# Don Towsley's research while affiliated with Microbiology Department at UMass Amherst and other places

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## Publications (766)

This paper studies a cooperative multi-agent multi-armed stochastic bandit problem where agents operate asynchronously -- agent pull times and rates are unknown, irregular, and heterogeneous -- and face the same instance of a K-armed bandit problem. Agents can share reward information to speed up the learning process at additional communication cos...

In the context of an efficient network traffic engineering process where the network continuously measures a new traffic matrix and updates the set of paths in the network, an automated process is required to quickly and efficiently identify when and what set of paths should be used. Unfortunately, the burden of finding the optimal solution for the...

The online knapsack problem is a classic online resource allocation problem in networking and operations research. Its basic version studies how to pack online arriving items of different sizes and values into a capacity-limited knapsack. In this paper, we study a general version that includes item departures, while also considering multiple knapsa...

We study a quantum switch that distributes maximally entangled multipartite states to sets of users. The entanglement switching process requires two steps: first, each user attempts to generate bipartite entanglement between itself and the switch; and second, the switch performs local operations and a measurement to create multipartite entanglement...

Distributing quantum entanglements over long distances is essential for the realization of a global scale quantum Internet. Most of the prior work and proposals assume an on-demand distribution of entanglements which may result in significant network resource under-utilization. In this work, we introduce Quantum Overlay Networks (QONs) for efficien...

Quantum switches are envisioned to be an integral component of future entanglement distribution networks. They can provide high quality entanglement distribution service to end-users by performing quantum operations such as entanglement swapping and entanglement purification. In this work, we characterize the capacity region of such a quantum switc...

We develop a protocol for entanglement generation in the quantum internet that allows a repeater node to use n -qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) projective measurements that can fuse n successfully entangled links , i.e., two-qubit entangled Bell pairs shared across n network edges, incident at that node. Implementing n -fusion, for n ≥ 3, i...

We study a quantum entanglement distribution switch serving a set of users in a star topology with equal-length links. The quantum switch, much like a quantum repeater, can perform entanglement swapping to extend entanglement across longer distances. Additionally, the switch is equipped with entanglement switching logic, enabling it to implement sw...

Measurement-Based Quantum Computing (MBQC), proposed in 2001 is a model of quantum computing that achieves quantum computation by performing a series of adaptive single-qubit measurements on an entangled cluster state. Our project is aimed at introducing MBQC to a wide audience ranging from high school students to quantum computing researchers thro...

The absence of a common framework for benchmarking quantum networks is an obstacle to comparing the capabilities of different quantum networks. We propose a general framework for quantifying the performance of a quantum network, which is based on the value created by connecting users through quantum channels. In this framework, we define the quantu...

The online knapsack problem is a classic online resource allocation problem in networking and operations research. Its basic version studies how to pack online arriving items of different sizes and values into a capacity-limited knapsack. In this paper, we study a general version that includes item departures, while also considering multiple knapsa...

We study a quantum switch that distributes tripartite entangled states to sets of users. The entanglement switching process requires two steps: First, each user attempts to generate bipartite entanglement between itself and the switch, and second, the switch performs local operations and a measurement to create multipartite entanglement for a set o...

Distributed load balancing is the act of allocating jobs among a set of servers as evenly as possible. The static interpretation of distributed load balancing leads to formulating the load balancing problem as a classical balls and bins problem with jobs (balls) never leaving the system and accumulating at the servers (bins). While most of the prev...

Caching systems have long been crucial for improving the performance of a wide variety of network and web based online applications. In such systems, end-to-end application performance heavily depends on the fraction of objects transferred from the cache, also known as the cache hit probability . Many caching policies have been proposed and impleme...

In this work, we study the online multidimensional knapsack problem (called OMdKP) in which there is a knapsack whose capacity is represented in m dimensions, each dimension could have a different capacity. Then, n items with different scalar profit values and m-dimensional weights arrive in an online manner and the goal is to admit or decline item...

In this work,1 we study the multi-scale expert problem, where the rewards of different experts vary in different reward ranges. The performance of existing algorithms for the multi-scale expert problem degrades linearly proportional to the maximum reward range of any expert or the best expert and does not capture the non-uniform heterogeneity in th...

We study a quantum switch that creates shared end-to-end entangled quantum states to multiple sets of users that are connected to it. Each user is connected to the switch via an optical link across which bipartite Bell-state entangled states are generated in each time-slot with certain probabilities, and the switch merges entanglements of links to...

The fragile nature of quantum information makes it practically impossible to completely isolate a quantum state from noise under quantum channel transmissions. Quantum networks are complex systems formed by the interconnection of quantum processing devices through quantum channels. In this context, characterizing how channels introduce noise in tra...

