Fausto Manes's research while affiliated with Sapienza University of Rome and other places

Publications (74)

Article
Full-text available
Air pollution is a serious concern for human health and is even more worrying in areas that are known to be “pollution hotspots”, such as the Po Plain in northern Italy. The Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI), which includes urban and peri-urban forests, enhances human health and wellbeing delivering a wide range of ecosystem services, including air...
Article
Increased attention has been given to particulate matter (PM) that, as well as worsening air quality, is responsible for chronic and acute respiratory or cardiovascular diseases. Currently, most of the studies are focused on the capacity of plants and other biological media to adsorb PM, whereas few works explore the functional damage due to PM on...
Article
Full-text available
The anionic surfactant SLES (sodium lauryl ether sulfate) is an emerging contaminant, being the main component of foaming agents that are increasingly used by the tunnel construction industry. To fill the gap of knowledge about the potential SLES toxicity on plants, acute and chronic effects were assessed under controlled conditions. The acute ecot...
Article
Balancing the ecosystem service (ES) mismatch should be a goal of sustainable urban planning. However, (i) many urban areas lack an assessment of this mismatch and (ii) scientific findings are not easily translatable into good practices. In this study, we assessed the mismatch for two regulating ESs—regulation of air quality (intended as PM10 remov...
Article
Full-text available
A Chlorophyll Fluorescence (ChlF) assessment was carried out on oak seedlings (Quercus ilex, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto) of Italian and Greek provenance, during the years 2017 and 2018, in a common garden in central Italy planted in 2017. This trial aimed to test the relative performances of the oak species in the perspective of assisted migration...
Article
Phenotyping for functional traits associated with photosynthetic machinery could be a promising approach for studying the performance of green infrastructures in metropolitan areas. Trait-based indicators hold important information about ecosystem processes and how environmental constrains may influence the provisioning of services. This work aims...
Poster
Full-text available
Particulate matter (PM) is a serious global problem threatening both human health and vegetation. In the last few years, numerous scientific studies have revealed the potential of biomonitoring to assess environmental quality. In fact, urban and peri-urban forests, as well as street trees, are natural receptors of PM and they have been widely appli...
Article
Full-text available
Across the 28 EU member states there were nearly half a million premature deaths in 2015 as a result of exposure to PM 2.5 , O 3 and NO 2. To set the target for air quality levels and avoid negative impacts for human and ecosystems health, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD, 2016/2284/EU) sets objectives for emission reduction for SO 2...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Living in areas with higher levels of surrounding greenness and access to urban green areas have been associated with beneficial health outcomes. Some studies suggested a beneficial influence on mortality, but the evidence is still controversial. Objectives: We used longitudinal data from a large cohort to estimate associations of tw...
Article
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is one of the main environmental impacts of urbanization, affecting directly human health and well-being of the city dwellers, and also contributing to worsen environmental quality. As a key strategy to address sustainable urban development, the EU has advocated the development of Nature-Based solutions, such as t...
Article
Full-text available
Urban and peri-urban forests are green infrastructures (GI) that play a substantial role in delivering ecosystem services such as the amelioration of air quality by the removal of air pollutants, among which is ozone (O3), which is the most harmful pollutant in Mediterranean metropolitan areas. Models may provide a reliable estimate of gas exchange...
Article
Several international initiatives, including the European Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, promote the identification and mapping of ecosystems as basic tools for the conservation of biodiversity and related services. On coarse scales, the spatial representation of ecosystems is usually based on broad land cover categories that largely overlook impor...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of nitrogen (N) deposition, tropospheric ozone (O3) and their interaction were investigated in two Mediterranean tree species, Fraxinus ornus L. (deciduous) and Quercus ilex L. (evergreen), having different leaf habits and resource use strategies. An experiment was conducted under controlled condition to analyse how nitrogen deposition...
Article
Full-text available
Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a synthetic chemical known to protect plants from the phytotoxic effects of tropospheric ozone (O3). Although many studies have proposed the use of EDU for studying the O3 effects under field conditions, its mechanism of action is not fully understood, and it is unclear whether it exerts a specific antiozonant action, or if...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the follow up of the URBAN-MAES pilot implemented in the framework of the EnRoute project. The study aims at mapping and assessing the process of particulate matter (PM10) and tropospheric ozone (O3) removal by various forest and shrub ecosystems. Different policy levels and environmental contexts were considered, namely the Metropoli...
