Daniel Kübler's research while affiliated with University of Zurich and other places

Publications (163)

Article
A survey conducted in 2010 showed that Chinese citizens had rather positive impressions of the EU and were optimistic for the future of China—EU relations. Against the background of increasing tensions between China and the EU, this study focuses on the changes in the Chinese public’s perceptions of the EU and of China-EU relations in the last deca...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this scoping review is to establish the state of the art on economic evaluations in the field of HIV/STI prevention in high-income countries with concentrated epidemic settings and to assess what we know about the cost-effectiveness of different measures. We reviewed economic evaluations of HIV/STI prevention measures published in th...
Article
Little is known about the political determinants of subjective well-being across nations. The objective of the study presented in this article is to single out the importance of a variety of determinants on the perceived quality of life in China, aiming, in particular, to understand the role and the importance of political conditions. Using individ...
Article
In Switzerland, cannabis has been illegal since 1951. Recently, decriminalizing cannabis has been discussed in the Federal Assembly. Developments in other countries received increased attention and stimulated further discussions on reforms. Regulatory approaches in other countries vary widely, but firm scientific evidence on the effects of instrume...
Article
Full-text available
Recent decades have seen a strengthening of local autonomy in many European states. At the same time, local governance capacities were strengthened through intermunicipal structures and territorial consolidation to prepare local authorities for additional tasks. In this paper, we assess what citizens think about strengthening local autonomy and str...
Article
Full-text available
In fighting the spread of COVID-19, the drastic measures undertaken by governments worldwide demonstrate a trade-off between public health and fundamental democratic principles. Yet this behaviour is not consistent across democracies, which motivates this paper to examine why some democracies were willing to constrain individual freedoms and concen...
Article
Le plurilinguisme de la Confédération est un facteur crucial pour la cohésion nationale. En théorie, les quatre communautés linguistiques doivent être représentées de façon équitable au sein de l’administration fédérale. De même, chaque employé de la Confédération a le droit de travailler dans la langue officielle de son choix. Mais en dépit de ces...
Article
Strengthen governability rather than deepen democracy: why local governments introduce participatory governance Innovations in participatory governance have been widely discussed, but their introduction as such is rarely examined. This article seeks to understand why, in a context of established democracy, local authorities engage in participatory...
Article
There is no better time than now to take stock of the trajectory of “democratic innovations” in Western democracies, amidst the burgeoning clamour of democratic dissatisfaction and the populist threat to liberal democratic institutions. This article takes the opportunity to discuss the concept of democratic innovations, reflecting on what is truly...
Article
Full-text available
Urban security has become a pressing political issue in many European cities. This study seeks to understand why some city governments consider urban security to be a policy priority, whereas others do not. Using data from a recent survey of 2674 city mayors in 28 European countries, we test four hypotheses on factors associated with the prioritiza...
Article
There is no better time than now to take stock of the trajectory of “democratic innovations” in Western democracies, amidst the burgeoning clamour of democratic dissatisfaction and the populist threat to liberal democratic institutions. This article takes the opportunity to discuss the concept of democratic innovations, reflecting on what is truly...
Article
Auch bevor ein Virus die Welt lahmlegte, wurden freiheitliche Grundrechte eingeschränkt oder abgeschafft. Kommt das Ende des «demokratischen Zeitalters»? Demokratie-Check, Teil 8.
Article
This paper explores the emerging governance patterns in Chinese metropolitan regions (城市群 chengshiqun). In the scholarly debate on city-regional governance in the West, a prominent position holds that governing large urban regions entails a rescaling of state territories. In China, the central government plays a prominent role in the scale-building...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To study the implementation, effects and costs of Break the Chains, a community-based HIV prevention campaign for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Switzerland, from March to May 2015, which aimed to reduce early HIV transmission by promoting the campaign message to adopt short-term risk reduction followed by HIV testing. Design Non-ra...
Article
In response to a perceived ‘democratic malaise’, the adaptation and the design of democratic innovations of citizen participation have drawn increasing scholarly attention. Knowledge of the processes leading to the introduction of participatory arrangements is still scarce, however. Drawing on a study of the creation of new participatory school cou...
