Fjalar J. de Haan's research while affiliated with Deakin University and other places

Publications (44)

Article
Full-text available
Abstract The achievement of global sustainability agendas, such as the Sustainable Development Goals, relies on transformational change across society, economy, and environment that are co‐created in a transdisciplinary exercise by all stakeholders. Within this context, environmental and societal change is increasingly understood and represented vi...
Article
Modeling is a crucial approach for understanding the past and exploring the future of coupled human-natural systems. However, uncertainty in various forms challenges inferences from modeling results. Model-based support for decision-making has increasingly adopted an emerging exploratory approach. This approach addresses uncertainty explicitly thro...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are wrestling with the practical challenges of transitioning urban water services to become water sensitive; capable of enhancing liveability, sustainability, resilience and productivity in the face of climate change, rapid urbanisation, degraded ecosystems and ageing infrastructure. Indicators can be valuable for guiding actions for improve...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are wrestling with the practical challenges of transitioning urban water services to become water sensitive; capable of enhancing liveability, sustainability, resilience and productivity in the face of climate change, rapid urbanisation, degraded ecosystems and ageing infrastructure. Indicators can be valuable for guiding actions for improve...
Article
Full-text available
Pathways have become a central notion in various areas of research, amongst which are the studies of transitions to sustainability. Though various typologies and concepts are available, a framework for systematic analysis of transition pathways is lacking. We present the Multi-Pattern Approach (MPA) to fill this lacuna and provide a step-by-step ma...
Chapter
This chapter investigates the scales of socioeconomic organization relevant for transitions to sustainability and how they may be changing. This investigation then frames an analysis of the current situation and prospects of the Galapagos Islands, particularly with respect to their urbanization vis-à-vis their extraordinary ecosystems. Can the deve...
Article
Full-text available
Transition modelling is an emerging but growing niche within the broader field of sustainability transitions research. The objective of this paper is to explore the characteristics of this niche in relation to a range of existing modelling approaches and literatures with which it shares commonalities or from which it could draw. We distil a number...
Article
In this opinion piece we suggest a number of theoretical innovations related to the representation and conceptualisation of actors and agency in transitions studies. The research field has gained significant academic and policy popularity and reached a degree of maturity that belies its youth. Despite the ongoing advances and sophistications howeve...
Book
This book contributes to current debates regarding purposive transitions to sustainable cities, providing an accessible but critical exploration of sustainability transitions in urban settings. We have now entered the urban century, which is not without its own challenges, as discussed in the preceding book of this series. Urbanization is accompani...
Chapter
How much does place matter in transitions? And if it matters much, how to deal with it? This research essay explores the conceptual aspects of these issues. At the core is that transitions concepts and frameworks typically employ a functional systems perspective in which place and scale are implicit. The burgeoning literature on the geography of tr...
Article
Regions around the world are facing intersecting challenges associated with economic and industrial restructuring, demographic changes, urbanisation, and climate change. Regional development efforts have primarily focused on an economic agenda but, have struggled to fully integrate environmental and social concerns. Climate change requires an integ...
Article
Energy transitions unfold under the influence of socio-technical, political and economic uncertainties. This paper introduces a narrative-informed exploratory approach for analysing future energy transition pathways under these uncertainty conditions. In this approach, exploratory modelling is used to explore the impact of various uncertainties, su...
Article
The sustainability transition of electricity sectors is a matter of competition between multiple emerging renewable systems and dominant, established conventional systems. These transitions are multi-dimensional and are featured with non-linear and causal interactions between social, technical, economic and political components. Understanding the d...
Article
Long term planning of urban water infrastructure requires acknowledgement that transitions in the water system are driven by changes in the urban environment, as well as societal dynamics. Inherent to the complexity of these underlying processes is that the dynamics of a system's evolution cannot be explained by linear cause-effect relationships an...
Article
India experiences transitional changes in its electricity sector from fossil fuels towards renewable sources. An electricity sector with 0% wind and solar (of 16 GW total installed capacity) in 1974 has been transformed and reached a status with 11% wind and solar (of 302 GW total installed capacity) in 2016. The observed changes have complex dynam...
Article
Despite the emphasis on sustainable development in some of the contemporary planning and policy rhetoric, we face an implementation deficit in practice. The impediments to the widespread adoption and successful implementation of sustainable infrastructure in cities' critical sectors—such as water, energy or transport—are varied and complex. Althoug...
Article
India with a fast growing demand for electricity and increasing consideration to emissions reduction is investing strongly in renewable electricity generation. Among renewables, the Central and State Governments have set aspirational targets for on-grid solar electricity and legislated several supporting policies to realise these targets. As a resu...
Article
The vision of sustainable development remains difficult to realize in practice. Processes of strategic planning for public infrastructure represent a major challenge, as, in many cases, they return unsustainable investment solutions. Research offers certain planning methodologies to improve the prospects of sustainable investments. However, very li...
