Eric Laurier's research while affiliated with The University of Edinburgh and other places

Publications (110)

Article
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Recognition and misrecognition have been theorized as key concepts for social justice. Misrecognition involves being disrespected or labelled in ways which do not accord with a person’s self‐identify. Racism can be understood as a specific form of misrecognition but little research has explored this form or drawn on notions of misrecognition in the...
Article
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In this paper, we use ethnomethodology, membership categorisation analysis, and conversation analysis (EMCA) to investigate traversing obstacles in outdoor environments as reflexively constitutive of producing, resisting and adjusting family relationships. We look at how relationship membership categorisations are a resource to be drawn upon in org...
Article
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Although the vehicle horn is a minimal audible unit for communication, we will show that its uses are impressively varied. Drawing upon a corpus of video recordings from dashcams, we show how drivers use the horn for creating awareness; how they target particular vehicles; and how they use it for warnings, for complaints, and in instructing the see...
Article
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While the legalisation of and policies around e-scooters remain the cause of much debate worldwide, this article sheds lights on e-scooter users’ current practices and their interactions with pedestrians in the city. Taking an ethnomethodological approach to public space and mobility, we use video recordings of e-scooter riders to show, firstly, ho...
Article
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Resources made available through the digital map app change, but do not replace, the skills of 'ordinary wayfinding'. Looking at the challenges of wayfinding with new mobile devices helps inform the development of digital mapping tools for navigating through difficult terrain. With this background in mind, in this article we consider how the contem...
Article
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In the following conversation Eric LAURIER talks about the role of ethnomethodology's foundational account-the "Studies in Ethnomethodology" (GARFINKEL, 1967)-within the UK and the influence of the book on his own research as well as on human geography, mobility studies, actor-network-theory, and a general social science methodology. He therefore u...
Article
The commentary provides a series of notes on the article ‘The Conversational Rollercoaster: Conversation analysis and the public science of talk’. There are two broad areas that I attend to: one is on the formulation of the Conversational Rollercoaster in the light of the warrants of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis and the second is arou...
Article
In this article we pursue a systematic and extensive study of overtaking in traffic as an interactional event. Our focus is on the accountable organisation and accomplishment of overtaking by road users in real-world traffic situations. Data and analysis are drawn from multiple research groups studying driving from an ethnometh-odological and conve...
Article
My analysis centres on a dominant aspect of civility between vehicles: appreciation. I examine the inter-vehicular interaction that precedes and accompanies the ‘hand-up’, before then widening the analysis to consider the ‘thank you’ and its role in the intra-vehicular activities of driver and passenger. I differentiate between the weaker expectati...
Article
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Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART) transformed HIV into a chronic disease but its individual and public health benefits depend on high levels of adherence. The large and rising number of people on ART, now also used as prevention, puts considerable strain on health systems and providers in low and middle as well as high-income countries, which are our f...
Conference Paper
As self-driving cars have grown in sophistication and ability, they have been deployed on the road in both localised tests and as regular private vehicles. In this paper we draw upon publicly available videos of autonomous and assisted driving (specifically the Tesla autopilot and Google self-driving car) to explore how their drivers and the driver...
Article
While many conversation analysts and scholars in related fields have used video recordings to study interaction, this study is one of a small but growing number that investigates video recordings of the joint activities of media professionals working with, and on, video. It examines practices of media production that are, in their involvement with...
Article
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Accounts of video game play developed from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic (EMCA) perspective remain relatively scarce. This paper collects together an emerging, if scattered, body of research which focusses on the material, practical ‘work’ of video game players. The paper offers an example-driven explication of an EMCA perspectiv...
Article
Reflective practice is a key aspiration within social work; being a reflective practitioner is considered to be a foundational attribute of the social work professional. However, achieving reflective practice is not straightforward. Reflection is inevitably subject to issues of memory and recall, so that the recollection of a case is likely to diff...
Article
While walking has always been mediated, the arrival of smartphones with multiple apps has changed how we walk and how we use apps. In this study, we investigate the relationships of pedestrian-in-the-street and app-user-on-screen actions. We display and describe a series of intersubjective practices constituted by, and with, walking while using a m...
Article
In this article I make a plea for human geographers to make use of the rapidly growing collection of video materials that can be found on YouTube and other online collections. My tiny atlas of YouTube picks out three videos in order to exhibit the richness of audio-visual materials that can be found and to offer one potential form of video analysis...