Article
Das Institut für Politikwissenschaft der Universität Zürich (IPZ) wurde im Oktober 2018 vom Bundesamt für Gesundheit (BAG) mit der Erstellung einer Politikfeldanalyse zur Schweizer Drogenpolitik der letzten zehn Jahre beauftragt. Das Hauptziel war die Erarbeitung einer systematischen Übersicht der Schweizer Drogenpolitik, ihrer zugrundeliegenden po...
Article
In elections, voters sometimes compensate for post‐election bargaining processes by electing parties that are more extreme than themselves. We investigate compensatory voting in direct democracy. Our goals are to develop and test a measure of compensatory voting in direct legislation and assess its extent of compensatory voting. Empirically, we dra...
Article
Innovations in participatory governance have been widely discussed but their introduction as such is rarely examined. This article seeks to understand why, in a context of established democracy, local authorities engage in participatory governance. Using a data set on the implementation of mini-publics in 1505 Swiss municipalities in the period 200...
Chapter
This article contributes to the study of democratic problems related to governance networks, by focusing on the role of the media. Two main rivalling hypotheses are examined. The functionalist hypothesis postulates that the media accurately inform the public about policy actors and their responsibilities, independent of these actors' institutional...
Chapter
Introduction Since the mid-1990s, scholars in the field of public administration have increasingly focused on processes of public-policy making in which the traditional state authorities do not play the central role. Such ‘governing without government’, as Rhodes (1996, 65) has called it, is based on self-organising, inter-organisational networks a...
Article
This article investigates the link between passive (descriptive) and active (substantive) representation in public bureaucracies. Previous studies on this topic mostly focused on the US context, where race and gender are the most salient aspects of bureaucratic representation. In Switzerland, representation of the various cultural communities in th...
Chapter
This chapter explores the dynamics of vertical power relations before and after the financial crisis of 2007, as perceived by city mayors across Europe. Against the thesis of a convergence of intergovernmental relations in the ‘North’ and ‘South’ of Europe, we show how countries from different state traditions have actually followed different paths...
Article
Full-text available
The study of subjective democratic legitimacy from a citizens’ perspective has become an important strand of research in political science. Echoing the well‐known distinction between ‘input‐oriented’ and ‘output‐oriented’ legitimacy, the scientific debate on this topic has coined two opposed views. Some scholars find that citizens have a strong and...
Article
Media coverage of politics is widely considered essential to political participation. However, studies on local elections do not yet generally take the effect of the media environment into account. This article posits that the territorial fit between newspaper markets and municipal boundaries makes citizens’ exposure to locally relevant news more l...
Article
This article focuses on policies seeking to address social inequalities in metropolitan areas, where the allocation of resources to places with needs often clashes with the politics of redistribution in fragmented local government systems. Scholarship on metropolitan governance has yet to overcome the opposition between proponents of consolidation...
Article
Based on a survey of 2010 citizens in four large metropolitan areas in Switzerland, the analysis presented in this article shows that spatial mobility of citizens across municipal borders leads to an upscaling of their territorial identities at the level of the city-region. On the one hand, this results in a favorable attitude towards encompassing...
Chapter
This chapter explores place equality regimes in the major Swiss metropolitan areas. Switzerland is an affluent and decentralized federation with a conservative welfare state. The response to territorial inequalities has consisted mainly in setting up comprehensive mechanisms of subnational fiscal equalization. Overall, the prevailing regime of plac...
Article
Based on a questionnaire survey in five counties of Ya’an Municipality in south-western China, the study reveals a fairly high level of political trust among citizens. The study also confirms the disparate trust in different levels of government known from other studies, i.e. that political trust in the central government is higher than political t...
Article
In the debate on governance in city regions, the role of the state is currently an open question. Drawing on our own and secondary research on governance of large city regions across the world, we argue that nation-states (in unitary systems) and federate states (in federalist systems) are crucial protagonists of governance in megacities – defined...
Article
Deliberative democracy is expected to increase legitimacy and effectiveness of democratic governance. In recent years, a growing body of research has reported on different instances of participatory innovations across the globe. Nevertheless, quantitative evidence on the determinants of legitimate and effective deliberative procedures is still scar...