We study how the amount of correlation between observations collected by distinct sensors/learners affects data collection and collaboration strategies by analyzing Fisher information and the Cramer-Rao bound. In particular, we consider a simple setting wherein two sensors sample from a bivariate Gaussian distribution, which already motivates the a...

In this paper, we study the multi-scale expert problem, where the rewards of different experts vary in different reward ranges. The performance of existing algorithms for the multi-scale expert problem degrades linearly proportional to the maximum reward range of any expert or the best expert and does not capture the non-uniform heterogeneity in th...

Recent technological advancements in satellite based quantum communication has made it a promising technology for realizing global scale quantum networks. Due to better loss distance scaling compared to ground based fiber communication, satellite quantum communication can distribute high quality quantum entanglements among ground stations that are...

Quantum teleportation channels can overcome the effects of photonic loss, a major challenge in the implementation of a quantum network over fiber. Teleportation channels are created by distributing an entangled state between two nodes which is a probabilistic process requiring classical communication. This causes critical delays that can cause info...

In Section 4.3 (Analysis), the last few lines of the proof of Claim 3 should be replaced with the following

The Internet has become an indispensable commodity in the last several years. This achievement was parallel to the growth of sophistication that home networks have undergone, nowadays hosting a variety of devices such as PCs, tablets, mobile phones and specialized apparatus such as smart thermostats and other Internet of things (IoT) devices. While...

This paper tackles a multi-agent bandit setting where $M$ agents cooperate together to solve the same instance of a $K$-armed stochastic bandit problem. The agents are \textit{heterogeneous}: each agent has limited access to a local subset of arms and the agents are asynchronous with different gaps between decision-making rounds. The goal for each...

We state and prove the square root scaling laws for the amount of traffic injected by a covert attacker into a network from a set of homes under the assumption that traffic descriptors follow a multivariate Gaussian distribution. We numerically evaluate the obtained result under realistic settings wherein traffic is collected from real users, lever...

Gradient-based iterative algorithms have been widely used to solve optimization problems, including resource sharing and network management. When system parameters change, it requires a new solution independent of the previous parameter settings from the iterative methods. Therefore, we propose a learning approach that can quickly produce optimal s...

Instant Messaging (IM) applications such as Signal, Telegram, and WhatsApp have become tremendously popular in recent years. Unfortunately, such IM services have been targets of governmental surveillance and censorship, as these services are home to public and private communications on socially and politically sensitive topics. To protect their cli...

The development of Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) has led to great progress in machine learning on graph-structured data. These networks operate via diffusing information across the graph nodes while capturing the structure of the graph. Recently there has also seen tremendous progress in quantum computing techniques. In this work, we explore applica...

We study the behavior of epidemic routing in a delay tolerant network as a function of node density. Focusing on the probability of successful delivery to a destination within a deadline (PS), we show that PS experiences a phase transition as node density increases. Specifically, we prove that PS exhibits a phase transition when nodes are placed ac...

Covert communication considers the ability of transmitter Alice to communicate reliably to receiver Bob without being detected by warden Willie. Previous work has generally considered a discrete-time model, and, in the standard Alice-Bob-Willie scenario, it has been shown that a discrete-time model captures the salient aspects of the underlying con...

In this paper, we study the online multidimensional knapsack problem (called OMdKP) in which there is a knapsack whose capacity is represented in m dimensions, each dimension could have a different capacity. Then, n items with different scalar profit values and m-dimensional weights arrive in an online manner and the goal is to admit or decline ite...

Edge networks are promising to provide better services to users by provisioning computing and storage resources at the edge of networks. However, due to the uncertainty and diversity of user interests, content popularity, distributed network structure, cache sizes, it is challenging to decide where to place the content, and how long it should be ca...

We develop entanglement swapping protocols and memory allocation methods for quantum repeater chains. Unlike most of the existing studies, the memory size of each quantum repeater in this work is a parameter that can be optimized. Based on Markov chain modeling of the entanglement distribution process, we determine the trade-off between the entangl...

Quantum switches are critical components in quantum networks, distributing maximally entangled pairs among end nodes by entanglement swapping. In this work, we design protocols that schedule entanglement swapping operations in quantum switches. Entanglement requests randomly arrive at the switch, and the goal of an entanglement swapping protocol is...

The problem of detecting anomalies in time series from network measurements has been widely studied and is a topic of fundamental importance. Many anomaly detection methods are based on packet inspection collected at the network core routers, with consequent disadvantages in terms of computational cost and privacy. We propose an alternative method...

