarity-that is, the building of unity in both the community and the team by ser...
Article
Although family–supportive supervision (FSS) has been identified as one of the most useful social resources for reducing the occurrence of work interference with family (WIF), relatively little is known about the boundary conditions and the underlying mechanisms through which this relationship occurs. Drawing on conservation of resources (COR) theo...
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Drawing upon social exchange and social identity theories, this study proposes a model to explain how resources produced from salient social exchanges at work influence employee thriving. To advance the literature and provide a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between social exchange resources and thriving at work, we examined resourc...
Article
Research on extreme environments has highlighted the necessity of having response teams with a culture of serving both the community and the team. Though several researchers have discussed the need for “unit solidarity” or a “communal code,” our research is one of the first to empirically examine communal solidarity—that is, the building of unity i...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to explore the antecedents and consequences of thriving at work, identifies existing gaps in the literature and proposes a framework, which encapsulates potential pathways for future research on thriving. Design/methodology/approach This paper follows a rigorous review of the extant literature on thriving mainly based on jo...
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Management scholars have highlighted the importance of creative self-efficacy for enhancing creative performance, yet we know little about how and when creative self-efficacy relates to creative performance. We use social cognitive theory to develop a model identifying thriving at work as an important mediating mechanism, and perceived work signifi...
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Organizations typically rely on their employees to provide high-quality service as a strategy for sustaining a competitive advantage. However, service-related jobs can have deleterious effects on employees—including negative health and attitudinal outcomes, such as burnout and decreased motivation—which also carry ramifications for organizations, i...
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The feedback literature has largely been developed under two divergent assumptions: individuals are either passive receivers or proactive seekers of feedback. We bridge these two literatures using affective events theory and expand understanding of the relationships between feedback delivered as part of a performance evaluation process and self-sou...
Article
Emerging research evidence across multiple industries suggests that thriving at work is critically important for creating sustainable organizational performance. However, we possess little understanding of how factors across different organizational levels stimulate thriving at work. To address this gap, the current study proposes a multilevel mode...
Article
The link between ethical leadership and employees' ethical behaviors is well established, but are ethical leadership's benefits confined to ethical behaviors? This study aimed to address this question by examining the extent to which ethical leaders create an environment conducive to cultivating a broader set of desirable behaviors such as group le...
Article
Despite the growing internationalization of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) from Africa, related research remains limited. Adopting a qualitative approach, this study investigates three SMEs in the African coffee subsector that internationalized rapidly beyond the continent. The case studies, based on interview and secondary information, shed l...
Article
Drawing on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, this study examined processes through which informal workplace family resources influence service performance. Our findings reveal that family supportive supervisor behavior (FSSB) and perceived organizational family support (POFS) relate to work engagement directly and indirectly through satisfact...
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We develop and test a trickle-down model of how authentic leadership at the department level flows down the organizational hierarchy to encourage team leader authentic leadership and consequently, promotes team and individual-level supervisor-directed helping behavior. Analyses of multi-level and multi-source data collected from a total of 487 empl...
Article
This research explored the predictors of ethical conduct and voluntary learning among 95 work groups. Integrating social learning theory (SLT) and social marketplace model, we found that ethical leaders treat work groups justly, thereby fostering justice climate (JC), and in doing so, further enhance peer justice (PJ). Ethical leaders also act as r...
Article
We integrate affective events theory and the broaden and build theory to examine the relationship between feedback and performance. We collected 10 days of data using experience sampling methodology to test our hypotheses with a multilevel model. Supervisor developmental feedback and coworker feedback seeking were positively related to participants...
Article
Grounded in identity-based theory, this study proposed and tested a model of the intervening processes and a boundary condition under which psychological ownership influences proactive safety behavior (and safety compliance). Data were obtained from fire fighters and their supervisors in a major city in Taiwan. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) re...
Article
We develop and test a trickle-down model of how authentic leadership at the department level flows down the organizational hierarchy to encourage team leader authentic leadership and consequently, promotes team and individual-level supervisor-directed helping behavior. Analyses of multilevel and multisource data collected from a total of 489 employ...
Article
Both leaders and culture have an important influence on employees’ experiences within organizations as well as performance. Because leaders are presumed to have an important impact on organizational culture, this presenter symposium sheds light on the relationship between leaders, leadership and organizational culture. The four presentations are ba...
Article
In today's fast-paced, hyper-competitive business environment - with a 24-h news cycle and a totally wired world - decisions must be made quickly. There is often little time for deep, thoughtful reflection. Managers, therefore, must have the ability to learn, recognize, filter, and apply new information quickly in order to provide insightful and ef...
Article
We used data obtained from customer contact employees in the People’s Republic of China to test a moderated mediation model of the processes through which core self-evaluations (CSE) influence voice behavior. Specifically, we examined personal control and approach/avoidance motivation as psychological pathways and procedural justice perceptions as...