Chapter
Inequality is growing within many countries, and diversified metropolitan regions are rapidly becoming the predominant form of human settlement worldwide. Territorial inequality has increasingly taken the form of metropolitan disparities, and presents growing challenges for governance. Regimes to address these challenges are embedded in a variety o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What features are important for democracy from a citizens’ perspective? How do citizens’ views of what democracy should be translate into their day-to-day evaluation of real-existing institutions? These questions have gained a renewed interest in scholarly debates as the notion of democracy as a multi-layered and contested concept has become domina...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What features are important for democracy from a citizens' perspective? How do citizens' views of what democracy should be translate into their day-today evaluation of real-existing institutions? These questions have gained a renewed interest in scholarly debates as the notion of democracy as a multi-layered and contested concept has become dominan...
Article
In Österreich, in den USA, in Frankreich, in Venezuela weltweit sind populistische Politiker auf dem Vormarsch. Wie konnte es so weit kommen?
Book
Les politiques publiques constituent une facette centrale de l’activité des gouvernements, que ce soit pour distribuer des revenus, collecter des impôts, conduire une politique extérieure, assurer la sécurité des citoyens, communiquer sur l’action gouvernementale, inciter les acteurs privés ou réguler l’action administrative. Analyser les politiqu...
Article
This article contributes to the study of democratic problems related to governance networks, by focusing on the role of the media. Two main rivalling hypotheses are examined. The functionalist hypothesis postulates that the media accurately inform the public about policy actors and their responsibilities, independent of these actors' institutional...
Conference Paper
Since the 1978 reforms, city-regions are on the rise in China, and urbanisation is expected to continue as the Central Government intends to further push city development as part of the economic modernisation agenda. City-regions pose new challenges to governance. They transcend multiple local jurisdictions and often involve higher level government...
Article
As cities grow and expand, governance networks advocated by the “new regionalism” have become increasingly important for policy making in metropolitan areas. This article examines media reporting about governance networks and the effect this reporting has on democratic accountability and legitimacy. We use data from a standardized content analysis...
Article
Trotz steigender Anzahl Kandidatinnen und Kandidaten verharrt die Beteiligung an den eidgenössischen Wahlen auf tiefem Niveau. Die Bedeutung des Parlaments im politischen Prozess sollte aber nicht unterschätzt werden. Mittel und langfristig braucht es ein verstärktes Engagement in der politischen Bildung.
Article
Im Auftrag des Departements Volkswirtschaft und Inneres des Kantons Aargau sowie der Gemeindeammänner-Vereinigung des Kantons Aargau hat das Zentrum für Demokratie Aarau eine Studie über das Milizsystem der Aargauer Gemeindeexekutiven durchgeführt. Ziel war es, die Probleme bei der Besetzung von Exekutivämtern in den Aargauer Gemeinden zu untersuch...
Article
This paper focuses on the effects of the local media market for turnout in municipal elections in Switzerland. Building on the information model of voter turnout, we posit that the exposure of citizens to locally relevant news is important for their probability to participate in local elections. Empirically, we focus on aggregate levels of turnout...
Article
The relationship between institutional fragmentation of urban regions and inequality in government service levels is subject to a long-running debate. On the one hand, neo-progressive reformers argue that fragmented municipal institutions produce a systematic mismatch between fiscal resources and public needs and thereby perpetuate income inequalit...
Article
Based on a survey of 2010 citizens in four large metropolitan areas in Switzerland, the analysis presented in this article shows that spatial mobility of citizens across municipal borders leads to an up-scaling of their territorial identities at the level of the city-region. On the one hand, this results in a favourable attitude towards encompassin...
Article
Today, internet is the most common tool for information and hence an obvious means for governments to be transparent about political institutions and processes. But how does online information work in complex governance networks, where the question who actually governs is difficult to answer? In the present paper, we explore two contradictory hypot...
Article
Land-use policies have long been recognized as important driving forces of urbanization, but little research has been conducted on the interrelationship of actors, policy decision processes and changes in the built environment. In this paper, we use the advocacy coalition framework to analyse policy decisions that affected the development of the bu...
