# F. Winterberg's research while affiliated with University of Nevada, Reno and other places

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## Publications (132)

It is proposed to assist and substantially increase the production of Plutonium 238 by inertial fusion inside a pipe made of stainless steel passing through the core of a conventional nuclear fission reactor, by injecting a stream of pellets of Neptunium 237 encapsulated liquid deuterium–tritium (DT) under high pressure. Then, if from both ends of...

Einstein's general theory of relativity implies the existence of virtual negative masses in the rotational reference frame of an ultracentrifuge with the negative mass density of the same order of magnitude as the positive mass density of a neutron star. In an ultracentrifuge, the repulsive gravitational field of this negative mass can simulat...

The failure of the laser-interferometer gravitational wave antennas to
measure the tiny changes of lengths many orders of magnitude smaller than the
diameter of a proton raises the question of whether the reason for this failure
is a large gravitational wave background noise, and if so, where this
background noise is coming from. It is conjectured...

The "Project Orion" small fission bomb propulsion concept proposed the one-stage launching of large payloads into low Earth orbit, but it was abandoned because of the radioactive fallout into Earth's atmosphere. The idea is here revived by the replacement of the small fission bombs with pure deuterium-tritium fusion bombs, and the pusher plate of P...

An explanation of the quantum-mechanical particle-wave duality is given by the watt-less emission of gravitational waves from a particle described by the Dirac equation. This explanation is possible through the existence of negative energy, and hence negative mass solutions of Einstein’s gravitational field equations. They permit to understand the...

To reduce the radiation hazard for manned missions to Mars and beyond, a high-specific-impulse-high-thrust system is needed, with a nuclear bomb propulsion system the preferred candidate. The propulsion with small fission bombs is excluded because the critical mass requirement leads to extravagant small fission burnup rates. This leaves open the pr...

It is shown that cylindrical deuterium targets can be ignited with multi-mega-ampere GeV proton beams below the Alfvén limit and a small amount of tritium. The proton beams can be generated by discharging a magnetically insulated gigavolt capacitor. Surrounding the thermonuclear microexplosion with a thick layer of liquid hydrogen, heated to a ~ 10...

It is proposed to apply the well established colliding beam technology of high energy physics to the fast hot spot ignition of a highly compressed DT (deuterium-tritium) target igniting a larger D (deuterium) burn, by accelerating a small amount of solid deuterium, and likewise a small amount of tritium, making a head-on collision in the center of...

It is proposed that the 'apparent horizons' assumed by Hawking to resolve the black hole information paradox, are in reality the regions where in Lorentzian relativity the absolute velocity against a preferred reference system at rest with the zero point vacuum energy reaches the velocity of light, and where an elliptical differential equation hold...

The Lorentzian interpretation of the special theory of relativity explains all the relativistic effects by true deformations of rods and clocks in absolute motion against a preferred reference system, and where Lorentz invariance is a dynamic symmetry with the Galilei group the more fundamental kinematic symmetry of nature. In an exactly nonrelativ...

To explain the relative abundance of the dark energy and non-baryonic cold dark matter (74% and 22% respectively), making up 96% of the material content of the universe, it is proposed that space is filled with an equal amount of positive and negative mass particles, satisfying the average null energy condition, and with it the smallness of the cos...

It is proposed that the non-local quantum mechanical correlations are explained by the analytic continuation below the Planck length into a complex Teichmüller space. In one space dimension, sufficient to explain the Einstein-Podolski-Rosen (EPR) paradox, the Teichmüller space is reduced to a space of complex Riemann surfaces, and an experiment is...

An ambiplasma is a plasma made from matter and antimatter. We study here the property of such plasma at relativistic energy, which is made of counterstreaming electron and positron beams, and its extension to a hydrogen-antihydrogen ambiplasma pinch configuration, where the pinch current is made up from counterstreaming electrons and positrons at r...

