Douglas R Seals's research while affiliated with University of Colorado Boulder and other places

Publications (550)

Article
Consumption of a Western-style diet (WD; high fat, high sugar, low fiber) is associated with impaired vascular function and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which could be mediated partly by increased circulating concentrations of the gut microbiome-derived metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). We investigated if suppression of...
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Objectives Research suggests blueberries and their (poly)phenols may improve endothelial dysfunction, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of consuming 22 g/day for 12 weeks of freeze-dried highbush blueberry powder on endothelial function and other measures of cardiovascula...
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This Perspective shares "insider" thoughts and recommendations for success with early career stage scientists on directing an independent biomedical research laboratory.
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Aging is associated with a decline in physiological function and exercise performance. These effects are mediated, at least in part, by an age-related decrease in the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), a ubiquitous gasotransmitter and regulator of myriad physiological processes. The decrease in NO bioavailability with aging is especially apparen...
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Aging is characterized by declines in physiological function that increase risk of age-associated diseases and limit healthspan, mediated in part by chronic low-grade inflammation. Interleukin (IL)-37 suppresses inflammation in pathophysiological states but has not been studied in the context of aging in otherwise healthy humans. Thus, we investiga...
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Background Aging is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death worldwide. Age-related increases in systolic blood pressure (SBP) link advancing age to cardiovascular disease risk. A key mechanism mediating the increase in SBP with aging is stiffening of the large elastic arteries, which occurs due to increases i...
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Aging is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, primarily due to development of vascular endothelial dysfunction. The gut microbiome is a strong influencer of host physiology, but few studies have investigated how gut microbiome composition changes with primary (healthy) aging in humans, or how such changes may influence endothelial f...
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Aging is the primary risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), largely due to increases in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and oxidative stress-related impairments in vascular endothelial function. Higher intake of dietary fiber is associated with reduced CVD risk. In healthy late middle-aged to older (MA/O) adults, limited ev...
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Background: Aerobic exercise training is consistently associated with enhanced vascular endothelial function via suppression of oxidative stress in midlife/older (ML/O; 50 years) men but not in estrogen-deficient postmenopausal women (E-PMW). It is unclear if chronic physical activity (PA) patterns assessed under free-living conditions, including...
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Age-related vascular dysfunction (e.g., large elastic artery [aorta] stiffening and endothelial dysfunction) is mediated by excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to lower nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. The upstream mechanisms mediating excess ROS are mostly unknown. Cellular senescence is a principal mechanism of aging and the senescence...
Article
Growing evidence shows that expression of non-coding repetitive sequences, or repetitive element (RE) transcripts, increases with age and may be related to biological aging itself. In fact, RE transcript levels can be used to accurately predict age, and they are reduced by healthy aging interventions. However, the exact mechanistic links between RE...
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Background: Age-related declines in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and exercise tolerance are major independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and mortality in midlife/older adults (ML/O; ≥50 years). Aerobic exercise is a well-established strategy to improve CRF and exercise tolerance; however, adherence to time-intensive physical activ...
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Previous research suggests a marked impact of aging on structural and functional connectivity within the frontoparietal control network (FPCN) and default mode network (DMN). As aging is also associated with reductions in cardiovascular fitness, age-related network connectivity differences reported by past studies could be partially due to age-rela...
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Age-associated cardiovascular (CV) dysfunction increases the risk for CV diseases. Aerobic exercise training can improve CV function, but only a minority of adults meet aerobic exercise guidelines. High-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) is a time-efficient lifestyle intervention that may promote adherence and improve CV functio...
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Cellular senescence is a driver of many age-related pathologies. There is an active search for pharmaceuticals termed senolytics that can mitigate or remove senescent cells in vivo by targeting genes that promote the survival of senescent cells. We utilized single-cell RNA sequencing to identify CRYAB as a robust senescence-induced gene and potenti...
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The development of age-related cardiovascular (CV) dysfunction increases the risk of CV disease as well as other chronic age-associated disorders, including chronic kidney disease, and Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. Major manifestations of age-associated CV dysfunction that increase disease risk are vascular dysfunction, primarily vascu...
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Background: Cardiovascular disease is a major global health concern and prevalence is high in adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Lowering blood pressure (BP) can greatly reduce cardiovascular disease risk and physical activity is routinely prescribed to achieve this goal. Unfortunately, many adults with OSA suffer from fatigue, daytime slee...
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Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become one of the more dramatic health problems in the century. This disease has enormous consequence for the health care worldwide. In addition to high mortality rate, patients recovered from COVID-19 present short and long-term cardiovascular sequelae including chest pain, myocardial dysfuncti...
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It is unknown if consumption of a Western diet (WD; high-fat/sucrose), versus a non-WD (healthy diet), accelerates declines in physical function over the adult lifespan, and whether regular voluntary activity attenuates age- and WD-associated declines in function. Accordingly, we studied 4 cohorts of mice that consumed either normal chow [NC] or WD...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death in developed and developing societies and aging is the primary risk factor for CVD. Much of the increased risk of CVD in midlife/older adults (i.e., adults aged 50 years and older) is due to increases in blood pressure, vascular endothelial dysfunction and stiffening of the large elast...