Chapter
In Harvey Sacks’s (1992) lecture ‘Storyteller as “witness;” Entitlement to experience’ he investigates the different ways in which knowledge and experience circulate in everyday conversation. Sacks reminds his students that we can pass a fact from one person to another (e.g. water boils at 100 °C) and they can then pass that item of knowledge on to...
Article
Drawing on an ethnographic study of home-movie makers through a series of cuts between clips', this article inquires into what it is to produce videos of a companion animal, in fact, a really big dog, in and around the home. The final clip examines Richard Sennett's misplaced critique of Hannah Ardent's discussion of animal laborens and homo faber....
Chapter
Out-of-home mobility, that is the possibility for individuals to move and participate in activities outside their immediate home environment, contributes to the overall well-being of older members of society. Private car travel, as one means of mobility, enables seniors to continue leading active, autonomous lives but, at the same time, requires sk...
Article
Families spend an increasing amount of time in the car carrying out a number of activities including driving to work, caring for children and co-ordinating drop-offs and pick ups. While families travelling in cars may face stress from difficult road conditions, they are also likely to be frustrated by coordinating a number of activities and resolvi...
Article
A brief review is presented of existing forms of transcription of talk that incorporate visual, spatial and temporal elements. The most common forms use text and a line-by-line-based system, and conversation analytic transcripts have been successful in making a number of other features of talk visible. The desire of geographers to draw upon video r...
Article
While there is a rich collection of studies of consumption and identity, the role of buying practices in ordinary conversations has been largely neglected. Minor items and major purchases regularly play a key role in furnishing our talk with topics, news, jokes and formulations of what kind of people we are. This paper unpacks the idea of post-purc...
Conference Paper
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This paper examines routine family car journeys, looking specifically at how passengers assist during a mobile telephone call while the drivers address the competing demands of handling the vehicle, interacting with various artefacts and controls in the cabin, and engage in co-located and remote conversations while navigating through busy city road...
Article
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Despite the widespread use of mobile devices, details of mobile technology use 'in the wild'have proven difficult to collect. This paper uses video data to gain new insight into the use of mobile computing devices. Our new method combines screen-capture of iPhone use with video recordings from wearable cameras. We use this data to analyse how mobil...
Article
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There are a number of mundane technologies which shape pedestrian mobility such as pavements, corridors and stairs. In this paper we focus on the practical implications revolving doors as a technology have for the social organisation of people walking together. Drawing upon video recordings we analyse the observable intersubjective resources produc...
Chapter
Players of first- and third- person perspective video games analyse courses of others’ actions with and through in-game optics. Players routinely deploy a repertoire of visual activities such as `looking around', `scrutinising' and `inspecting'. These activities are achieved via localised and dexterous combinations of mouse and keyboard manipulatio...
Article
In-car GPS based satellite navigation systems are now a common part of driving, providing turn-by-turn navigation instructions on smartphones, portable units or in-car dashboard navigation systems. This paper uses interactional analysis of video data from fifteen naturalistically recorded journeys with GPS to understand the navigational practices d...
Article
In this article we touch upon the intimate bond between commuters that grows (or, sometimes, does not grow) in their daily wayfinding. The commuter's movement through the world, once established, is a steady back and forth along well-worn paths. Each day the commuters need to recall their way into work, and from time to time their ways change due t...
Article
In this paper we investigate how the sequential organization and settlement of disagreements comes to shape, and be shaped by, navigation. Using extracts of in-car interaction, we examine the gestalt of projectable aspects of road travel, car movements, and driver-navigator talk. Navigation when accomplished without maps relies on making sense of s...
Article
1. A person X says to person Y 'it's here". A common enough thing for someone to say to someone else, and a common enough expression for both to understand, yet professional analysts of language are troubled by what 'it's here' means, it seems of quite a different order to 'this is a tree' or 'if you do not eat meat then you are a vegetarian'. It w...
Article
The editing suite is one of the hidden spaces of film – a place where complex forms of embodied collaboration around screens take place. In this paper we present video-recorded data of an editor and director assembling a short documentary. From it we begin to describe editing work in terms of being aware of what media there are, assessing those mat...
Article
This paper provides an extended review of psychological, sociological and interactional research on mealtimes and satiety (fullness), arguing for a focus on how fullness and finishing a meal is interactionally achieved. Drawing on three specimen data fragments from contrasting family settings, routinely used resources for pursuing completion and ex...