It is shown that the idea of a photon rocket through the complete annihilation of matter with antimatter, first proposed by Sänger, is not a utopian scheme as it is widely believed. Its feasibility appears to be possible by the radiative collapse of a relativistic high current pinch discharge in a hydrogen–antihydrogen ambiplasma down to a radius d...

A deuterium-tritium (DT) nuclear pulse propulsion concept for fast
interplanetary transport is proposed utilizing almost all the energy for thrust
and without the need for a large radiator: 1. By letting the thermonuclear
micro-explosion take place in the center of a liquid hydrogen sphere with the
radius of the sphere large enough to slow down and...

The non-observation of the Higgs boson and supersymmetry in the most recent high-energy physics data suggests considering the conjectured Planck mass plasma as a potential alternative. In it supersymmetry is replaced by the assumption that the vacuum of space is densely filled in equal numbers with positive and negative Planck mass particles, and t...

In DT fusion 80 % of the energy released goes into 14 MeV neutrons, and only the remaining 20 % into charged particles. Unlike the charged particles, the uncharged neutrons cannot be confined by a magnetic field, and for this reason cannot be used for a direct conversion into electric energy. Instead, the neutrons have to be slowed down in some med...

In recent years there had been a growing interest in analog models of general relativity, with certain superfluid solutions simulating black hole solutions of Einstein's gravitational field equation. The quantization of a superfluid, composed of discrete particles (helium atoms), treated as a nonrelativistic many body problem does not lead to diver...

The failure by the large hadron collider to detect supersymmetry and the Higgs particle, suggests to replace supersymmetry with another fundamental symmetry, for example the symmetry of the Planck mass plasma where the vacuum is made up by an equal number of positive and negative Planck mass particles. The Planck mass plasma has for each mass compo...

The author proposes the use of a circular accelerator for gram-size superconducting macroparticles, with the acceleration to the velocities needed for impact fusion performed by a magnetic travelling wave. It is suggested to use the recently discovered high-Tc superconductors both for the macroparticle and for the establishment of the waveguide fie...

Schrödinger's analysis of the Dirac equation gives a hint for the
existence of negative masses hidden behind positive masses. But their
use for propulsion by reducing the inertia of matter for example, in the
limit of macroscopic bodied with zero rest mass, depends on a technical
solution to free them from their imprisonment by positive masses. It...

It is shown that in contrast to the electric pulse power driven implosion of a single conical wire array, the implosion of a nested conical wire array with opposite alternate opening angles can lead to the generation of fast jets, with velocities of the order 108 cm/s. This technique can be applied for the supersonic shear flow stabilization of a d...

The idea to initiate thermonuclear reactions with high explosives by a convergent shock wave is the oldest non-fission fusion ignition proposal. It fails because of the required large radius for a sphere of a high explosive to launch the convergent shock wave. This situation is changed in a very fundamental way if the convergent shock wave is not u...

An attempt is made to explain the recently reported occurrence of 14 MeV neutron induced nuclear reactions in deuterium metal hydrides as the manifestation of a slightly radioactive ultra-dense form of deuterium, with a density of 130,000 g/cm3 observed by a Swedish research group through the collapse of deuterium Rydberg matter. In accordance with...

This communication is a theoretical consideration explaining the benefits to reduce tumour growth in situ by interaction of ultrasound and strong magnetic fields. No documentation is presented.

An attempt is made to explain the recently reported occurrence of ultradense deuterium as an isothermal transition of Rydberg matter into a high density phase by quantum mechanical exchange forces. It is conjectured that the transition is made possible by the formation of vortices in a Cooper pair electron fluid, separating the electrons from the d...

Different ways to achieve the stabilization of a linear z-pinch by a superimposed shear flow are analyzed. They are: 1) Axial shear flow proposed by Arber and Howell with the pinch discharge in its center, and experimentally tested by Shumlak et al. 2) Spiral flow of a dense low temperature plasma surrounding a dense pinch discharge. 3) A thin meta...

To reach the flyer plate velocities in excess of 1000km/sec required for impact ignition, it is proposed to combine the ablation acceleration of a dense hydrogen jet by its isentropic compression in a convergent Prandtl-Meyer flow, magnetically insulated by the Nernst effect against the wall confining the flow to reduce friction losses. A flyer pla...

