Daniel J. Weigel's research while affiliated with University of Nevada, Reno and other places

Publications (74)

Article
Given that the overwhelming majority of people believe in the importance of faithfulness in romantic relationships, the purpose of this study was to examine the adverse emotional consequences when a partner's suspected infidelity clashes with those beliefs. Applying normative and expectancy violations perspectives, this study examined the connectio...
Article
Communicating verbally about sexual topics is one aspect of sexual communication, and romantic partners have to choose whether to disclose sexual information. The present study used conversational goals - what one hopes to accomplish in the conversation - to examine how people decide whether or not to engage in sexual self-disclosure. In an online...
Article
College students ( N = 125) with concealable chronic health conditions (CCHCs) completed online surveys at the beginning and end of the semester assessing stigma experiences and academic outcomes. Correlations showed stigma, alienation, and lack of campus fit were associated with greater illness-related academic interference ( ps < 0.001), negative...
Article
Objective Drawing on a feminist framework and social cognitive theory, we examine parental communications about sexual and relationship violence and gendered patterns of communication. Background Limited research has examined parental communication about sexual and relationship violence, a concern given that parental communication influences child...
Article
Guided by transactional stress theory, this study examined the psychological, physical, and behavioral consequences of the suspicion of a partner’s infidelity. Survey data collected from 246 individuals revealed that suspecting a partner’s infidelity was associated with greater reported suspicion-related distress, depression, physical health sympto...
Article
This study drew upon key elements of relational turbulence and stress and coping theories to advance a conceptual model linking relational turbulence with stress, depression, and involvement in health‐compromising behavior, such as drug and alcohol use, limited or extreme physical activity, disordered eating patterns, and unprotected sex. Romantica...
Article
Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders and one that can impact multiple aspects of a person's life, including one's close relationships. The present study applied a stress perspective to examine how a person's depressive symptoms help shape how individuals interpret conflict in their relationships and whether that conflict is...
Article
Although all romantic relationships experience stress, some thrive when faced with adversity while others are unable to manage the inevitable relationship ups and downs. Rather than seeing stress as a risk factor, this study applied a Salutogenic framework, which posits that stress is a naturally occurring and potentially beneficial part of relatio...
Article
Infidelity is one of the most damaging events individuals face in relationships. Given that a partner's infidelity poses serious threats to emotional and mental health, it is critical to understand what contributes to these consequences and to identify individual factors that might reduce the severity of the infidelity. In applying a stress perspec...
Article
This research examined self- and partner-enhancement biases in the everyday communication of commitment. A total of 189 romantic heterosexual couples completed a survey measuring self- and partner-reports of the communication of commitment. Women self-enhanced in their perceptions of their partner’s attempts at communicating commitment, while men p...
Article
Based on interdependence theory, this study expands the work on cognitive interdependence—viewing a relationship as a pluralistic collective—by testing the proposition that cognitive interdependence is connected with everyday expressions of commitment. A sample of 275 individuals in romantic relationships completed an online survey. Results reveale...
Article
Guided by stress process perspectives, this study conceptualizes marital conflict as a multidimensional stressor to assess how three aspects of conflict—frequency of disagreements, breadth of disagreements, and cumulative disagreements—impact subjective health. Longitudinal data of married couples spanning 16 years (n = 373 couples) were analyzed u...
Article
Applying and extending the concealable stigmatized identity outcomes model, this two-wave study examined the psychological, behavioral, physical, and relational health consequences of experienced stigma among a sample of 124 individuals with concealable chronic health conditions. Path analyses revealed that chronic health condition–related experien...
Article
Two studies were conducted to test a conceptual model that expands upon the roles of attribution and forgiveness after a partner’s infidelity by integrating concepts from social network approval and attribution information selection (AIS) to examine how noninvolved partners in dating relationships decide to stay in or leave their relationships. Usi...
Article
Based on interdependence theory, this study expands the work on cognitive interdependence—viewing a relationship as a pluralistic collective—by testing the proposition that cognitive interdependence is connected with everyday expressions of commitment. A sample of 275 individuals in romantic relationships completed an online survey. Results reveale...
Article
Guided by transactional stress theory, this research investigated the role of appraisals in noninvolved partners’ mental health and health-compromising behaviors after infidelity. Responses from 232 college students who were recently cheated on revealed that negative appraisals (partner blame, self-blame, and causal attribution) had indirect effect...
Article
Sexual self-disclosure is a critical component of relationship and sexual satisfaction, yet little is known about the mechanisms that facilitate a person’s engagement in sexual self-disclosure. Individuals (N = 265) involved in romantic relationships participated in an online study testing a contextual model of sexual self-disclosure across three c...