Article
The authors provide this addendum to the following article to provide corrections to the results reported and further explanation of the structural equation modeling techniques utilized: Sean T. Hannah, Bruce J. Avolio, and Fred O. Walumbwa, “The Relationships between Authentic Leadership, Moral Courage, and Ethical and Pro-Social Behaviors,” Busin...
Article
Grounded in self-determination and social exchange theories, this study examined two pathways through which overall justice influences job performance. Specifically, we hypothesized need satisfaction as a mediator of the influence of overall justice on intrinsic motivation and trust in organization which, in turn, relate to job performance. Results...
Article
In this paper, we propose and test a model examining whether two different types of issues paramount in the contract negotiations, limitations of liability and quality or service quarantees, results in the differential involvement of attorneys vs. senior executives in the negotiations, with resulting differences in the objectives pursued (economic...
Article
Leadership development has been continually recognized by organizations as a competence and a mind-set that is worthy of substantial time and resources. Although various approaches have stressed the development of skills or behaviors, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the development of attitudes and belief systems is also relevant. In an e...
Conference Paper
While a body of research has accumulated on work and family intersections in the management discipline over the past 40 years, much of this work has been based on the sociocultural traditions of the "Global North." Existing theory and practice may not extend to the current transformational society contexts in Africa, or the Global South. This sympo...
Article
This study examined the role of job satisfaction, relational identification with supervisor, and work-family conflict in explaining the influence of family-friendly supervision (FFS) on supervisor-rated citizenship behavior and task performance using data from a Chinese pharmaceutical company. Hierarchical regression analysis results revealed that...
Article
The present study examined the mediating and moderating processes in the relationship between ethical leadership and employee citizenship behavior as well as work withdrawal behavior using a sample of 277 employees and their supervisors from the People's Republic of China. Results revealed that ethical leadership negatively relates to politics perc...
Article
Grounded in Vroom’s motivational framework of performance, we examine the interactive influence of collective human capital (ability) and aggregated service orientation (motivation) on the cross-level relationship between high-performance work systems (HPWS) and individual-level service quality. Results of hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) reveale...
Chapter
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Employees' perceptions of meaningful work have been argued to be important in influencing positive outcomes such as effectiveness and job performance. Given the dominant role of leadership in affecting work outcomes, transformational leadership is examined as a key situational factor in enhancing employees' perceptions of meaningful work. This pape...
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Extant literature on technology adoption and diffusion has generally focused on understanding the adoption and diffusion patterns of new technologies in developed countries (Irwin & Paul, 2003). However, there is a need to understand the influence of economic status on the adoption of technology in less developed countries.Our overall objective is...
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If the “people make the place,” what kinds of people (personalities) fit into what kinds of places (organizations), and how might the recruitment messages of the organization facilitate a better fit? The authors explored the extent to which recruitment strategy (realistic vs. traditional) and the Five-Factor model of personality (FFM) were related...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the separate and combined effects of transformational leadership behaviour and social processes of leadership on key organisational outcomes within Australian local councils. Design/methodology/approach – A survey research methodology was used to gather quantitative data from employees from nine loc...
Article
Leader Self and Means Efficacy (LSME) is conceptualized as leaders' level of perceived capability to self-regulate their thoughts and motivation, draw from means in their environment, and act successfully across a span of leader challenges and tasks in their current context. We demonstrate the construct validity of LSME and test its relationship wi...
Article
Although theory suggests a link between authentic leadership style and follower positivity and performance, little empirical research exists to confirm this notion. Given that scholars have suggested that leadership studies have generally failed to adequately address or include organizational context in prior research, we examine whether two measur...
Article
Reports an error in "Impact of high-performance work systems on individual- and branch-level performance: Test of a multilevel model of intermediate linkages" by Samuel Aryee, Fred O. Walumbwa, Emmanuel Y. M. Seidu and Lilian E. Otaye (Journal of Applied Psychology, 2012[Mar], Vol 97[2], 287-300). The bootstrapping confidence intervals (p. 295) are...
Article
This study investigates the interactions of innovation strategy execution and innovation‐focused human resource (HR) policy adoption on innovation performance and revenue growth. In addition, we investigate the moderating role of environmental uncertainty on the effects of innovation strategy execution and innovation‐focused HR policy on innovation...
Article
We use the self-concept based theory of leadership and social exchange theory to hypothesize processes linking transformational leadership to follower performance outcomes. Specifically, we hypothesize that (a) transformational leadership relates to followers' work engagement both directly and indirectly through their psychological states, (b) work...
Article
We proposed and tested a multilevel model, underpinned by empowerment theory, that examines the processes linking high-performance work systems (HPWS) and performance outcomes at the individual and organizational levels of analyses. Data were obtained from 37 branches of 2 banking institutions in Ghana. Results of hierarchical regression analysis r...
