Esperanza Bosch-Fiol's research while affiliated with University of the Balearic Islands and other places

Publications (27)

Article
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Recent decades have seen a growing acknowledgement of violence against women (VAW) as a serious social and public health problem of epidemic proportions. The prevention of VAW and intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) has become a priority within this context, and includes various prevention strategies such as social participation and hel...
Article
Full-text available
Violence against women (VAW) is gender-based violence directed at women and girls on account of being female that can take on multiple forms and manifest in different contexts. Among the many possible forms of VAW, this article focuses on “piropos”, a type of stranger harassment situation. Specifically, the objectives of this study were two-fold: t...
Article
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There is consistent evidence that attitudes are important in understanding how people react and behave toward victims and perpetrators of intimate partner violence against women. Researchers have typically measured these attitudes through self-reports. However, explicit measures are prone to socially desirable responding. The overall objective of o...
Article
Full-text available
Attitudes play a central role in intimate partner violence against women and are related to its origin, to the responses of women who suffer violence, and to the settings where it occurs. In fact, these attitudes are recognized as one of the risk factors linked to violent perpetration and to public, professional, and victim responses to this type o...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence is the most common type of violence against women. Attitudes towards this violence are increasingly recognized as key to understanding this social and public health problem because a social environment that accepts or even supports it creates a climate that breeds further violence and encourages their perpetration. The evi...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is an epidemic social and public health problem. Research has consistently found evidence for a complex etiology of IPVAW resulting from the interaction of many factors, among which gender-related norms and attitudes are among the main drivers of this violence. Public attitudes toward IPVAW are especi...
Article
Full-text available
Supportive attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) normalize and promote these aggressive behaviors. As a result, more and more research is proposing the identification, analysis and intervention of these attitudes. However, the vast majority of this research focuses on students. The main objective of this paper is to anal...
Article
The current study analyses the prevalence of sexual harassment among staff and undergraduate students at a Spanish public university. The EASIS-U, a 38-item questionnaire, was administered to a sample of 1,521 university students, and 172 staff members. Results show that 26.4% of teaching and research staff (TRS), 28.3% of administrative staff (AS)...
Article
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Las creencias y actitudes permisivas hacia la violencia contra las mujeres en la pareja son importantes para su génesis y mantenimiento, por ello es necesario disponer de instrumentos de medida adecuados. El objetivo de este estudio es explorar las fortalezas y debilidades del Inventory of Beliefs about Wife Beating (IBWB), aplicado a 733 estudiant...
Article
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The objective of this paper is to propose an explanatory model for violence against women called pyramidal model, that aims to respond to two objectives: First, this model includes the key elements that are already included in the available multi-causal explanatory models, supplementing some aspects of these models. In particular, it presents a dee...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a health problem of epidemic proportions throughout the world, and also in Spain. This violence has consequences on health and may even result in death (e.g. intimate partner femicides). Unfortunately, many cases of IPVAW are not reported, and legal complaints of violent abuse are not made in all c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Some attitudes serve to justify violence against women, to blame women for the violence they experience, and to perpetuate levels of this violence. These attitudes often stem from traditional norms and beliefs which are important to identify. The purpose of this study is to compare beliefs about intimate partner violence against women...
Article
Full-text available
La violencia contra las mujeres es actualmente considerada como violencia basada en el género y reconocida como una violación de derechos humanos y un problema social de proporciones epidémicas, tanto por diferentes organismos internacionales como por muchos gobiernos. De acuerdo con esta consideración, los estudios para analizar y caracterizar est...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study of attitudes towards violence against women and gender has aroused great interest, and has been carried out, usually, with explicit measures (surveys and self-reports). To determine the level of use of implicit measures in the study of attitudes towards these violences, a systematic review of the literature was carried out. The search in...
Article
Intimate partner violence against women is a social and women’s health concern. Much effort has gone into providing services and support for victims of this violence. By contrast, intervention programs focusing on the batterers themselves have received far less attention. The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of the evidence...
Article
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La cuantificación del acoso sexual, su definición y sus componentes, constituyen algunas de las cuestiones que más han centrado la atención de quienes investigan este tema. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las características psicométricas de la Escala de acoso sexual e interacción social de contenido sexual en el ámbito universitario de ela...