The previous study regarding the stabilization of a magnetized constant temperature plasma by shear flow with vorticity is extended to a plasma of non-constant temperature, where in the presence of heat source or sinks the thermomagnetic Nernst effect becomes important. Of special interest is what this effect has on the stabilization of a linear z-...

Exact solutions of a magnetized plasma in a vorticity containing shear flow for constant temperature are presented. This is followed by the modification of these solutions by thermomagnetic currents in the presence of temperature gradients. It is shown that solutions which are unstable for a subsonic flow, are stable if the flow is supersonic. The...

Modern physics consists of two paradigms and one myth: the theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the Einstein myth. While the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics are confirmed by a very large body of experimental facts, this cannot be said about the general theory of relativity. But it is the general theory of relativity which ha...

A shear flow stabilized z-pinch has in the past been proposed as a propulsion device for space travel. In high density plasmas non-neutronic fusion chain reactions are possible, which are ideally suited for propulsion. In z-pinches, high densities are only possible if the magnetically confined plasma can be stabilized, but it has been shown that sh...

Excluding speculations about future breakthrough discoveries in physics, it is shown that with what is at present known, and also what is technically feasible, manned space flight to the limits of the solar system and beyond deep into the Oort cloud is quite well possible. Using deuterium as the rocket fuel of choice, abundantly available on the co...

It is proposed to treat cancer by the combination of a strong magnetic field with intense ultrasound. At the low electrical conductivity of tissue the magnetic field is not frozen into the tissue, and oscillates against the tissue which is brought into rapid oscillation by the ultrasound. As a result, a rapidly oscillating electric field is induced...

It is proposed to levitate a conducting sphere in a high pressure Taylor flow and to charge it up to gigavolt potentials,
either mechanically as in a Van de Graaff electrostatic generator, or inductively by a rising magnetic field. If the Taylor
flow is sufficiently fast, it should overcome the electric pressure and breakdown by stepped leader form...

It is shown that the mass of the driver for nuclear microexplosion—Orion type—pulse propulsion can be substantially reduced with a special fusion–fast fission configuration, which permits to replace an inefficient laser beam driver with a much more efficient and less massive relativistic electron beam (or light ion beam) driver. The driver mass can...

The recently proposed Super Marx generator pure deuterium micro-detonation ignition concept is compared to the Lawrence Livermore National Ignition Facility (NIF) Laser DT fusion-fission hybrid concept (LiFE) [1]. In a Super Marx generator a large number of ordinary Marx generators charge up a much larger second stage ultra-high voltage Marx genera...

The Centurion-Halite experiment demonstrated the feasibility of igniting a deuterium-tritium micro-explosion with an energy of not more than a few megajoule, and the Mike test, the feasibility of a pure deuterium explosion with an energy of more than 10^6 megajoule. In both cases the ignition energy was supplied by a fission bomb explosive. While a...

Large scale manned space flight within the solar system is still confronted with the solution of two problems: (1) A propulsion system to transport large payloads with short transit times between different planetary orbits. (2) A cost effective lifting of large payloads into earth orbit. For the solution of the first problem a deuterium fusion bomb...

In ongoing electric pulse power driven inertial confinement fusion experiments, Marx generators are connected in parallel with the target in the center of a ring of the Marx generators. There the currents, not the voltages add up. Instead of connecting a bank of Marx generator in parallel, one may connect them in series, adding up their voltages, n...

The attainment of ultrahigh electric potentials by suppressing the stepped leader breakdown of a highly charged conductor levitated in a spiraling Taylor flow opens up the possibility of order of magnitude larger driver energies for the ignition of thermonuclear reactions by inertial confinement. In reaching gigavolt potentials, intense 1016 Watt,...

Towards the end of the 19th century, Kelvin pronounced as the "clouds of physics" 1) the failure of the Michelson-Morely experiment to detect an ether wind, 2) the violation of the classical mechanical equipartition theorem in statistical thermodynamics. And he believed that the removal of these clouds would bring physics to an end. But as we know,...