Article
Three studies explored how parental infidelity is related to offspring's infidelity behavior and used social learning theory to test potential mechanisms. In Study 1, parental infidelity was positively associated with offspring infidelity; trust and relationship self-efficacy did not mediate the association. In Study 2, infidelity was associated wi...
Article
Goals individuals have toward their romantic relationships may help explain why some people are more motivated to engage in relationship maintenance than others. This study tested a motivational model of relationship maintenance based on approach and avoidance goals. Data collected from 184 romantically involved individuals revealed that approach g...
Article
Several challenges arise when researchers or practitioners attempt to assess the literacy skills of toddlers, including a lack of developmentally appropriate measures, toddlers' more limited communication ability, and how literacy is defined in the years before age three. This paper describes four new measures of early literacy development and prov...
Article
Self-efficacy in romantic relationships is consistently associated with relationship satisfaction. We propose that one reason for this association may be high self-efficacy individuals' greater willingness to carry out relationship maintenance behaviors (positivity, openness, assurances, networks, & tasks). The current study explores whether relati...
Book
Full-text available
In an effort to encourage meaningful reflection and communication about sex, we have turned to top scholars across many disciplines to compile research about the most salient issues regarding communication about sex. We asked these experts to write in a way that still advances scholarly ideas about sexuality and communication—thus making a contribu...
Article
Little research has explored infidelity relationships from the perspective of the infidelity partner (i.e. the other man/woman to an exclusive romantic relationship) or explored the personality profiles of these individuals. Participants (n = 180) completed an online survey. Our findings indicate that most infidelity partners initially do not know...
Article
Implicit relationship beliefs provide the basis for how people understand, predict, and sustain their relationships, and such beliefs may help explain why some individuals are more motivated to engage in relationship maintenance than others. Extending past research on relationship maintenance, we investigated the role of growth and destiny relation...
Article
The current study explored how a variety of family-of-origin experiences are related to individuals’ infidelity history. A survey was completed by 294 participants and we found that parental infidelity, parental marital status, parental conflict, and parental marital satisfaction were associated with the likelihood of offspring having ever engaged...
Article
The current research tested whether the concept of infidelity is prototypically organized and whether laypeople's conceptualizations of infidelity are consistent with how researchers have operationalized this construct. Across 4 studies, results indicated that infidelity is indeed prototypically organized as individuals are able to list and rate ho...
Article
Despite the wealth of research on relationship commitment, surprisingly little has examined the contributions communication in families of origin makes to perceptions of commitment. Data from a survey of 145 individuals revealed three types of individuals based on reports of commitment-related communication in families of origin: optimist, structur...
Article
How partners communicate following a serious relationship transgression helps determine whether a relationship continues or dissolves. The current study utilized the exit-voice-loyalty-neglect (EVLN) and investment models to explore how individuals (n = 146) would communicate upon learning of a partner's infidelity. Individuals were more likely to...
Article
Research Findings: DVD classroom newsletters are one proposed technology tool to promote classroom-to-home connections. The present study explored the experiences of prekindergarten children from predominantly Spanish-speaking homes with bilingual (English and Spanish) DVD classroom newsletters. On average, parents reported that children watched ea...
Article
Four studies documented the pros and cons of people’s experiences of relational commitment. Study 1 used individual’s own words to develop an initial taxonomy of elements connected with commitment. Study 2 empirically refined that taxonomy, identifying three primary factors underlying perceptions of commitment—positive, negative, and constraint. St...
Article
The presence and use of new technologies in early childhood settings are rapidly increasing. One technology tool used in early childhood settings is monthly DVD classroom newsletters, yet there is a lack of assessments to support pre-kindergarten teachers’ uses of such DVD newsletter technology—in general and in specific. The present study helps to...
Article
A growing number of early childhood professionals use the Internet to improve their skills, knowledge, and practice. The Internet may be a practical alternative for providing high-quality, research-based training, information, and resources to these professionals. When designing online materials and Web sites, however, it is important to first asse...
Article
By its very nature, relationship commitment is generated in the context of a relationship and becomes relational when it is communicated in some way to the other. This study investigated how expressions of commitment and commitment-related perceptions are interdependently connected among romantic partners. The authors derived and tested a dyadic cy...
Article
This study investigated the well-established finding that males are more likely than females to engage in extradyadic relations by seeking to determine if the personality trait sensation seeking mediates the relationship between gender and sexual extradyadic behaviors. A total of 174 participants, aged 17–36 years, indicated the extent to which the...
Article
Although research shows that people use everyday behaviors to express their commitment, the contribution it makes over time to relationship well-being is unknown. Individuals in romantic relationships (N = 230) completed two questionnaires, 4 months apart. Results indicated that people are more positive about their relationships and stay in those r...