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Background High‐resistance inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) is a novel, time‐efficient physical training modality. Methods and Results We performed a double‐blind, randomized, sham‐controlled trial to investigate whether 6 weeks of IMST (30 breaths/day, 6 days/week) improves blood pressure, endothelial function, and arterial stiffness in...
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Full-text available
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide, and age is by far the greatest risk factor for developing CVD. Vascular dysfunction, including endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffening, is responsible for much of the increase in CVD risk with aging. A key mechanism involved in vascular dysfunction with aging is oxidati...
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We assessed the efficacy of oral supplementation with the flavanoid apigenin on arterial function during aging and identified critical mechanisms of action. Young (6 months) and old (27 months) C57BL/6N mice (model of arterial aging) consumed drinking water containing vehicle (0.2% carboxymethylcellulose; 10 young, 7 old) or apigenin (0.5 mg/ml in...
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Cancer is one of the most common age-related diseases, and over one-third of cancer patients will receive chemotherapy. One frequently reported side effect of chemotherapeutic agents like doxorubicin (Doxo) is impaired cognitive function, commonly known as “chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (CICI)”, which may mimic accelerated brain aging....
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Aging is associated with stiffening of the large elastic arteries and consequent increases in systolic blood pressure (SBP), which together increase cardiovascular disease risk; however, the upstream mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using complementary translational approaches in mice and humans, we investigated the role of the gut microbiom...
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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect 1 in 3 adults and remain the leading causes of death in America. Advancing age is the major risk factor for CVD. Recent plateaus in CVD-related mortality rates in high income countries after decades of decline highlight a critical need to identify novel therapeutic targets and strategies to mitigate and manage t...
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Aortic stiffening is a major independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, kidney dysfunction, and cognitive impairment. Doxorubicin chemotherapy-treated cancer survivors have greater aortic stiffness relative to healthy controls, but the mechanisms by which doxorubicin induces arterial stiffening are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that d...
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To determine the efficacy of inorganic nitrite supplementation on endothelial function in humans and mechanisms of action, we performed (1) a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial with sodium nitrite (80 mg/day, 12 weeks) in older adults (N=49, 68±1 year) and (2) reverse-translation experiments in young (6 months) and old (2...
Article
Background Electronic hookah (e‐hookah) vaping has increased in popularity among youth, who endorse unsubstantiated claims that flavored aerosol is detoxified as it passes through water. However, e‐hookahs deliver nicotine by creating an aerosol of fine and ultrafine particles and other oxidants that may reduce the bioavailability of nitric oxide a...
Article
Age-related increases in aortic stiffness, assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), predict cardiovascular (CV)-related mortality, but the upstream drivers are incompletely understood. Purpose: To determine if higher circulating levels of the gut microbiome-derived metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) contribute to age-related aortic stiffening....
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Background: Transcripts from non-coding repetitive elements (RE) in the genome may be involved in aging. However, they are often ignored in transcriptome studies on healthspan and lifespan, and their role in healthy aging interventions has not been characterized. Methods: We analyze RE in RNA-seq datasets from mice subjected to robust healthspan-...
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The results of the present study establish the temporal pattern of age‐related vascular dysfunction across the adult lifespan in sedentary mice consuming a non‐Western diet, and the underlying mechanisms The results demonstrate that consuming a Western diet accelerates and exacerbates vascular ageing across the lifespan in sedentary mice They also...
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Background Doxorubicin (DOXO) chemotherapy increases risk for cardiovascular disease in part by inducing endothelial dysfunction in conduit arteries. However, the mechanisms mediating DOXO-associated endothelial dysfunction in (intact) arteries and treatment strategies are not established. Objectives We tested the hypothesis that DOXO impairs endo...
Article
Aging is associated with declines in cognitive performance, which are mediated in part by neuroinflammation, characterized by astrocyte activation and higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines; however, the upstream drivers are unknown. We investigated the potential role of the gut microbiome–derived metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) in mo...
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Background Impaired endothelial function is thought to contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk associated with above‐normal blood pressure (BP). However, the association between endothelial function and BP classified by 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines is unknown. Our objective was to determine if en...
Article
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous signaling molecule that plays an important role in myriad physiological processes including the regulation of vascular tone, neurotransmission, mitochondrial respiration and skeletal muscle contractile function. NO may be produced via the canonical NOS-catalyzed oxidation of l-arginine and also by the sequential reduc...
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Increased aortic stiffness may contribute to kidney damage by transferring excessive flow pulsatility to susceptible renal microvasculature, leading to constriction or vessel loss. We previously demonstrated that 5 weeks of dietary sodium restriction (DSR) reduces large-elastic artery stiffness as well as blood pressure in healthy middle-aged/older...
