David J. Ketchen's research while affiliated with Auburn University and other places

Publications (146)

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The recently introduced concept of supply chain entrepreneurial embeddedness (SCEE) refers to the extent to which large firms integrate entrepreneurial capabilities into their supply chains. Achieving a higher degree of SCEE can involve assimilating entrepreneurial practices by copying entrepreneurial firms’ behavior, allying with entrepreneurial f...
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Disciplinary advances are dependent on two intertwined pillars: refinements in theory and refinement in methods. Numerous guides exist for making a theoretical contribution, yet mystery surrounds what exactly constitutes a methodological contribution. Our goal is to eliminate, or at least significantly reduce, this mystery. We draw on decades of co...
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In introducing the 2020 Emerging Discourse Incubator, Flynn et al. (2020, https://doi.org/10.1111/jscm.12227) urged supply chain scholars to leverage fresh approaches in order to develop supply chain-specific theory, including approaches that are underutilized within the discipline. In response, we explain how more examination of configurations-mea...
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This article explains how viewing resource-based theory within Brandenburger and Stuart’s value creation framework adds clarity to the theory as a whole and to its essential elements including the definition of its dependent variables, its approach to value creation, and its approach to the appropriation of economic value. Building on this foundati...
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This special issue on “Advancing Entrepreneurship Research through Meta-analysis” was commissioned in the belief that many entrepreneurship research topics have reached a crossroads. As a maturing, dynamic, and growing field, researchers are generating ever more empirical evidence regarding the field's central questions. Researchers can continue do...
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We briefly introduce the fourteen articles that compose the special issue. Collectively, they highlight three types of pathways for additional contributions involving the resource-based view of the firm: opportunities to enhance synergy between the resource-based view and other theories, opportunities to build greater content knowledge by leveragin...
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This brief coda to the special issue contains heartfelt thoughts on the late Mike Wright offered by several of his friends and colleagues.
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Little is known about the underlying product recall process that food companies go through to identify and remove tainted products from the supply chain or why this process varies. To help fill this void in the literature and close the gap between what we know and what we need to know about product recalls, we use a grounded theory approach to deve...
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Understanding why some firms outperform others is central to strategy research. The resource-based view (RBV) suggests that competitive advantages arise due to possessing strategic resources (i.e., assets that are valuable, rare, nonsubstitutable, and inimitable), and researchers have extended this logic to explain performance differences. However,...
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Using data on more than 4,000 product recalls, we recently found that firms whose boards of directors include more women are significantly faster to recall highly dangerous defective medical products. More specifically, adding just one female director to a board with no women did not speed recalls, but increasing from one female director to two, fr...
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The daunting effects of COVID‐19 have motivated large firms to rethink supply chain designs and practices. As a potential contribution to such change, we introduce the concept of supply chain entrepreneurial embeddedness (SCEE), which we define as the degree to which a large firm integrates small entrepreneurial business capabilities (e.g., creativ...
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Marketing strategists seek to identify drivers of firm performance and their relevant boundaries. To date, most research evidence would tell them that competition is a negative force, but this study challenges that conventional wisdom by drawing on network externalities theory and related strategy research. In particular, resources that exist outsi...
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Since the early 2000s, research at the intersection of entrepreneurship and strategic management has flourished, as has work at the intersection of strategic management and supply chain management. In contrast, little inquiry has occurred at the intersection of entrepreneurship and supply chain management. This presents a tremendous opportunity, as...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a theorization of the unintended consequences of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM). Design/methodology/approach We integrate extant theory of unintended consequences, SSCM, and paradox theory to develop a typology of the unintended consequences of SSCM initiatives and a conceptual model of th...
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The COVID‐19 pandemic paralyzed the world and revealed the critical importance of supply chain management – perhaps more so than any other event in modern history – in navigating crises. The extensive scope of disruption, massive spillover of effects across countries and industries, and extreme shifts in demand and supply that occurred during the C...
