Edward B Stevens's research while affiliated with DePaul University and other places

Publications (18)

Article
Full-text available
Key characteristics of recovery homes include governance style (which can play a central role in structuring recovery mechanisms), social embeddedness (e.g., social relationships within the home), economic viability (e.g., the individual’s ability to be self-supporting), and learned recovery skills (such as coping with stress, avoiding putting one’...
Article
Improved access to housing and recovery support is a low-cost, high-potential opportunity to help people recovering from alcohol and substance use sustain their recoveries. Oxford House (OH) recovery homes represent a recovery-favorable social environment for at least some people, but it is still unclear which resident characteristics and relationa...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the relationships between a personality metatrait (Stability consisting of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism), self-esteem, and stress in an adult population of individuals with substance use disorders living in recovery homes. Adults (N ¼ 229) residing in 42 residential recovery settings were interviewed...
Article
Those who study treatment and recovery from alcohol use disorder (AUD) and substance use disorder (SUD) generally agree that an individual’s social context affects his or her success (or failure) in recovery. Recently, as the use of social network analysis has increased, studies on SUD recovery and treatment have adopted ego networks as a research...
Article
Full-text available
The complex system conception of group social dynamics often involves not only changing individual characteristics, but also changing within-group relationships. Recent advances in stochastic dynamic network modeling allow these interdependencies to be modeled from data. This methodology is discussed within a context of other mathematical and stati...
Article
Full-text available
Substance abuse is associated with a host of harmful consequences to the substance user as well as other individuals and society as a whole. Although harm is an integral component of substance abuse, there is a dearth of research that investigates the relationship between harm and substance use problems. The goal of this study was to explore recove...
Article
Full-text available
Alcoholics Anonymous recommends members to have sponsors, especially those early in their recovery, yet little research has been done on the qualities of an effective sponsor. Two hundred forty-five adults (117 females, 128 males) currently in substance use disorder recovery participated. Two hundred thirty-one of these individuals had experience a...
Article
Full-text available
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) considers sponsorship an important element of the AA program, especially in early recovery. 225 adult individuals who had experience as either a sponsor, sponsee, or both, participated in a hypothetical sponsor ranking exercise where five attributes were varied across three levels. Conjoint analysis was used to compute par...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to identify individual- and house-level predictors of women's employment, education, and retention in self-run recovery homes. Data from a national study of 292 women in Oxford House, an international organization of recovery homes grounded on self-help/mutual aid and 12-step principles were analyzed. Results indicated that the ho...
Article
One of the tenets of community psychology is examining psychological phenomena in context, and our studies explored the relationship between hope and context among individuals in recovery for substance use disorders. Study 1 involved 595 participants who resided in 90 recovery homes. We found that context, as house effects, was salient in residents...
Article
Full-text available
Acute treatment aftercare in the form of sober living environments-i.e., recovery houses-provide an inexpensive and effective medium-term treatment alternative for many with substance use disorders. Limited evidence suggests that house-situated social relationships and associated social support are critical determinants of how successful these resi...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research found that self-regulation and self-efficacy were linked to substance use abstinence. The present study examined the relationships between changes in self-regulation and self-efficacy as predictors of substance use abstinence. A total of 150 adult individuals (62% female; M age = 37.1 SD = 8.1; 38% male) in substance abuse recover...
Article
Hopefulness remains unclear in relation to aspects of self-control and self-esteem among adults in substance abuse recovery. The present study explored the relationship between dispositional hope (agency and pathway) with self-esteem (self-liking, self-competency, and self-confidence) and self-regulation (impulse control and self-discipline), using...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Perceived Sense of Community Scale (PSCS). Psychological sense of community is a construct that has been developed primarily in the field of community psychology and deals with the feelings of connectedness, group membership, and need fulfillment that members of small groups or larger communiti...
Article
Full-text available
A critical concept in the community psychology has been the sense of community. One of the better known instruments developed and evaluated to measure this construct is the Sense of Community Index (SCI: Perkins, Florin, Rich, Wandersman, & Chavis, 1990). The present research examined the unidimensional SCI’s measurement properties with an adult po...
Article
Full-text available
Previous researchers found that abstinence-specific self-efficacy has been predictive of the likelihood of relapse for individuals in recovery from substance abuse. Oxford Houses are sober living homes that provide mutual support and are resident funded and operated. The relationships between house level sense of community and abstinence-specific s...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the association between changes in self-regulation and measures of general and specific social support that occurred across an 8 month interval among adults (n = 469: 317 men, 152 women; M age = 39.0 years) with histories of substance abuse. Participants resided in communal living, democratically governed, abstinent homes...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of self-regulation suggested that self-control requires finite resources which, in turn, may present a significant challenge for those trying to recover from or control addictive behaviors. The present study examined the relationships between self-regulation and abstinence maintenance among adults in recovery (n = 606: 407 men, 199 women; M...