Article
Den Ausgangspunkt der vorliegenden Untersuchung bildet die Motion 11.3001 aus dem Jahr 2011, die eine umfassende Situationsanalyse zum Thema der Heilversuche verlangt. Eingebettet in eine umfangreichere Auslegeordnung soll diese Analyse die erst ansatzweise diskutierte Thematik der Heilversuche stärker beleuchten, die relevanten Akteure und Koaliti...
Article
Metropolitan areas are a typical and increasingly discussed example for fragmented governance lacking clear accountability structures. While most of the literature has focused on the legitimacy of institutions and actors so far, we add a communicational dimension to democratic accountability. In this regard we argue that public accountability/ or a...
Article
The relationship between institutional fragmentation of urban regions and inequality in government service levels is subject to a long-running debate. On the one hand, neo-progressive reformers argue that fragmented municipal institutions produce a systematic mismatch between fiscal resources and public needs and thereby perpetuate income inequalit...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the developed world and beyond, diversified metropolitan regions have replaced the centuries-old divide between city and countryside. In the varied polities of contemporary democracies, the common geographies of metropolitan regions have given rise to parallel territorial patterns of electoral participation and partisan orientations. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Concluding chapter of The Political Ecology of the Metropolis (ECPR Press, 2013).
Article
Full-text available
As cities grow and expand, complex network governance (advocated by the so-called ‘new regionalism’) is increasingly important for policy-making in metropolitan areas. These arrangements have often been criticised as a threat to legitimacy, as they involve a wide array of policy-actors and blurrs and dilute electoral accountability. This paper focu...
Article
In modern European cities, councillors are but one actor amongst many. They increasingly act within a web of multiple local players who exert influence on the policy process in various forms. Political leadership and steering are not only undertaken by public actors such as the municipal government, the administration or the council. In our globali...
Article
Due to their nodal position in economic and social development, metropolitan areas give impetus to globalization. In turn, they are themselves transformed by this process. However, the question of how metropolitan areas transform by participating in the process of globalization is subject to debate. Based on case studies of two Swiss metropolitan a...
Article
Drawing on the concept of representative bureaucracy, this article examines how two multilingual states – Canada and Switzerland – deal with issues related to the participation of different linguistic communities in the federal public service. Following a political mobilization of the linguistic cleavage, strategies to promote multilingualism in th...
Article
The emergence of megacities raises a number of conceptual questions for political science and public administration. It is as yet unclear to what extent the huge size of megacities presents conditions that require qualifications or adaptations to existing concepts and theoretical models for the analysis of governance in megacities as compared to ur...
Article
A growing majority of the world's citizens lives in metropolitan areas. The question of how these areas can be governed has been the subject of a long-running scientific and political debate. This introductory article retraces the main arguments in this debate and argues that it has gained a new scope. Metropolitan governance is no longer a questio...
Article
Based on a review of experiences in Lyons, Stuttgart and London, this article reflects upon the implications of metropolitanisation for democracy. It examines the institutional set-up of metropolitan authorities, the election procedures of representatives as well as dynamics of decision-making within them. In spite of contrasted institutional setti...
Article
Due to a limited Welfare State, inequalities of income in Switzerland are comparatively high in European comparison. Moreover, these income inequalities have a very strong spatial dimension. Wealth and poverty concentrate in the major metropolitan areas of the county, displaying complex patterns of city-suburb disparities. As the proportions of peo...

Citations

... Previous research has shown the direct influence of public performance on developing and enhancing trust among citizens (Beeri et al., 2019). Dong and Kübler (2021) also reported the significance of public institutions' performance in satisfying the public related to various matters. Likewise, police accountability is associated with the communication of the vigilance and transparency of the actions and working patterns to ensure peace and harmony in the country (Ojedokun et al., 2021). ...
... What is more, previous quantitative studies have usually been cross-sectional or limited to the 'first wave' (e.g. Engler et al. 2021;Toshkov et al. 2022). They miss out on undeniably strong 'pandemic dynamics' caused by, for example, the even deadlier Delta variant or the vaccination roll-out, both of which were 'game changer[s]' . ...
