Diego Ribuffo's research while affiliated with Sapienza University of Rome and other places

Publications (194)

Article
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Background The 2015 Lancet Commission on global surgery identified surgery and anaesthesia as indispensable parts of holistic health-care systems. However, COVID-19 exposed the fragility of planned surgical services around the world, which have also been neglected in pandemic recovery planning. This study aimed to develop and validate a novel index...
Article
IntroductionNipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is a surgical procedure increasingly performed for breast cancer or risk reduction surgeries. The site of skin incision seems to affect not only cosmesis but also technical ease in operating and vascular viability of the nipple. We present a series of patients who underwent a modified vertical surgical ap...
Article
Background: The number of revision surgeries to improve breast asymmetry after deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction is still high worldwide with impact on both patients and healthcare systems. These procedures include fat grafting, contralateral breast symmetrization, scar revision, flap repositioning and remodelin...
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Il lembo perforante temporo-auricolare superiore per la ricostruzione dei difetti estesi della conca. Riassunto: La ricostruzione dei difetti della conca è da sempre stata una sfida per il chirurgo plastico. L’obiettivo di una ricostruzione ottimale è di ottenere un risultato estetico naturale senza creare distorsioni o stenosi del meato esterno. I...
Article
Objective: Pyoderma Gangrenosum (PG) is an immune-mediated neutrophilic dermatosis, characterized by large painful ulcers occurring in various body segments. It can be associated to Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) including both Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn Disease. Prompt and effective management is fundamental, due to its high morbidity and mor...
Article
Migraine headache is a debilitating disease that can lead to severe functional limitations and is the most common primary headache. In more than 30% of cases conservative therapies do not allow the control of symptoms or cause side effects. Peripheral nerve surgery should be considered in non-responsive chronic migraine or suspected peripheral orig...
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Background Prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction has gained popularity in the last years, thanks to the development of accurate and tissue-sparing mastectomies together with the introduction of implant-covering devices as synthetic meshes and acellular dermal matrixes. Along with its diffusion, legitimate doubts on prepectoral reconstruct...
Article
Background Recent studies have analyzed the combination of suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) and vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) in lymphedema treatment, reporting positive outcomes. However, it is difficult to draw conclusions due to the heterogeneity of the studies. Aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the comb...
Chapter
Skin alterations due to radiation have been associated with various diagnostic and interventional medical procedures and occupation-related environments. Above all, radiotherapy used in cancer treatment represents the main cause. The skin presents a great susceptibility to radiation-induced damage, defined as radiodermatitis (RD). RD is defined acu...
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Nowadays silicone is a widespread material for medical devices. In particular, it is commonly used for implants manufacturing, for that patients undergoing breast augmentation or breast reconstruction after mastectomy. However, the use of silicone implants is not free from risks. Ruptures of silicone breast implants are uncommon, in general post-tr...
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There is little evidence around the potentially protective role of previous Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination on postoperative mortality in patients with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Prior BCG vaccination did not protect SARS-CoV-2 infected patients against postoperative pulmonary complications and 30-day mortality.
Article
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Prosthesis-based techniques are the predominant form of breast reconstruction worldwide. The most performed surgical technique involves the placement of the expander in a partial submuscular plane. The coverage of the implant remains a difficult management problem that can lead to complications and poor outcomes. The use of the serratus fascia flap...
Article
Objective: The issue of prevention of thromboembolism in plastic surgery is a rather controversial subject. The actual frequency of VTE among plastic surgery patients is probably higher than we know. Although several studies have shown that chemoprophylaxis likely increases rates of re-operative hematoma by less than one percent, surgeons are stro...
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Background and Objectives: Conservative treatment represents an essential pillar of lymphedema management, along with debulking and physiologic surgeries. Despite the consistent number of treatment options, there is currently no agreement on their indications and possible combinations. When dealing with unusual lymphedema presentation as in the gen...
Article
Background: The ear is one of the face areas most affected by skin cancers, and the surgical reconstruction is often challenging because of tumor- and patient-related factors. Reconstructive options are essentially skin flaps and grafts or their combinations. The use of preauricular translocation (PAT) flap for auricular reconstructions is constan...
Article
Post-operative implant infection is generally rare after breast augmentation, but it can occur in up to 35% of cases in post mastectomy breast reconstruction. Standard treatment consists in the administration of antibiotics, implant removal and delayed prosthesis replacement leading to multiple operations, with a negative impact on patient's clinic...
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Background: Surgery is the main modality of cure for solid cancers and was prioritised to continue during COVID-19 outbreaks. This study aimed to identify immediate areas for system strengthening by comparing the delivery of elective cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic in periods of lockdown versus light restriction. Methods: This internati...
