Eva Kassens-Noor's research while affiliated with Technische Universität Darmstadt and other places

Publications (57)

Article
Full-text available
Residents in small urban and rural areas frequently depend on unreliable personal transportation to maintain their lifestyle and get to essential destinations within their society. Especially, vulnerable populations, such as seniors and low-income residents, have lower access to personal vehicles and therefore are mobility-challenged. Being challen...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence is software based; mega projects are large physical infrastructures. We use exploratory research in understanding the merger of both by asking what artificially intelligent, sustainable, and resilient mega projects are and what their underlying theory is. Thus, the goal of the paper is to define an artificially intelligent m...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to support intelligent and sustainable mobility solutions. For AI to be functional, it must be supplied with reliable data. With the continuous expansion of the data base for AI, it can fill data gaps based on learning effects and thus increase data quality. The electric Highway (eHighway) system as a sustai...
Article
Interdisciplinarity is a critical component of creating a more sustainable built environment and improving student learning outcomes. Yet, learning interdisciplinarity and measuring it in higher education is challenging. This study implemented a diagnostic tool that allowed educators to measure how both disciplinary and interdisciplinary skills, kn...
Article
Full-text available
We identify the need for enhanced pedestrian–vehicle simulation tools and build such a tool to explore the interaction among pedestrian “players” and virtual human- and automated-vehicles for different scenarios taking place in an urban environment. We first present contemporary research tools and then propose the design and development of a new de...
Chapter
Smart cities employ information and communication technologies to manage urban functions such as transportation, environmental quality, water and waste systems, and for community engagement. As a recent phenomenon of three decades, we investigate the evolution of the smart city concept and its common uses in language and media. Using the social med...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study investigated the performance, safety, and public percerptions on part-time use of the inside shoulder of US-23 (flex route) in Michigan.
Article
Full-text available
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming integral to human life, and the successful wide-scale uptake of autonomous and automated vehicles (AVs) will depend upon people's willingness to adopt and accept AI-based technology and its choices. A person's state of mind, a fundamental belief evolving out of an individual's character, personal choices, in...
Article
Transportation agencies have increasingly been using dynamic message signs (DMS) to communicate safety messages in an effort to both increase awareness of important safety issues and to influence driver behavior. Despite their widespread use, evaluations as to potential impacts on driver behavior, and the resultant impacts on traffic crashes, have...
Technical Report
Full-text available
From 2010 to 2020, transportation agencies have increasingly used roadside dynamic message signs (DMS) to display safety messages. Despite their widespread use, evaluations as to potential impacts on driver behavior, and the resultant impacts on traffic crashes has been very limited. This study evaluated the use of DMS to display safety messages le...
Article
Large mobility gaps exist between people with and without disabilities. People with special needs are heavily dependent upon public transportation for their essential needs. Autonomous vehicles (AVs) have the potential to increase mobility for these populations. However, they have been largely absent from AV perception research. To fill this gap, w...
Article
In recent years numerous transportation agencies have begun displaying creative safety messages like “get your head out of your apps” on dynamic message signs (DMS). DMS have been used traditionally to provide real-time information about travel times, weather conditions, construction, and incidents. Applying emotional and consequential concepts fro...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding speed selection behavior of drivers following speed limit increases is critically important. To date, the literature has largely focused on freeways and the effects of speed limit changes on two-lane highways remains under researched. Prior research has generally focused on changes to mean speeds, although the speeds of both the highe...
Article
Move-over laws are intended to enhance the safety of road agency and law enforcement personnel who are working on or near the roadway. This study examined driver behavior through a series of field studies where these types of vehicles were located on the outside shoulder of a freeway with their lights activated. The study also evaluated the use of...
Chapter
Rustbelt cities of the United States have a 60-year history of adjusting to economic change, especially the shift from manufacturing to advanced production and services. The transition has not been easy due to heavy population loss, declining tax revenue, and competing locations in the suburbs. These cities are exemplified by Detroit, a major city...
Article
The arrival of autonomous systems powered by artificial intelligence (AI) offers new possibilities for life, yet the focus tends to be more on the technology than the people it serves. Planners should consider the likely reception awaiting emerging intelligent systems. Using an online survey of 3,249 faculty, staff, and students at a major research...
Preprint
Understanding speed selection behavior of drivers following speed limits increases is critically important. To date, the literature has largely focused on freeways and the effects of speed limit changes on two-lane highways remains under researched. Prior research has generally focused on changes to mean speeds, though the speeds of both the highes...
Article
Digital software has been proliferating in the classroom, frequently replacing students’ hands on experiences. This article reports on a study that tested how hands on experiences with physical emerging technology, namely personal robots, drones, cameras, and echo dots, may improve or impair student learning and enhance or diminish the classroom ex...