If matter is suddenly put under a high pressure, for example a pressure of 100 Mb =10^14 dyn/cm^2, it can undergo a transformation into molecular excited states, bound by inner electron shells, with keV potential well for the electrons. If this happens, the electrons can under the emission of X-rays go into the groundstate of the molecule formed un...

As in an acoustic black hole where the fluid is moving faster than the speed of sound and where the sound waves are swept along, in an Alfven black hole the plasma is moving faster than the Alfven velocity, with the Alfven waves swept along and eliminated as the cause of the magneto hydrodynamic instabilities. To realize an Alfven black hole, it is...

Two basic approaches to producing thermonuclear fusion with a sheared flow stabilized z-pinch are considered. One consists of heating the entire length of the z-pinch column to the required temperatures. The other basic approach considered here involves the concept of fast ignition. A localized "hot-spot" is produced under the proper conditions to...

The proposed fast ignition of highly compressed deuterium-tritium (DT) targets by petawatt lasers requires energy of about 100kJ. To lower the power of the laser, it is proposed to accomplish fast ignition with two lasers, one with lower power in the infrared, and a second one with high power in the visible to ultraviolet region. The infrared laser...

Various conditions required for pumping of lasers for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) power plants, are discussed. Chemical high explosives are used for the pumping of megajoule lasers, due to which lasers become less expensive by orders of magnitude, and more compact. One of the advantage of lasers for inertial confinement fusion, is their good...

It is proposed to replace the expensive ~150 kJ petawatt laser as a means for the fast ignition of a highly compressed dense DT target by a small flyer plate propelled to high velocities by a thermonuclear microdetonation ignited at one end of a super-pinch. It appears that this can most efficiently be done with the previously proposed modification...

Dense matter, if put under high pressure, can undergo a transformation from an atomic to a molecular configuration, where the electron orbits go into lower energy levels. If the rise in pressure is very sudden, for example by a strong shock wave, the electrons change their orbits rapidly under the emission of photons, which for more than 100 Mbar c...

It is proposed to simultaneously compress a thermonuclear target and amplify a laser beam by a single z-pinch discharge. The laser beam is imploded and amplified by a cylindrical convergent shock wave inside a capillary, transforming it into a soft X-ray pulse for the fast ignition of the thermonuclear target. The target is compressed inside a line...

The common goal of CTR, but in particular of ICF, is low yield-high gain. Fission triggered large TN explosive devices meet
the second but not the first of these conditions. These devices depend on the rare isotopes U235, Pu239, or U233, but for
them the fusion energy output greatly exceeds the output from fission, limiting the fallout. In thinking...

The Planck mass plasma conjecture is the hypothesis that the vacuum of space is a kind of plasma composed of positive and
negative Planck mass particles interacting by the Planck force over a Planck length, repulsive for equal and attractive for
unequal Planck masses. The hypothesis permits to derive quantum mechanics and Lorentz invariance as asym...

The idea presented here is to use the neutrons released from a thermonuclear plasma to drive currents by the thermomagnetic Nernst effect through neutron-induced nuclear reactions in a light nuclei containing plasma corona surrounding the thermonuclear plasma. To increase the nuclear cross section for the neutron-induced nuclear reactions, the neut...

A new fast ignition scheme was recently proposed where the ignition is done by the impact of a small solid projectile accelerated to velocities in excess of 108 cm/s, with the acceleration done in two steps: first, by laser ablation of a flyer plate, and second by injecting the flyer plate into a conical duct. The two principal difficulties of this...

It is shown that the requirements for fast ignition of thermonuclear microexplosions can be sub-stantially relaxed if the deuterium-tritium (DT) hot spot is placed inside a shell of U-238 (Th-232). An intense laser – or particle beam-projected into the shell leads to a large temperature gradient between the hot DT and the cold U-238 (Th-232), drivi...