Article
Soft tissue reconstruction in elderly patients must be rapid and reliable. The keystone island flap (KF) offers an effective solution, with low complication rates and quick recovery. This multi-centric study aims to show authors’ experience with KFs in treating soft tissue defects of trunk and limbs. Patients with soft tissue defects suitable for K...
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Implant related infection is one of the most frequent complications in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Local antibiotic treatment strategies are becoming part of the prevention and treatment methodology for this fearful complication. To date, there are two coatings available on the market, both with a polylactic acid base. Current evidence supports...
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Background Obesity is pandemic nowadays, and hanging skin with consequent functional and psychological impairments is a common price to pay for massive weight loss. Plastic surgery in postbariatric patients represents a fundamental step to regain possession of a positive self-image. The authors aimed to investigate how EU countries’ National Health...
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Introduction Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed tumor in women; globally, it accounts 23% of all cancer deaths. Breast reconstruction after oncologic surgery has become crucial to enhance patients’ quality of life and alleviate the psychological distress related to the disease. The aim of this study was to assess quality of life and est...
Article
Background: Implant-based reconstruction is the most performed breast reconstruction, and both subpectoral and prepectoral approaches can lead to excellent results. Choosing the best procedure requires a thorough understanding of every single technique, and proper patient selection is critical to achieve surgical success, in particular when dealin...
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Late hematoma associated with breast implants used in esthetic and reconstructive breast surgery represents a rare entity. These hematomas do not have a clear etiology, but triggering events like trauma, anticoagulant use, capsule contracture, or chronic inflammation are reported in literature. We describe an 82-year-old patient who developed a uni...
Article
Nowadays, while stopping the pandemic remains mandatory, other serious and life-impacting diseases affect the population and plastic surgeons, among others, play a crucial role in guaranteeing a proper treatment. Elia et al. paper “Plastic Surgery in the time of Coronavirus in Italy. Can we really say “Thanks God we are plastic surgeons?”” inspired...
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Background Surgical services are preparing to scale up in areas affected by COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative SARS-CoV-2 testing and postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cancer surgery. Methods This international cohort study included adult patients undergoing elective surge...
Article
Background: The latissimus dorsi (LD) flap represents one of the most reliable methods for autologous breast reconstruction. However, in many patients, the exclusive use of this technique may not guarantee the restoration of an adequate volume and projection. We report our experience with the extended latissimus dorsi kite flap (ELD-K flap), an alt...
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BackgroundCOVID-19 is a new human-infecting coronavirus for which the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic. The first Italian cases occurred in February 2020: since then, there has been an exponential increase in new cases, hospitalizations and intensive care assistance demand. This new and sudden scenario led to a forced National H...
Article
Introduction: Acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) carries one of the worst prognosis among other subtypes. This malignant tumor is found on the distal limbs and is usually detected at late stages. Hereby the authors present their experience on this melanoma subtype. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. Data were extracted from patients' me...
Article
A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy in improving vulvectomy healing. Women who underwent radical vulvectomy with complete inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for advanced vulvar cancer were divided into two groups according to immediate postoperative care: patients treated with negative...
Article
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Background The use of conservative mastectomies has risen significantly during the last few years. The reconstructive choice of direct-to-implant reconstruction has become more practicable with modern mastectomy techniques. The initial trend in Italian centers was to use dual-plane hybrid reconstruction. However, a high level of complications has b...
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Background: There is no consensus on the appropriate treatment of lymphedema. Proposed techniques include lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA), vascularized lymph nodes transfer (VLNT), and suction lipectomy (SL). The benefit of combined procedures has also been postulated. In this prospective study, a combined protocol is proposed as an alternative...
Article
Background: We evaluated the aesthetic outcomes and quality of life of patients who underwent neurotomy of the lateral and medial branch of the pectoralis nerve for animation deformity after breast reconstruction. Material and methods: Health-related quality of life questionnaire and cosmetic outcome evaluation were conducted using the preoperat...
Preprint
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Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy and excessive production of collagen, which lead to skin and visceral fibrosis. The aim of our study is to assess the potential benefits of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PB-MNCs) implants in the treatment of clinical manifestations such as mouth...
Article
Objective: After massive weight loss, patients that meet specific criteria can be inserted in an ad-hoc post-bariatric surgery list in order to be subjected to body contouring procedures. During COVID-19 pandemic, the Italian National Health System has been overwhelmed by the continue load of life-threatening patients that needed medical assistanc...
Article
Objective: Current trends show a rise of attention given to breast cancer patients' quality of life and the surgical reconstructive result. Along with this trend, surgical training quality and efficacy are gaining importance and innovative training methods such as online videos shared on social media portals, are becoming main updating tools. In h...