Article
Automated Vehicles (AVs) must comply with traffic laws, including those requiring motorists to maintain safe distances when passing pedalcyclists. We review relevant U.S. legislation, statistics of traffic accidents in the U.S. resulting in pedalcyclists fatalities, and present “what if” scenarios for AV and pedalcyclist interactions to illustrate...
Article
Public perception of the next generation of vehicles will affect their design, deployment, and ultimately their use. As the engineering terms of self-driving, driverless, fully automated, and autonomous were introduced to the social sciences and the public at large, the subtle differences among these terms have been lost. However, using them as syn...
Article
Autonomous vehicles are an emerging technology that can fundamentally change how our society moves and lives. We review the infant literature of 185 peer-reviewed articles on the social context of an AV-enabled mobility future. We develop a taxonomy based on sociomobility that illustrates how AVs reinforce the status-quo in our society as AV-mobili...
Conference Paper
Interdisciplinary knowledge, skills, and values to develop sustainable built environments is critical for today’s workforce. Successfully integrating such knowledge in curricula in higher education institutions remains challenging: few evaluation tools exist that can measure interdisciplinary student learning outcomes and when they exist, tools pri...
Article
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) hold great promise to contribute to global sustainability by expanding access to mobility. The introduction of autonomous buses and shuttles could be a turning point for public mobility in the USA, but how autonomous public transit is perceived remains largely unknown. To fill this gap, this study analyzes the willingness...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI), like many revolutionary technologies in human history, will have a profound impact on societies. From this viewpoint, we analyze the combined effects of AI to raise important questions about the future form and function of cities. Combining knowledge from computer science, urban planning, and economics while reflecting...
Article
Mega-event boosters frequently claim increased public attention and improved host city imagery as a rationale for public investments in major events. We design a methodology and develop an algorithm to measure both, public attention and imagery. We apply the algorithm to capture over 430 million tweets and content-analyze over 21 million tweets rel...
Article
To stage a successful mega-event, hosts believe they must present their city as safe and clean. Thus, policy-makers create and enforce spatial rules to hide the homeless from public view. Spatial conflicts peak when the homeless use public places selected for mega-event staging. We analyze these space conflicts from the perspective of the homeless...
Article
Local resistance often cancels Olympic bids. Boston’s infamous bid failure was one of the first that demonstrated how local resistance can diminish boosters’ aspirations. As an insider to the bidding process, I trace the adjustment strategies of Boston’s bidding committee, B2024, to bid opposition over the course of Boston’s 2024 Olympic bid (2014–...
Article
Full-text available
Transit agencies commonly use performance measures to assess the quality of provided transit services. This paper presents a case study, proposes and applies a method to assess the condition of a state-wide system combining urban, semi-urban, and rural transit agencies. First, the paper proposes 11 “Action Intent of Measures” (AIMs), which capture...
Article
Full-text available
Two code files and one dataset related to Olympic Twitter activity are the foundation for this article. Through Twitter's Spritzer streaming API (Application Programming Interface), we collected over 430 million tweets from May 12th, 2016 to September 12th, 2016 windowing the Rio de Janeiro Olympics and Paralympics. We cleaned and filtered these tw...
Article
Improved transportation systems is a key argument boosters offer local residents as to why they should support mounting a bid for the Olympic Games. Opponents argue that transportation improvement can and should take place without the mega-event and that a bid instead deviates resources away from necessary transport projects. Transport policy maker...
Article
Planning for mega-events such as the Olympics is at a turning point. There has been a power shift in the relationship between cities and the International Olympic Committee towards the former. This shift is based on the emergence of anti-bid opposition movements; the increasing complexity of bidding; demands for locally relevant legacies; and a cha...
Article
Problem, research strategy, and findings: Several cities have canceled their Olympic bids in recent years because of local protests and referenda. Bidding cities now face a new political reality as they debate whether a bid is in the best interests of local stakeholders. We present a case study of Boston's (MA) ultimately unsuccessful bid to be the...
Chapter
We trace the hosting of the 2002 FIFA World Cup , which played a major role in South Korea’s speedy recovery and national unity after its most challenging economic crisis in modern history. While the opposition criticized hosting the World Cup under dire economic circumstances, the national government insisted that the mega-event could be successfu...
Chapter
The introduction chapter provides a brief overview of the four mega-events discussed in this book—the Summer Olympics (1988), the World Expo (1993), the FIFA World Cup (2002), and the Winter Olympics (2018). We highlight that the four mega-events were used as a political tool serving personal, national and international motives that reflect South K...