Article
From its very outset the city has been the site for the generation of crowds. Writers on the city such as Simmel and Cannetti reflecting upon crowds and their characteristics as a mass of undifferentiated people. From video-ethnographic research we have been doing in cafés we would like to consider crowds from a different angle. Crowds off the stre...
Article
Developing from David Sudnow's accounts of expertise, this article examines the gameplay of Counter-Strike, a popular online game. Although Counter-Strike at first may seem an unsophisticated pursuit, players display remarkable dexterity developed through many hours of play. Through participating in the game and analyzing videos of gameplay, we exa...
Article
Joining a host of recent studies of mobile societies this article investigates business done ‘on the wing ’ in the organisation of office work as it is done during driving. Based on the analysis of a video shot during an ethnographic study of the ‘mobile office ’ it shows how document handling is artfully combined with control of the car. In contra...
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In this paper we join a growing body of studies that learn from vernacular video analysts quite what video analysis as an intelligible course of action might be. Rather than pursuing epistemic questions regarding video as a number of other studies of video analysis have done, our concern here is with the crafts of producing the filmic. As such we e...
Article
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The use of visual research methods has become increasingly widespread throughout the social sciences. From their origins in disciplines like social anthropology and sociology, visual research methods are now firmly entrenched in major fields of inquiry, including sociology, health and nursing studies, educational research, criminology, human and cu...
Article
A first theme of this article is the abiding relationship between the café and conversation. A relationship which begins with Habermas’s emphasis on political debate in early modernity and continues to more contemporary studies of the service encounter. A second theme is conversation analysis and its concern with closing sequences of phonecalls. Dr...
Article
A longstanding topic in our notions of what geographic knowledge could be is the mental map, or, in its most recent form, mental spatial representations. In this paper we draw upon ethnomethodological critiques of cognition, and mind more generally, to re-specify navigation, orientation and alignment in terms of human practices of navigating, orien...
Article
In this article I present an ethnographic study of `breakfast in the café', to begin to document the orderly properties of an emergent timespace. In so doing, the aim is to provide a description of the local production of timespace and a consideration of a change to the daily rhythm of city life. Harold Garfinkel and David Sudnow's study of a chemi...
Article
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We spend ever‐increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series of quite ordinary episodes of car travel, in this paper we begin to document what happens during car journeys. The material conc...
Article
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We spend ever-increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series of quite ordinary episodes of car travel, in this paper we begin to document what happens during car journeys. The material conc...
Article
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In the context of a research project concerned with contemporary cafés, the authors have revisited Habermas's famous 1962/1989 work on the transformation of the ‘public sphere’, wherein the figure of the early-modern English coffee-house holds considerable significance. The outlines of Habermas's claims are inspected, and three lines of critique—to...
Article
This article provides a brief summary of ethnomethodology in terms of its origins, concepts, programs, future, and critiques thereof. Some key misconceptions surrounding ethnomethodology are signposted for the reader. Throughout, ethnomethodology's distinctive approach to classic topics in the social sciences is made clear, an approach which has si...
Article
The rise of non-representational theory in human geography has prompted searching questions about how researchers might ‘represent’ what they encounter in their fieldwork. A central problem is that we reach an insurmountable impasse, an aporia, because we cannot share thoughts, meanings, feelings, etc., in a manner faithful to our experience of the...
Article
Cafes are places in the city in which we have come to expect conviviality between the unacquainted. Goffman is perhaps the most famous analyst of relations between strangers in public space, yet his depiction of society's members points towards a misanthropic form of life. Drawing on video footage shot during ethnographic research, this paper analy...
Conference Paper
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Spectating at sport events is a common and popular leisure activity worldwide. Recently spectating has also become a topic of interest to CHI, particularly the design of technology for both performers and audiences. In this paper we describe an in-depth study of spectating, drawn from fieldwork of outdoor car rallies in the UK and Sweden. We descri...
Article
The notion of the 'cognitive map' has long been central to studies of maps, wayfinding and navigation. In this paper we provide an alternate approach to studying map use which re-situates these activities as shared social and cultural practices. This paper draws on ethnomethodology and conversation analysis to study video of two examples of natural...
Article
While ethnographic methods are an established tool for re- quirements analysis in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW), they have seldom been used for the design of electronic map systems. This chapter presents an ethnographic study of city tourists' practices that draws out a number of implications for...
