Francesca Giustini's research while affiliated with Italian National Research Council and other places

Publications (49)

Preprint
Full-text available
Coexistence between closely related species can lead to intense competition for resources. Stable isotope ratio analysis (SIRA) is a reliable tool to estimate the extent of species competition. We performed SIRA to assess niche partitioning among two syntopic species of Galápagos land iguanas: Conolophus subcristatus and the critically endangered C...
Article
This study integrates field, geochronological and geochemical data to constrain fluid circulation in the damage and core zone of the seismogenic Monte Morrone Fault System (MMFS), central Apennines (Italy). Faulting along the MMFS evolved from a diffuse deformation at the damage zone towards progressive localisation of a narrower fault core and, fi...
Article
Full-text available
Radon (222Rn) is a natural radioactive gas formed in rocks and soil by the decay of its parent nuclide (238-Uranium). The rate at which radon migrates to the surface, be it along faults or directly emanated from shallow soil, represents the Geogenic Radon Potential (GRP) of an area. Considering that the GRP is often linked to indoor radon risk leve...
Article
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The Forma Urbis Romae (F.U.) was a 3rd-century-AD monumental map of ancient Rome consisting of 151 rectangular marble slabs. Several efforts have been made to reconstruct it from its current incomplete and fragmentary condition. In this paper, we explore the potential of an archae-ometric approach to serve this purpose. Almost a hundred F.U. fragme...
Article
The karst fissures known as “ventarole”, located in the Salentine Peninsula (southernmost part of Apulia, Italy), were first studied by Mirigliano in 1941. These fissures are generally filled with reddish sediments or “terre rosse” in the lower part, and with brownish sediments or “terre brune” in the upper one. Both deposits are particularly rich...
Article
The European eel, a catadromous endangered species, displays plasticity in phenotypic traits and in trophic behaviour, features that can eventually affect growth. The aim of this study was to compare variation in carbon (d 13 C) and nitrogen (d 15 N) stable isotopes in muscle tissue of the adult eel life stages (i.e. yellow and silver eel), as func...
Article
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As a means for investigating human mobility during late the Neolithic to the Copper Age in central and southern Italy, this study presents a novel dataset of enamel oxygen and carbon isotope values (δ18Oca and δ13Cca) from the carbonate fraction of biogenic apatite for one hundred and twenty-six individual teeth coming from two Neolithic and eight...
Article
A buried travertine deposit, identified in a well at Prima Porta (to the north west of Rome, Italy), was investigated using a multidisciplinary approach that included stable isotope geochemistry, mineralogy, petrography and radiometric dating. The travertine body is located just along the western boundary of the Tiber valley, a morpho-tectonic depr...
Article
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In extensional continental settings, crustal-scale normal faults can accommodate deformation and subsidence at their hanging wall via activation and deactivation of subsidiary tectonic structures. Geological data obtained from subsidiary structures are required to infer the position of the tectonic deformation during the spatial-temporal evolution...
Article
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This is a response to the Comments of Attanasio and co-workers regarding the origin of some samples and the results of strontium concentrations reported in the article of Brilli et al., JAS Reports 2018, 19, 625-642. Attanasio et al. have already published strontium contents analysed in presumably the same samples, obtaining largely different and g...
Article
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The paper aims to point out the subsistence in Eneolithic Central Italian communities by Stable Isotope Analysis. This period marked a tipping point in the food strategies because it was characterized by economic changes and several technological improvements leading to enhance land exploitation and livestock breeding. Carbon and nitrogen stable is...
Presentation
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The Salentine Peninsula (southernmost part of Apulia) is well known for its vertebrate paleontological record coming from caves, located both on the Adriatic and Ionian coasts (e.g., Grotta Romanelli, Grotta Zinzulusa, Grotta del Cavallo) and from karst fissures, locally known as ventarole (e.g., Sternatia, Fondo Cattìe). These latter are generally...
