Detlef Urhahne's research while affiliated with Universität Passau and other places

Publications (76)

Article
Student noise can affect teachers’ stress experience and work performance. Two experimental studies were conducted to examine these effects in more detail. Based on Lazarus’ transactional stress model and the maximal adaptability theory, we assumed an increase in stress experience due to noise and stimulating effects of noise up to a point of maxim...
Article
Flipped classroom refers to an instructional approach in which students study educational videos at home and do homework assignments in class. The present study aims to compare flipped classroom with other forms of video-based instruction and determine which types of students benefit most from video-based instruction. Thirty-eight EFL school classe...
Article
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Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Studie wurden Lernvideos für den Englischunterricht entwickelt. Die sechs Lernvideos zu verschiedenen Themen der englischen Grammatik wurden in vier unterschiedlichen Untersuchungsbedingungen in neunten Klassen der Realschule erprobt. Die Schülerinnen und Schüler (N = 848) bewerteten die Lernvideos im Hinblick auf ihre Us...
Article
In everyday school life, teachers need a wide range of judgment competencies to accurately assess student characteristics, learning and task requirements. The purpose of this literature review is to synthesize the methodological, empirical, theoretical, and practical knowledge from 40 years of research on the accuracy of teacher judgments. We defin...
Article
This meta-analysis (25 articles, k = 44 independent data sources, N = 2,323) examines the effectiveness of flipped classroom on student achievement in secondary education. The flipped classroom model refers to an instructional approach in which students watch educational videos at home and homework assignments are done in class. Effect sizes were c...
Article
Numerous studies have focused on the significance and consequences of teacher judgment; the development of teachers’ judgment accuracy over time, however, has been rarely examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal stability of teachers’ judgment accuracy of students’ motivation, emotion, and achievement. The correspondence betw...
Article
The teacher echo refers to teachers’ almost verbatim repetition of student responses and can be used to provide implicit feedback about students’ achievement or understanding. Echoing student answers is a controversial strategy of classroom discourse, as some critics see it as a bad habit and consequently deny its use in the classroom. The aim of t...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel werden verhaltenstheoretische Erklärungen für das Lernen vorgestellt. Dazu zählen das klassische Konditionieren, das operante Konditionieren und in Ansätzen auch das Beobachtungslernen. Es werden die Phasen und Eigenschaften der Lernmodelle erläutert, die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten in Schule und Unterricht aufgezeigt sowie die Unters...
Chapter
Fachliches Lernen hat sich über allen historischen Wandel als ein festes Prinzip in der Schule etabliert (Huber 2001). Ein bestimmter Fächerkanon aus sprachlich-literarischen, historisch-sozialen, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen und ästhetisch-künstlerischen Fächern gilt als zeitlich besonders stabil (Tenorth 1994). Die Sinnhaftigkeit des fach...
Book
Anschaulich, praxisnah und leicht verständlich vermittelt dieses Lehrbuch alle wichtigen Inhalte der Psychologie für den Lehrberuf sowie das gesamte Wissen für Psychologieprüfungen. Für Lehramtsstudierende ist dieses Werk eine optimale Grundlage für psychologische Lehrveranstaltungen und dient zur besseren Prüfungsvorbereitung. Im Referendariat und...
Article
The study aimed to support student achievement and teacher judgment accuracy by the use of learner response systems (“clickers”) in the classroom. Twenty school classes with 459 sixth-grade students and their mathematics teachers were divided into three groups for a quasi-experimental pre-post-test intervention study over five weeks. Students of th...
Article
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Intuitive knowledge seems to influence human decision-making outside of consciousness and differs from deliberate cognitive and metacognitive processes. Intuitive knowledge can play an essential role in problem solving and may offer the initiation of subsequent learning processes. Scientific discovery learning with computer simulations leads to the...