It is proposed that it is possible to amplify the energy of a pulsed
laser beam by imploding it inside a capillary metallic liner. If imploded
with megaampere currents by the pinch effect, implosion velocities up to
[similar]3 × 108 cm/s can be reached, imploding a few cm
long liner with an inner radius of 2 × 10−3 cm in
about [similar]10−10 s...

It is proposed to use the neutrons released from a deuterium-tritium or deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction to drive thermomagnetic currents in a plasma corona surrounding the fusion plasma through the heating of the corona with nuclear reactions by the neutrons released in the fusion reaction. Because the neutron reaction cross sections are larger...

A crucial advancement in the problem for the controlled release of energy by nuclear fusion appears possible by an autocatalytic fusion–fission–fusion microexplosion, where the deuterium–tritium (DT) fusion reaction of a dense magnetized DT plasma placed inside a thin liner made up of U238, Th232 (perhaps B10) releases a sufficient number of 14 MeV...

In recent years there had been a growing interest in analog models of general relativity, with certain superfluid solutions simulating black hole solutions of Einstein's gravitational field equation. The quantization of a superfluid, composed of discrete particles (helium atoms), treated as a nonrelativistic many body problem does not lead to diver...

I present the hypothesis that the unexplained large longi-tudinal stresses observed along the path of powerful electric discharges are caused by the transient release of zero point vacuum energy, very much as in Schwinger's theory of sonoluminescence, but it may also explain the emission of multi-keV X-rays in exploding wires.

Nuclear pulse propulsion demands low-yield nuclear explosive devices. Because the critical mass of a fission explosive is rather large, this leads to extravagant fission devices with a very low fuel burn-up. For non-fission ignited pure fusion microexplosions the problem is the large ignition apparatus (laser, particle beam, etc.). Fission ignited...

A crucial advancement in the problem for the controlled release of energy by nuclear fusion appears possible by an autocatalytic fusion-fission-fusion microexplosion, where the deuterium-tritium (DT) fusion reaction of a dense magnetized DT plasma placed inside a thin liner made up of U238, Th232 (perhaps B10) releases a sufficient number of 14 MeV...

In a paper, published in 1997 by L. Corry, J. Renn, and J. Stachel, it is claimed that the recently discovered printer’s proofs of Hilbert’s 1915 paper on the general theory of relativity prove that Hilbert did not anticipate Einstein in arriving at the correct form of the gravitational field equations, as it is widely believed, but that only after...

As an alternative to the fast ignition by petawatt lasers of small spherical deuterium–tritium (DT) targets compressed to thousand times solid density, the fast ignition by terawatt relativistic electron beams of thin cylindrical (or conical) DT targets, compressed to several ten times solid density and magnetized to 108 G through a high current di...

Chemically ignited nuclear microexplosions with a fissile core, a DT reflector and U238 (Th232) pusher, offer a promising alternative to magnetic and inertial confinement fusion, not only burning DT, but in addition U238 (or Th232), and not depending on a large expensive laser of electric pulse power supply. The prize to be paid is a gram size amou...

It was recently shown that the ignition of thermonuclear microexplosions seems possible with two Marx generators of modest size, one with a high current lower voltage for compression and confinement, and one with a high voltage lower current for ignition, transmitting their energy to the thermonuclear target by two nested magnetically insulated tra...

Supersonic plasma jets injected with a large azimuthal velocity component into a magnetic cusp field entrap the radial field component in between the coalescing jets, with the cushioning effect of the magnetic field diminishing the formation of shocks which otherwise would occur by the collision of the jets. With the bending of the radial magnetic...

A configuration made up of two nested magnetically insulated transmission lines, the inner one carrying a high voltage lower current - and the outer one a high current lower voltage - pulse, was in a previous communication proposed for the ignition of a magnetic field assisted thermonuclear detonation wave. Unlike the fast ignition concept, it does...

Fast thermonuclear ignition with a high gain seems possible with two Marx generators feeding two nested magnetically insulated transmission lines, one delivering a high current lower voltage pulse for compression and confinement, and one delivering a high voltage lower current pulse for fast ignition. With an input energy conceivably as small as 10...