Botnets such as Mirai use insecure home devices to conduct distributed denial of service attacks on the Internet infrastructure. Although some of those attacks involve large amounts of traffic, they are generated from a large number of homes, which hampers their early detection. In this paper, our goal is to answer the following question: what is t...

In a quantum network that successfully creates links, shared Bell states between neighboring repeater nodes, with probability $p$ in each time slot, and performs Bell State Measurements at nodes with success probability $q<1$, the end to end entanglement generation rate drops exponentially with the distance between consumers, despite multi-path rou...

Self-stabilization is an excellent approach for adding fault tolerance to a distributed multi-agent system. However, two properties of self-stabilization theory, convergence and closure, may not be satisfied if agents are selfish. To guarantee convergence, we formulate the problem as a stochastic Bayesian game and introduce probabilistic self-stabi...

Consider a setting where Willie generates a Poisson stream of jobs and routes them to a single server that follows the first-in first-out discipline. Suppose there is an adversary Alice, who desires to receive service without being detected. We ask the question: What is the number of jobs that she can receive covertly, i.e., without being detected...

Quantum networks are complex systems formed by the interaction among quantum processors through quantum channels. Analogous to classical computer networks, quantum networks allow for the distribution of quantum computation among quantum computers. In this work, we describe a quantum walk protocol to perform distributed quantum computing in a quantu...

The problem of sequentially detecting the emergence of a moving anomaly in a sensor network is studied. In the setting considered, the data-generating distribution at each sensor can alternate between a nonanomalous distribution and an anomalous distribution. Initially, the observations of each sensor are generated according to its associated nonan...

Caching systems have long been crucial for improving the performance of a wide variety of network and web based online applications. In such systems, end-to-end application performance heavily depends on the fraction of objects transferred from the cache, also known as the cache hit probability. Many caching policies have been proposed and implemen...

We study a quantum network that distributes entangled quantum states to multiple sets of users that are connected to the network. Each user is connected to a switch of the network via a link. All the links of the network generate bipartite Bell-state entangled states in each time-slot with certain probabilities, and each end node stores one qubit o...

A proliferation of smart devices, computational and storage resources is predicted to continue aggressively in the near future. Such "networked" devices and resources which are distributed in a physical space and provide services are collectively referred to as a distributed service network. Assigning users or applications to available resources is...

We study how the amount of correlation between observations collected by distinct sensors/learners affects data collection and collaboration strategies by analyzing Fisher information and the Cramer-Rao bound. In particular, we consider a simple setting wherein two sensors sample from a bivariate Gaussian distribution, which already motivates the a...

Providing the first truly comprehensive overview of Network Tomography - a novel network monitoring approach that makes use of inference techniques to reconstruct the internal network state from external vantage points - this rigorous yet accessible treatment of the fundamental theory and algorithms of network tomography covers the most prominent r...

Caching is a fundamental element of networking systems since the early days of the Internet. By filtering requests toward custodians, caches reduce the bandwidth required by the latter and the delay experienced by clients. The requests that are not served by a cache, in turn, comprise its miss stream. We refer to the dependence of the cache state a...

In everyday life, we often observe unusually frequent interactions among people before or during important events, e.g., people send/receive more greetings to/from their friends on holidays than regular days. We also observe that some videos or hashtags suddenly go viral through people's sharing on online social networks (OSNs). Do these seemingly...

We study a monitoring system in which the distributions of sensors' observations change from a nominal distribution to an abnormal distribution in response to an adversary's presence. The system uses the quickest change detection procedure, the Shewhart rule, to detect the adversary that uses its resources to affect the abnormal distribution, so as...

Caching systems have long been crucial for improving the performance of a wide variety of network and web based online applications. In such systems, end-to-end application performance heavily depends on the fraction of objects transfered from the cache, also known as the cache hit probability. Many cache eviction policies have been proposed and im...

We consider a class of power of two choice based assignment policies for allocating users to servers, where both users and servers are located on a two-dimensional Euclidean plane. In this framework, we investigate the inherent tradeoff between the communication cost, and load balancing performance of different allocation policies. To this end, we...

Protocols that exploit quantum communication technology offer two advantages: they can either extend or render feasible the capabilities of their classical counterparts, or they exhibit functionality entirely unachievable through classical means alone. For an example of the former, quantum key distribution protocols such as E91 [2] and BBM92 [1] ca...

We study a quantum switch serving a set of users in a star topology. The function of the switch is to create bipartite or tripartite entangled state among users at the highest possible rates at a fixed ratio. We model a set of randomized switching policies. Discovering that some are better than others, we present analytical results for the case whe...