Article
The self-fulfilling prophecy model of Brophy and Good was applied to the area of teacher judgement in order to disclose the processes of how teacher judgement of student achievement influences students’ future academic outcomes. It was assumed that achievement and achievement motivation might be affected through the mediating processes of student-p...
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This study investigated whether demographic variables, efficacy beliefs, visions, and worries are associated with four different forms of (dis)engagement with the European Union (EU): intended voting in the 2019 EU elections, nonconventional political engagement, psychological engagement, and the wish that one’s own country should leave the EU. The...
Conference Paper
Der Schulalltag erfordert, dass Lehrkräfte nicht nur Schülerleistungen, sondern auch Schüleremotionen einschätzen, welche eine weitere Determinante der Schulleistung darstellen. Daher ist eine akkurate Einschätzung bedeutsam. In der Forschung zu Lehrkrafturteilen wurde die Urteilsgenauigkeit zu Schülerleistungen häufig untersucht, seltener jedoch...
Article
Relatively little is still known about the stability, differential effects and factors infl uencing the accuracy of teacher judgment of student achievement. In a longitudinal study with two measurement points, these aspects were analyzed in detail. The study involved 294 junior high school students and their 17 mathematics teachers. The fi fth grad...
Article
The present study investigates the diagnostic competence of mathematics teachers in estimating student achievement, attention, work habits, and social behavior. Furthermore, it examines whether sociodemographic characteristics of teachers are related to teacher judgment and by what the evaluation can be predicted. The study included 357 fifth-grade...
Article
Self-regulated learning (SRL) in the museum was explored by 2 investigations. The first one investigated 233 visitors on their goals and intended learning strategies by questionnaire before they visited the science museum. Results indicated visitors’ learning goals can predict their intended deep-learning strategy. Moreover, visitors can be cluster...
Conference Paper
Die internationale Physik-Olympiade (IPhO) ist ein alljährlich weltweit stattfindender Wettbewerb für physikbegeisterte Schülerinnen und Schüler. Ziel ist es, die interessierten wie talentierten Schülerinnen und Schüler zu fördern und ihnen das Knüpfen internationaler Kontakte zu ermöglichen. Die fünf deutschen IPhO-Teammitglieder werden anhand ein...
Article
On the basis of a content perspective, we developed a questionnaire for the assessment of teacher goals covering 13 dimensions with four items each. Study 1, with a sample of 85 pre-service teachers and 217 professional teachers, provided evidence for the psychometric quality of the instrument. Exploratory factor analyses revealed three factors of...
Article
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The study examined teachers' competence to assess students' subjectivewell-being,which is the basis of mental health and youth development. Forty-four teachers were asked to judge students' attitudes towards school, enjoyment at school, academic self-concept, worries about school, social problems, and physical complaints in school. Teachers' judgme...
Article
The study examines whether teacher behavior is a mediator of the relationship between teacher judgment and students' motivation and emotion. Two hundred forty-six sixth grade students completed a standardized English test and answered a questionnaire on motivation, emotion, and perception of differential teacher behavior. Thirteen English teachers...
Article
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The present study examines the accuracy of teachers' judgements about students' motivation and emotions in English learning with two different rating methods. A sample of 480 sixth-grade Chinese students reported their academic self-concept, learning effort, enjoyment, and test anxiety via a questionnaire and were rated on these dimensions by their...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have been conducted on the accuracy of teacher judgement in different educational areas such as mathematics, language arts and reading. Teacher judgement of students’ foreign-language achievement, however, has been rarely investigated. The study aimed to examine the accuracy of teacher judgement of students’ foreign-language achiev...
Article
The expectancy-value model of achievement motivation by Eccles et al. (1983) was used to predict the qualification of German participants for the fourth selection round of the International Biology and Chemistry Olympiad (IBO/IChO). The main focus lies on the predictive strength of the model which should be tested and factors easing qualification s...
Chapter
A total of 135 undergraduates in China were investigated by questionnaires on their creativity and personal epistemology. Results showed the characteristics of their personal epistemology and its relationship with creativity. Chinese undergraduates considered knowledge as uncertain, improvable, and complex and considered learning speed as gradual a...