As an alternative to string field theories in R10 (or M theory in R11) with a large group and a very large number of possible vacuum states, we propose SU2 as the fundamental group, assuming that nature works like a computer with a binary number system. With SU2 isomorphic to SO3, the rotation group in R3, explains why R3 is the natural space. Plan...

For the ignition of a thermonuclear detonation wave assisted by a strong magnetic field, it is pro-posed to use two concentrically nested magnetically insulated transmission lines, the inner one trans-mitting a high-voltage lower-current-, and the outer one a high-current lower-voltage-electromag-netic pulse drawn from two Marx generators. The conc...

It was previously shown (WINTERBERG, 1963, 1964; HARRISON, 1963) that it may be possible to ignite a small thermonuclear explosion of controllable size by the acceleration of macroscopic particles up to velocities of 10⁸ cm/sec. One method which promises to reach high velocities is the acceleration of a superconductor by a travelling magnetic wave...

A new method is described which promises to accelerate large macroscopic particles up to meteoric velocities and beyond. In this method a superconducting solenoid is trapped and accelerated in front of a magnetic travelling wave. The magnetic travelling wave is generated by a lumped parameter transmission line. It is demonstrated that with relative...

The pressure in the center of the moon is estimated to be 50,000atm at a temperature of a few 103K. Under these conditions a tunnel to the center of the moon seems possible, if dug by a sequence of nuclear explosions, crushing the rocks through which the tunnel shall pass. The crushed rocks reduce the pressure gradient in the tunnel wall and permit...

For very high density plasmas, large energy accumulation within a small volume is required. As an alternative to laser- or relativistic electron-beams, the employment of intense non-relativistic beams of heavy ions is considered. Because of the rather low ion velocities, the beams can be axially compressed thereby shortening the duration of the bea...

It is shown that high energy flux densities can be reached by the isentropic Prandtl–Meyer compression flow of a supersonic plasma jet in a convergent nozzle. The energy flux density thereby increases in proportion to M2/(γ−1) where M is the Mach number of the jet and γ the specific heat ratio. With an axial magnetic field set up inside the nozzle...

It is shown that the vortex lines of an axial shear flow with rotation can confine spherical regions inside a pinch discharge. Due to their stiffness against deformation, vortex lines can help to stabilize the plasma, with the additional fluid dynamic confinement reducing the axial energy losses.

According to the Planck aether hypothesis, the vacuum of space is a superfluid made up of Planck mass particles, with the particles of the standard model explained as quasiparticle - excitations of this superfluid. Astrophysical data suggests that ≈70% of the vacuum energy, called quintessence, is a negative pressure medium, with ≈26% cold dark mat...

In the dynamic interpretation of relatively by Lorentz and Poincare, Lorentz invariance results from real physical contractions of measuring rods and slower going clocks in absolute motion against an ether. As it was shown by Thirring, this different interpretation of special relativity can be extended to general relativity, replacing the non-Eucli...

Experiments with conical array implosions on axial wire have been initiated at NTF, in parallel with MHD modeling, as an approach to shear flow z-pinch stabilization research. The main objective is to determine and study the parameters range for which a shear flow created along the z-axis can stabilize a z-pinch plasma. In our experiments, the z-pi...

A value of the finestructure constant at the unification eneigy is obtained by a dimensional analysis of quantum gravity and fluid dynamics. The derivation assumes that the vacuum is a superfluid made up of positive and negative Planck mass particles obeying an exactly nonrelativistic law of motion with Lorentz invariance a low energy approximation...

It is shown that energy from a powerful laser or relativistic electron beam can be cumulated within a hydrogen-filled cavity and which subsequently explodes. If this hydrogen-filled cavity is placed inside a second egg-shaped cavity, the explosion shock wave can be transformed into an implosion wave by the shock reflection from the curved wall of t...

