Dany J. MacDonald's research while affiliated with University of Prince Edward Island and other places

Publications (58)

Article
Given that coaches who enroll in coach education courses may have diverse levels of openness to learning about positive youth development (PYD), the purpose of this study was to profile coaches’ openness to PYD before, during, and after their participation in a coach education course. A multimethod approach that involved field notes, nonparticipant...
Article
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Este artigo tem como objetivos refletir sobre as políticas e a cultura vigentes no sistema desportivo português e propor a integração de uma abordagem centrada nos fatores determinantes para o desenvolvimento dos jovens. As propostas apresentadas visam promover uma reflexão acerca das políticas implementadas pela tutela, com o intuito de melhorar o...
Article
The purpose of this article is to propose the integration of an assets-based approach to development in the Portuguese sport system. The propositions advanced are aimed at instigating reflections on policy-level initiatives that can be undertaken with the intent of bettering the state of sport in Portugal. We argue that changes from an assets-based...
Article
This article offers insight about the creation and implementation of a self-directed online tool called Project SCORE (www.projectscore.ca) which aims to help coaches and parents foster positive youth development through sport. More specifically, in this paper we describe (a) how Project SCORE was created, (b) its evolution to enable better develop...
Article
Coach education programs focused on positive youth development have the potential to equip coaches with the knowledge and tools necessary for them to foster improved developmental outcomes for youth in sport. Coach developers play a crucial role in the creation and implementation of coach education programs designed to promote high quality coaching...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine if a positive youth development (PYD) coach education course would (i) result in more positive developmental experiences perceived by athletes of participant coaches and (ii) increase the frequency of PYD-oriented behaviors exhibited by participant coaches. A total of 14 coaches and 270 athletes participated...
Article
Different types of evidence can be used to inform organisational decision making. The purpose of this study was to identify types of evidence used in sport organisations. Data were collected via interviews with 60 Canadian Provincial Sport Organisation representatives from five provinces. A qualitative description approach was used and data were su...
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The purpose of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of one male Paralympic athlete who maintained a longstanding relationship with his coach. This case provides insight into how a coach can serve as a key supportive agent in enabling an athlete to thrive both in sport and in life. The athlete was interviewed on two separate occasi...
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Background: Physical literacy is a complex construct influenced by a range of physical, behavioural, affective, and cognitive factors. Researchers are interested in relationships among these constituent factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate how age, gender, and physical competence components of physical literacy relate to a child's...
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Background Physical literacy is the foundation of a physically active lifestyle. Sedentary behaviour displays deleterious associations with important health indicators in children. However, the association between sedentary behaviour and physical literacy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify the aspects of physical literacy that ar...
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Background: The associations between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical literacy in children are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between CRF, measured using the 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT), and components of physical literacy among Canadian children aged 8-12 years. Methods: A total of 9393 (49...
Article
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Background: The current physical literacy level of Canadian children is unknown. The Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) Learn to Play - Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL) project, which is anchored in the Canadian consensus statement definition of physical literacy, aimed to help establish the current physical literacy level of Canadian child...
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Background Quality physical education (PE) contributes to the development of physical literacy among children, yet little is known about how teacher training relates to this development. We assessed the association between teacher training, and the likelihood that children met recommended achievement levels for components of physical literacy as de...
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Background Physical literacy is an emerging construct in children’s health promotion, and may impact their lifelong physical activity habits. However, recent data reveal that only a small portion of Canadian children are regularly physically active and/or meet sedentary behaviour guidelines. To our knowledge, no study has investigated the associati...
Article
Although pedometers are valid tools for measuring physical activity, to date they have not been used to assess sedentary time. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if the PiezoRx pedometer is a valid and reliable measure of sedentary time compared to the hip-worn Actical accelerometer. A secondary purpose was to compare sedentary time...
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Objectives The overall purpose of this study was to examine Canadian Provincial Sport Organization representatives' research priorities in order to provide directions for future research and knowledge translation initiatives in youth sport. Design Qualitative description methodology. Method Interviews were conducted with 60 representatives of Can...