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We theorize that compared to peers' consistent subsidiary performance (i.e., negative subsidiary performance of unsuccessful peers and positive subsidiary performance of successful peers), firms are more likely to attribute peers' inconsistent subsidiary performance (i.e., negative subsidiary performance of successful peers and positive subsidiary...
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The risk created by government policymaking can be daunting, but little is known about the extent to which this risk is disruptive to business in general and to supply chain operations in particular. Because government is a powerful and omnipresent entity, scholars and executives alike could benefit from greater understanding of how firms react to...
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Problem definition : The influence of female directors on firm decision-making and performance is a frequently studied research topic but has received limited attention in operations management. We investigate if adding female directors to a firm’s board of directors changes whether and how quickly the firm recalls defective products. Academic/prac...
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Managers need to stay connected to current trends and gather new insights to maximize organizational performance, but many struggle to find the time to read enough to remain informed. Business podcasts—digital episodic series covering a variety of business topics in an easy-to-consume audio format—are a relatively new tool that can help solve this...
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As developed markets become more saturated, managers increasingly recognize the value of emerging markets as venues for growth opportunities. Yet, launching products into these markets is extremely risky due to weak institutional environments (e.g., lack of physical infrastructure), making success more uncertain. To alleviate this challenge, theory...
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Research Summary Boards of directors make high‐stake decisions that involve hiring, compensating, and dismissing CEOs. Building on theory about choice‐supportive bias and escalation of commitment, we theorize that “hiring directors” (directors who were present during a CEO's hiring) will display choice‐supportive bias and escalate commitment to poo...
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Ongoing debate surrounds the relative importance of theory and practice within supply chain research. Some contend that strong theory is central to knowledge advancement and its application to practice should be a secondary concern. Others argue that emphasizing theory moves the field away from its applied roots and the concerns of managers. We tra...
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Crowdfunded microfinance research has routinely examined how campaign characteristics drive funding to crowdfunding campaigns but has neglected to examine the critical role of the microfinance institution (MFI). We leverage signaling theory to contend that entrepreneurs’ MFI affiliation is a salient third-party signal that shapes the performance of...
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Designing a top-quality research study is a complex challenge. We introduce the research design canvas as a tool to help researchers manage this complexity and create better studies. Completing a research design canvas requires researchers to a priori articulate one or more research questions, identify a gap in the literature in need of closing, se...
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Many franchisors seek to enlist military veterans as franchisees because veterans’ military training and experience help them act entrepreneurially without straying outside a franchise's business model. We examine whether efforts to recruit veterans alter the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) rhetoric in franchisee recruitment m...
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Information asymmetry is a condition wherein one party in a relationship has more or better information than another. The information asymmetry concept is widely diffused throughout management research, and its existence is a core assumption within leading theories on organizations. Despite information asymmetry’s central role, however, there have...
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La recherche concernant la chaîne d’approvisionnement est de plus en plus basée sur la théorie, les plans de recherche sont de plus en plus rigoureux et les méthodes d’analyse se sont approfondies et élargies. Compte tenu de cette progression importante et positive, nous pensons qu’il est temps pour les chercheurs d’abandonner la méthode de collect...
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Research Summary Strategic entrepreneurship research has sought to understand how firms’ entrepreneurial behaviors and decision making influence firm performance. This research generally has treated entrepreneurial orientation (EO) as consisting of dimensions that independently influence firm performance. This approach conflicts with conceptual and...
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Managers need to think creatively about ways to improve organizational performance. We explore one such tool. Popular business books that offer unique takes on important topics can serve as an effective tool to engage workers and lead them to new understandings. In particular, we discuss the key insights for organizations offered by ten classic and...
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Supply chain research has become increasingly theory-driven, research designs have become more rigorous, and analytical methods have grown in depth and breadth. Given this important and positive progression, we believe that it is time for scholars to abandon a popular data collection method – single source surveys – due to its inherent limitations....
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Disruptive marketing strategy is a process by which valuable marketing activities take root initially in applications within a department or function in an organization and then relentlessly move across a company’s internal departments/functions, eventually connecting with external companies to ensure that market-based value creation is delivered t...