Article
Urban and peri-urban forests provide a multitude of Ecosystem Services to the citizens. While the capacity of removing carbon dioxide and gaseous compounds from the atmosphere has been tested, their capacity to sequestrate particles (PM) has been poorly investigated. Mediterranean forest ecosystems are often located nearby or inside large urban are...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions have been identified by the European Union as being critical for the enhancement of environmental qualities in cities, where urban and peri-urban forests play a key role in air quality amelioration through pollutant removal. A remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) approach was applied to the Metropolitan City...
Article
HEalth Risk from Environmental Pollution Le vels in Urban Systems (HEREPLUS) project has been thought and carried out to fill some of the identified gaps in the evidence base and develop and apply an integrated methodology for asse ssing and quantifying the health risk associated to outdoor pollution exposure and for inve stigating the potenti...
Article
Full-text available
Climate changes are expected to increase the conditions of aridity in many regions of the world and, therefore, water and heat stress events that affect natural vegetation and cultivated plants (Manes & Blasi, 1995; Hoerling et al., 2001; iPCC, 2013; Diffenbaugh & Field, 2013; Mariotti et al., 2015). the eu Biodiversity strategy to 2020 promotes al...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services in EU - MAES - is an initiative of the European Commission, which aims to improve the knowledge and evidence base for biodiversity policy as defined under Target 2 Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. The fourth MAES report provides guidance for mapping and assessing urban eco...
Article
Full-text available
Vitis vinifera sensitivity to tropospheric ozone (O3) has been evidenced in several studies. In this work, physiological and metabolic effects of O3 on two wine cultivars of V. vinifera (i.e. Maturano and San Giuseppe) have been studied. Moreover, chlorogenic acid (CGA) production, in consideration of its importance in the biosynthetic pathway of p...
Article
Effects of acute O 3 stress on PSII and PSI photochemistry of sensitive and resistant snap bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), probed by Prompt Chlorophyll " a " fluorescence and 820 nm Modulated Reflectance Please cite this article as: E. Salvatori, L. Fusaro, R.J. Strasser, F. Bussotti, F. Manes, Effects of acute O 3 stress on PSII and PSI ph...
Article
Full-text available
Pollution, in particular airborne particulate matter (PM), has been recognized as serious threat to human health. Vegetation may contribute to reduce PM concentration, improving environmental and life quality of inhabitants, especially of those living in urban areas, also delivering important Ecosystem Services to human communities. here are presen...
Article
Full-text available
The demographic performance of avian predators is influenced by climate variations. The Plant Area Index (PAI) is considered a key descriptor of the (evolving) vegetation sensitive to climate and soil aridity and drought stress. To assess if the increased aridity regime in the mediterranean region affects the reproduction of a forest predator, the...
Article
Full-text available
Maize MON810, grown and commercialised worldwide, is the only cultivated GM event in the EU. Maize MON810, variety DKC6575, and the corresponding near-isogenic line Tietar were studied in different growth conditions, to compare their behaviour in response to drought. Main photosynthetic parameters were significantly affected by drought stress in bo...
Poster
Full-text available
Nel presente lavoro sperimentale, inquadrato nell’ambito del progetto PRIN “TreeCity”, è stato effettuato lo studio dei parametri biometrici su individui di Quercus ilex L., specie sclerofilla sempreverde ampiamente diffusa in area mediterranea, in due siti dell’area metropolitana romana: la foresta periurbana posta all’interno della Tenuta Preside...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization processes increased dramatically in the past century leading to the emission of large quantities of air pollutants over relatively small areas. The consequent high concentration of pollutants and particulate matter (PM) have clear detrimental effects not only on human health, but also on urban and peri-urban vegetation. In this context...
Article
Urban air pollution is known to cause numerous health problems. The HEREPLUS project aims to evaluate the association between environmental air pollution and health and to provide guidelines for the management and organization of the urban environment. Risk maps were developed by georeferentiation, using hospitalization data and concentration level...