Article
Age-related vascular endothelial dysfunction is a major antecedent to cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether increased circulating levels of the gut microbiome-generated metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide induces endothelial dysfunction with aging. In healthy humans, plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide was higher in middle-aged/older (64±7 years...
Preprint
Full-text available
Transcripts from non-coding repetitive elements (RE) in the genome may be involved in aging. However, they are often ignored in transcriptome studies on healthspan and lifespan, and their role in healthy aging interventions has not been characterized. Here, we analyze RE in RNA-seq datasets from mice subjected to robust healthspan- and lifespan-inc...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide and aging is the primary risk factor for CVD. The development of vascular dysfunction, including endothelial dysfunction and stiffening of the large elastic arteries (i.e., the aorta and carotid arteries), contribute importantly to the age-related increase in CVD risk. Vascular...
Article
Aortic stiffening, assessed as pulse-wave velocity (PWV), increases with age and is an important antecedent to, and independent predictor of, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and other clinical disorders of aging. Aerobic exercise promotes lower levels of aortic stiffness in older adults, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood, larg...
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Full-text available
Objectives Dietary inorganic nitrate from foods such as red beetroot juice (RBJ) can contribute to nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability through the enterosalivary nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway. A critical step in this pathway is the reduction of nitrate to nitrite by oral bacteria. We investigated the effects of inorganic nitrate supplementation, as RBJ...
Article
Regular exercise enhances endothelial function in older men, but not consistently in estrogen-deficient postmenopausal women. Estradiol treatment improves basal endothelial function and restores improvements in endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation, FMD) to aerobic exercise training in postmenopausal women, however, estradiol treatment is co...
Article
Chronic calorie restriction (CR) improves cardiovascular function and several other physiological markers of healthspan. However, CR is impractical in non-obese older humans due to potential loss of lean mass and bone density, poor adherence, and risk of malnutrition. Time-restricted feeding (TRF), which limits the daily feeding period without requ...
Article
Chronological age is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality; however, it is unable to account for heterogeneity in the decline of physiological function and health with advancing age. Several attempts have been made to instead define a “biological age” using multiple physiological parameters in order to account for variation in the traje...
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Aging is associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction, reduced exercise tolerance, and impaired whole-body glucose metabolism. Interleukin-37 (IL-37), an anti-inflammatory cytokine of the interleukin-1 family, exerts salutary physiological effects in young mice independent of its inflammation-suppressing properties. Here, we assess the efficacy...
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Background: High-fat meal (HFM) consumption may induce transient postprandial atherogenic responses, including impairment of vascular endothelial function, in individuals with overweight/obesity. Red beetroot juice (RBJ) may modulate endothelial function and other measures of cardiometabolic health. Objective: This study investigated the impact...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death in developed societies, and "mid-life" (50-64 years) and older (65+) men and women bear the great majority of the burden of CVD. Much of the increased risk of CVD in this population is attributable to CV dysfunction, including adverse changes in the structure and function of the heart,...
Article
Low-grade inflammation is associated with the development of insulin resistance in obese individuals. The present study aims to provide additional evidence strengthening the role of interleukin (IL)-32 in this key process. Using an IL-32 transgenic (IL-32tg) mouse model, we observed that IL-32tg fed a normal diet had greater body weight, due to gre...
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Full-text available
Objectives: High-fat meal (HFM) consumption has been shown to impair postprandial endothelial function. Red beetroot juice (RBJ) contains polyphenols, betalains, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, and inorganic nitrate, and has been shown to improve endothelial function. This study investigated the acute and chronic effects of RBJ and its bioactive compo...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in both men and women in developed societies. Age is the greatest risk factor for CVD due largely to adverse changes to arteries that include stiffening of the large elastic arteries (aortic and carotid arteries) and endothelial dysfunction. Vascular aging is driven b...
Article
It has previously been shown that high dietary salt impairs vascular function independent of changes in blood pressure. Rodent studies suggest that NADPH-derived reactive oxygen species mediate the deleterious effect of high salt on the vasculature, and here we translate these findings to humans. Twenty-nine healthy adults (34 ± 2 yr) participated...
Article
Aging is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), the leading cause of death in developed and developing societies. Much of this age-associated increase in CVD risk is due to arterial dysfunction, characterized by stiffening of the large elastic arteries and endothelial dysfunction. Aerobic exercise is an evidence-based healthy li...
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John O. Holloszy, as perhaps the world's preeminent exercise biochemist/physiologist, published >400 papers over his 50+ year career, and they have been cited >41,000 times. In 1965 Holloszy showed for the first time that exercise training in rodents resulted in a doubling of skeletal muscle mitochondria, ushering in a very active era of skeletal m...
Article
Key points summary: Age-related arterial dysfunction, characterized by oxidative stress- and inflammation-mediated endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffening, is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). To investigate whether age-related changes in the gut microbiome may mediate arterial dysfunction, we suppressed gut microb...