Article
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This study investigated adaptation and the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Youth Experience Survey for Sport (P-YES-S). Translators, professors, and athletes participated. Athletes between 14 and 18 years were recruited. The instrument was the P-YES-S. Content validity was assessed by coefficients of content and kappa, whil...
Research
A tradução do ProjectSCORE! para a língua Portuguesa foi desenvolvida através de uma parceria entre Fernando Santos, Escola Superior de Educação do Porto e inED Centro de Investigação e Inovação em Educação, e Leisha Strachan, Universidade de Manitoba, em resultado da investigação realizada ao longo dos últimos anos por estes investigadores. The t...
Article
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Generating a common understanding of knowledge translation among stakeholders is a key issue for increasing the use of research evidence in practice. The purpose of this article is to create a better understanding of knowledge translation in youth sport by providing a framework and guidelines for facilitating knowledge translation. We present PYDSp...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with the use of research evidence in Canadian National Sport Organisations (NSOs). Data were collected via individual semi-structured interviews with 21 representatives from Canadian NSOs. A qualitative description approach was used. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and subjected to an...
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Background: Sit-stand desks reduce workplace sitting time among healthy office workers; however, their metabolic and behavioural impact in higher risk populations remains unknown. Methods: Twenty-five office workers with abdominal obesity were randomized to an intervention (sit-stand workstation) or control group (seated desk) for 12 weeks. Phys...
Article
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Positive youth development (PYD) is a framework that has been widely used within sport research to outline sport’s potential as a developmental context. Past research has indicated how coaches play important roles in facilitating PYD through sport and yet, PYD-related material remains largely absent from mainstream coacheducation courses (CEC). The...
Article
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The overall purpose of this study was to create a model of positive youth development (PYD) through sport grounded in the extant qualitative literature. More specifically, the first objective was to review and evaluate qualitative studies of PYD in sport. The second objective was to analyze and synthesize findings from these studies. Following reco...
Research
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Project SCORE is a free online resource for coaches and parents to help teach positive youth development through sport! The resources contains lessons for coaches and parents to use and is now available in French and English!
Article
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Most Canadian older adults do not meet physical activity recommendations. Researchers have investigated participation barriers and facilitators, with little consideration given to how specific factors influence activity participation for older adults. The purpose of this study was to identify unique factors that influence older adults’ activity sel...
Experiment Findings
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Research points to the potential of youth sport as an avenue to support the growth of particular assets and outcomes. A recurring theme in this line of research is the need to train coaches to deliberately deliver themes relating to positive youth development (PYD) consistently in youth sport programs. The purpose of the study was to design and del...
Article
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Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects more than 2.3 million people around the world. Symptoms are numerous and varied, often having a profound effect on activities of daily living. While for many years individuals with MS were told to avoid exercise for fear of worsening their symptoms, recent research has emphasized the multi-fa...
Article
Purpose: Bullying is a specific pattern of repeated victimization explored with great frequency in school-based literature, but receiving little attention within sport. The current study explored the prevalence of bullying in sport, and examined whether bullying experiences were associated with perceptions about relationships with peers and coache...
Article
Recent research has investigated development of coaching knowledge; however, less research has investigated the development of coaches who coach athletes with intellectual disabilities. The purpose of this study was to understand how coaches of athletes with intellectual disabilities gain their knowledge. Forty-five Special Olympics Canada coaches...
Article
We explored the severity, number, and reasons for transportation challenges experienced by older adult drivers, nondrivers who live with a driver, and nondrivers who do not live with a driver. A random sample of 1,670 Atlantic Canadian community-dwelling older adults completed a mailed survey. Drivers comprised 80% of the participants. Just more th...
Article
Having a greater understanding of what influences the older adults decisions to move and the characteristics of older adults who are more likely to move is valuable to help plan for the housing needs of the expanding older adult population. The authors examined how contextual, push and pull factors influence preferences of older adults to relocate....