Article
In this paper, we present the results of the accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS ¹⁴ C) dating campaign performed on samples selected from different levels in Grotta Romanelli (Castro, Italy). Grotta Romanelli is one of the key sites for the chronology of Middle Pleistocene–Holocene in Mediterranean region. After the first excavation camp...
Conference Paper
This work deals with styles and mechanisms of nucleation and development of the Amatrice Fault System (AFS), a regional intrabasinal structure running through the central part of the Amatrice Basin (central Apennines, Italy). The AFS defines a [U+F07E]10 km-long tectonic structure striking NNW-SSE and cross-cutting the late Messinian flysch sequenc...
Article
Alabastro fiorito or listato, a vividly colored and strongly patterned carbonate stone, is widely diffused in the ancient city of Hierapolis in Phrygia (Turkey) as building material. This stone, also known as Hierapolis alabaster, was extensively quarried in antiquity in the territory near the city. Numerous ancient quarries of the Hierapolis alaba...
Article
In 1981, a large mammal assemblage was recovered from a laminated travertine exposed in the region of the village of Collepardo (Frosinone, central Italy). The Collepardo mammal assemblage reported in the literature included ungulates and carnivorans. It was referred to the middle Villafranchian for its similarities with the Saint Vallier (France)...
Poster
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“Grotta Romanelli” is a natural cave located along the Adriatic coast of the Salento Peninsula in Southern-East Italy in the territory of Castro (Lecce). The cave can be regarded as one of the key Paleolithic sites in Italy. It was discovered in 1871, but it was only thanks to the systematic excavations carried out at the beginning of 1900 that its...
Article
The discovery near Göktepe (Muğla province, Western Turkey) of an ancient quarrying site of white marbles and black stones has recently been reported by some authors. Assigning the provenance of stone from ancient artifacts to Göktepe is currently possible mainly thanks to chemical, EPR and MGS data. Petrographic description, which many researchers...
Article
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Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of southern Apulia (Italy), is considered a key site for the Mediterranean Pleistocene for its archaeological and palaeontological contents. The site, discovered in 1874, was re-evaluated only in 1900, when P. E. Stasi realised that it contained the first evidence of the Palaeolithic in Italy. Startin...
Article
Due to its geographic position and geomorphological configuration, Grotta Romanelli acted as a sediment trap since at least MIS 5. The so-called 'terre brune' sequence is a deposit mainly of eolian origin bearing upper Palaeolithic artefacts and fossil re-mains of vertebrate fauna; it was deposited during the Glacial-Interglacial transition and the...
Article
Travertine sequences from petrified channels used in antiquity as water supply canals in the city of Hierapolis (Denizli, Turkey) for irrigation and domestic use were sampled and analyzed for stable isotopes composition. Data records from two channels show composite quasi-periodic variations. Radium-226 activity was measured to calculate temporal c...
Article
Several travertine deposits dating to the Pleistocene outcrop along the Tiber valley between Orte and Rome. Mineralogically, they are mainly composed of calcite; various lithofacies (stromatolitic, phytoclastic, and massive) were identified and relatively wide ranges of carbon (δ¹³C −8.11 to +11.42‰ vs. VPDB) and oxygen (δ¹⁸O +22.74 to +27.71‰ vs....
Article
Alabastro listato or fiorito of Hierapolis in Phrygia was a prestigious coloured marble widely used in Roman architecture and decoration. This stone is generally identified in artefacts on autoptic examination, but it may sometimes be confused with alabasters of different provenances. This study describes a simple, but effective, scientific method...
Article
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Study region: Italy. Study focus: The oxygen isotope composition from 266 pluviometers was used to study the spatial variability of δ18O and its relationship with Italian orography. The local meteoric water lines (LMWLs) of northern, southern and central Italy and Sicily are reformulated and a new definition of isotopic variations with elevation is...
