Eike Mark Rinke's research while affiliated with University of Leeds and other places

Publications (50)

Article
Full-text available
This study explores how researchers' analytical choices affect the reliability of scientific findings. Most discussions of reliability problems in science focus on systematic biases. We broaden the lens to emphasize the idiosyncrasy of conscious and unconscious decisions that researchers make during data analysis. We coordinated 161 researchers in...
Article
Full-text available
While perspectives on open scholarship practices (OSPs) in Communication are noted in editorials and position papers, as a discipline we lack data-driven insights into how the larger community understands, feels about, engages in, and supports OSPs – insights that could inform current conversations about OSPs in Communication and document how the f...
Article
Full-text available
While perspectives on open scholarship practices (OSPs) in Communication are noted in editorials and position papers, as a discipline we lack data-driven insights into how the larger community understands, feels about, engages in, and supports OSPs—insights that could inform current conversations about OSPs in Communication and document how the fie...
Preprint
Objectives: A need for Open Research practices exists, yet there remains a lack of validated questionnaires to assess Open Research practices. The study aimed to develop a brief (<5 minutes), standardised questionnaire to measure Open Research awareness and engagement across UK institutions.Methods: The Brief Open Research Survey (BORS) was develop...
Article
The degree to which civility norms are upheld or violated is an important criterion in evaluating the democratic quality of public debates. We investigate civility across media types, political systems, and levels of socio-cultural division, offering a comparative perspective on how these factors shape levels of civility in public debates around a...
Article
Full-text available
Open scholarship has transformed research, and introduced a host of new terms in the lexicon of researchers. The ‘Framework for Open and Reproducible Research Teaching’ (FORRT) community presents a crowdsourced glossary of open scholarship terms to facilitate education and effective communication between experts and newcomers.
Preprint
Full-text available
A growing number of communication scholars have pushed for increased accountability and transparency in scholarship. While perspectives on open scholarship practices (OSPs) are noted in editorials and positions papers, we lack insights into how the larger community understands, feels about, engages with, and supports OSPs in practice. A mixed-metho...
Article
Full-text available
The first step in many text-as-data studies is to find documents that address a specific topic within a larger document set. Researchers often rely on simple keyword searches to do this, even though this may introduce considerable selection bias. Such bias may be even greater when researchers lack the domain knowledge required to make informed sear...
Preprint
Full-text available
A growing number of communication scholars have pushed for increased accountability and transparency in scholarship. While perspectives on open scholarship practices (OSPs) are noted in editorials and positions papers, we lack insights into how the larger community understands, feels about, engages with, and supports OSPs in practice. A mixed-metho...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
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Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Article
Full-text available
In the last 10 years, many canonical findings in the social sciences appear unreliable. This so-called “replication crisis” has spurred calls for open science practices, which aim to increase the reproducibility, replicability, and generalizability of findings. Communication research is subject to many of the same challenges that have caused low re...
Preprint
Help reduce questionable research practices, and prevent selective reporting.
Article
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This study looks into how the combination of Islam, refugees, and terrorism topics leads to text-internal changes in the emotional tone of news articles and how these vary across countries and media outlets. Using a multilingual human-validated sentiment analysis, we compare fear and pity in more than 560,000 articles from the most important online...
Preprint
Today's news media exert a host of influences over individuals' attitudes, cognitions, and behaviors. This entry provides an overview of three widely studied theories and mechanisms of influence: agenda‐setting, which occurs when increased media coverage of an issue leads to increased perceptions of salience of that issue; priming, the process by w...
Preprint
In this introduction to the special issue we develop a conceptualization of self-determination in a digital world that spans the individual and collective levels. We take up the three empirical dimensions of self-determination that Ryan and Deci have distinguished in their motivational theory of psychological self-determination and transpose them t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Öffentlichkeit ist ein sozialer Raum, in dem unterschiedliche Erfahrungen und Meinungen ausgedrückt, allgemein interessierende Fragen diskutiert und kollektive Lösungen kommunikativ entwickelt werden. In Flächenländern wie der Bundesrepublik Deutschland sind die Massenmedien (Zeitungen, Zeitschriften, Fernsehen, Radio) und seit Ende der 1990er Jahr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Die Interrelation von Journalismus und Politik ist, in einem anspruchsvollen Sinn, zentral für das Funktionieren von Demokratie. Das Kapitel gibt eine überschau der wichtigsten normativ-theoretischen Ansprüche an diese Interrelation sowie relevanter empirischer Befunde zu ihr. Es beschreibt zunächst drei zentrale normative Demokratiemodelle und prä...
Preprint
The goal of this chapter is to describe how the POPC environment operates in tandem with personal characteristics to influence people’s exposure to and processing of political information. In describing the political consequences of the POPC phenomenon we take a social-psychological perspective and focus on the individual level (for a more sociolog...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Preprint
While it is a truism that political voice is a cornerstone of democratic theory, less theorizing has focused on its counterpart, political listening. Drawing upon research related to listening practices, this study operationalizes for empirical study Dobson’s (2014) normative concepts of apophatic listening, which is dialogic and facilitates discus...