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The purpose of this study was to compare organized and non-organized sport activities of 41 Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) athletes from different birthplace sizes (n small city=18; n large city=23). A retrospective semi-structured interview was used to collect developmental sport activities of athletes. Results revealed that athletes born in...
Article
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The present study investigated birthdate (known as the Relative Age Effect; RAE) and birthplace as determinants of expertise in an international sample of elite ice hockey players. The sample included 566 World Junior (WJR) ice hockey players from four countries (Canada, n = 153; USA, n = 136; Sweden, n = 140; Finland, n = 137). Participants compet...
Article
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Sport has been identified as a context in which youth encounter positive and negative experiences. However, relatively little is known about the factors that lead to positive and negative personal development among sport participants. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of enjoyment and motivational climate on positive and negativ...
Article
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The role of adults has been outlined as a critical aspect of positive development of of young athletes. Youth-sport coaches interact constantly with athletes and hence have the potential to impact significantly on the experiences of youth. Formal coach training has been proposed as a method for helping coaches interact effectively with athletes, bu...
Article
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Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system. The average onset of the disease is 30 years of age, and it afflicts women more often than men (ratio of approximately 2:1). The symptoms of the disease include fatigue, motor weakness, heat sensitivity, reduced mobility, abnormal gait mechanics, and poor balance. Thes...
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This paper reports the results of two studies. The purpose of the first study was to determine if lifestyle variables and past involvement in physical activity was related to current activity levels in master athletes and sedentary older adults. Retrospective interviews were conducted with 12 master athletes and 12 sedentary older adults. Results d...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the birthplace and relative age effects in National Football League (NFL) players. The place and date of birth of NFL players in the United States were analyzed with Monte Carlo simulations to determine if either factor was predictive of the probability of reaching the elite level in this sport. Consistent w...
Article
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Sampling may promote prolonged engagement in sport by limiting physical injuries (Fraser-Thomas et al., 2005). Overtraining injuries are a concern for young athletes who specialize in one sport and engage in high volumes of deliberate practice (Hollander, Meyers, & Leunes, 1995; Law, Côté, & Ericsson, 2007). For instance, young gymnasts who practic...
Book
Sampling may promote prolonged engagement in sport by limiting physical injuries (Fraser-Thomas et al., 2005). Overtraining injuries are a concern for young athletes who specialize in one sport and engage in high volumes of deliberate practice (Hollander, Meyers, & Leunes, 1995; Law, Côté, & Ericsson, 2007). For instance, young gymnasts who practic...
Article
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Previous research has suggested that current formal coach education programs do not fully meet the learning needs of coaches. The purpose of the present study was to examine actual and preferred sources of coaching knowledge for developmental-level coaches. Structured quantitative interviews were conducted with coaches (N = 44) from a variety of sp...
Article
This study examined the extent to which an athlete's place of birth can influence the likelihood of playing professional sport. Information regarding the birthplace of all American female athletes in the Ladies Professional Golf Association and Women's United Soccer Association was gathered from official league websites. Monte Carlo simulations wer...
Article
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In this study, we assessed whether contextual factors related to where or when an athlete is born influence their likelihood of playing professional sport. The birthplace and birth month of all American players in the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and Professional Golfer's Association, and all Canad...

Citations

... The development of life skills implies the organization and supervision of practices geared toward the acquisition of moral codes and values (Lee and Whitehead, 1999). There is, within the sport literature, an extensive body of publications focused on programs for positive youth development (PYD) (Gould and Carson, 2008;Camiré et al., 2011Camiré et al., , 2018Kendellen and Camiré, 2019;Strachan et al., 2021). There are also several publications on the pedagogical models that have been used successfully for 40 years to foster PYD through physical education (PE) and sport, thus implementing the teaching of personal and social responsibility model (TPSR model;Hellison, 1985Hellison, , 2011. ...
... Graham appeared to be able to reconcile, to a certain extent, a PYD approach with a performance approach, which was not the case for Fonseca and Taylor. Previous research has highlighted that, in some cases, coaches struggle in reconciling PYD with performance despite participating in PYD CECs (Camiré, 2015;Santos et al., 2021). ...