Article
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Informed understandings of nature of science and scientific inquiry are generally accepted goals of biology education. This article points out central features of scientific inquiry with relation to biology and the nature of science in general terms and focuses on the relationship of students’ inquiry skills in biology and their beliefs on the natu...
Article
The present study examines the effects of different study tasks on the acquisition of knowledge about acids and bases in a computer-based learning environment. Three different task formats were selected to create three treatment conditions: learning with gap-fill and matching tasks, learning with multiple-choice tasks, and learning only from text a...
Article
Previous studies have shown that students underestimated by teachers do not differ from overestimated students in terms of test performance and self-reported motivation.With reference to achievement motivation theory it should be examined whether the findings on motivation differ when a semi-projective test is used, which provides no incentive to p...
Article
The aim of this study was trying to predict success in the qualifying round for the International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) on the basis of the expectancy-value model of achievement motivation by Eccles et al. The investigation with 52 participants, including 14 females, was conducted during the third of four qualifying rounds of the IChO in German...
Article
Die Studie untersucht affektiv basierte Einstellungen von 1047 Jugendlichen der 8./9. Jahrgangsstufe zu sexuellen Orientierungen, ihre Einflussfaktoren sowie ihre Verbindungen zu kognitiv basierten Einstellungen. Varianz- und clusteranalytische Befunde zeigen, dass die affektiv basierten Einstellungen gegenuber gleichgeschlechtlich Orientierten kon...
Article
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Based on Weiner’s attributional theory of intrapersonal motivation, the mediating effect of attributions between teacher judgment and student motivation was examined. In two studies, 144 German and 272 Chinese fourth-grade elementary school students were tested on their mathematical achievement, causal ascriptions for success and failure, expectanc...
Article
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The study examined the effects of two different instructional interventions as support for scientific discovery learning using computer simulations. In two well-known categories of difficulty, data interpretation and self-regulation, instructional interventions for learning with computer simulations on the topic “ecosystem water” were developed and...
Article
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One hundred fifty-one Chinese participants rated scales on perceived transformational and change leadership, and perceived conditions of leadership (e.g., leadership experience, interpersonal competence, adaptor-innovator style, achievement goal orientation, and personality). The participants perceived highly their transformational leadership style...
Article
The study deals with the question whether gifted students differ from regular students when performing a creative task. A total of 140 students from a rural and an urban secondary school for gifted students in Germany took part in the investigation. The 58 students from gifted classes were similar with respect to age and gender distribution to the...
Article
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The study investigates the relationship between general and context-specific conceptions of the nature of science (NOS). The categorization scheme by Osborne et al. (J Res Sci Teach 40:692–720, 2003) served as the theoretical framework of the study. In the category nature of scientific knowledge, the certainty, development, simplicity, justificatio...
Article
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BACKGROUND. Teachers' judgments of student performance on a standardized achievement test often result in an overestimation of students' abilities. In the majority of cases, a larger group of overestimated students and a smaller group of underestimated students are formed by these judgments. AIMS. In this research study, the consequences of the und...
Article
Lernen wird in der Theorie des gemasigten Konstruktivismus von Reinmann und Mandl (2006) als ein aktiver, selbstgesteuerter, konstruktiver, emotionaler, situativer und sozialer Prozess beschrieben. In diesem Beitrag wird ein Fragebogen vorgestellt, der die sechs grundlegenden Prinzipien des gemasigten Konstruktivismus auf der Grundlage von Schuleru...
Article
According to Reinmann-Rothmeier and Mandl (2001), learning environments should provide an ideal balance between constructivist and instructive elements. Most interesting for constructivist learning processes is the combination of the cognitive and the motivational domain. In an empirical study with 207 fifth-graders of the highest stratification le...
