Federico Cantini's research while affiliated with Università di Pisa and other places

Publications (17)

Article
In the last decade, numerous papers have been delivered on the potential of portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) in archaeological ceramics. Additionally, new chemometric methods have been proposed to manage chemical dataset and facilitate the use of geochemical discrimination for provenance classification of ancient ceramics. In this contribute, the...
Article
The study of manufacture technologies and provenance of raw materials in archaeological potteries are two fundamental aspects in providing information about sociocultural aspects on past societies. The most acknowledged technique in this field is represented by minero‐petrographic analysis, allowing to describe the compositional features of the art...
Article
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In the framework of the archeological investigations of an outstanding Roman Villas in Tuscany (Villa dell‟Oratorio, in the territory of Capraia e Limite, Florence), archaeometric studies have been perfomed with the aim to characterize building and decorative materials and retrace construction phases and manufacture technology. The Villas, built in...
Article
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This paper shows the results of a multidisciplinary study carried out on the mortars from the Late Roman Villa dell’Oratorio (fourth-sixth ad), an aristocratic mansion built in the lower Valdarno (Florence, Italy). Thirty-one bedding mortar and plaster samples were analysed through optical microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray powder diffra...
Article
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Ubi dicitur Millano. The castle of Scopetulo (San Miniato, Pisa). New data from the 2015 excavation campaign. In this paper the results of the 2015 archaeological excavation conducted at the Migliana site (Balconevisi, San Miniato-Pisa) are presented with the study of pottery, numismatic and metal finds. The analysis of the “Catasto terreni” (begi...
Article
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L'attività di rilievo sperimentale svoltasi sul sito di San Genesio (San Miniato, Pisa) mediante utilizzo della soluzione Zscan EVO di Menci Software, ha consentito di analizzare e valutare l'impiego in campo archeologico di questo nuovo sistema per la generazione di modelli tridimensionali a partire da blocchi di immagini digitali.
Article
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Archaeological excavations at the Biblioteca Magliabechiana, which is part of the Uffizi gallery complex in Florence (Tuscany, central Italy), exposed Dark Earth deposits between alluvial sediments of the nearby Arno River. The term Dark Earth refers to thick, dark colored, and seemingly homogeneous deposits occurring in urban settings throughout E...
Conference Paper
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In this paper the changes in production and consumption of pottery in Tuscany at the end of the 10 th and 13 th century are illustrated. For the first time the whole region is studied, analyzing all the pottery classes, based on data obtained from 121 sites, including urban and rural settlements. This has allowed us to identify similarities and dif...
Article
The ultrastructure of Vitis vinifera seeds from different archaeological sites was studied. Preservation status differed between sites. Preliminary investigations of grape seeds from Poggio Bacherina (Chianciano Terme, Siena) and Miranduolo (Chiusdino, Siena) showed collapsed or charred tegument, making this material suitable for morphometric studi...
Chapter
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This line of research was developed following the recovery of some Vitis vinifera L. seeds from medieval excavations ir the castle of Miranduolo (Chiusdino, SI) and in Via de' Castellani in Florence: these latter ones showed characteristics of waterlogged conservation, suitable for recovery of ancient DNA.
Article
Il nostro recente progetto è finalizzato alla conoscenza della risorsa archeologica di Firenze. In particolare la nostra attenzione si è concentrata sugli aspetti legati alle trasformazioni della città tra tarda antichità e medioevo: i cambiamenti nell’economia cittadina, le forme urbanistiche che Florentia assunse nella lunga transizione tra III e...