Citations

... personal, social, and community resources) and sustain one's ongoing recovery from substance misuse (Best et al. 2021). Individual resources might include self-esteem (Tafarodi and Milne 2002), life satisfaction (Laudet and White 2008), self-efficacy and quality of life whereas social embeddedness (Jason et al. 2020), social learning (Moos 2007) and involvement in various community activities (Granfield and Cloud 2001) exemplify social and community components. However, little is known about recovery capital among those pursing an abstinence-based, 12-step approach to their recovery. ...
... The SAOM framework can be used to unpack mechanisms of social integration as they pertain to recovery from substance use disorders. This approach has been applied to studies of recovery homes (Doogan et al., 2019;Jason et al., 2014;Light et al., 2016;Stevens et al., 2018), carried out by a multidisciplinary team that included John Light, a sociologist with expertise in SAOM and social networks; Nathan Doogan, a social worker with expertise in SAOM and simulations; Ed Stevens, a community psychologist with interests in sense of community; Mike Stoolmiller, a statistician; and Leonard Jason, a clinical-community psychologist. We will now provide an example of using this dynamic approach to understanding the mechanisms of what occurs within recovery homes. ...
... 38 Several studies have investigated the relationship between selfesteem and perceived stress, suggesting self-esteem as a possible moderator of stress. 38,39 In a study from 2017, Reilly and co-workers used the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS) when investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality, and perceived stress in individuals suffering from substance abuse who were living in recovery homes. 39 They found that a higher level of self-esteem and lower levels of perceived stress were associated with the personality trait Stability. ...
... Yet, it highlights the importance of including social networks around an individual in psychotherapy based on a systemic theory. Likewise, the important role of social networks for recovery has also been recognized in the research field of alcohol and drug use disorders (Mericle, 2014;Stone et al., 2016). Most studies use the Important People Interview (IPI) (Zywiak et al., 2009) to assess social network characteristics. ...
... The SAOM framework can be used to unpack mechanisms of social integration as they pertain to recovery from substance use disorders. This approach has been applied to studies of recovery homes (Doogan et al., 2019;Jason et al., 2014;Light et al., 2016;Stevens et al., 2018), carried out by a multidisciplinary team that included John Light, a sociologist with expertise in SAOM and social networks; Nathan Doogan, a social worker with expertise in SAOM and simulations; Ed Stevens, a community psychologist with interests in sense of community; Mike Stoolmiller, a statistician; and Leonard Jason, a clinical-community psychologist. We will now provide an example of using this dynamic approach to understanding the mechanisms of what occurs within recovery homes. ...
... These attributes of AA seem consistent with past research outlining reports of AA members discussing their freedom of interpretation of aspects of the ideology (e.g. personal conceptions of a 'higher power'; Hahn, 2019), or positive experiences with sponsors (Stevens & Jason, 2015). It is significant then that although AA might contain some aforementioned safeguards against becoming 'cult-like', our participants described experiences that paralleled the patterns of a cult. ...
... Therefore, children of parents who have SUDs are more prone to addiction, but there are other factors explaining increased risks of addiction, such as the genetic factors, especially for alcohol (McGue, Sharma, & Benson, 1996). On the other hand, the presence of children in families with SUDs has been shown to increase optimism and problem awareness in their parents (Droege, Stevens, & Jason, 2015). ...
... Grounded in conjoint measurement theory, conjoint analysis is a tool to measure the significance of preferences by highlighting certain attributes [21][22][23][24][25][26]. Health care researchers have widely utilized the use of conjoint analysis such as food choices [27][28][29][30][31], patient treatment preferences [32][33][34], and even HIV medications [35][36]. ...
... Prior studies have found that recovery homes are inexpensive and effective environments for promoting recovery (Brereton et al., 2014;Jason & Ferrari, 2010). An understanding of how recovery homes promote recovery is still quite limited, but some elements of this picture are beginning to come into focus (e.g., Polcin, 2009). ...
... Social support, which embodies resources obtained from interpersonal relationships, can come in the form of the provision of information, tangible resources, emotional guidance, and positive appraisal (Cohen & McKay, 1984). Hope is considered to have a salient influence on motivation and behavior and is characterized by three dimensions (a) the perception of successful agency, (b) available pathways to achieve one's goals (Snyder et al., 1991), and (c) having opportunities found in the environmental context that facilitate goal attainment (Stevens et al., 2014). Women with higher levels of hope can better deal with challenges and generate more strategies to attain their goals. ...