Article
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The study examines the nature, conditions, and outcomes of student learning from an organised guided tour in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. The instructional methods that best support students’ cognitive and affective learning as well as how students’ motivational and emotional states influence their achievement were investigated. A sample of 96 s...
Article
Full-text available
The study examines the nature, conditions and outcomes of student learning from an organized guided tour in the German Museum in Munich. The instructional methods that best support student cognitive and affective learning were investigated as well as how students' motivational and emotional states influence their achievement. A sample of 96 seconda...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative inquiry learning is one of the most challenging and exciting ventures for today's schools. It aims at bringing a new and promising culture of teaching and learning into the classroom where students in groups engage in self-regulated learning activities supported by the teacher. It is expected that this way of learning fosters students...
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The article presents an analysis of practices in teaching with computer-supported collaborative inquiry learning environments. We describe the role of the teacher in computer-supported collaborative inquiry learning by five principles which span the whole instructional process, from the preparation of the lesson up to the assessment of learning ach...
Article
In a series of three experimental studies, the effectiveness of three-dimensional computer simulations to aid the understanding of chemical structures and their properties was investigated. Arguments for the usefulness of three-dimensional simulations were derived from Mayer's generative theory of multimedia learning. Simulations might lead to a de...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Der Artikel vermittelt einen Überblick über zentrale theoretische Ansätze der Lernmotivationsforschung. Als integrativer Rahmen zur Darstellung dient dabei ein Handlungsmodell, das in Anlehnung an Heckhausen und Heckhausen (2006) entstanden ist. Es werden sieben Arten von Lernmotivationstheorien vorgestellt und in das Handlungsmode...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Der Artikel vermittelt einen Uberblick uber zentrale theoretische Ansatze der Lernmotivationsforschung. Als integrativer Rahmen zur Darstellung dient dabei ein Handlungsmodell, das in Anlehnung an Heckhausen und Heckhausen (2006) entstanden ist. Es werden sieben Arten von Lernmotivationstheorien vorgestellt und in das Handlungsmode...
Article
Während der letzten Jahrzehnte hat sich das Lehren und Lernen mit Com- putersimulationen hinsichtlich der theoretischen wie auch technischen Grundlagen stark gewandelt. Prognosen sprechen dafür, dass dieser Wan- del auch zukünftig anhalten wird. Es ist daher notwendig, dass die For- schung auf dem Gebiet des computergestützten Lernens ebenfalls ein...
Article
Epistemologische Uberzeugungen sind Vorstellungen uber die Struktur des Wissens und des Wissenserwerbs. Von einem domanenspezifischen Ansatz ausgehend wurden die Verbindungen epistemologischer Uberzeugungen in den Naturwissenschaften zu Motivation, Selbstkonzept und Lernstrategien analysiert. An der Fragebogenuntersuchung nahmen einhundertundzwanzi...
Article
The study addresses whether subjective interest in animals and plants measured by questionnaires can be validated by objective log file data on the usage of a biodiversity information system. Correspondences between these two measurement procedures would indicate the external validity of the frequently applied procedure of measuring interest by que...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Die Untersuchung geht der Frage nach, ob ein mittels Fragebogen gemessenes subjektives Interesse an Tieren und Pflanzen sich mithilfe von objektiven Messdaten bei der Benutzung eines Informationssystems zur Biodiversität validieren lässt. Übereinstimmungen zwischen den beiden Messverfahren sind ein wichtiger Beleg für die externe V...

Citations

... This was done on the basis of the simplified model of teacher stress (van Dick & Wagner, 2001). Tomek, R., & Urhahne, D. (2021). Effects of student noise on student teachers' stress experiences, concentration and error-correction performance. ...
... Formats, such as the flipped classroom, have further fostered the use of explainer videos. Many teachers now produce explainer videos for students who watch them at home and work on related learning tasks in the classroom afterwards (Wagner & Urhahne, 2021). Lately, the various purposes of explainer videos have led to numerous studies in science education and psychology on their effectiveness (e.g. ...
