David Walters's research while affiliated with Cardiff University and other places

Publications (35)

Article
This paper reviews recent literature on prevention services for occupational safety and health (OSH) in the changing world of work found in the Member States of the European Union. Based on the findings of a wider review of the literature on support for securing compliance on OSH undertaken for EU-OSHA, it defines what is understood by ‘prevention...
Article
Container terminals are critical nodes in the globalisation of trade. Many are operated by global companies with strong corporate rhetoric espousing zero tolerance of injury and ill-health. Yet operational practices often contribute to the intensification of work and outsourcing of labour; conditions associated with poor safety and health. Serious...
Article
Worker campaigns for a more direct say in protecting their health and safety are a significant but under-researched subject in labour history. Largely overlooked are the attempts by coalminers in the UK, Australia and Canada to establish mechanisms for representation on health and safety in the 1870s. This push for a voice then spread to New Zealan...
Article
This article presents an account of corporate strategies for occupational safety and health (OSH) management in container terminals operated by large global companies in four countries, and their delivery in the operation of terminal work activities. It indicates a substantial gap between these aims and approaches, their orientation at corporate an...
Article
Container terminals are purpose built or substantially adapted ports virtually exclusively involved with the transport of containerised goods. They now exist everywhere and have redesigned dock-work to increase productivity and efficiencies in the handling of goods, making physical handling by dock-workers increasingly redundant. Conventional wisdo...
Article
The activism of coalmining unions in Australia, the UK, the USA and elsewhere securing improvements in safety including better legislation in the 19th and 20th centuries, has been widely researched and acknowledged. However, a relatively neglected aspect of this history was a campaign to secure worker inspectors (check-inspectors). These began in c...
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Although much research has examined the occupational health and safety (OHS) and workers’ compensation (WC) implications of precarious employment and temporary international labor migration, little is known about the implications of diverse types of employment-related geographic mobility for regulatory effectiveness of OHS and WC. This article exam...
Article
The decade from 1970 witnessed major reforms of occupational health and safety (OSH) laws in Western Europe, North America and Australasia. The establishment of worker representation in OSH was one of their most significant features. Largely overlooked in commentary then or since however was the fact that worker representation in safety had a far l...
Article
An index-based approach to indicate the outcome of Occupational Health and Safety management has been commonly used in the implementation of the International Safety Management Code and the operation of Occupational Health and Safety management systems in the international shipping industry. Although the index-based approach is asserted to be a con...
Article
We discuss experience of worker representation in occupational health and safety in the European Union, using findings from a large qualitative study of practices in 143 establishments in seven Member States. This study was a follow-up to the second EU-OSHA European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks. We focus on the experience of the...
Article
The occupational health and safety record is relatively poor in shipping and under-reporting of incidents is a concern in the industry. Much previous research investigated why workers did not report; this article shifts the focus to examine whether management genuinely welcomes safety-related reports in the context of Chinese chemical shipping. It...
Article
This article explores the operation of regulatory provisions for worker occupational health and safety (OHS) representation in coalmining in Australia. Using data on inspections, combined with qualitative interviews, it looks at what occurs in a generally hostile labour relations climate and what supports or constrains representation in this scenar...
Article
This article investigates the implementation of the International Safety Management Code in the Chinese chemical shipping industry. In particular, it examines the tension between management focus on speedy production and seafarers’ participation in safety-related decision-making and analyses how this tension is managed. It shows that while on paper...
Article
This paper explores the practice of worker representation coalmining in Australia, in which there are both serious risks to health and safety and where regulatory provisions on worker representation on health and safety are longstanding. Despite their longevity, their operation has been little studied. The aim of the paper is to address this gap by...
Article
This study considers the actions of worker health and safety representatives in coalmines in Queensland, where there is little evidence of the facilitating role of management previous studies have associated with the successful operation of worker representation in occupational health and safety. It examines how worker representatives deliver their...
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Full-text available
The aim of paper is to understand the role and significance of supply chain leverage in promoting health and safety management at sea, the institutional contexts in which it occurs and under which circumstances it is effective. This is a qualitative research study that examined the views of seafarers and their managers on what drives the implementa...
Article
This article sheds light on the role that the regulation of primarily domestic, rather than global, supply chains could play in protecting and enhancing standards of workplace health and safety, as well as employment standards more generally. The analysis presented confirms the potential relevance of such regulation in these regards. However, it al...
Article
Trade union support is a key pre-condition for effective autonomous worker representation and consultation on occupational safety and health. Using data from a recent study, this paper considers such support in container terminals in two countries with contrasting industrial, economic and labour relations’ profiles – Australia and India. Within glo...
Article
In each EU member state, national and European legislation sets out how occupational safety and health should be managed in the workplace. How legislation is implemented in practice, however, is affected by the environments and contexts in which enterprises operate. Influential characteristics at international, national and sectoral levels, includi...
Article
The focus of this special issue of Policy and Practice is on the influence of national contexts on the practice and effectiveness of occupational safety and health management. This paper adds to the discussion, presented in previous papers in this issue, of contextual determinants at the national level by taking a comparative Europe-wide focus. Usi...
Article
Globalisation has significantly changed the context of governance and regulation at both a national and international level. Such change has driven extensive debate on how to achieve more efficient regulation and better governance within new circumstances. A key concern at the level of the workplace, however, is how compliance with the standards re...
Article
Two case studies of the successful use of supply chains to support the effective management of health and safety on constructions sites are analysed to identify the factors supporting this success. The analysis reveals that a combination of external regulatory pressures and an industry structure facilitative of the establishment and implementation...
Article
This article combines data from two separate studies of the shipping industry, one on enforcement of new regulations on the use of low-sulphur fuel and one on supply chain influences on ship operators’ health and safety policies and practices. The shipping industry is a valuable natural laboratory for the study of patterns of compliance and governa...
Book
It examines the implications of the shift from specification to process based regulation, in which attention has been increasingly directed to the means of managing OHS more systematically at a time in which a major restructuring of work has occurred in response to the globalised economy. These changes provide both the context and material for a wi...
Article
This paper considers the potential occupational health effects of the way in which the outsourcing of public social care services is prompting reforms to the employment regimes within voluntary organisations involved in their delivery. It does so by juxtaposing research findings on the nature of these reforms with existing evidence on how key featu...
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Full-text available
'An impressively broad and sophisticated study of a critical aspect of OHS regulation. This is the best socio-legal analysis available of the contexts, strategies and practices involved in inspection of approaches to managing health and safety in the face of change.' © David Walters, Richard Johnstone, Kaj Frick, Michael Quinlan, Geneviève Baril-Gi...
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Full-text available
The fragmentation of previously integrated systems of production and service delivery has been an important feature of organisational restructuring over the last three decades. This article highlights the adverse implications of this development for the health and safety of workers, examines the extent to which current British health and safety law...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past 20 years there has been a significant refashioning of the labour market within Australia and other industrialised countries. This paper examines the implications of the growth of more flexible work arrangements for mechanisms designed to facilitate worker involvement in occupational health and safety at the workplace a pivotal feature...