Article
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La implementación de la Ley Orgánica 1/2004, de 28 de diciembre, de Medidas de Protección Integral contra la Violencia de Género ha tenido, entre otras consecuencias, la generalización de programas de intervención con maltratadores en casos de violencia de género aplicados en España. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer el punto de vista de...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence against women (called gender violence in the Spanish legal framework) is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that has been explained from different theoretical viewpoints. In this paper, we take as a starting point to analyze this violence a multi-causal model, called pyramidal model, which understands traditional mascul...
Article
Full-text available
La violencia contra las mujeres en la pareja constituye un problema social y sanitario de primera magnitud, tal y como remarcan las principales autoridades sanitarias mundiales y nacionales. Por ello, en las últimas décadas este problema se ha incorporado, no sólo a las legislaciones de multitud de países, sino también a la agenda política con dife...
Article
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This study analyse the evolution and characteristics of scientific production on intervention programmes with gender violence perpetrators performed in Spain. The standard bibliometric indicators were applied to 148 studies identified. The greatest productivity is focused between 2008 and 2010 and the largest number of records corresponds to articl...
Article
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The current situation of severe economic crisis plaguing Spain has an undeniable impact on the lives and expectations of citizens, and, particularly, of women. In this paper we reflect on the consequences of this crisis and the adjustment measures that are being taken to (allegedly) face it. Particularly, we reflect on the effects of these adjustme...
Chapter
Violence against women (VAW) and particularly intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) are health problems of epidemic and global proportions. An in-depth study conducted by the United Nations in 2006 revealed that the violence that was perpetrated on victims of VAW and IPVAW are grounded within a human rights framework a historical unequal...
Article
Full-text available
The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) is a questionnaire widely used for the measurement of the masculinity–femininity construct as well as for other uses. The objective of this study is to analyze its suitability as a scale of measurement of the gender variable. The full, 60-item version of this instrument was administered twice to a sample of 99 coll...
Article
Full-text available
Although violence against women (VAW) is not strictly a new phenomenon, its visibilization and the social rejection it produces are recent and, in this sense, it would be appropriate to consider it as an emerging social problem. This paper analyses how a particular form of this violence, intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW), is currently...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar sobre la violencia de género y, particularmente, sobre posibles herramientas para su prevención. Para abordar estas cuestiones se toma como punto de partida el proceso de socialización. Tras definirlo, se presenta la teoría de la socialización diferencial y se analiza lo que este modelo de socialización re...
Article
Full-text available
New map of the myths about gender violence in XXI century. This paper presents an approach to the contemporary relevance of the myths about domestic violence, which are defined as stereotypical beliefs about such violence, which are generally false but persistent. These myths have been studied and classified into diverse categories (marginality myt...

Citations

... The difference in the data could suggest that while an analysis of the response among the general population of Spain to surveys on the perception of IPVAW [43,49] and the response among victims of IPVAW in the macro-surveys [40][41][42] tends to identify those within the victim's inner circle as active bystanders who would call the police if they were to become aware of this type of violence, the actual records indicate a much less optimistic reality where the levels of involvement among those in the victim's inner circle are low or very low and the intended behavioral response does not actually occur. This could be due to either the selfreporting bias of the social desirability effect for both bystanders and victims [12], a widely documented effect with respect to this type of violence [79,80], or to the existence of a significant distance between intended and actual behavior, as noted by Azjen and Fishbein's Theory of Planned Action [81], which has also been identified in the literature related to the behavior of bystanders [29,37]. In our view, highlighting the significant gap between what IPVAW bystanders say they will do and what they actually do (as shown by the data on complaints) and pointing out the need to further delve into the factors that explain theses contradictions are the most relevant result of this paper. ...
... In respect of these effects, women having greater awareness is easily explained by the fact that victims tend to confide in other women about the violence they have experienced, as shown in the results of our study. In cases of IPVAW, attitudes of rejection toward the aggressors and support for the victims, existing to a greater extent among women (i.e., Sanchez-Prada et al. [74]), help explain the preference among victims to confide in women from their inner circle more so than men. In respect of age, the data obtained underscore the existence of a certain "age effect" (with a greater degree of awareness among those 18-20 years of age, and a subsequent decline), similar to the effect identify in other research (i.e., Waterman et al. [59]), which could be related to awareness campaigns on the issue of this type of violence that have been carried out over the last two decades [75]. ...