Autocatalytic fission–fusion microexplosions, mutually amplifying fission and fusion reactions, are proposed for propulsion. Autocatalytic fission–fusion microexplosions can be realized by imploding a shell of uranium 235 (or plutonium) onto a magnetized deuterium–tritium (DT) plasma. After having reached a high temperature, the DT plasma releases...

With thin wire multimegampere shear flow stabilized fast z-pinch discharges, magnetic fields of hundreds of megagauss can be reached in the vicinity of the discharge channel. Then, if by laser-ablation-propulsion pieces of solid DT are simultaneously shot onto the discharge channel from several sides, the DT is compressed upon impact to high densit...

A magnetically levitated and insulated torus of meter-size dimensions can be charged up to gigavolt potentials. Discharging the torus through a breach made by a plasma jet or spark gap, an intense relativistic ion beam can be extracted from a magnetically insulated diode. Because of its self-magnetic field, the beam can be transported over large di...

Shear flow stabilized z-pinches promise the attainment of very high densities. At these high densities non-neutronic fusion chain reactions, ideally suited for propulsion, can be ignited with petawatt lasers. To drive the dense pinch discharges large capacitors with short discharge times are required, favoring high voltages. To reduce the weight of...

Summary form only given, as follows. A 2-TW z-pinch (Zebra from LANL: 2 MV, 1.2 MA, 100 ns, 200 kJ, 1.9 ohm) and a 200-MW z-pinch (100 kV, 2 kA, 50 ns) are used to investigate the early-time evolution of a current-driven load. We studied the heating, expansion, and dynamics of wires driven by current prepulses similar to those at SNL-Z in isolated-...

A dense z-pinch generated by a high voltage discharge over a corrugated helical sawtooth-shaped capillary tube with a solid DT core, is by shear flow stabilized against the m=0 and m= 1 magnetohydro-dynamic instabilities, and by rotational flow against the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The shear- and rotational flow result from jet formation by the...

A thin cut made through a z-pinch by an intense laser beam can become a magnetically insulated diode crossed by an intense ion beam. For larger cuts, the gap is crossed by an intense relativistic electron beam, stopped by magnetic bremsstrahlung resulting in a pointlike intense x-ray source. In either case, the impedance of the pinch discharge is i...

Summary form only given, as follows. A high-repetition-rate,
2-terawatt Z-pinch (HDZP-II from LANL: 2 MV, 1 Mg 100 ns, 200 kJ, 1.9
ohm) has been reassembled to investigate the early-time evolution of a
current-driven wire, the plasma turbulence around and between wires, the
acceleration of a plasma current sheet by a magnetic field, and the
suppres...

A linear pinch discharge above the Pease-Braginskii current and stabilized by axial shear flow can radiatively collapse to high densities. A thermonuclear detonation wave can then be launched from one end of the discharge channel by ignition with a powerful laser pulse. Axial shear flow stabilization may be realized by injecting a fast moving jet a...

A high-repetition-rate, 2-terawatt z-pinch (HDZP-II from LANL: 2 MV, 1.2
MA, 100 ns, 200 kJ, 1.9 ohm) is being reassembled to investigate the
early-time evolution of a current-driven wire, the plasma turbulence
around and between wires, and the suppression or reduction of
instabilities. Time-resolved x-ray imaging and backlighting, imaging
spectros...

The energy of a few 106 J, required to ignite a DT thermonuclear microexplosion, is really not very large. The problem is that it must be delivered to a target with a cross section less than 1cm2 in less than 10 nanoseconds, which can be done with lasers or particle beams in one step. By contrast, thermonuclear microexplosion ignition by a high exp...

In the dynamic Lorentz-Poincare interpretation of Lorentz invariance, clocks in absolute motion through a preferred reference system (resp. aether) suffer a true contraction and clocks, as a result of this contraction, go slower by the same amount. With the one-way velocity of light unobservable, there is no way this older pre-Einstein interpretati...

In the fast ignitor inertial confinement fusion concept, a highly compressed target is ignited at one point. To increase the gain, we propose wave shaping by using thermonuclear fuels with variable detonation velocities. In one particular configuration the detonation waves can be made to converge towards one point. In approaching the common center...