... In the Italian case, this seems to be the main explanation for the local asymmetries of the reform programme-despite the attempts by central government to force the UC model by law or induce through incentives. A recent study (Strebel & Kübler, 2021) validates that citizens' attitudes towards local autonomy and IMC are shaped by their behavioural, emotional and ideological connection to the locality. Also, citizens' preferences for territorial reforms are a function of their overall political stance on the 'politics of scale'. ...
... Ils ont essentiellement montré que dans des contextes nationaux variés (pour une synthèse comparative, Bherer et al. 2016) s'étaient constitués des « groupes professionnels » (Petitjean, 2017), et même un « marché de la participation » (Hendriks et Carson 2008;Lee 2014 ;Mazeaud et Nonjon 2018). Parmi ces travaux, certains ont étudié la nature des profils et des pratiques des agents dont la tâche quotidienne est de mettre en place, d'animer, organiser ou encore d'évaluer ces expérimentations (en Suisse, Kübler et al. 2020 ;au Royaume-Uni, Escobar 2015 ;en France, Gourgues, 2012 ;au Brésil, Sa Vilas Boas 2020 ;en Belgique, Bottin 2020). Nous proposons de nous centrer ici sur le processus même de mise en administration de la participation via le prisme des "politiques d'organisation", définies comme "la distribution des tâches, des rôles et des responsabilités au sein des administrations d'État ou, de manière plus générique, les modes de spécialisation des organisations publiques" (Bezes et Le Lidec, 2016, p. 407). ...
... Frevel (2013) analyzed the role and institutional competencies of higher education institutions in ensuring urban security in Germany and concluded that a market would also be created for universities thanks to the programs to be developed and integrated with higher education for the professionalization of urban security. Kübler and de Maillard (2022) developed a hypothesis confirming that municipal administrators in European countries attach particular importance to urban safety, although fewer trends are seen in Scandinavian countries. van Amsterdam et al. (2020) investigated the rates of violence related to alcohol and drug use in Europe. ...
... Moreover, there are concerns that mini-publics are used in an instrumental manner that support existing power structures by enhancing governmentality. These concerns are especially justified in cases where mini-publics are used by authoritarian governments to boost their problem-solving capacity (Woo and Kübler, 2020), but also democratically elected governments may use mini-publics instrumentally to promote certain policy goals or to strengthen their position in power (Setälä, 2011). At the same time, it must be kept in mind that, instead of some hidden agendas, policy-makers may be genuinely motivated in engaging citizens in resolving pressing policy issues. ...
... The aim is to reconsolidate the state's central regulatory capacity and political authority to ensure the implementation of national strategic deployment and unified plans (Ye, 2014), Existing literature attributes the periodicity of China's state rescaling to institutional specificity and the history of state governance (Wu, 2016). It also demonstrates the central state's overwhelming ability to orchestrate the inter-scalar relations and construct a cross-scale regulatory system (Wu, 2016;Dong and Kübler, 2021) and its political propensity to optimize the inherent authoritarian regulatory system by reshaping the scalar order (Xu and Yeh, 2009;Xu and Wang, 2012;Wu, 2016;Lim, 2017). Through repeated scaling-up and scaling-down, the central government redistributes power and responsibilities among different layers of government (Xu and Wang, 2012). ...
... Lastly, on 25 November, Swiss citizenry decided on two more ballot proposals, out of which the 'Self-determination Initiative' mobilized most and led to a slightly aboveaverage turnout rate (Milic et al. 2018b). This initiative concerned the hierarchy between international agreements and national law, and most importantly claimed that the federal constitution has priority over international agreements, with the exception of mandatory international law. ...
... Scholarship on the limited emancipatory or justice potential of citizen participation schemes abound (Kaza, 2006;Kübler et al. 2020), also specifically in relation to sustainability efforts Checker 2020;Krueger and Buckingham 2012;Wamsler et al. 2019). Participation does thus not guarantee just outcomes (Fainstein 2011), even when designed and executed with the best of intentions. ...
... With the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), for example, it is possible for one million signatories from at least seven EU countries to bring a concern from the population directly to the EU commissions [3]. Before the collection of signatures can begin, the initiative must be registered by the organizers with the EU Commission. ...