Article
Organizations constitute morally-complex environments, requiring organization members to possess levels of moral courage sufficient to promote their ethical action, while refraining from unethical actions when faced with temptations or pressures. Using a sample drawn from a military context, we explored the antecedents and consequences of moral cou...
Article
Although we are aware of some positive cases of leadership and management emerging on the African continent, very little empirical or theoretical work has addressed leadership and management in Africa. This raises a challenge for African nations in that ultimately a country's economic performance is contingent on the effectiveness of its leadership...
Article
A field study was conducted with 47 Army action teams spanning 9 weeks to assess the influence of team leader authenticity on team authenticity and team outcomes. Results showed that team leader authenticity at Time 1 predicted teamwork behavior and team productivity at Time 3, with these relationships mediated by team authenticity at Time 2. We fu...
Article
In this article, we propose and test an integrative theory of leader–member exchange (LMX) that extends our understanding of the mechanisms affecting LMX and important organizational outcomes. We argue that LMX enhances job performance and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) through 2 sets of processes. As a result of a social exchange proc...
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Purpose – This paper seeks to examine gender- and management- level differences in perceptions of effective leadership within a framework of new leadership models that focus on the processes of influencing self and others rather than leadership based on hierarchy. Design/methodology/approach – A self-report questionnaire was distributed to a sample...
Article
This research investigated the link between ethical leadership and performance using data from the People's Republic of China. Consistent with social exchange, social learning, and social identity theories, we examined leader-member exchange (LMX), self-efficacy, and organizational identification as mediators of the ethical leadership to performanc...
Article
The positive core construct of psychological capital (consisting of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience) has been conceptually and empirically demonstrated to be related to employee performance. However, much of this work has relied on cross-sectional designs to examine these relationships. This study utilizes longitudinal data from a large fi...
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A growing number of organizations today have employees who are spread across many time zones and are located all over the world, with some who seldom or never meet face-to-face with each other or their leaders. These types of organizations have been made possible by advances in technology that allow people to work collaboratively, without even bein...
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We examined how employee perceptions of relational identification with the supervisor and self-efficacy mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and supervisor-rated performance. Performance is used here to refer to the individual's ability to be creative, innovative, inspiring, and take on challenging tasks to achieve organizat...
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The authors examined the effects of ethical leadership on follower organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and deviant behavior. Drawing upon research related to the behavioral plasticity hypothesis, the authors examined a moderating role of follower self- esteem in these relationships. Results from a field study revealed that ethical leadership...
Article
Although there have been recent theoretical advances in what is increasingly being recognized as authentic leadership, research testing possible mediating processes and the impact on group-level outcomes has not received attention. To help address this need, this study examined at the group level of analysis the role that collective psychological c...
Article
Transformational leadership and organizational culture: Toward integrating a multilevel framework Transformational leadership is the most researched leadership phenomenon of the past two decades (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009; Judge & Piccolo, 2004). Recently, researchers have begun to explore the mechanisms through which transformational leaders...
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Using a sample of 79 police leaders and their direct reports (264 police followers), this study investigated the relationships of leader and follower psychological capital, service climate, and job performance. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) results revealed that leader psychological capital was positively related to follower performance, with...
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We examined the direct and indirect effect of authentic leadership behavior on the organizational citizenship behavior and work engagement of followers. With 387 employees and their 129 immediate supervisors, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) results revealed that authentic leadership behavior was positively related to supervisor-rated organizatio...
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This study tests the influence of servant leadership on 2 group climates, employee attitudes, and organizational citizenship behavior. Results from a sample of 815 employees and 123 immediate supervisors revealed that commitment to the supervisor, self-efficacy, procedural justice climate, and service climate partially mediated the relationship bet...
Article
The limited behavioral genetics research reported in the leadership literature has not investigated the degree to which early life experiences predict future emergence into leadership roles. This is the first study to focus on parenting style and early life experiences of rule breaking, and their relationships to leadership roles assumed in adultho...
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This paper presents and tests an integrative model of voluntary learning behavior. Drawing on social exchange theory, we argue that individuals are more likely to pursue learning activities when they identify with their employing organization and have a high quality leader–member exchange (LMX) relationship with their supervisor. We further argue t...
Article
This study examines whether follower characteristics moderate the relationship between transformational leadership and follower work engagement. Data were collected from 140 followers and their 48 supervisors from a diverse range of industries in South Africa. Hierarchical linear modeling results show that follower characteristics moderate the posi...
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The antecedents and consequences of ethical leadership were examined in a study of 894 employees and their 222 immediate supervisors in a major financial institution in the United States. The leader personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to direct reports' ratings of the leader's ethical leadership, wherea...