Dharol Tankersley's research while affiliated with Duke University and other places

Publications (6)

Article
I would like to thank Wilson and Spicer for their thought-provoking comments and respond to two of the issues they raise. The first issue I address is the distinction Wilson draws between behavior that conforms to moral norms, and the variegated mechanisms by which such behavior is produced. The distinction is hinted at firstly when Wilson asks "is...
Article
Moral theorists often invoke sociopaths and psychopaths as the quintessential example of a morally impaired agent. In the current debate, both moral rationalists, who argue that moral competence consists in the ability to apply a set of moral rules, and moral sentimentalists, who define moral competence as appropriate emotional responding, refer to...
Article
This chapter focuses on voluntary decisions about charitable giving. Most charity involves what economists call public goods. The bulk of the evidence from empirical and experimental studies supported the existence of a purely altruistic motive for charitable giving, but that in societies of more than 20 or so people this motive lost its force, and...
Article
Full-text available
How can we use neuroscience to better understand economic behavior? By quelling concerns about the nascent field of neuroeconomics, the authors defend future integrations of the biological and social sciences.
Article
Full-text available
Although the neural mechanisms underlying altruism remain unknown, empathy and its component abilities, such as the perception of the actions and intentions of others, have been proposed as key contributors. Tasks requiring the perception of agency activate the posterior superior temporal cortex (pSTC), particularly in the right hemisphere. Here, w...
Article
This project advocates an urgent role for neurobiological evidence and models in the study of altruism. I argue for two claims: that neurobiological evidence should be used to constrain candidate scientific accounts of altruistic behavior, and that neurobiological techniques can be used to elucidate component mechanisms of altruistic behavior. Ch...

Citations

... However, PSB plays a very important and positive role in promoting individuals' wellbeing and mental health. 17,18 Therefore, we examined the relationship between CEU and PSB in adults and the possible mechanisms behind these individual differences. ...
... There are some individuals who are psychopaths who do not have any medical diagnosis (e.g., the so-called white collar psychopath). Psychopathy is not a subset of antisocial personality disorder (pace Tankersley 2011, andHerpertz andHabermeyer 2004). ...
... A critical limitation of our study is common to most neuroeconomic studies, that is whether studies based on experimental protocols in laboratory settings can really give insights into the human brain activity outside real-world situations (Clithero et al., 2008;Huettel and Kranton, 2012;Konovalov and Krajbich, 2019). There is no doubt that interaction between real people plays a key role in business relationships, which are based on a much more complex set of contextual signals with an individual realm of emotions and feelings that help shape individual personalities. ...
... Previous research suggests two hypotheses about the potential role of the rTPJ in aversion to advantageous or disadvantageous inequity. One body of evidence suggests that the TPJ plays a role in how we weight the value of outcomes for others relative to ourselves (Hutcherson et al., 2015;Morishima et al., 2012;Tankersley et al., 2007;Tusche et al., 2016;Soutschek et al., 2016;Obeso et al., 2018). The pattern of neural responses in the TPJ predicts prosocial donation behavior, as well as the degree to which people report mentalizing, rather than emotional empathizing, when deciding whether to donate (Tusche et al., 2016). ...