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Deep sternal wound infections are a serious complication following sternotomy for cardiothoracic surgery. “Conventional” treatment provides debridement and secondary closure or closed catheter irrigation. The combination of the Negative Pressure Therapy with flap coverages is an accepted technique and one or both Pectoralis Major muscles could be c...
Article
Background: Free ileocolon flap is a reliable technique allowing simultaneous restoration of swallowing and speech. The aim is to report our 6-year experience in a single center. Methods: Thirty-seven patients treated between 2010 and 2015 were included in the study. Swallowing and speech function were evaluated in 27 patients with a 7-point and...
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Background: Closure of extensive defects of posterior trunk can be challenging for reconstructive surgeons owing to the need of a large bulk of well-vascularized tissue to resurface the skin and the exposed hardware and to fill the dead spaces. We hypothesized that elevating multiple perforators flaps in various patterns would allow for reconstruc...
Article
Background The main goal of oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) is to obtain tumor-free resection margins after cancer excision with satisfactory cosmetic results. Positive tumor margins are associated with high rates of tumor recurrence requiring reoperation. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to demonstrate the reliability of...
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The skin graft is a surgical technique commonly used in the reconstructive surgery of the limbs, in order to repair skin loss, as well as to repair the donor area of the flaps and cover the dermal substitutes after engraftment. The unavoidable side effect of this technique consists of unaesthetic scars. In order to achieve the healing of posttrauma...
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Background Lower body lift is a widespread procedure for massive weight loss patients aimed to improve the contour of the lower trunk, gluteal region and proximal lower extremity. The data about complications are confusing, and there is a lack of uniform studies for massive weight loss patients. A simple formula to carry out a reliable procedure in...
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Background Nowadays, we have to face the fact that the Web represents one of the most important sources of information for patients. Postbariatric patients in particular are usually very motivated, and they are enthusiastic users of the Web as a source of information on the different types of surgery they could undergo after their weight loss in or...
Article
Backgrounds: Recently a flood of new techniques and studies have been released for prepectoral reconstruction, following strict criteria for selection of patients undergoing skin or nipple sparing mastectomy. Nevertheless a big population of patients that would otherwise benefit from prepectoral techniques has been excluded so far. Patients and m...
Article
Thumb reconstruction has always been challenging for hand surgeons. The disability can severely influence the working and social life of the patient, even if just the distal phalanx is affected. Revascularization is the best surgical option for incomplete distal amputation, although microsurgical reconstruction, sometimes, could be not feasible. A...
Article
In nasal reconstruction, it is necessary to replace all anatomic layers in order to reinstate correct aesthetics. The most apt donor site to use in order to cover the nose has been recognized as forehead skin. Traditionally 2 phases are required to reconstruct the forehead flap; however, an intermediate third phase was described by Millard which is...
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Background and objectives: In patients with lymphedema, the disruption of the lymphatic network increases skin turgor and fibrosis of subcutaneous tissue, delays wound healing, causing recurrent ulcerations and infections. In these cases, management of ulcers can be challenging. Methods: Between January 2016 and June 2018, patients presenting wi...
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Background: Gynecomastia is a common condition that can cause severe emotional and physical distress in both young and older men. Patients in whom symptomatic recalcitrant gynecomastia persists for a long time are potential candidates for surgery. Methods: From January 2014 to January 2016, 15 patients underwent correction of gynecomastia throug...
Article
Objective: Despite the improvements reached by microsurgeons in the last 30 years, postoperative complications still occur and most of them are the result of venous thrombosis at the pedicle anastomosis. Primary prevention of thrombosis is mandatory and anticoagulant therapy in the preoperative and postoperative period is widely used. Still, there...
Article
Background Interposition vein grafts (IVG) and vascular bridge flaps (VBF) have been exploited as vascular conduit in challenging head and neck reconstructions. Methods A retrospective review was conducted on 6025 flaps. The effect of patients' characteristics and length of IVG on flap compromise and loss were analyzed. Comparison between IVG and...
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Background: We would like to describe our experience with Peroneus Brevis flap in complicated Achilles tendon re-ruptures with fringed stumps. Methods: Eight patients with monolateral re-rupture of Achilles tendon were selected as eligible for surgical repair with Peroneus Brevis flap. Patients' outcome was evaluated clinically (ATRS and ROM), f...
Article
Recently prepectoral breast reconstruction (PBR) has showed acceptable outcomes in the short-term. There are few evidence on long-term results and variables which could influence surgical safety. So far, no specific guidelines or indications have been developed for prepectoral technique and heterogeneous inclusion criteria had been used in previous...
Article
The Web has increasingly become the major source of information about health care, and patients who need to undergo breast reconstruction often use the internet to acquire an initial knowledge on the subject. We would like to present our study that investigates the quality of published information on pre-pectoral breast reconstruction. We searched...