Citations

... Business organizations must build corporate culture traits that are most likely to encourage and influence workers' participation in change initiatives to address the emerging challenges of workplace dynamism [250][251][252][253]. In order for an organization to engage all of its workers in initiating and accepting change, it is crucial that corporate culture retain safety, broadly understood, across time [254][255][256]. Safety, viewed comprehensively, constitutes an essential basis from which to strongly, quickly, and effectively respond to change. ...
... Cam, 2017) have received attention. Research on how they manage their health-related needs however remains underexplored -although this is considered as part of wider analyses in the context of workplace occupational health and safety (Hopkins, 2017;Walters and Wadsworth, 2020). We contribute by investigating how factory women migrant workers in Malaysia manage their sexual and reproductive health needs and, given the centrality of the factory to their lives, the extent to which they can effect change in workplace SRH policy and practice. ...
... El estudio realizado en Asia Pacífico y Europa arrojó que las patologías más frecuentes relacionadas con el trabajo portuario fueron el estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión (28%), a su vez, la India fue el país que presentó los niveles más altos de estrés, fatiga física y mental, en comparación con el resto de los países de estudio (Walters et al., 2020). ...
... In this regard, other studies have focused on analysing the determinants of the effectiveness of union prevention delegates [45][46][47]. These include the role of business leadership in promoting participatory management to facilitate the work of prevention delegates [48][49][50][51], a labour inspectorate that involves key interlocutors in prevention management systems [52,53] and the fact that prevention delegates are unionised and have the support of the unions [54][55][56][57]. ...
... The sense of loyalty of the Y generation is low compared to other generations and their organizational commitment levels are weak. There are determinations that they attach importance to flexible working style and want to do business using digital technologies (Zemke et al., 2000;Lippel and Walters, 2019). They are highly motivated in setting vision and participating in strategic decisions in organizations. ...
... This was due to premature deaths because apart from the improvements in ventilation, the workers were without any substantial protection. Nevertheless, they were organized in societies, which provided for sickness benefits and funeral expenses, thus providing some security and preventing extreme cases of social misery (Walters and Quinlan, 2019). ...
... Unions criticize BBSM programs as "blame the worker" programs and predict that "This BS will kill you"(author's note: BS = behavioral safety) [5]. In addition, some studies indicate that near-accidents are not sufficiently reported because of the prevailing (inadequate) safety and reporting culture [6][7][8]. In 2012, the US Government Accountability Office (GOA) called for better guidelines with regard to safety incentive programs. ...
... Researchers (Bayram, 2020;Mullen et al., 2017;Butler & Park, 2005) proved that both an active role played by senior managers in OHS and employee inclusion in decision making were of crucial importance to reducing injury rates. Representative participation is associated with direct and indirect positive effects on employee health, i.e. a reduction in the number of work-related injuries and diseases (Mygind et al., 2006;Reilly et al., 1995) or better enforcement of regulations (Pike et al., 2021;Walters & Wadsworth, 2020;Coutrot, 2009;Walters & Nichols, 2007). There are studies confirming that strong and visible leadership positively impacts the creation of the right climate for safety (Zhao et al., 2022;Lee et al., 2019;Cooper, 2015;Skeepers & Mbohwa, 2015). ...
... The IMO is responsible for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of environmental pollution by ships. Nevertheless, research has demonstrated that labour issues and employment relations have a decisive impact on human element issues such as safety culture, training, communication, and fatigue ( Xue et al. 2017Xue et al. , 2018; for more detail, see Chapter 9). It is fair to say that these issues underpin safety management at the workplace -the core concern of the human element as it is understood today. ...
... The few studies that exist show results in line with findings in the present study [24][25][26][27], e.g., Weissbrodt and colleagues found that inspections improved OSH management, increased ability in psychosocial issues, perceived willingness to act, in addition to implementation of several psychosocial risk management measures [24]. ...