Eviatar Zerubavel's research while affiliated with Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and other places

Publications (10)

Article
Full-text available
This article examines the idea of a “sociology of biography.” As such, it focuses on the social construction of both biographical continuity and biographical discontinuity. It explores in particular the contribution of Harold Garfinkel to the study of biographical continuity and Peter Berger to the study of biographical discontinuity.
Article
Full-text available
This interview offers a historical reconstruction of Eviatar Zerubavel's work, from his pioneering studies of time to his not-yet-published analysis of "concept-driven sociology," running the gamut of Zerubavel's career and embracing a period of more than forty years of sociological research. The interview encompasses several major topics: the begi...
Article
Drawing on Berger and Luckmann’s discussion of reification, this paper examines the five aspects of essentialism that make the social construction of a seemingly objective reality possible. The five aspects are religion (as typically manifested in the idea of ‘God’), science (as typically manifested in the idea of ‘Nature’), reason (as typically ma...
Article
This paper examines social pattern analysis, the yet-unarticulated research strategy that guides formal sociologists in their efforts to distill generic social patterns from their specific cultural, situational, and historical contexts. Following in the implicit methodological footsteps of Georg Simmel, social pattern analysts view specific sociohi...
Article
An analysis of the social organization of time, done through the main institutions and processes that govern the temporal regulation of social life. namely timetables and scheduling. The conventional basis of our standard time orientation is discussed along with the social order underlying regular patterns relating to the fundamental temporal featu...
Article
This paper examines the role of schedules in social life. It first explains why both the schedule and the clock were introduced to the West through the Benedictine monasteries. Then it brings into focus the main principle underlying the schedule, namely temporal regularity, which involves the standardization of the temporal locations of events and...
Article
Beginnings are both theoretically and experientially anchored in a distinctively discontinuous conception of time. This paper examines the conventional nature of beginnings, calls attention to the politics of establishing official beginnings of historical narratives, and claims that the way groups (from families to nations) construct their historic...

Citations

... Importantly, this is the case even though social structures provide the constant context of perception and often dictate what is worth attending to (e.g., Gunderson 2021). Further, the very grounds of valuation of what is considered relevant and irrelevant, that seemingly takes place spontaneously, is socially derived (Scheler 1980;Zerubavel 2015). ...
... However, here we can see that the dual system of reasoning assumes an individualistic view of cognition. This is the case because it is assumed that the processes involved in the decision making of agents, including heuristic reasoning, occur within the mind of individual agents (Martínez 2016;Zerubavel & Smith 2010). According to Zerubavel and Smith (2010), cognitive individualism seeks to explain cognitive processes (such as perceiving, monitoring, remembering, contextualizing, generalizing, classifying, interpreting, time recognition, etc.) only in terms of mental processes that occur within the head of individuals. ...
... However, we tend to see events as more impactful entering the stage than stepping down from it (Teigen et al. 2017). Ideas and social movements and even nations come with myths and stories of their origins (Zerubavel, 1993), whereas their endings may be attained more gradually and slowly through a process of decline and erosion. The reasons for an ending may be sought within the event itself, whereas beginnings may appear spontaneously or originate from outside sources. ...
... Instead, we may borrow from the literature on the organization of time, and in particular Zerubavel's (1976) concept of scheduling, defined as the dynamic aspect of the negotiation of timetables. Parameters may include duration, sequence, timing, tempo and their linear or cyclical nature. ...
... This meta-analysis questions whether time management should be seen chiefly as a performance device. Our questioning is neither novel nor subversive: historically people have managed time for other reasons than efficiency, such as spiritual devotion and philosophical contemplation [72,106,107]. It is only with relatively recent events, such as the Industrial Revolution and waves of corporate downsizing, that time management has become synonymous with productivity [43,65]. ...
... Other definitions are no doubt possible (e.g. Zerubavel, 2007). 4 It can also be argued that it is more useful to approach the notion of a social pattern from a practical perspective than with the help of a formal definition. ...