... Jurors are not well versed about the nature and dynamics of IPV, often adhering to stereotypes, misconceptions, and victim blame that can bias the process (Dill-Shackleford et al., 2015;Franklin et al., 2020;Nyame et al., 2013). Detected more sensitively when measured via implicit versus explicit methods (Ferrer-Perez et al., 2020), biases have been found to reside outside of conscious awareness. Individuals endorsing IPV myths are more likely to blame the victim, holding her, rather than the assailant responsible for her victimization (Hockett et al., 2009). ...
... In respect of age, the data obtained underscore the existence of a certain "age effect" (with a greater degree of awareness among those 18-20 years of age, and a subsequent decline), similar to the effect identify in other research (i.e., Waterman et al. [59]), which could be related to awareness campaigns on the issue of this type of violence that have been carried out over the last two decades [75]. This may be added to the effect of awareness of cases among their peers and attitudes of rejection toward IPVAW and support toward victims held in large part by persons in that age group [74,76]. These results are particularly important because they give us an indication of the target population towards which campaigns to increase IPVAW case recognition should be directed. ...
... This is important because studies in Spain have shown that dysfunctional cognitive schemas are related to psychological symptons [49,50]. In addition, studies have shown the importance of cognitive representations in the genesis and maintenance of gender-based violence [69], as well as in the predisposition to develop psychological disorders such as depression and stress in adolescents [1]. To manage both psychological concerns and gender-based violence, it is particularly useful to have empirically supported tools to assess the degree to which TGBs may be acting as a conditioning unconscious mediating factor (e.g., helping to explain why some women remain under abusive situations, or why others do not disclose their personal history of gender violence or do not ask for help). ...
... It is usual for such thoughts to occur with respect to the roles of the sexes, considering women to be inferior (Arnoso, Ibabe, Arnoso, & Elgorriaga, 2017). Nevertheless, there are also belief patterns in the general population that legitimize the traditional gender roles (Bosch & Ferrer, 2019;Gilchrist, 2009;Vázquez, Díaz, & Pérez, 2016). These stereotypes function on a social level as attitudes that both justify and maintain abuse, as well as generating a greater tolerance of violence towards women (Flood & Pease, 2009;Gracia & Tomas, 2014;Peters, 2008;Torres, Lemos-Giráldez, & Herrero, 2013;Ubillos, Goiburu, Puente, Pizarro, & Echeburúa, 2017). ...
... Intimate Partner Violence against Women, Gender-Based Fatal Violence, and Intimate Partner Femicide are global social health epidemics, and despite the variety of strategies developed to prevent them, they remain pressing policy challenges around the world (Bosch-Fiol, & Ferrer-Perez, 2019;Cullen et al., 2018). ...
... En ese orden de ideas, el sexo del agresor y la víctima se ha convertido en un tema controversial (Riesgo et al., 2019) es así como actualmente existen dos grandes posturas que analizan las dinámicas de violencia (Reed et al., 2010) donde, por un lado, se encuentra una perspectiva unidireccional basada en la teoría feminista (Muñoz-Rivas et al., 2015) que considera a los varones como los únicos perpetradores de violencia (Casique & Ferreira, 2006: Ferrer-Pérez & Bosch, 2019 y, por otro lado, un enfoque bidireccional, el cual sugiere que hombres y mujeres pueden asumir los roles de víctimas y perpetradores (Alba et al., 2015;Alegría & Rodríguez, 2015). ...
... In the study of gender-based IPV, previous research has set the spotlight on sexist attitudes or ambivalent sexism [24][25][26]. However, results regarding their nexus with IPV are inconsistent [27,28]. Some experts consider that this is because attitudes are contingent and contextual, and thus can be triggered during romantic relationships [29]. ...
... The difference in the data could suggest that while an analysis of the response among the general population of Spain to surveys on the perception of IPVAW [43,49] and the response among victims of IPVAW in the macro-surveys [40][41][42] tends to identify those within the victim's inner circle as active bystanders who would call the police if they were to become aware of this type of violence, the actual records indicate a much less optimistic reality where the levels of involvement among those in the victim's inner circle are low or very low and the intended behavioral response does not actually occur. This could be due to either the selfreporting bias of the social desirability effect for both bystanders and victims [12], a widely documented effect with respect to this type of violence [79,80], or to the existence of a significant distance between intended and actual behavior, as noted by Azjen and Fishbein's Theory of Planned Action [81], which has also been identified in the literature related to the behavior of bystanders [29,37]. In our view, highlighting the significant gap between what IPVAW bystanders say they will do and what they actually do (as shown by the data on complaints) and pointing out the need to further delve into the factors that explain theses contradictions are the most relevant result of this paper. ...