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This manuscript provides a foundation for future research on strategic entrepreneurship (SE) through the application of nine prominent organizational theories. Specifically, we apply a “theoretical toolbox” approach to examine SE through the lens of general systems, institutional, organizational ecology, strategic choice, upper echelons, real optio...
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Emerging markets present intriguing growth opportunities, but they are often extremely risky for foreign entrants. Given this riskiness, companies entering emerging markets may establish strategic footholds – small positions that they can later choose to expand (referred to as an attack) or abandon (referred to as a withdrawal) – rather than making...
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Research summary: Corporate scandals of the previous decade have heightened attention on board independence. Indeed, boards at many large firms are now so independent that the CEO is “home alone” as the lone inside member. We build upon “pro‐insider” research within agency theory to explain how the growing trend toward lone‐insider boards affects k...
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A growing methodological trend is emerging from the recognition that integrating qualitative and quantitative methods in the same study, that is, employing a mixed methods approach, can provide the necessary empirical intricacy and rigor to match the complexities of organizational phenomena. The authors describe opportunities and challenges of mixe...
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Power is a central yet under-explored element in supply chain relationships. In this introduction to the Special Topic Forum (STF), we provide a brief overview of key concepts underlying the current literature on power in supply chains. We then highlight open questions that we see at the forefront of the literature and explain how the five STF pape...
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Informal markets encompass economic activity that occurs outside of formal regulations and is rather guided by informal norms, values, and understandings. A growing stream of research explores the transition of entrepreneurs from informal to formal markets. Past research appears to portray the transition to formality as a strategic choice made by e...
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The explosion of crowdfunding within entrepreneurial circles is attracting increased academic interest in the nature of crowdfunding, its antecedents, and its consequences. In an effort to help researchers concentrate their inquiry on the most promising questions and theories involving crowdfunding, we surveyed key thought leaders within the entrep...
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Crowdfunding is a rapidly growing phenomenon wherein entrepreneurs seek funding for their entrepreneurial activities from a potentially large audience of interested individuals. Crowdfunding has exploded in popularity over the last decade and now accounts for tens of billions of dollars annually. But despite the importance and growth of crowdfundin...
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Identifying causal relationships is central to research in entrepreneurship and small business. The rigorous application of quantitative research design and methods can build confidence in the causality of uncovered relationships. However, recent studies highlight methodological weaknesses that threaten confidence in the causality of these relation...
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Individuals and firms engage in enduring entrepreneurship if they repeatedly pursue novel opportunities over time. A sizeable gap exists between the theoretical and practical significance of enduring entrepreneurship and the amount of research attention that has been devoted to the phenomenon of enduring entrepreneurship. In order to help fill t...
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In a 2013 Business Horizons article, we described the serious legal problems that can arise when companies develop corporate wellness programs, and outlined ways in which companies can minimize their financial risk. Recently, the landscape changed: For the first time, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission asserted that several wellness progra...
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Research summary: Past inquiry has found that implementing complex competitive repertoires (i.e., diverse and dynamic arrays of actions) is challenging, but firms benefit from doing so. Our examination of the antecedents and outcomes of complex competitive repertoires develops a more nuanced perspective. Data from 1,168 firms in 204 industries reve...
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To minimize negative consequences, bad products must be removed quickly once found within supply chains. This makes traceability-the ability to track the flow of a product-a key issue. Unfortunately, firms struggle to create traceability and little interdisciplinary research has been conducted in this area. Accordingly, we conducted a grounded theo...
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Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) are an important tool for improving a firm's competitive positioning and performance. Despite M&As’ promise, however, they often fail to meet performance goals. Challenges often arise when managers try to integrate two companies’ information technology (IT) systems, and the difficulties encountered often create both...
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Taking a startup from creation to success is notoriously difficult. Many entrepreneurs gravitate to hotbeds such as Silicon Valley in order to enjoy high levels of intellectual and financial support that in turn make success more likely. This case examines an attempt to launch startups in the absence of ‘big city’ resources: the Round House Startup...
