E. R. Tufte's scientific contributions


... In some cases, a number of details in a picture or design may cumulate into larger coherent structures. Tufte (1990) noted that the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C. achieves its visual and emotional strength by means of a micro and macro design. From a distance the entire collection of names of 58,000 dead soldiers arrayed on the black granite yields a visual measure of what 58,000 means, as the letters of each name blur into a grey shape, cumulating to the final toll. ...
Reference: 4. Image Design