Emily L. B. Lykins's research while affiliated with Eastern Kentucky University and other places

Publications (18)

Article
Four experiments, three cross-sectional and one longitudinal, tested the hypothesis that contemplating one’s own death produces a shift toward the use of positive emotion words. Participants who wrote about their own death, compared with those who wrote about dental pain, uncertainty, and meaningless, used more positive emotions words in their narr...
Chapter
Spiritual engagement has long been argued, and often empirically supported, as important to well-being. Recent work suggests mindfulness must be considered when investigating relationships between spirituality and health. Mindfulness, which involves the intentional direction of attention to the present moment with an accepting and nonjudgmental att...
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We investigated whether three different meditation practices that are commonly used in mindfulness-based interventions lead to differential changes in psychological health outcomes when presented separately. Participants included 141 undergraduates assigned to a sitting meditation, body scan, or mindful yoga condition. Participants in all condition...
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Mindfulness training has well-documented effects on psychological health. Recent findings suggest that increases in both mindfulness and self-compassion may mediate these outcomes; however, their separate and combined effects are rarely examined in the same participants. This study investigated cross-sectional relationships between self-reported mi...
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Several authors have argued that because mindfulness training involves repeated practice of the self-regulation of attention, it should lead to measurable improvements in attentional skills and related memory processes. Although a few studies have shown relationships between mindfulness training and performance-based tests of attention and memory,...
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A recent study of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire reported high levels of differential item functioning (DIF) for 18 of its 39 items in meditating and nonmeditating samples that were not demographically matched. In particular, meditators were more likely to endorse positively worded items whereas nonmeditators were more likely to deny nega...
Article
Mindfulness is typically described as a form of nonjudgmental, nonreactive attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, including cognitions, emotions, and bodily sensations, as well as sights, sounds, smells, and other environmental stimuli. The cultivation of mindfulness is a central component of Eastern meditation traditions and lie...
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Although mindfulness meditation traditionally is viewed as a lifelong practice, much current knowledge about its effects is based on short-term practitioners who have participated in mindfulness-based treatment. In the current study, long-term meditators and demographically similar nonmeditators completed self-report measures of constructs expected...
Article
S. L. Shapiro and colleagues (2006) have described a testable theory of the mechanisms of mindfulness and how it affects positive change. They describe a model in which mindfulness training leads to a fundamental change in relationship to experience (reperceiving), which leads to changes in self-regulation, values clarification, cognitive and behav...
Article
No research has examined how cancer diagnosis and treatment might alter information source preferences or opinions. We examined data from 719 cancer survivors (CS group) and 2012 matched healthy controls (NCC group) regarding cancer-related information-seeking behavior, preferences, and awareness from the population-based 2003 Health Information Na...
Chapter
Mindfulness-based interventions have been developed for a wide range of problems, disorders, and populations and are increasingly available in a variety of settings. Empirically supported interventions that are based on or incorporate mindfulness training include acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT; Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson 1999), dialectical b...
Article
Research suggests individuals possess multifaceted cognitive representations of various diseases. These illness representations consist of various beliefs, including causal attributions for the disease, and are believed to motivate, guide, and shape health-related behavior. As little research has examined factors associated with beliefs about cance...
Article
The prevalence of both negative (distress) and positive responses (growth, well-being) to the cancer experience is examined and difficulties in establishing the prevalence of these responses discussed. A conceptual framework for understanding factors associated with psychological health in cancer survivors is presented. Finally, strategies for prom...
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Previous research on assessment of mindfulness by self-report suggests that it may include five component skills: observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging of inner experience, and nonreactivity to inner experience. These elements of mindfulness can be measured with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). The authors investi...
Article
Reviews the video, Mindful Therapy with Lorne Ladner (2007). Mindfulness has become a topic of great interest to therapists of many theoretical orientations and clinical backgrounds. Interventions that incorporate training in mindfulness skills have been developed for a wide range of populations, problems, and disorders and are now widely available...
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Research findings within posttraumatic growth (PTG) and terror management theory (TMT) currently appear contradictory. Following confrontations with mortality, PTG research demonstrates intrinsic goal shifts, whereas TMT suggests extrinsic shifts. The current studies examine factors contributing to these inconsistent results. Study 1 demonstrates t...
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Cancer screening research relies on reliable and valid measurement of cancer screening behavior. Self-reports of screening constitute a cost-effective approach to measuring screening behavior; however, demonstration of suitable validity of these self-reports is critical. We evaluated the validity of self-report of return for repeat, routine, annual...
Article
Mindfulness is increasingly recognized as an important phenomenon in both clinical and empirical domains, though debate regarding the exact definition of mindfulness continues. Selfreport mindfulness measures have begun to appear, which is important as each measure represents an independent attempt to conceptualize mindfulness. Baer, Smith, Hopkins...