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Research SummaryDrawing on theory about signaling, sensemaking, and the romance of leadership, we extend inquiry on investors’ perceptions of CEO succession following misconduct. Whereas past studies have treated misconduct monolithically, we examine failures of integrity and competence separately. Using a policy capturing methodology that isolates...
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As technology life cycles have shortened in both products and processes, more research attention has been placed on the involvement of suppliers within the new product development (NPD) process. The majority of this research focuses on the execution-oriented back-end (production through product launch) resulting in a dearth of research centered on...
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Trust is an important factor for managing transaction costs within inter-organizational relationships (IORs). Research on trust indicates that separate dimensions of trust arise from a partner’s competence (i.e., technical skills, experience, and reliability) and integrity (i.e., motives, honesty, and character), and these dimensions have potential...
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The Silences of the Archives, the Reknown of the Story. The Martin Guerre affair has been told many times since Jean de Coras and Guillaume Lesueur published their stories in 1561. It is in many ways a perfect intrigue with uncanny resemblance, persuasive deception and a surprizing end when the two Martin stood face to face, memory to memory, befor...
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By 2017, higher education is expected to be a $2 trillion industry worldwide. Within this huge economic engine, the boards of trustees that provide governance to universities and colleges face a complex challenge in that they must serve a variety of stakeholders. Without effective governance, an academic institution's performance is likely to suffe...
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This paper demonstrates how meta-analysis can be combined with structural equation modeling (MASEM) to address new questions in strategic management research. We review this integration, describe its implementation, and compare findings from bivariate meta-analyses, a direct-effect structural equations model, and two mediating frameworks using data...
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Traditionally, sourcing decisions such as what to buy and from whom to buy it were viewed as clerical in nature. Today, however, many executives view sourcing decisions as strategic and these decisions are being made from more prominent positions within firms. Indeed, over time more companies are embracing the concept of strategic sourcing—making a...
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Actors within organisations commonly must make choices armed with incomplete and asymmetrically distributed information. Signalling theory seeks to explain how individuals are able to do so. This theory's primary predictive mechanism is ‘separating equilibrium,’ which occurs when a signal's expectations are confirmed through experience. A content a...
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Franchising is a relationship wherein one organization (i.e., the franchisor) allows other organizations (i.e., franchisees) to use its brand name, products, and processes in exchange for fees. Because franchising offers franchisors the opportunity to build their brands quickly, it is perhaps not surprising that many firms rely on franchising as a...
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Agency theory is the dominant explanation for entrepreneurs' decisions about how much to grow through franchising vis-à-vis company ownership. We introduce a resource-based explanation and submit that the proportion franchised is influenced by efforts to organize franchisor-owned and relational strategic assets so that their value can be best lever...
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The informal economy consists of business activities that occur outside of formal institutional boundaries but within the boundaries of informal institutions. A large gap exists between the significant importance of the informal economy to commerce around the world and the small amount of informal economy research with which entrepreneurship and st...
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Scholarly attention to strategy and entrepreneurship within the informal economy appears to be on the rise, but a large gap remains between the importance of the informal economy and the amount of research that is devoted to it. The survey reported herein is an effort to offer insights to researchers who wish to help build the knowledge base about...
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Product recalls are often painful to endure, but they also create important opportunities for learning. Although past research implicitly treats recalls as monolithic, our grounded theory investigation uncovered four types of recalls. Each type of recall provides insight about the adequacy of a firm's resource endowments and how a firm orchestrates...
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This study draws upon previous research on political institutions to examine country-level measures of innovative activity over a ten-year period within 24 developed nations. Investigating the relationship between political institutional structures and two types of innovative activity (i.e., basic and applied) reveals that political institutions ha...
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As competition becomes increasingly global in nature, the importance of global supply chain management grows. Yet, research attention on this matter has been limited. We seek to offer a strong foundation for future research on global supply chain management by examining it from the perspectives of six prominent organizational theories that range in...