... Furthermore, debates exist in language teaching about what factors should be included in grades (Hidri, 2018). The inclusion of "academic enabling" factors such as attendance, participation, and timeliness-as opposed to more objective and quantifiable achievement factors-is said to form a more complete picture of a student's competence; yet teachers often overestimate student achievement (Urhahne & Wijnia, 2021). ...
... The 37-item Mathematical Achievement Emotions Questionnaire developed by Pekrun et al. was used to assess students' achievement emotions in mathematics learning [70]. The scale has been translated into Chinese and has been successfully applied in previous studies [71,72]. This scale assesses both positive and negative achievement emotions (15 items for positive emotions, e.g., "I look forward to my math classes"; 22 items for negative emotions, e.g., "I am annoyed during my math classes"). ...
... The VEs are intended for a reversed (flipped) classroom approach [11] based on conceptual teaching. Several studies suggest that flipped learning positively correlates with academic students' achievements in secondary [12] and elementary school [13]. ...
... For example, the cricital role of feedback in student learning has long been investigated (Hattie & Timperley, 2007). In a video study, Urhahne, Zhu, and Wagner (2020) examined the pros and cons of a controversial type of feedback known as teacher echoinstructors' nearly verbatim repetition of student responses that can serve as implicit feedback to students regarding their understanding or achievement. Data gathered from a sample of prospective teachers in Germany revealed that teacher echo brought more benefits than harm because it was significantly associated with better knowledge acquisition and constructive support. ...
... While children's learning may benefit from peer interactions, the two main groups with a formal responsibility for children's educational achievement are parents and teachers (cf. Urhahne, 2019). While teachers orchestrate instruction, parental involvement in schoolwork is more informal (Urhahne, 2019). ...
... The same problem can also be perceived in the assessment of student emotions (see Appendix 4). Very small negative to moderate positive correlations with teacher judgments were found for positive student emotions such as learning enjoyment or individual interest (Givvin et al., 2001;Karing, 2009;Stang & Urhahne, 2018;Stoefen-Fisher, 1990) and negative student emotions such as test anxiety (Givvin et al., 2001;Karing et al., 2015;Spinath, 2005;Urhahne et al., 2011). In general, rank components of student emotions often ranged around a small correlation coefficient. ...
... B. Denktraining) abzielen können. Zur Anwendung entsprechender, zunächst fachunabhängiger Förderkonzepte benötigen Lehrpersonen umfassendes pädagogisch-psychologisches Professionswissen -das sich auf Kenntnis, Verständnis und Anwendung sowohl der Vielzahl an empirisch fundierten Modellen und Erkenntnissen zur Förderung im Unterrichtsalltag bezieht, als auch auf die größere Zahl an dezidierten Trainingsprogrammen (Überblicke beiLangfeldt & Büttner, 2008;Urhahne, Dresel & Fischer, 2019). Diese Förderkonzepte sind zwar zunächst fachunabhängig, müssen aber fachspezifisch konkretisiert werden -beispielsweise wenn attributionales Feedback, das sich zur Förderung domänenspezifischer Selbstkonzepte und zur Reduktion von Hilflosigkeitserleben anbietet, mit fachlich-inhaltlichen Aspekten angereichert wird (z. ...
... De-Graft (2018) also argues that technology-mediated teaching is now a universally accepted mode of teaching in today's classrooms, hence it is critical that teachers adopt ICT and also demonstrate technology self-efficacy to be able to effectively integrate technology in teaching. Studies by Christopoulos et al. (2018), Mayer (2019) and Zhu and Urhahne (2018) found that while advances in ICT have forced schools to integrate technology in teaching and learning, a great deal still needs to be done to establish while the integration of ICT in secondary schools is still not effective. This is also supported by Reich (2020) who in his study argued that while technology use in schools has become ubiquitous, the use of technology in the teaching and learning processes has failed to disrupt how teachers teach and students learn as teachers continue to use traditional methods of teaching. ...