Article
Full-text available
The responses to mild root zone salinity stress were investigated in two co-occurring Mediterranean woody evergreens, Quercus ilex L. and Arbutus unedo L., which differ in morpho-anatomical traits and strategies to cope with water deficit. The aim was to explore their strategies to allocate potentially toxic ions at organism level, and the conseque...
Article
The ozone (O3) biomonitoring system based on sensitive (S156) and resistant (R123) genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), was tested in a fumigation experiment, with the aim of: (i) assessing the performance of the S156/R123 system under simulated climatic conditions and O3 levels often found in Mediterranean sites; (ii) contributing to id...
Article
Full-text available
Context The evaluation of changes in litter decomposition rate due to increasing trend in tropospheric ozone is an emerging field of investigation, providing relevant information on long-term forest ecosystem sustainability. Aims This research aims to clarify the effects of ozone exposure on Quercus ilex leaf chemical composition and decomposition...
Article
Full-text available
Urban forests provide important ecosystem services, such as urban air quality improvement by removing pollutants. While robust evidence exists that plant physiology, abundance, and distribution within cities are basic parameters affecting the magnitude and efficiency of air pollution removal, little is known about effects of plant diversity on the...
Article
This paper proposes an overall reassessment of results from fluorescence transient (FT) and modulated fluorescence (MF) analysis on tree species subjected to treatment with ozone. Findings from literature and open-top chamber experiments were used in this review, in order to identify damage mechanisms and repair/avoidance strategies. Main results a...
Article
Mediterranean maquis coastal ecosystems are subject to multiple oxidative stresses of both natural and anthropic origin, as sea spray, drought, high irradiance and ozone. In this article it is hypothesized that the interaction of ozone and sea spray is additive as a consequence of a higher reactive oxigen species accumulation. To test the hypothesi...
Article
Background/Aims: The state of the art in air quality assessment comprises information and data processing tools using only data from ground-based measurement and atmospheric modeling. Ground measurements of air pollutants are not taken from dense enough monitoring networks around the world to permit a satisfactory analysis of the actual influence o...
Article
Background/Aims: The state of the art in air quality assessment comprises information and data processing tools using only data from ground-based measurement and atmospheric modelling. Ground measurements are not taken from dense enough monitoring networks around the world to permit a satisfactory analysis of the influence of air pollution on the h...
Article
The effects of ozone on ozone-sensitive (NC-S) and ozone-resistant (NC-R) clones of Trifolium repens L. cv. Regal are compared at ultrastructural level by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Each clone were exposed to ambient ozone levels in the Botanical Garden of Rome, Italy, according to the ICP Vegetation Experimental Protocol (2005). TEM a...
Article
The reliability of plant upscaling methods strongly depends on a precise calculation of the intercepted radiation, which in turn depends on the three-dimensional distribution of the plant biomass. A three-dimensional LiDAR upscaling procedure (LUP) based on a fine description of plant structure is proposed. The voxel-based vegetative elements distr...
Article
Full-text available
In July 2000, six plots of Mediterranean maquis in the Castel Volturno Nature Reserve were burnt at two intensity levels to examine the effects of fire intensities on chemical and biological soil components and their relationships with ecophysiological processes of Phillyrea angustifolia L. Net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance, as well as P...
Article
Full-text available
Tropospheric ozone (O3) and Particulate Matter (PM) have become a major concern in most European cities. In particular, in Italy the O3 concentrations exceed the limits established for the protection of both human health and vegetation. More integrative studies are revealing that urban trees could concretely help in improving air quality, not only...
Article
Full-text available
p> Background : The European Commission funds a European research project titled “Health Risk from Environmental Pollution Levels in Urban Systems” (HEREPLUS) that focuses on environmental health within Europe. The HEREPLUS project was presented at the 16th EUPHA conference in Lisbon in November 2008 within a workshop named “The assessment of the e...
Article
In this paper a three-step procedure is proposed to deal with ecological data, usually very complex in their treatment. The three steps – exploratory, confirmatory, and modelling phases – reflect the different methodological approaches necessary in each phase of the study. To illustrate the methodology, a case study is proposed, concerning the suit...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of urban sustainability is considered within the context of the metropolis of Rome, the capital of Italy. The aim is pursued through an Urban Biosphere Reserve proposal, drawn up by an interdisciplinary group of experts comprising landscape ecologists, geologists, plant ecologists, zoologists, geographers, city planners and environmental...