We study a quantum entanglement distribution switch that serves k users in a star topology. We model variants of the system as continuous-time Markov chains (CTMCs) and obtain expressions for switch capacity, expected number of qubits stored in memory at the switch, and the quantum memory occupancy distribution. We obtain a number of analytic resul...

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have become prevalent in wireless communication systems due to their promising performance. However, similar to other DNN-based applications, they are vulnerable to adversarial examples. In this work, we propose an input-agnostic, undetectable, and robust adversarial attack against DNN-based wireless communication system...

Communication networks, power grids, and transportation networks are all examples of networks whose performance depends on reliable connectivity of their underlying network components even in the presence of usual network dynamics due to mobility, node or edge failures, and varying traffic loads. Percolation theory quantifies the threshold value of...

The development of Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) has led to great progress in machine learning on graph-structured data. These networks operate via diffusing information across the graph nodes while capturing the structure of the graph. Recently there has also seen tremendous progress in quantum computing techniques. In this work, we explore applica...

This is a technical report, containing all the lemma and proposition proofs in paper "Topological Constraints on Identifying Additive Link Metrics via End-to-end Paths Measurements" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Don Towsley, and Ananthram Swami, published in Annual Conference of The International Technology Alliance (ACITA), 2012.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs and additional evaluations in paper "Network Capability in Localizing Node Failures via End-to-end Path Measurements" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Ananthram Swami, Don Towsley, and Kin K. Leung, published in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 25, no. 1, 2017.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs in paper "Node Failure Localization in Communication Networks via Network Tomography" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Ananthram Swami, Don Towsley, Kin K. Leung, and Jessica Lowe, published in ITA Annual Fall Meeting, 2014.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs and additional evaluations in paper "Monitor Placement for Maximal Identifiability in Network Tomography" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Ananthram Swami, Don Towsley, published in IEEE INFOCOM, 2014.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs in the following two papers: (1) Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Ananthram Swami, and Don Towsley, "Identifiability of Link Metrics Based on End-to-end Path Measurements," in ACM IMC, 2013. (2) Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Ananthram Swami, and Don Towsley, "Inferring Link Metrics fr...

This is a technical report, containing all the auxiliary algorithms and theorem proofs in paper "Link Identifiability in Communication Networks with Two Monitor" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Ananthram Swami, Don Towsley, published in ITA Annual Fall Meeting, 2013.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs and additional evaluations in paper "Efficient Identification of Additive Link Metrics via Network Tomography" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Kin K. Leung, Don Towsley, and Ananthram Swami, published in IEEE ICDCS, 2013.

This is a technical report, containing all the theorem proofs in paper "On Optimal Monitor Placement for Localizing Node Failures via Network Tomography" by Liang Ma, Ting He, Ananthram Swami, Don Towsley, and Kin K. Leung, published in IFIP WG 7.3 Performance, 2015.

Mobile edge computing seeks to provide resources to different delay-sensitive applications. This is a challenging problem as an edge cloud-service provider may not have sufficient resources to satisfy all resource requests. Furthermore, allocating available resources optimally to different applications is also challenging. Resource sharing among di...

Finding optimal matchings in dense graphs is of general interest and of particular importance in social, transportation and biological networks. While developing optimal solutions for various matching problems is important, the running times of the fastest available optimal matching algorithms are too costly. However, when the vertices of the graph...

Finding optimal matchings in dense graphs is of general interest and of particular importance in social, transportation and biological networks. While developing optimal solutions for various matching problems is important, the running times of the fastest available optimal matching algorithms are too costly. However, when the vertices of the graph...

Domain adaptation is an essential task in transfer learning to leverage data in one domain to bolster learning in another domain. In this paper, we present a new semi-supervised manifold alignment technique based on a two-step approach of projecting and filtering the source and target domains to low dimensional spaces followed by joining the two sp...

We consider assignment policies that allocate resources to users, where both resources and users are located on a one-dimensional line. First, we consider unidirectional assignment policies that allocate resources only to users located to their left. We propose the Move to Right (MTR) policy, which scans from left to right assigning nearest rightmo...

We consider a class of power of two choice based assignment policies for allocating users to servers, where both users and servers are located on a two-dimensional Euclidean plane. In this framework, we investigate the inherent tradeoff between the communication cost, and load balancing performance of different allocation policies. To this end, we...

Distributed load balancing is the act of allocating jobs among a set of servers as evenly as possible. There are mainly two versions of the load balancing problem that have been studied in the literature: static and dynamic. The static interpretation leads to formulating the load balancing problem as a case with jobs (balls) never leaving the syste...