If the observed superluminal quantum correlations are disturbed by turbulent fluctuations of the ze-ro point vacuum energy field, with the turbulent energy spectrum assumed to obey the universal Kol-mogoroff law, a length is derived above which the correlations are conjectured to break. A directional dependence of this length would establish a pref...

It is shown that the specific power of nuclear electric propulsion can be greatly increased by replacing black body radiators with laser radiators. In black body radiators the atomic oscillators have a random phase with the emission rate for black body radiators proportional to the sum of the squared amplitudes. In laser radiators the oscillators a...

A new program of research into the physics of dense z-pinches is being initiated around a high-repetition-rate two-terawatt generator (``Zebra'': 2 MV, 1.2 MA, 100 ns, 200 kJ, 1.9 Omega final line impedance) transferred to the University of Nevada, Reno Physics Department from Los Alamos National Laboratory. Areas for study include the early-time e...

## Citations

... This conjecture ER = EPR is an extrapolation of the observation that a maximally extended AdS-Schwarzschild black hole, which is a nontraversable wormhole, is dual to a pair of maximally entangled thermal conformal field theories via the AdS/CFT correspondence. In fact, a similar idea was actually first proposed by Friedwardt Winterberg [9]. Maldacena discovered that the boundary and the bulk (or known as Anti-de Sitter space (AdS)) are completely equivalent. ...

Reference: New groups to ER=EPR conjecture

... The bright idea of (Winterberg, 2015(Winterberg, , 2016 to confine thermonuclear plasma by means of the repulsive gravitational field in an ultracentrifuge using the Einstein's general theory of relativity and the repulsive magnetic field induced by the thermomagnetic effect prompts that it is the repulsive quantum gravitation in 2D layer which gives rise to the repulsive magnetic field induced by the thermomagnetic EN effect. This may happen e.g. in the tachocline of the Sun or white dwarfs (see ) or in dyonic BHs (Hartnoll et al., 2007)). ...

... It has been shown that laser-induced nuclear fusion processes can be occur in ultra-dense deuterium [13][14][15]. The deuteron fast ignition is an alternative way to nuclear energy production by deuterium fusion [16][17][18]. In this paper, we indicate that the deuterium fuel can be ignited below the deuterium ignition temperature via a process which will be explained through out the paper. ...

... The cross-section structure of mini-nuke is shown in figure 5. In addition to permanent energy and miniature nuclear bombs, micro-nuclear fusion technology can also be used in fields such as permanent power propulsion systems [67], it has an unlimited development potential. ...

... In the late twentieth and early twentyfirst centuries, Winterberg published a number of works devoted to Maxwell's equations, quantum mechanics and cosmology (see [115][116][117][118][119][120][121][122][123]). In these papers, Winterberg develops some models of the universe, which he call the Planck aether. ...

... The distribution p d,k is determined uniquely from the inverse Fourier transform of χ d,k . 13 For this to define a positive semidefinite inner product, we need p d,k to be a nonnegative distribution (that is, it gives positive values when integrated against positive test functions such as |f (M )| 2 ). The question of whether the Z = d subspace of H BU has a positive semidefinite inner product is equivalent to the existence of a probability distribution with characteristic function χ d,k . ...

... In the late twentieth and early twentyfirst centuries, Winterberg published a number of works devoted to Maxwell's equations, quantum mechanics and cosmology (see [115][116][117][118][119][120][121][122][123]). In these papers, Winterberg develops some models of the universe, which he call the Planck aether. ...

... As is known (Schwarzschild 1958), the temperature dependence of the thermonuclear reaction rate in the region of 10 7 K goes in proportion to T 4.5 . This means there is a sharp boundary between a much hotter region where most of the thermonuclear reactions occur and a cooler region where they are largely absent (Winterberg 2015). This boundary between radiative and convective zones is the tachocline. ...

... So, this article tries to solve these problems. At the same time, by consulting the relevant literature, many people try to explain these similar problems in various ways [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,23]. ...