Article
On the basis of the interdependence and interpersonal perception literatures, this article advanced and tested a dyadic model of mutuality of commitment. It is argued that mutuality of commitment is composed of 4 perceptions (i.e., A's self and other perceptions, and B's self and other perceptions) and 4 types of interconnections among the percepti...
Article
Using a developmental assets framework, we examined the influences of family resources, routines, and stress on preschool-aged children’s emerging literacy development. Data were collected from 85 children as well as from their parents. Using path analysis, the results revealed that the more regular the routines in the household, the more likely pa...
Article
Sense of coherence (SOC) is a dispositional trait that has been linked to well-being in a broad range of populations and contexts. Little is known, however, about the factors associated with SOC development and maintenance across the lifespan. Conceptualized as a condition of resiliency, SOC in adolescents was explored via measures of risk and prot...
Article
Despite the substantial amount of literature focusing on social support for pregnant and parenting adolescents, few studies have directly examined the relationships among stress and social support across their transition to parenting. The present study investigates the nature of the relationship between stress and support both before and after the...
Article
This study used responses from both spouses to examine the multiple ways in which perceptions of roles and influence were related to marital commitment. Using a dyadic approach, the authors investigated four types of associations—self, cross-spouse, gender, and additive—among perceptions of role and influence quality with reports of marital commitm...
Article
Conditions associated with peer and criminal victimization experiences of adolescents were explored via measures of risk and protection as reported on by eighth- and tenth-grade students (N = 1,619). Four models of resiliency were tested using cumulative indexes of protection and risk. Furthermore, the relative and cumulative effects of protection...
Article
Family scholars have offered a host of formal definitions of family with little consensus. One reason scholars may have trouble reaching agreement is that rather than having a classical definition, there may be a variety of features and forms of family that people consider more typical than others. Three studies were undertaken to gain a better und...
Article
We used data collected from 117 married couples to investigate the interdependent nature of spouses' perceptions of marital satisfaction and commitment and the use of maintenance behaviors. Results using dyadic analysis techniques revealed significant actor and partner effects of spouses' perceptions of satisfaction and commitment with the use of m...
Article
This study investigated the behaviors couples use to indicate their commitment in romantic relationships and explored the complex ways in which these behaviors are interconnected. Survey data were collected from 121 romantically involved couples in the United States. Dyadic analysis of the data revealed that the greater the levels of commitment, th...
Article
This study explored the ways people communicate their commitment to their romantic partners based on their perceived degree of mutuality of commitment. Mutuality exists when people perceive that their own and their partner's levels of commitment are equal. Data collected from 319 people indicated that (a) people have specific ways to communicate th...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the influences of two settings—home and child care—on the development of children’s speaking and listening skills before they begin formal schooling. We propose that a developmental assets approach, one that focuses on strengths of these settings, can help our understanding of the development of young children’s language s...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of types of commitment-related messages gained from families of origin. A sample of young adults was asked about the messages they believed they gained from their families of origin, to what degrees those messages affected their relationship experiences, and how these messages are related to t...
Article
Much effort has been expended in developing intervention programs to help improve the early literacy and school readiness skills of young children. This article presents the results of a needs assessment project aimed at identifying priorities for community intervention programs aimed at ensuring that young children enter school ready to learn. A p...
Article
This study examined mothers’ beliefs about literacy development, the association of those beliefs with other aspects of the home literacy environment, and connections between parental literacy beliefs and pre-school aged children’s literacy development. Data were collected from 79 mothers and their children over one year, and two profiles of parent...
Article
This paper reports on a study that examined both the concurrent and logitudinal connections between multiple components of the home environment and indicators of preschool-aged children's literacy and language development. Data were collected from 85 parents and their children at two different times. Results of structural path models indicated that...
Article
This study explored connections among perceived equity-of-influence levels, use of influence strategies, and satisfaction and commitment in marriage. Data collected from 107 married couples revealed that perceptions of equity of influence were associated with use of influence strategies, as well as perceptions of marital satisfaction and commitment...
Article
In today's academic environment, universities expect that Extension educators will engage in scholarship. Academic leaders have attempted to define the scholarship of Extension for two decades, but confusion prevails about the specific accomplishments required to meet the expectations. The time has arrived for the Extension system to set the standa...
Article
Although a growing amount of research has shown that married couples enact behaviors that maintain or preserve the relationship, little attention has examined how maintenance strategies are used in different types of marriages. This study investigated differences in the use of maintenance behaviors and in perceptions of marital quality across vario...
Article
BASED ON ecological theory, this study examined how four components of children's home and child-care literacy environments, and the connections between these environments, were associated with preschool-age children's literacy and language development. Interview and standardized assessment data were collected from 85 preschool-age children, their...