Article
This article presents an exploratory modelling approach that illustrates how overall transition pathways can emerge from a limited number of underlying change patterns. Pathways describe the temporal development of transitions, they are trajectories of change that carry societal systems such as health care, energy supply or water management into qu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is growing emphasis globally on the importance of water system services in enhancing a city's liveability, sustainability, resilience and productivity. However, achieving these outcomes, particularly against the backdrop of climate change and rapid urbanisation, requires significant realignment of the how water system services are planned, de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is now well understood that water services play an important role in enhancing a city's liveability, sustainability, resilience and productivity. Achieving these outcomes requires a holistic understanding of a city's water system across its societal, biophysical and ecological dimensions to develop strategic initiatives that support the transiti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The CRC for Water Sensitive Cities (CRCWSC) is developing a Water Sensitive Cities Index, which is designed to benchmark and rank cities based on water sensitivity performance, set targets and inform management responses to improve water sensitive practices. It is supported by a web platform to enable visualisations of benchmarking results for a ra...
Article
It is widely accepted that the traditional predict-then-act approach to long-term planning for delivery of public services, such as energy, water or transportation, cannot withstand uncertainties and complexities associated with issues such as population growth, changing demands and climate change. In this regard, various planning approaches have b...
Article
Urban infrastructure systems have long lifespans and influence the state of the environment for extended periods of time. Processes of strategic planning for urban infrastructure are thus instrumental to materializing environmental sustainability visions. Continued investments in infrastructure with adverse environmental impacts imply that sustaina...
Article
Full-text available
Societal transitions involve multiple actors, changes in institutions, values and technologies, and interactions across multiple sectors and scales. Given this complexity, this paper takes on the view that the societal transitions research field would benefit from the further maturation and broader uptake of modelling approaches. This paper shows h...
Article
Adaptive capacity is widely held as a key property of resilient and transformative social-ecological systems. However, current knowledge of the term does not yet address key questions of how to operationalize this system condition to address sustainability challenges through research and policy. This paper explores temporal and agency dimensions of...
Article
This special issue explores transitions in urban water; a sectoral context that provides a comprehensive and representative setting for exploring the dynamics of sustainability transitions. Not only are the ecological, social and technical facets inextricably meshed in urban water systems, in various cities sustainability innovations are gaining le...
Article
This paper explores whether a mixture of centralised and decentralised urban water systems is preferable for sustainable urban water management. This is of importance for developing countries where there is continued demand for expanding urban water infrastructure. Processes for determining the combination of centralised and decentralised urban wat...
Article
Transitions studies have long been concerned with sustainability and, more recently, liveability. Throughout its growth into a research field in its own right, transitions have been suggested as essential in overcoming the socio-technical lock-ins that make many of today's infrastructural solutions and servicing systems untenable. Likely for that r...
Article
Infrastructure systems are facing sustainability challenges but are locked into their current practices. Transitions studies aims to understand trajectories towards new socio-technical regimes and argue for agency-centric perspectives to explain processes of change. This paper adopts an institutional lens, examining the institutional creation proce...
Article
There is widespread international acceptance that climate change, demographic shifts and resource limitations impact on the performance of water servicing in cities. In response to these challenges, many scholars propose that a fundamental move away from traditional centralised infrastructure towards more integrated water management is required. Ho...
Article
This article reports on the ongoing work and research involved in the development of a socio-technical model of urban water systems. Socio-technical means the model is not so much concerned with the technical or biophysical aspects of urban water systems, but rather with the social and institutional implications of the urban water infrastructure an...
Article
Urban water systems will be increasingly challenged under future climates and global pressures. Meeting challenges by reconfiguring water systems to integrate supplies and deliver multifunctional uses is technically well described. Adjusting the institutions that frame the management of these systems is not well operationalized in practice or conce...
Article
A shift towards sustainable urban water management is widely advocated but poorly understood. There is a growing body of literature claiming that social learning is of high importance in restructuring conventional systems. In particular, governance experimentation, which explicitly aims for social learning, has been suggested as an approach for ena...
Article
Full-text available
Water scarcity has driven new ways of using water within our cities. While consumptive uses were previously linked to potable water supply systems, other urban water, such as stormwater and wastewater, was not utilised and created environmental and safety issues through its disposal. Maintaining secure water supplies throughout drought has led to t...
Article
Transitions studies have long been concerned with sustainability and, more recently, liveability. Throughout its growth into a research field in its own right, transitions have been suggested as essential in overcoming the socio-technical lock-ins that make many of today's infrastructural solutions and servicing systems untenable. Likely for that r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is wide recognition of the paradigmatic changes needed to move toward water sensitive cities, and water management discourse often views institutions as barriers to such a shift. Institutions are social constructs which guide and tie societal activities, providing building blocks for collective action. This broader definition of institutions...
Book
Full-text available
This report establishes the foundation for ongoing research by the CRC in linking urban water management and urban liveability. The study commenced through the Science-Policy Partnership for Water Sensitive Cities, a joint initiative of Monash University’s then Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (now Monash Water for Liveability Centre) and Victoria...