... However, based on initiatives led by the Portuguese National Plan of Ethics in Sport, there has recently been growing interest in PYD, resulting in the creation of a PYD CEC in Portugal (MacDonald et al., 2020). The present study was part of a larger project investigating the development and implementation of this PYD CEC within the Portuguese coaching system. ...
... A Educação Física (EF), o desporto e a atividade física de um modo geral têm sido considerados contextos fundamentais no desenvolvimento holístico dos jovens (Farias, Hastie, & Mesquita, 2017;Farias, Wallhead, & Mesquita, 2019;Jung & Wright, 2012). A investigação realizada com o intuito de analisar o contributo destes contextos tem salientado a sua importância na aprendizagem de habilidades motoras, assim como no desenvolvimento pessoal, social e cognitivo dos jovens (Holt, 2016;Santos, Strachan, Pereira, & MacDonald, 2019). ...
... Descriptive statistics for the coaching area of focus are reported in Table 2. Given that some studies examined multiple topics, the frequency of topics addressed was determined based on the total number of times each topic was examined across studies. The most commonly investigated topics were coach development (34.8%; e.g., coach education programs, Santos et al., 2019;mentorship, Grant et al., 2020) and coach behaviors (29.7%; e.g., athletes' preferred coach behaviors, Norman, 2015; turning a team into a winning program, Westfall, 2020), followed by coach knowledge (7.6%; e.g., sport-related concussion knowledge, Kerr et al., 2020; knowledge of athletes' traits, Tedesqui & Young, 2020), outcomes of coaching (7.6%; e.g., athletes' self-efficacy, McMullen et al., 2020;athlete empowerment, Solstad et al., 2018), coach relationships (6.8%; e.g., relationships with assistant coaches, Rathwell et al., 2014;coach-athlete relationships, Callary et al., 2018), coaching philosophy (4.2%; Sleeman & Ronkainen, 2020), coach role (3.4%; e.g., experiences as a teacher coach, Camiré, 2015; role of high school coaches, Barnson, 2014), coach burnout/well-being (3.4%; e.g., Bentzen et al., 2017), and coach characteristics (2.5%; e.g., resilience, Sarkar & Hilton, 2020;successful coaches' personalities, Mallett & Coulter, 2016). ...
... From a hopeful standpoint, programs of sport research are emerging that target knowledge translation, the demands and interests of sports stakeholders, and implementation. One example of emerging research in this domain involves recent interviews with coaches and sport organization leaders to examine the types of knowledge they use in daily practice and to consider changes that need to be made in communicating academic findings [37]. ...
... Student-athletes who have high risk-taking behavior are able to consider the consequences of their decision. This can be due to the maturity factor because the age of student-athletes who are in the range of 19 to 14 years is at the early adult level (Santos et al., 2018). Under these conditions, student-athletes will have the skills to control themselves, be tolerant, and be able to express their emotions in a constructive and directed manner (Adila & Kurniawan, 2020;Jannah et al., 2015). ...
... Consistent with other reports [13,49] our participants with SCI showed higher fasting insulin levels as compared to people without SCI. Further, after consuming glucose, the peak insulin for people with SCI was significantly higher than that observed among the healthy non-SCI participants [50]. The fasting hyperinsulinemia was coupled with "relatively" normal fasting glucose levels supporting that the "hypersecretion" of insulin was important for metabolic homeostasis [17]. ...
... uploads/2016/06/Consensus-Handout.pdf) 18,[40][41][42][43][44][45][46] , which is the same as the IPLA. Additionally, two papers cited the definitions proposed by Sport Australia 47) and Dudley DA 2015 48) . ...
... After determining the participants, the next step for the researcher was to obtain written approval or permission from the participants as the evidence of willingness to help in providing information and supporting research activities. However, the participants would be excluded from the analysis if they did not implement the design of HLS, because they were assumed to be unable to carry out further analysis or assessment [30]. Therefore, the samples produced in this research were 35 teachers, consisting of 23 men and 12 women. ...