Article
this paper we depart from this view to investigateinstead the publicly available activities which take place in the use of maps
Article
Abstract .Studies of car driving have tended to be based in cognitive psychology,of a mentalistic streak where navigational and search ac tivities are assumed,to be based on internal and individual mental choices and decision s based on the perception of an ex- ternal environment. This article remains concerned,with navigational and search pro-
Article
This essay is about Houdini’s escapes and ethnomethodology’s studies.1 By accomplishing what appears to be impossible, Houdini leaves his audience considering not only how did he manage to do that, but also just what is it that we consider to be possible. Magicians and escapologists warn us off an interest in the mechanics of their tricks that migh...
Article
This article takes the motorway seriously as a place where the society of traffic can be found and studied. While many kinds of activities are done by drivers and passengers in parallel with driving on the motorway, such as listening to the radio, eating lunch or caring for, or being, children, I focus here on office work. Empirical material from a...
Article
To take seriously the geographical nature of technology we need to think not only how technologies are used in particular places, but how those places are connected together. However, in understanding these connections it is easy to become mesmerised by the "flows" between places – yet these flows or networks do not eliminate the specificities of p...
Article
The historical archaeology of Foucault and the ethnnomethodology of Garkinkel and Sacks may be regarded as rather different traditions in sociocultural inquiry, and for human geography, but there are arguably a number of distinctive points of overlap. In this paper, and following the example of McHoul's consideration of the affinities between Fouca...
Article
this paper we depart from this view to investigate instead the publicly available activities which take place in the use of maps
Article
In this article we seek to contribute to research on the visual, visual methodologies and the senses in social sciences. Our concern is with shedding some light on the social organization of vision. The empirical material is a ‘walking with video’ which is also a ‘seeing with video’. The empirical material is used, firstly, to examine how one perso...
Article
Company,regions are forms of space busy with the sorting and distributing of objects from one location to another. We argue here, in sympathy with actor-network theory and nonrepresentational theory, that space is formulated by and formulative of its objects in mutually elaborating occasions and chains of action. The handling of objects that produc...
Article
Existing health promotion messages and advice on smoking cessation focus upon the negative aspects of continuing to smoke and contrast these to the benefits of giving up. Benefits of cessation are invariably linked to reduced risks of illness and disease with the process of cessation framed as a largely positive and certainly a health enhancing one...
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Abstract :To illustrate the decline in a strong sense of community the characteristics of suburban living are often cited by social and cultural commentators. Spatially dispersed, lifeless during the daytime due to commuting, an excessive concern with keeping up appearances in terms of lawns, flowerbeds and property maintenance, moreover, suburbia,...
Article
If you work in an office. If you go to the same place every day to work. If you do the same hours, Monday to Friday every week. Maybe you see the same faces, pick up your lunch from the same sandwich maker, drive the same route or take the same train to get there. When you’re at work, you have the same conversations about what you did at the weeken...
Article
An often-noticed feature of mobile phone calls is some form of 'geographical' locating after a greeting has been made. The author uses some singular instances of mobile phone conversations to provide an answer as to why this geolinguistic feature has emerged. In an examination of two real cases and a vignette, some light is shed on a more classical...
Article
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Café society is something that many of us as customers and/or social theorists take for granted. Cafés are places where we are not simply served hot beverages but are also in some way partaking of a specific form of public life. It is this latter aspect that has attracted the attention of social theorists, especially Jürgen Habermas, and leads them...
Article
How do emotions move and how do emotions move us? How are feelings and recognitions distributed socio-materially? Based on a multi- site ethnographic study of a 'romantic' correspondance system, this article explores the themes of love, privacy, identity and public displays. Informed by ethnomethodology and actor-network theory its investigations i...
Article
Smoking remains a key topic of research and debate within the field of health research in the social sciences. This article seeks to add the dimension of the smokers’ and ex-smokers’ perspectives to the debate in order to ground the importance of smoking in people’s everyday lives. Data are drawn from 54 semi-structured interviews with smokers and...
Article
An extended review is presented of Bruno Latour's book Aramis, or the Love of Technology (Harvard University Press, 1996). Attention is paid to the textual style and strategies in the book, and also to how it fits in with, and exemplifies, many of the more abstract claims central to Latour's actor-network theory. In particular, consideration is giv...
Article
In this article an argument is put forward that narratives of health and illness that are drawn from conversational rather than textual sources require a particular type of analysis. In common with other research on talk, it is argued that conversational narration is a joint activity and that the form and context of its telling can tell us as much...