Citations

... The visualization of results and communication to the public are key to increasing the success of the implementation of the nexus, as also highlighted in other studies (Bucchi and Trench, 2014;Brownell et al., 2013;McNutt, 2013). Several existing platforms and dashboards (e.g., WRI's Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas (WRI, 2021), IIASA's Global Hotspots Explorer (IIASA, 2021), Nexus Tool 2.0 (Daher and Mohtar, 2015)) can be used as examples to communicate results to the broader community including researchers, policy makers, industry practitioners and other non-governmental organizations (Moallemi, 2021). ...
... While landscape-specific ESs provide a framework for comprehending landscape sustainability, decision-making and planning remain challenging. Complexity and uncertainty are prevalent in cultural landscapes as coupled human-natural systems (Moallemi et al., 2020). The feasibility of planning is influenced by complex factors such as individuals' decisions, societal demands, policy and institutional settings, and environmental capacities (Van Berkel & Verburg, 2012). ...
... While climatic and socioeconomic uncertainties are evident, adaptation policy for smallholder agriculture must be guided by constructing alternative adaptive policy pathways to address transient adaptation needs and barriers (Moallemi et al. 2020b). Flexibility to adapt the policy, if required, in the future as uncertainty unfolds, must be maintained and involving the fullest engagement of relevant stakeholders in the planning process (Kuchimanchi et al. 2021;Moallemi et al. 2020a). ...
... For example, an input-output model has been used to analyse the connections between water use and economic sectors (Boudhar et al., 2017). The water sensitive cities index has been proposed to evaluate water sensitivity in a city for urban water sustainability (Rogers et al., 2020). The SD model has been employed to assess the impacts of socioenvironmental and economic policies on urban water resources (Pluchinotta et al., 2021) and simulate the socioeconomic and water relationships . ...
... City-scale assessment tools were another element common to both CRCs. The Water Sensitive Cities Index (WSC Index) [68] was co-developed by CRCWSC researchers and industry partners as a tool for benchmarking current water management practice with reference to water sensitive aspirations ( Figure 9). In the three years since its release, more than 40 cities (metropolitan and municipal) around Australia have been benchmarked. ...
... It conceptualizes socio-technical systems as complex adaptive systems [101], thus considering "management as a reflexive and evolutionary governance process . . . rather than one of control or linear coordination" [102]. In other words, not only can change be engineered by human activity, but it cannot be fully controlled. ...
... From our bibliometric analysis and 7 literature on sustainability transition on actor networks, we can conclude that (1) DSR research has been concerned with action research and (2) empirical research on sustainability; however, engagement with the field of sustainability on a systems-level is albeit still nascent. We think the field of Sustainability Transitions (Köhler et al., 2019;Loorbach & Wittneben, 2013;Markard et al., 2012) can benefit from DSR artifacts and are therefore uncharted territory for the design science research process, particularly instantiations that bridge big data and theory. Such methods and frameworks have been proposed in Information Systems literature (Maass et al., 2018) and can be used in "paying a closer look at transition actors" (Farla et al., 2012;Wittmayer et al., 2017). ...
... These processes are typically long-term and complex, with barriers such as path dependencies, institutional inertia and poor actor capacities that can make it difficult for innovations to mature as part of a changing system [26,[29][30][31]. Nonetheless, large infrastructure systems can transform, as evidenced by many empirical studies in the field of sustainability transitions e.g., [32][33][34] Like most countries, until recently, Australia's urban water systems comprised a centralised "linear" system involving diversion of environmental flows into dams, providing treatment for water quality, distribution for domestic and industrial use and then discharge to receiving waters with varying levels of treatment. Future urban water systems will attempt to reduce reliance on hinterland rivers by substituting (potable) water reuse from stormwater and wastewater treatment, as well as benefiting from reduced water demand linked to more efficient products and conservation behaviours [27,35,36]. ...
... González et al. (2008) suggested that traditional practises in relation to tourism and urban development in the province must be modified to achieve a model based on adaptive-resilience and co-management, with a more comprehensive approach to territorial planning, more participative processes and stronger institutional networks. de Haan et al. (2019) proposed that the potential for local Galapagos people themselves to influence a transition to sustainable development, which intimately represents their way of life, might be encouraged through community self-organisation and transition management, lasting beyond political cycles, bringing together representatives of communities, conservationists, and government. To achieve a more participative governance model, the agency of the local population, in balance with conservation and sustainable tourism, will be key for the future of the islands, as well as achieving more equitable development facilitating local access to education, medical and cultural services, amongst others. ...
... While meta-organisation literature has not had much explicit discussion on the roles meta-organisations play in transitions, we can construct, through the analysis of the purposes of meta-organisations described in the literature, a set of roles that meta-organisations may play (as described before). In the transition literature, we identify an explicit discussion about intermediaries or types of actors that aim to advance transitions (de Haan & Rotmans, 2018;Fischer & Guy, 2009;Gliedt et al., 2018;Kivimaa et al., 2019;Parag & Janda, 2014;Wittmayer et al., 2017). For example Kivimaa et al. (2019), in their analysis of the literature, highlight five types of intermediaries: ...