Chapter
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This paper aims to characterize the marble exploited in the territory of Hierapolis and in the southern sector of the Denizli basin (ancient Lykos Valley) by using petrographic examination on thin sections, isotopes of carbon and oxygen, and cathodoluminescence. The ancient quarries of Hierapolis-Gök Dere, Marmar tepe, thiounta, Gölemezli, and Deni...
Article
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Marble quarries exploited in antiquity of the Denizli and Karacasu Basins (Turkey) were characterized by their petrography, carbon and oxygen isotopes, and cathodoluminescence. This study is an useful contribution for provenance studies of archeological artifacts composed of unknown marble. Marble quarries from the Hierapolis, Laodikeia, and Aphrod...
Article
Full-text available
A preliminary sinkhole susceptibility analysis has been carried out in the tectonic depression of the Fucino plain (central Italy). The study is aimed at the identification of the conditioning factors that contribute to the formation of sinkholes, as well as to understand the processes that gen- erate them by using multivariate statistics and geosp...
Article
The present investigation focused on the origin of CO2 and CH4 in the soil gas and two gas vents present in the Fucino plain, a tectonically active intramontane depression of central Italy. The soil gases have concentrations of CO2 ranging from 1 to 10% and CH4 in the order of a few parts per million. Using carbon isotopes, it was possible to ident...
Article
Full-text available
Stable isotope analysis in the reconstruction of human palaeodiets can yield clues to early human subsistence strategies, origins and history of farming and pastoralist societies, and intra- and intergroup social differentiation. In the last 10 years, the method has been extended to the pathological investigation. Stable isotope analysis to better...
Data
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Il Fucino è una conca intramontana (circa 200 km 2) situata nell'Appennino centrale, ad una quota compresa tra 650 e 680 m s.l.m. La sua origine è legata alla tettonica estensionale che, nel corso del tardo Pliocene, ha interessato il settore centro-occidentale dell'Appennino e che ha provocato lo sprofondamento di diversi bacini appenninici (Rieti...
Article
The chemistry and isotope ratios of He, C (δ13C) and H (δD) of free gases collected in the San Vittorino plain, an intramontane depression of tectonic origin, were determined to shed light on mantle degassing in central Italy. The C isotopic composition of CO2 (δ13C-CO2 -2.0‰ to -3.8‰) and He isotope ratios (R/RA 0.12 to 0.27) were used to calculat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A characterization of medium enthalpy geothermal resources has been carried out in the Southern Apennines “Guardia Lombardi” site (Campania Region, Italy) within the framework of the Vigor Project. Due to the intense hydrocarbon exploration carried out in Italy since the ‘50, a wide public dataset of well data and seismic reflection profiles is ava...
Article
This paper investigates the provenance of the black limestone of the monument known as Bocco, named after the king of Mauretania who presented Silla with this work as a sign of his submission to the power of Rome. A multi-method approach, comprising petrographic observations, carbon and oxygen isotope composition and electron paramagnetic resonance...
Article
We compiled a database of some of the most important black limestone quarries used in Roman times to be able to determine the provenance of ancient artifacts. For this purpose, we adopted a multimethod approach using the techniques commonly applied to study the provenance of white marbles: petrographic observations, carbon and oxygen isotope compos...
Article
Though the S. Susanna spring system is one of the biggest water sources in the central Apennines, its hydrogeological dynamics have been scarcely investigated. This study tried to clarify some of the factors controlling the recharge/discharge processes of this spring by modelling the available climate series, water balance equations and new isotopi...

Citations

... Another research study which evaluated the radon hazard was presented by Giustini et al. [10]. They investigated three different areas in the central Italian region of Lazio, each of which is characterized by different radon potential levels. ...
... Interestingly, the bluish were made with Sb-based opacifiers and dissolved Cu and Co were responsible for the colour, in contrast in the green glass tesserae Sn-based opacifiers were found and the colour was created by the mixture of blue (dissolved Co) and the yellow PbSnO 3 pigment. Another particular study that regards a stone material (marble) is included in the Special Issue, the contribution [12] deals with the Forma Urbis Romae, a monumental map of Rome (3rd century AD) carved into Proconnesian marble slabs, originally attached in the Templum Pacis, Rome. The map is currently incomplete and in a fragmentary condition. ...