Article
Diese Einleitung zum Themenheft entwickelt ein normatives Konzept von Selbstbestimmung unter den Bedingungen digitaler Kommunikation, das die individuelle und die kollektive Ebene miteinander verbindet. Dazu greift die Einleitung die drei empirischen Dimensionen von individueller Selbstbestimmung auf, die Ryan und Deci in ihrer motivationspsycholog...
Preprint
Across all areas of communication research, the most popular approach to generating insights about communication is the classical significance test (also called null hypothesis significance testing, NHST). The predominance of NHST in communication research is in spite of serious concerns about the ability of researchers to properly interpret its re...
Preprint
It is a truism to speak of the key normative role that public opinion polls play in contemporary democratic societies. Theorists and practitioners have long extolled how polls inextricably link citizens to their elected officials. Indeed, public opinion polls not only offer citizens a mechanism with which to express their sentiment on key issues of...
Preprint
This essay examines the importance of political ideology for the occurrence of political communication effects on the individual level. It is a common assumption in this research area that people tend to be selective about the political information they expose themselves to and also to selectively process it. Selective exposure and selective percep...
Chapter
Full-text available
A woman checking messages on her phone while standing next to a newspaper rack. A girl waiting in line scrolling down the Facebook timeline, stumbling upon a video clip about the outcome of the recent US presidential elections. A young man playing a game on his tablet, with TV news running in another window. These are just three everyday scenarios...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die Interrelation von Journalismus und Politik ist, in einem anspruchsvollen Sinn, zentral für das Funktionieren von Demokratie. Das Kapitel gibt eine überschau der wichtigsten normativ-theoretischen Ansprüche an diese Interrelation sowie relevanter empirischer Befunde zu ihr. Es beschreibt zunächst drei zentrale normative Demokratiemodelle und prä...
Chapter
Today's news media exert a host of influences over individuals' attitudes, cognitions, and behaviors. This entry provides an overview of three widely studied theories and mechanisms of influence: agenda-setting, which occurs when increased media coverage of an issue leads to increased perceptions of salience of that issue; priming, the process by w...
Preprint
We show that television news is considerably more deliberative inestablished (United States, Germany) than in defective democracies (Russia)and slightly more deliberative in a power-sharing political system (Germany)than in a power-concentrating system (United States). We further demonstratethat public-service channels, nonpartisan programs, and in...
Preprint
Most of the chapters in this volume look inside the Australian Citizens'Parliament (ACP) to study the practical and political challenges ofdeliberating together in an assembly of ordinary citizens. However, the ACPalso created the possibility for a kind of deliberation that can occur onlythrough mass communication.1The news coverage of the ACP had...
Preprint
News frames are patterns of news construction journalists rely on to presentinformation to their audiences. While much of the research on news frameshas focused on their identification and effects, less work has investigatedthe specific contributions these different frames make to democratic life.Value judgments about distinct news frames are often...
Preprint
The terror attack on the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in January2015 serves to explore the role of religion and secularism in mediatedpublic spheres. We argue that deliberative theory, including its recentcriticisms and extensions, helps navigate normative dilemmas presented bythe attacks. From a deliberative perspective, journalists sho...
Article
The rise of sound-bite news is one of the most widely bemoaned findings in political communication research. Yet, the detrimental effects of this trend have been more assumed than demonstrated. This study examines one consequence of sound-bite journalism: the creation of incomplete argument, in which speakers presenting their political position in...
Chapter
Mediated deliberation refers to a family of media communication processes conducive to a well-ordered polity as envisioned in deliberative theories of democracy. It is based on the traditional engagement of deliberation scholars with face-to-face small-group communication and has evolved into a distinct program of empirical and normative research....
Article
Full-text available
The terror attack on the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in January 2015 serves to explore the role of religion and secularism in mediated public spheres. We argue that deliberative theory, including its recent criticisms and extensions, helps navigate normative dilemmas presented by the attacks. From a deliberative perspective journalists...
Article
Full-text available
Global public opinion toward the United States is an important factor in international politics. But to what degree are distinct dimensions of attitudes toward the United States associated with the person of the president and the consumption of U.S.-produced media content? Two surveys of German college students before and after the 2008 U.S. presid...
Article
We show that television news is considerably more deliberative in established (United States, Germany) than in defective democracies (Russia) and slightly more deliberative in a power-sharing political system (Germany) than in a power-concentrating system (United States). We further demonstrate that public-service channels, nonpartisan programs, an...
Chapter
Most of the chapters in this volume look inside the Australian Citizens' Parliament (ACP) to study the practical and political challenges of deliberating together in an assembly of ordinary citizens. However, the ACP also created the possibility for a kind of deliberation that can occur only through mass communication.1The news coverage of the ACP...