Article
Full-text available
The combined effect of water stress and ozone (O3) on stomatal O3 flux, damage to photosynthesis, and detoxification by biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) in Quercus ilex leaves was studied. A 4-weeks O3 exposure (250ppb, 4h per day) caused a reduction of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance, which was fully recovered 1week after the end...
Article
Full-text available
Ozone and energy fluxes have been measured using the eddy covariance technique, from June to December 2004 in Castelporziano near Rome (Italy), and compared to similar measurements made in the previous year. The studied ecosystem consisted in a typical Mediterranean Holm oak forest. Stomatal fluxes have been calculated using the resistance analogy...
Article
The reproductive success of many predators is affected by climate regimes and changes in habitat productivity. In the Mediterranean basin, the Plant Area Index (PAI) represents an important descriptor of structural characteristics of vegetation which is linked to climate conditions, especially aridity regimes and drought episodes. In fact, the cond...
Article
The most frequently models used (Ball–Berry and Jarvis-type models) to estimate stomatal conductance (Gs) values have limitations when applied to plants growing in Mediterranean climate. To overcome these limitations, several statistical methodologies (Multiple Linear Regression, Neural Net Analysis (NNA)) were used to build models to predict Gs. H...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is focused on evaluation of the potential ozone stomatal fluxes (FO3) under seasonally varying microclimatic conditions at two levels of the canopy of an evergreen Mediterranean plant species, Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), and on comparing them with ozone hourly averages, in order to assess what are the main environmental/physiological var...
Article
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean area, plant response to summer constraints can be directly or indirectly affected by extensive fires, which have acted as modelling force for the actual Mediterranean habitat. The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate at which a Phillyrea angustifolia stand approaches to steady state after a prescribed fire, by calculation...
Article
Full-text available
A new experimental approach to land analysis has recently been developed, based on the integration of information acquired on different scales; it enables the structure and the functionality of the vegetation in natural ecosystems to be analysed. This research aims at assessing the potentiality of the experimental approach by the integration of air...
Article
Full-text available
Ozone, water and energy fluxes have been measured over a Mediterranean evergreen forest in Central Italy from August to October 2003 with the eddy-correlation technique in order to evaluate the amount of ozone taken up by plants in dry summer and in mild autumn conditions. The stomatal ozone fluxes have been calculated using the analogy with water...
Article
Ozone (O3) induces deleterious effects on plants by its oxidising capacity. Efforts have aimed at defining O3 critical loads which are based on O3 penetrating into the plant through the stomata, being an important mechanism of O3 removal. Recently, papers have proposed the use of process-based models for estimating the O3 dose at the community leve...
Article
Aim This paper investigates the use of an ecosystem simulation model, FOREST-BGC, to estimate the main ecophysiological processes (transpiration and photosynthesis) of Mediterranean coastal forest areas using remotely sensed data. Location Model testing was carried out at two protected forest sites in central Italy, one of which was covered by Turk...
Article
Full-text available
Quercus ilex (L.) leaves emit monoterpenes, particularly alpha-pinene, beta-pinene and sabinene. Apart from the monoterpene pools that are stored in specialized structures and have a clear defensive or attractive role, the function of monoterpenes in Q. ilex leaves is unknown. We tested whether monoterpenes have an antioxidant role, as has previous...
Article
Full-text available
A simple model based on the "big leaf" assumption and calibrated with field eco-physiological measures of gas exchanges is used to simulate the effects of temperature increase on net primary production, total canopy transpiration and the dimensionless decoupling coefficient Ω of Holm oak forests. Two different annual average air temperatures: 14.6...
Article
An ozone monitoring network was set up using passive samplers and biological mini-stations of two clones of white clover (Trifolium repens L. cv. Regal), NC-R (O(3)-resistant) and NC-S (O(3)-sensitive). This paper reports on a pilot study performed in the period June-October 1999 in the Rome municipal area by using five biomonitoring mini-stations...
Conference Paper
This work forms part of the studies on change detection, with special reference to the study of the functional character of plant ecosystems in relation to the anthropic impact and to the assessment of sensitivity to global changes. The study has been conducted in the Rome metropolitan area on populations of Quercus ilex L., an evergreen species ty...