... Moreover, Blanc 23,24 reported the presence of the straight-tusked elephant, Palaeoloxodon antiquus (Falconer & Cautley, 1847), and Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus, 1758 (Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest, 1882 in Mazza, 1995) in ISU3. This evidence has been deemed as one of their latest occurrences in Europe, allowing to hypothesise their survival up to MIS 4-3 60,61 although the latest well-dated occurrences of the straight-tusked elephant and hippo are referred to MIS 5 62,63 . The chronological attribution of ISU3 to the early Late Pleistocene supports their European extinction after MIS 5. ...
... δ 15 N and δ 13 C values) are the most common isotopes measured reflecting respectively the trophic position of the consumers along the food web [31,32] and the consumption of primary producers [30]. Several studies have investigated the feeding ecology of European eels in estuaries based on GCA [33][34][35] or SIA [10,36]. But, few studies combine these two approaches to determine the role of estuaries in the feeding ecology of eels. ...
... Isotopic studies in Italy show no evidence of C 4 plant consumption for the Neolithic 65,71,72,98-105 , even if doubtful consumption seems to have been recorded in some individuals at Mora Cavorso 106 . Neither were millets commonly consumed during the Eneolithic [106][107][108][109][110] . Even if an enrichment in 13 C could be induced by several causes, i.e. marine foodstuffs, from this study it is evident that increasing higher δ 13 C values are mainly due to C 4 plants. ...
... The age of the fault systems and the evidence of earthquake activity in historical and/or instrumental times were derived from the literature [4][5][6]12,14,[26][27][28][29][30][31] and unpublished biostratigraphic data. ...
... Nevertheless, over the last few years, different efforts to find the discriminant parameters of Göktepe white marble quarry have greatly contributed to their correct identification in archaeological pieces [14][15][16][17], although not without controversy in some contributions [17,[18][19][20][21][22]. However, all scholars are in agreement that a combination of multi-methods is needed to recognize white Göktepe in ancient sculptures. ...
... However, the European badger appears during the late Early Pleistocene (late Villafranchian) from the localities of Pirro Nord (Italy) ) and Fuente Nueva 3 (Spain) (Madurell-Malapeira et al. 2011a), and it is a common element of the Middle to Late Pleistocene mammal assemblage (Argant & Mallye 2005;Mallye 2018;Mecozzi et al. 2019a). In many cases, however, the material was reported but not described, with the exception of a few instances: the splanchnocranium from Ingarano (Iurino 2014), the mandibular fragment from San Sidero (Iurino et al. 2015) and the large sample from Grotta Laceduzza (Mecozzi et al. 2019b). ...
... The archaeological and palaeontological ndings from Grotta Romanelli, hosted in museums and institutions across Italy, have been the subject of several studies, both con rming (26,27) or questioning (28, 29, 30) the chrono-stratigraphic setting proposed by Blanc (20). Recently, new excavations led to a reassessment of the stratigraphy of the uppermost part of the cave in lling (31) and a partial revision of some of the palaeontological remains (32,33,34,35). Furthermore, a critical review of the Last Interglacial PSLs' along the stable coasts of the Mediterranean Sea (11), indicated the highest Grotta Romanelli's notch as older than MISs 5e. ...
... Isotopic studies in Italy show no evidence of C 4 plant consumption for the Neolithic 65,71,72,98-105 , even if doubtful consumption seems to have been recorded in some individuals at Mora Cavorso 106 . Neither were millets commonly consumed during the Eneolithic [106][107][108][109][110] . Even if an enrichment in 13 C could be induced by several causes, i.e. marine foodstuffs, from this study it is evident that increasing higher δ 13 C values are mainly due to C 4 plants. ...