Citations

... Meditation is an ancient technique that helps to sharpen the mind. Meditation teaches to do a deed with a zeal that the universe's future depends upon it but laugh at everything as if the resultant consequences do not affect your happiness (Rastogi et al., 2021;Lykins, 2014). While engaged in any activity, he forgets everything so that only the work remains. ...
... Recently, mindfulness training has turned out to be a very popular topic in management publications, which is emerging as a new method of leadership development [7][8][9]. The concept of mindfulness is employed to describe a state, a trait, and a method of training the mind [10]. A state mindfulness is when one is attentive in a state of full awareness and when one is focused on a clear goal with a non-judgmental attitude [11]. ...
... Indeed, 80% of the statements that they sampled contained more positive emotion words than negative ones. They also compared the statements with results from a study where participants were asked to contemplate their own death (Kashdan et al., 2014) as well as suicide notes preceding actual or attempted death (Handelman & Lester, 2007), and in both cases found that the statements contained a higher proportion of positive emotion words. ...
... Mindfulness meditation and loving-kindness or compassion meditation are qualitatively distinct, and their expected effects may differ accordingly [13]. Moreover, among mindfulness-based interventions, there is a possibility that sitting meditation, body scan, and mindful yoga may have different effects on the participants [31]. However, since the program used in this case series is composed of heterogeneous mind-body exercises, the individual effects of each element cannot be estimated. ...
... Acting with awareness was also a facet that predicted all dimensions of psychological well-being (p<0.05). Our finding differs from those of Lykins (2006), who found that all facets of mindfulness are correlated with all dimensions of psychological well-being in middle-aged adults, except for acting with awareness facet which was only significantly correlated with two dimensions. However, Lykins (2006) specifically studied a sample that was comprised of people with experience in meditation, and therefore this study provides new findings on the involvement of acting with awareness as a predictor of psychological well-being in middle-aged working parents. ...
... Their stage of development and the search for identity does not make things easier for them either. Depression and anxiety are among the most emphasized psychological and physical health effect of social media addiction (Goel et al., 2013) and depression and anxiety symptoms may worsen as an outcome of addiction (Baer et al., 2012). Furthermore, Arora et al. (2015) commented that other symptoms and effect of logging on African Musicology Online Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. ...
... However, studies also found null effects on inhibition (Josefsson & Broberg, 2011;Kozasa et al., 2012;Lykins et al., 2012;Melloni et al., 2013) as well as shifting and updating (Lykins et al., 2012). Lykins et al. (2012) note that the insignificant group differences in their study may result from a poor match between meditators and non-meditators. ...
... There is a growing body of literature supporting the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (e.g., Grossman et al., 2004;Hayes et al., 2006;Robins & Chapman, 2004) as an integral part of the cognitive-behavioral therapy (see Hayes, 2004 for a detailed discussion on the third wave of the cognitive-behavioral tradition). Among not-clinical populations, Lykins and Baer (2009) demonstrated that dispositional mindfulness increases the ability to selfregulate behavior regardless of emotional state (see also Shapiro et al., 2006;Vago & Silbersweig, 2012). More recently, Lundwall et al. (2019) investigated mechanisms explaining the beneficial effects of dispositional mindfulness for subjective well-being. ...
... In consonance with this variable, only the 'observing' facet of mindfulness was significantly associated with emotional eating. A possible explanation is that higher observing scores indicate better sensitivity to sounds, smells, and visual elements (51). This could be attributed to the phenomenon of external eating as a moderator between higher stress and snacking (52) caused by ease of access to hyperpalatable food and the influence of food visualization in social media advertisements (53) as a result of more frequent social media engagement among emotional eaters in this study. ...
... The holistic approach to mindfulness of Buddhism is not characteristic for the secular mindfulness trainings without any Buddhist roots (e.g., Hanley et al., 2014;Mejia, 2013;Purser & Milillo, 2015). However, from a Western perspective, studies agreed that dispositional mindfulness exists as a natural human capacity that varies across individuals (e.g., Abujaradeh et al., 2020;Baer et al., 2006Baer et al., , 2011Burzler et al., 2019;Golley, 2017;Kaplan et al., 2018;Tomlinson et al., 2018) and is determined by multiple factors, ranging from the environment to genetics, conscious efforts, and behaviour change (e.g., Baer, 2019;Lal & Jayan, 2019;O'Connor, 2015). From a theoretical perspective, dispositional mindfulness might be linked to more veridical appraisals of ongoing experiences and a reduced tendency to evaluate the present moment, based on own expectations and beliefs (e.g., Hanley et al., 2016). ...