Article
Background Homodigital adipofascial flap is a well‐established method for treating a distal fingertip defect; nonetheless, its use has some limitations. Reconstruction of fingertip injuries, with radial or ulnar tissue loss, may lead to some difficulties in providing an adequate bone coverage. The standard bipedicled technique did not allow the fla...
Article
Recently, prepectoral breast reconstruction is experiencing a revival. Despite the growing body of early reports about subcutaneous breast reconstruction, literature lacks in long-term results and studies focusing on patient-reported outcomes and health-related quality of life. Between January 2012 and December 2016, patients undergoing mastectomy...
Article
Background Breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed esthetic operations. Galactorrhea and galactocele formation are both very rare complications. The real cause still remains unknown, but various risk factors have been well reported in the literature. This report concerns a case of postoperative galactocele following bilateral br...
Article
Background: Breast reconstruction is rapidly evolving, owing to the changing face of cancer surgery and the growing acceptance of acellular dermal matrices (ADM) and synthetic meshes. Although some early reports showed encouraging results after prepectoral breast reconstruction, there is a paucity of data on long term outcomes. Methods: Between...
Article
Objective: Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is commonly used to treat implant palpability and prevent fibrosis and thinning in mastectomy skin flaps. A major limit to this procedure is volume retention over time, leading to the introduction of fat enrichment with stromal vascular fraction (SVF+AFT). Oncological concerns have been raised over the inje...
Article
Seromas represent the most frequent complication following immediate breast reconstruction surgery, in particular when acellular dermal matrix or synthetic meshes are used to add coverage to implants. Little information regarding breast seroma management is available in the literature. When seroma becomes clinically significant, current methods for...
Article
Closure of large wounds may require full‐thickness skin grafts, but their use is burdened by donor tissue availability and morbidity; the use of the purse string technique is an elegant way to overcome this problem. The study highlights the gain in terms of graft donor site morbidity and oncological radicality. The study included a group of 47 pati...
Article
Non‐melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) represent the most common skin tumours of the head region. We describe the use of dermal substitute in a 2‐stage surgery protocol for selected fragile patients to remove NMSC of the head region. A review of the literature focusing on dermal substitutes’ safety after skin tumours excision is provided. A total of 45 f...
Article
Summary: A rise in breast reconstruction after mastectomy was registered in the last few decades. Conservative mastectomies as Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) developed as well and it was introduced a new goal to achieve: to ensure adequate coverage to the implant minimizing eventual complications as well as maximi...
Article
Introduction: The pathogenic mechanism underlying capsular contracture is still unknown. It is certainly a multifactorial process, resulting from human body reaction, biofilm activation, bacteremic seeding, or silicone exposure. The scope of the present article is to investigate the effect of hypofractionated radiotherapy protocol (2.66 Gy × 16 se...
Article
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Background: The number of patients undergoing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with tissue expanders followed by post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) is exponentially increasing. To reduce the rate of complications, in 2011, the senior author of this manuscript described the use of protective lipofilling in patients undergoing unplann...
Article
Background: Although fingertip injuries account for a high proportion of trauma patients, the correct surgical approach is still debated. This prospective study compares the traditional conservative approach and a new treatment based on the injection of liposuction aspirate fluid (LAF). Methods: 40 consecutive patients with a fingertip injury we...
Article
Background: Although demand for prophylactic mastectomy is increasing over time among women at a high risk for breast cancer, there is a paucity of studies on long term patient-reported outcomes after this procedure. Methods: Between January 2011 and January 2015, 46 patients documented BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, eligible for prophylactic nipple...
Article
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS) is to optimize cosmetic outcomes and reduce patient morbidity, while still providing an oncologically-safe surgical outcome and extending the target population of conservative surgery. Although the growing number of reported experiences with oncoplastic surgery, few studies account for th...
Article
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Reconstruction of the eyelids after skin cancer excision can be challenging. Surgical treatment options are multiple; deep anatomy knowledge of lamellar components is mandatory to choose the most adequate surgical planning. Eyelids’ role in vision and social relationship is critical; both function and aesthetics are tough to restore. Using a flap p...
Article
Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) represents a dangerous complication that can follow open-heart surgery with median sternotomy access. Muscle flaps, such as monolateral pectoralis major muscle flap (MPMF), represent the main choices for sternal wound coverage and infection control. Negative pressure incision management system has proven to be ab...
Article
Life expectancy is crucial to evaluate in patients that undergo pharyngolaryngectomy, in order to be able to choose the best reconstructive strategy for each case. Ileocolon free flap represents our preference when voice reconstruction is aimed, especially in patients with long life expectancy.