Book
This book provides a holistic analysis of South Korea’s strategic use of the mega-events in its modern development. It examines the Summer Olympics (1988), the World Expo (1993), the FIFA World Cup (2002), and the Winter Olympics (2018), all in the past 30 years of the country’s rapid growth, across varying economic and political development stages...
Chapter
We explore the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics that aims to bring privileged winter sports to South Korea. Although Governor of Gangwon Province had initiated the bid , the national government and chaebols soon played a central role in its bidding and preparation, resulting in local and national tensions. However, they remained aligned on the goal...
Chapter
We examine the 1988 Olympics that marked the beginning of South Korea’s pursuit of mega-events. Although South Korea had successfully embarked on a course of industrialization , it was far from being ready to host the Olympic Games. Seoul was still largely a Third World city, with large slums and inadequate urban infrastructure . Nevertheless, the...
Chapter
The conclusion chapter discusses the four mega-events as mega-ambitious political and developmental tools, highlighting the ultimate national and local legacies the country has been able to reap. We look at the relationship between the four mega-events and South Korea’s modern development and argue that the events have been more state-centric pursu...
Chapter
We examine the 1993 Daejeon Expo, staged when the South Korean industry had to go through a fundamental restructuring amid the rising labor costs under the new democracy . Held under the theme of science and technology , the Expo sought to support South Korea’s industrial restructuring process and to expand its international trade markets. The loca...
Article
Since the International Olympic Committee (IOC) selected Rio de Janeiro to host the 2016 Olympic Games, large-scale transportation infrastructures have been transforming the city. We examine the transportation planning process and consequences of implementation in the run-up to the 2016 Olympic Games by triangulating qualitative and quantitative me...
Article
The Olympic Games bring tremendous impacts to host cities, yet little attention has been paid to the variety and novelty in urban technologies that are introduced through the mega-event vehicle. This paper argues that urban transformation associated with the Olympic Games increasingly spans the technological sphere. As a path-breaker the Olympic bi...
Article
Full-text available
Mega-events like the Olympic Games are powerful forces that shape cities. In the wake of mega-events, a variety of positive and negative legacies have remained in host cities. In order to bring some theoretical clarity to debates about legacy creation, I introduce the concepts of the mega-event utopia, dystopia and heterotopia. A mega-event utopia...
Article
Developing nations increasingly seek mega-events in the pursuit of globalization. India has recently renewed such aspirations by hosting the XIX Commonwealth Games in Delhi in 2010. The purpose of the paper is to assess Delhi's urban transport development through a sporting mega-event as a globalization strategy for a developing country. Therefore,...
Article
The legacy created in pursuit of a mega-event, like the Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup, World’s Fair or the Hajj, can provide tremendous opportunities for the host to advance urban development. The challenge faced by cities is how to direct the public and private spending on desired legacies to support their pre-bid urban agendas. To provide guidanc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The 1918-19 'Spanish' Influenza was the most devastating pandemic in recent history, with estimates of global mortality ranging from 20 to 50 million. The focal point of the pandemic was India, with an estimated death toll of between 10 and 20 million. We will characterize the pattern of spread, mortality, and evolution of the 1918 inf...
Chapter
Nations that host the Football World Cup are confronted with four fundamental planning challenges when managing transport.
Article
Legacy planning in preparation for the Olympic Games has significantly grown in importance for host cities and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) because of wasteful investments for some previous Games. Since the late 1990s, the IOC has actively sought to prevent such overspending through a Transfer of Knowledge program, in which valuable le...
Article
Full-text available
Background Geographic variables play an important role in the study of epidemics. The role of one such variable, population density, in the spread of influenza is controversial. Prior studies have tested for such a role using arbitrary thresholds for population density above or below which places are hypothesized to have higher or lower mortality....
Chapter
The Olympic Games draw millions of visitors to a metropolitan area. The primary goal of transportation planning in the context of hosting the Games is for preparations to meet peak travel demands. This often involves enhancements to transport infrastructure and innovations in respect of the operational capacity to move people into and out of Olympi...
Conference Paper
The works of Boyer (1990) and Glassick et al. (1997) stimulated dialogue about what constitutes scholarly work and scholarship in teaching; influencing how we teach, how we need to evaluated teaching and potentially how we reward the intellectual contributions of teaching. To do this, teaching excellence must be defined so objective methods for eva...
Article
With the rise of Web 2.0, a multitude of new possibilities on how to use these online technologies for active learning has intrigued researchers. While most instructors have used Twitter for in-class discussions, this study explores the teaching practice of Twitter as an active, informal, outside-of-class learning tool. Through a comparative experi...
Article
We examine how legacy and low-cost air carriers’ roles in serving business passengers in the US changed during the global economic recession from 2007. Quarterly data is examined to test the impact of a recession on the air travel behavior. We find that since 2007 business passengers represent a declining proportion of legacy carriers’ passenger vo...