Article
Summary A little worried about the manner in which transcripts of speech are used in geography, the author telephoned19 a linguist. Unfortunately, she had taken most of her answers elsewhere, leaving only the normal economical opening and delayed listening sequence on her answering machine, to which the author left the following message.20 His leng...
Article
Using the example of Bristol's 1996 International Festival of the Sea, we argue that in addition to the economic and cultural impacts of such ‘Hallmark’ tourist spectacles, these events may also have marked social consequences for urban areas. This essay deals with two groups of travellers who were resident in Bristol, but who were forced to leave...
Article
Early critiques of heritage were often elitist and treated it as a shallow entertainment for the masses based on class-biased accounts of history. Current debate around heritage pictures it as a held where multiple understandings of the past are being produced, not just popular and elitist. This article is devoted to the two social practices of rep...
Article
As computer games have increased in popularity, gameplay has gained renewed attention within HCI as a genera of human-computer-interaction. Drawing on phenomen-ological accounts of expert skill, this paper examines the gameplay of Counter-Strike, one popular online game. While Counter-Strike at first appearance may seem an unsophisticated pursuit,...
Article
Abstract The notion of the ‘cognitive map’ has long been central to studies of maps, wayfinding and navigation. In this paper we provide an alternate approach to what are often mistakenly taken to be private mental processes which re- situates them as shared social and cultural practices. Our study draws on the corpus studies of ethnomethodology an...
Article
Sociology has taken an extensive interest in the nature of consumption, alongside the social rela-tions that develop around products. While recent work has refocused attention on the culture of markets, still many of the ordinary interactions that take place around products have been neglected. In particular the ways in which consumption plays a ro...
Article
In this article I examine a specific occasioned place, ‘breakfast in the café’, to begin a re- specification of the orderly emergent properties of timespace. Harold Garfinkel and David Sudnow’s study of a chemistry lecture is drawn upon as an exemplary study of a collective event. What makes breakfast in a café, breakfast in a café rather than a le...

Citations

... The analyses show that participants' mobilizations of race happen in the backdrop of shared orientations and understandings of racism and anti-racism. Xie, Kirkwood, Laurier, and Widdicombe (2021) examine discursive practices where racial identities are the source of trouble. The authors examine interactions where narrations of racial misrecognition, that is, instances where racial minority members are seen as non-nationals because of their race, are treated as racism by targets themselves and other recipients. ...
... Apart from using car horns (cf. Laurier et al., 2020) or high beams, Katz notes that 'hand gestures also acknowledge the inadequacy of sound as a channel of effective expression. It is common to see a driver attempt to deliver a commentary by first maneuvering around other cars in order to get a parallel to an offending driver, and then to launch into some idiosyncratic sign language. ...
... Based on the designed experiment, different sets of data such as perceived safety, anger, and manoeuvre quality were collected via user manoeuvre rating scenarios. In the same context, experimentation, observation, and simulation were used to a limited extent to collect e-scooter data, such as speed, riding vibration, parking behaviour/violation, and riding characteristics Cano-Moreno et al., 2021;James et al., 2019;Tuncer et al., 2020). In sum, more extensive research is needed to analyse the actual behaviour of e-scooter riders in different scenarios/ contexts to understand their experience in urban settings better. ...
... It is then from several metres behind that Camera essentially repeats his earlier justification, this time adding his own swearing amplification: 'that's how fucking people have died, yeh'. Adapting Deppermann et al. (2018), it seems fair to say here that Camera regards Beard's complaint as 'illegitimate', perhaps framing Beard's actions as selfdirected, making him akin to what they call 'egoistic drivers ' (2018, p. 118). In this context, panel 6 shows what we think is a very significant action. ...
... If humans and machines are mutually constituted, we need to develop an understanding of their sociomaterial assemblages. Whilst acknowledging that significant differences do exist between them, we recognise that ANT and ethnomethodology share an interest in understanding the role of the non-human in interaction [26] and find this interest in networks of use to our own study to some extent. We can understand the EBBenhanced robot as the product of a network of activities and as embedded within context-dependent networks encompassing human and machine. ...
... One study on this topic accordingly recommends that hikers are told about how apps can undermine the experience so that they can ration their smartphone engagement accordingly (Amerson et al., 2020). A further study, this time drawing on observational methods, sheds a different light on how smartphone apps and social dynamics intersect by videoing walkers on the moorlands of mid Wales (Smith et al., 2020). ...
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