Article
Full-text available
News frames are patterns of news construction journalists rely on to present information to their audiences. While much of the research on news frames has focused on their identification and effects, less work has investigated the specific contributions these different frames make to democratic life. Value judgments about distinct news frames are o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Öffentlichkeit ist ein sozialer Raum, in dem unterschiedliche Erfahrungen und Meinungen ausgedrückt, allgemein interessierende Fragen diskutiert und kollektive Lösungen kommunikativ entwickelt werden. In Flächenländern wie der Bundesrepublik Deutschland sind die Massenmedien (Zeitungen, Zeitschriften, Fernsehen, Radio) und seit Ende der 1990er Jahr...
Article
Courses: Political Communication, Communication Theory, Public OpinionObjective: To make students aware of and understand the processes involved in public framing competitions.
Chapter
It is a truism to speak of the key normative role that public opinion polls play in contemporary democratic societies. Theorists and practitioners have long extolled how polls inextricably link citizens to their elected officials. Indeed, public opinion polls not only offer citizens a mechanism with which to express their sentiment on key issues of...
Article
Discussion of the events of early 2011 in Tunisia and Egypt in Western publics has been largely unstructured and characterized by an undue preoccupation with new media. In light of this, the aim of this paper is twofold: to learn from these regime-changing processes in order to understand them, and to inform a nascent model of political communicati...
Chapter
Full-text available
This essay examines the importance of political ideology for the occurrence of political communication effects on the individual level. It is a common assumption in this research area that people tend to be selective about the political information they expose themselves to and also to selectively process it. Selective exposure and selective percep...

Citations

... Several journals in Communication introduced open science badges (e.g., Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication). In their survey of 330 ICA scholars, Bowman et al. (2022) found that open science practices are viewed positively: on average, scholars endorsed sharing research materials and using open science badges for publications, and thought that the benefits of open science outweigh the drawbacks. It would seem that open science practices are increasingly normalized. ...
... Only more recently has OS entered communication studies. Bowman, Rinke, Lee, Nabi, and de Vreese (2022) surveyed 330 ICA members on their knowledge of, engagement with, attitudes toward, and perspectives on OS. They found that respondents reported broad familiarity with and support for OS but had lower levels of International Journal of Communication 16 (2022) Qualitative Communication Scholars 5321 engagement, suggesting that communication researchers do not uniformly endorse open science, even among the sample of ICA survey respondents who generally supported the practice. ...
... The open scholarship movement seeks to make knowledge of all kinds openly shared, transparent, rigorously researched, and inclusive [1,2]. The movement is composed of many grassroots and top-down initiatives that have successfully accelerated adoption of open scholarship practices (e.g., study preregistration, data sharing, replication studies, and open access publishing), bringing well-needed change to research practice. ...
... Moreover, this methodology avoids any bias typically introduced by manual queries based on thematic keywords (Rinke et al., 2022). Some quantative information about the extracted data, are reported in table 1. ...
... So far, we sought to analyze the demographic, political, social, and psychological bases of support for BLM, focusing especially on zero order associations, as is the standard practice when the goal is to synthesize empirical research (Donnelly et al. 2018) and maximize the generalizability of presented results against idiosyncratic controls, covariates, and statistical models (Gelman and Loken 2014;Breznau et al. 2021). This bivariate approach was also used due to the limitation that common predictors are seldom found across several datasets, and thus merging individual datasets to conduct an omnibus regression would not be feasible except for a few demographics and partisanship. ...
... For example, some journals incentivise researchers to pre-register with a pre-registration badge, demonstrating their commitment to open research practices (Kidwell et al., 2016). Others have produced and shared primers to increase researcher knowledge; for example, Easing into Open Science (Kathawalla et al., 2021) and Pre-registration and Registered Reports: a Primer from UKRN (Stewart et al., 2020). Furthermore, OSF incentivised researchers with a $1,000 prize upon publishing their pre-registered findings (Preregistration Challenge;. ...
... OSPs refer to a broader movement to make both the process and output of scholarship more transparent and widely accessible (Dienlin et al., 2021;Lewis, 2019). Open scholarship is multifaceted and consists of a wide array of principles, values, and practices around procedural transparency and social inclusion in scholarship (Rinke & Wuttke, 2021). Some practices such as publishing study materials (e.g. ...
... All news articles published in print and online between 1 January 2018 and 30 June 2021 were collected, resulting in a total dataset of 1,419,479 articles. We solely assessed 'hard news' articles, as the diversity of information in this type of news is expected to have the most direct implications for the democratic processes (Chan et al., 2020;Welbers and Opgenhaffen, 2019). Soft news articles (e.g. ...
... This inconsistency in research findings may be partly due to common problems characterizing social media effects research such as a tendency to interpret effects supporting hypotheses while ignoring effects that do not, weak effect sizes and likely publication bias(Dienlin et al., 2021).Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. Rights reserved. ...
... Part of the lack of impact was due to circumstance, particularly in relation to media coveragewhich is always problematic for deliberative forums. The ACP coincided with the dramatic and tragic Victorian bushfires, which crowded out any attention that it might have received (Rinke et al., 2013). ...