Article
Positive urban impacts of the Olympic Games are often publicized but seldom evaluated empirically. Through analysis of Olympic transport plans and expert interviews, this paper tests whether transport measures implemented during the games were sustained in four host cities. The paper consists of three main parts. The first provides an overview of t...

Citations

... The researchers found that dynamic messages reduced drivers' speed in the message areas, while they preferred text-only messages over graphics-aided messages and informative messages with less information (Song et al., 2016). Some studies reported that the DMS has some safety benefits (Abdallah Alhomaidat, 2019;Alhomaidat et al., 2019Alhomaidat et al., , 2020Fisher et al., 2021;Haghani et al., 2013;Megat-Johari et al., 2022;Rodier et al., 2010;Savolainen et al., 2021), whereas other studies found disadvantages of using DMS due to distraction (Erke et al., 2007;Wang et al., 2007). ...
... Despite AV's potential benefits, there remains distrust about their safety [3,[7][8][9][10][11][12]. AV-pedestrian interaction in particular poses uncertainty [13] due to the complexity of capturing real-world data from pedestrians and vehicles in potentially hazardous scenarios. In order to safely conduct such research, realistic simulation might instead be used. ...
... In general, the benefits experienced from a personal or societal standpoint have a favorable influence on AV acceptability. A good view of AV technology enhances trust in the technology while decreasing risk perception among potential customers [44]. ...
... The researchers found that dynamic messages reduced drivers' speed in the message areas, while they preferred text-only messages over graphics-aided messages and informative messages with less information (Song et al., 2016). Some studies reported that the DMS has some safety benefits (Abdallah Alhomaidat, 2019;Alhomaidat et al., 2019Alhomaidat et al., , 2020Fisher et al., 2021;Haghani et al., 2013;Megat-Johari et al., 2022;Rodier et al., 2010;Savolainen et al., 2021), whereas other studies found disadvantages of using DMS due to distraction (Erke et al., 2007;Wang et al., 2007). ...
... In another study, message type was shown to have minimal impact on the rate of driver compliance with a move-over law requiring motorists to reduce their speeds and provide space when passing emergency and service vehicles on the roadside. This same study showed that compliance rates were higher when the roadside vehicle was a police car as opposed to a transportation maintenance vehicle, which suggests a potential synergistic effect between enforcement and messaging campaigns (15). ...
... This includes Michigan, where, in 2017, speed limits were increased from 55 to 65 mph on greater than 900 mi of rural state highways across the northern portions of the state. Recent research found that travel speeds increased by 2.8 to 4.8 mph in a sample of rural highway segments where the speed limit was raised to 65 mph (18). However, this prior research did not consider impacts to travel speeds within speed transition zones along those routes. ...
... They can be used to provide information regarding weather and road conditions or send warning signs to the drivers in different cases. DMS provides road users with information that they can use on their journey to make smart decisions that will result in safer or shorter travel times [3][4][5][6][7][8]. LCS are small electronic signs placed specifically for each lane on the road. ...
... This paper aims to investigate differences in acceptance of AV among different groups of persons with PD. The views of persons with PD about AV differed sharply and substantially compared to non-disabled and other persons with disabilities (Bennett et al., 2019;Kassens-Noor et al., 2021). However, the differences among groups of persons with PD were not considered. ...
... scAInce is a novel science, that conceptualizes how and why artificial intelligence influences and impacts our world as we know it. This upcoming revolution, in which every aspect of our lives will be influenced by artificial intelligence, is jointly driven by private companies and governments in the search for ever-greater efficiency, governments in their aspirations towards sustainability, and ultimately, citizens across the world, who adopt, alter, or reject new instantiations of AIs within their everyday worlds (Kassens-Noor et al. 2021). In this paper, we focus on artificially intelligent, sustainable, and resilient megaprojects, because we believe it is in the merger of these complex concepts, in which AI shows potential to enable sustainability. ...
... Often, public trials with automated vehicles have been combined with surveys that evaluate passengers' attitudes towards automated vehicles (Dowling & McGuirk, 2022: 417;Hopkins & Schwanen, 2018b;Marres, 2020b;McDowell-Naylor, 2018), resulting in a series of scholarly articles that claim to represent the public's attitudes or the determinants for behaviour or intent to use (e.g. Dennis et al., 2021;Feys et al., 2021;Harb et al., 2018;Hilgarter & Granig, 2020;Kassens-Noor et al., 2020;Liu & Xu, 2020;Liu et al., 2019;Nesheli et al., 2021;Nordhoff, de Winter et al., 2019;Nordhoff et al., 2018;Xu et al., 2018). This conception of the public is not inconsequential. ...