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The article presents a response to comments made by R. Delbridge and P. C. Fiss in an earlier issue concerning a decline in typological theories in the publication. The authors agree that theorizing driven by typology would benefit the organization sciences, consider subject areas where they believe new typologies would be welcome, and offer their...
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Creating organizational designs that maximize performance is a key goal for many executives. We sought to uncover ways that a giant organization – the United States Department of Defense (DoD) – could improve its performance via organazational design changes. Based on input from 80 executives who collectively represent over 60 defense contractors,...
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Informal firms operate in a shadowy zone where they produce legal goods and services but do not follow legal requirements to register with government authorities. The collective economic activity involving informal firms, their suppliers, and their customers constitutes the informal economy. Although the informal economy accounts for a significant...
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Welcome to the eighth volume of Research Methodology in Strategy and Management. The theme of this volume is West Meets East: Building Theoretical Bridges. It complements the seventh volume West Meets East: Toward Methodological Exchange. The two volumes together examine the relevance of Western theories and methods in the Eastern research context....
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Transaction cost economics has long been a key perspective on the organization of economic activity. Over the past three decades, numerous studies have examined transaction cost economics' assertion that the costs surrounding exchanges, called transaction costs, direct managers' decisions about whether to organize activities via market, hybrid, or...
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A foothold is a small position that a firm intentionally establishes within a market in which it does not yet compete. We extend theory on competitive dynamics to examine relationships between competitor analysis and foothold moves. Whereas it seems logical that an antecedent that is negatively related to the likelihood of foothold attack would be...
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The answer to many strategic management research questions is often summarized as “It depends.” Faced with the marginal results of many main effect hypothesis tests of one variable on another variable, strategy researchers began developing contingency hypotheses that explored more nuanced relationships involving multiple variables. Herein, the auth...
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Since the 1991 publication of the first Journal of Management special issue devoted to resource-based inquiry, resource-based theory (RBT) has evolved from a nascent, upstart perspective to one of the most prominent and powerful theories for understanding organizations. Indeed, 20 years after that landmark issue, RBT appears to have reached maturit...
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Common method variance (CMV) is the amount of spurious correlation between variables that is created by using the same method-often a survey-to measure each variable. CMV may lead to erroneous conclusions about relationships between variables by inflating or deflating findings. We analyzed recent survey research in IEEE Transactions on Engineering...
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Theory at both the micro and macro level predicts that investments in superior human capital generate better firm-level performance. However, human capital takes time and money to develop or acquire, which potentially offsets its positive benefits. Indeed, extant tests appear equivocal regarding its impact. To clarify what is known, we meta-analyze...
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Much has been written about the review process, and many management scholars believe that they possess a thorough understanding of how journal submissions are vetted. The review process contains important and sometimes ugly truths, however, that are known by just a few participants. Specifically, editors observe — and endure — a variety of dysfunct...
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Management fads present executives with an interesting paradox. With the benefit of hindsight, many fads appear silly. Yet, it seems that as each management fad falls out of favor, a new fad emerges and gains legions of devoted followers. Our short graphic novel, The Good, The Fad, And The Ugly, illustrates the difficulty of separating fads from fa...
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This paper provides a foundation for future marketing research on sustainability through the application of nine prominent organizational theories. Specifically, we consider the implications for sustainability offered by transaction cost economics, agency theory, institutional theory, population ecology, resource dependence theory, the resource-bas...
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Franchising is a popular and multifaceted business arrangement that has attracted considerable research attention. Past inquiry has focused on franchising’s antecedents, consequences, and factors that moderate these relationships. The authors review recent progress within franchising research and identify gaps in the literature. They also describe...
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The topics of shared interpretation, organizational learning and firm internationalization have been studied extensively. Though considered important factors that shape the international competitive landscape, research synthesizing these interrelated areas has been limited to date. We use the balanced scorecard as a framework for assessing how orga...
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Have you ever worked alongside someone who was far more interested in creating controversy than in getting work done? Most people have. These ‘workplace divas’ are individuals who demand a metaphorical spotlight at work and act manipulatively in order to gain attention. Although diva behavior in the entertainment industry can create profits for mov...