Citations

... In depth analysis on all the ceramic corpus, both on ceramic paste and glazes, have been performed with a Bruker Elio portable spectrometer. Voltage was set at 30 kV while current at 90 µA (Odelli et al., 2020). On the glazes, almost two measurements were collected on each colour (acquisition time 180 s), while on ceramic past almost three measurement points were analysed to avoid errors due to the possible inhomogeneity of the matrix (Forster et al., 2011) (90 s acquisition time). ...
... But when dealing with fine-grained ceramics, this technique does not distinguish the different minerals. In the work presented by Odelli et al., [26] on several archaeological fine-grained ceramics from the site of Volterra (Tuscany, Italy), μ-Raman spectroscopy is demonstrated to be the instrumental technique of choice, because it provides not only information about the raw materials but also on the firing temperatures attained during the manufacture process. The work had been conducted using not only μ-Raman spectroscopy but also optical microscopy, XRD and SEM/EDS microscopy. ...
... Monument protection is a field which demands the cooperation of scientists from different disciplines, on account of the many aspects which a restoration project must address, including historical and architectural values, structural integrity issues and materials compatibility and performance demands, among others, in Greece and elsewhere (Sandu and Sandu, 2013;Lysandrou et al., 2017;Zoe at al., 2018;Liritzis and Oikonomou, 2021;Raneri et al., 2018). ...
... For the study of Nuraghe Tanca Manna, a photogrammetric approach has 1 For recent researches e.g. Arrighetti and Cavalieri, 2012;Benedetti et al., 2010;Caldarelli et al., 2012;Callieri et al., 2011;Campana et al., 2008a;Campana and Remondino, 2008b;Campana et al., 2009;Campana et al., 2012;D'Andrea and Barbarino, 2012;Forte et al., 2012;Gonizzi Barsanti et. al., 2012;Neubauer and Doneus, 2008;Panella et al., 2011;Peripimeno, 2009 been applied by archaeologists. ...
... Tobermorite was also present in the lumps extracted from cores C2b-Y L2, C3-X L, C7-X L, and C13-X L. Vaterite, a polymorph of calcium carbonate, was identified in C7-X and the lumps extracted from C2b-Y and C13-X samples. Tobermorite and vaterite can be found in natural hydraulic lime [38,48,49] and pozzolanic ancient roman mortars [50,51]. ...
... In this paper, the reconstructive hypotheses of the area in the thirteenth century, elaborated by archaeologists (planimetry of the basement of Palazzo Vecchio, archaeological area/ground floor on Via dei Leoni) were compared with the reconstruction of the area developed by Carl Frey in "Die Loggia dei Lanzi ". The theses formulated by Frey with the reconstructive hypotheses of the area elaborated later of archaeological excavations were compared, in both cases a complex and articulated urban fabric is highlighted in the center [4] [12]. For the Frey [13], the Republic of Florence for the need of new spaces for the administrative offices, rented some buildings in the southern area of the Third Court in 1304, in 1311 and in 1319 to assign them to the Captain of the People's home and of the Executor of Justice. ...
... Ainsi, à Jublains, il a été possible de montrer que le mobilier céramique datant de l'Antiquité pouvait prédominer dans des couches pourtant datées des VIIe-VIIIe s. (Fig. 4, Boquet, 2001, repris dans Borderie, 2011. Depuis les travaux de R.I. Macphail (Macphail, 1981(Macphail, , 1994(Macphail, , 2010, les analyses micromorphologique et physico-chimique (Tab. 1) sont très largement utilisées pour identifier les processus à l'origine de la formation des terres noires: types d'accumulations, structuration par la faune du sol, présence de déchets fins, vestiges d'anciennes surfaces (Borderie, 2014 ;Cammas, 2004 ;Devos et al., 2011Devos et al., , 2017Nicosia, 2018 ;Nicosia et al., 2012 ;Wouters, 2016). Le comptage systématique sur les lames minces permet de quantifier les observations et de repérer des concentrations de micro-constituants, sur des épaisseurs pouvant atteindre 1,50 m (Fig. 5). ...
... This usually occurs when minerals carried in solution (silica, carbonate, chloride, etc.,) are deposited around plant cell surfaces or in the cell wall and intercellular spaces, encasing the plant structure 14,82 and called structural preservation. The presence of a hard coat and antioxidants in the plant are also possible causes of good preservation 83 . The initial silica deposition begins within cell walls rather than in the cell lumina. ...