Article
Two studies were conducted to investigate the lessons about relationship commitment that people gain from their families of origin. In the first study, participants identified a story from their families of origin that characterized a number of themes about commitment. In the second study, these themes were further refined to reveal eight factors u...
Article
This study employed a qualitative approach to gain a picture of one recently married couple's experience of "commitment" in their relationship. Interviews were conducted with a recently-married couple as to the meaning and construction of commitment in their relationship. The findings revealed particular events, conditions, and interactions that th...
Article
A study of 143 families and their preschool-age children was undertaken to examine the relationship between the family environment and children’s language and literacy skills. This research was guided by three models hypothesized by Snow, Barnes, Chandler, Goodman, and Hemphill (1991) to explain the family’s contribution to children’s acquisition o...
Article
Although the commitment literature has made good progress at explaining why people stay in or leave relationships, much of this literature does not address the daily behavioral aspects of relationship commitment. This article reports the results of two studies undertaken to more systematically investigate the behavioral indicators of commitment. Th...
Article
In this study we investigate the longitudinal relation between maintenance behaviors and marital satisfaction. Forty married couples completed measures of maintenance behaviors and marital satisfaction at Time 1. The couples again completed the measure of marital satisfaction 1 year later. Analyses revealed that the use of maintenance behaviors at...
Article
The cultural context in Tatarstan is currently characterized by uncertainty and change. Since perestroika, glasnost, and ultimately the fall of communism, the cultures of the former Soviet Republic have been struggling to regain stability and balance. This has put incredible pressure on families and, especially, the marital relationship. This study...
Article
Couples use maintenance behaviors to ensure the continuation of valued relationships. In this study, we extended previous research on relational maintenance in marriage by examining the role of both self and cross-spouse associations in the use of maintenance behaviors. Structural equation modeling using data collected from 129 married couples indi...
Article
This paper presents a study of the use of relationship maintenance behaviors—behaviors that function to preserve ongoing relationships—in marriages of varying durations. Data collected from 143 married couples revealed that the use of maintenance behaviors generally followed a curvilinear pattern in which maintenance behaviors were used most freque...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has developed a good understanding of how maintenance behaviors are related to husbands’ and wives’ individual perceptions of marriage. Unfortunately, one of the limitations is that data have been collected from an individual spouse and may be misleading when applied to the relationship as a whole. The purpose of the present study w...
Chapter
Models of commitment and marital quality have traditionally focused on outcomes (measures of marital commitment, stability, and satisfaction) rather than the process (interaction dynamics) that leads to the achievement of marital stability. The purpose of this chapter is to present a model of marital commitment grounded in communication. In the mod...
Article
Social support has been found to reduce adolescents' perceptions of stress and to contribute to greater well-being; however, lacking in much of the research has been the examination of changes in social support in the lives of'adolescents. Examined in this study were changes in adolescent support and stress over a 7-month period. Three-hundred fift...
Article
The blurring of family and business in family businesses can create tremendous stress for all family members. Scholars have been unsuccessful in applying task-oriented, business-based models to a business in which the boundaries between task and family blur and overlap. This article integrates current research and theory related to family interacti...
Article
Rural family counselors, family life educators, and Cooperative Extension agents continue to face the task of helping farm families deal wth the aftermath of the farm crisis. The task is especially difficult when more than one generation is involved. This article presents a model which blends the family and work spheres into an exchange-based model...

Citations

... For example, my colleagues and I have shown that poor emotional and psychological health following a partner's infidelity was linked to increased risky behaviors like drug and alcohol use (Shrout and Weigel, 2018). Moreover, the mere suspicion of a partner's infidelity was associated with poorer psychological, physical, and behavioral health (Weigel and Shrout, 2020b). In other work, a daily study showed wives slept better on days they talked openly with their spouses (Kane et al., 2014). ...
... To the extent that this reasoning holds true, our findings may help explain why some individuals have experienced more sexual desire, more sexual novelty, better sex life quality, and more frequent sexual activity with their partners during the pandemic (e.g., Coombe However, at the same time, and contrary to our predictions, more lifestyle changes were associated with greater relationship quality (not supporting H1), and this association was unrelated to the perceived fear of COVID-19 infection and sexual desire (not supporting H2 or H3). These results are not aligned with past evidence showing that experienced difficulties (e.g., Williams et al., 2015) and relationship turbulence (e.g., Weigel & Shrout, 2020) are associated with individual and relational distress. However, our findings resonate with evidence showing that partner responsiveness and support can help individuals cope with stressful situations (e.g., Balzarini et al., 2020;Holt-Lunstad et al., 2010). ...
... Husbands had worse subjective health in the years the couples argued more often than usual, whereas disagreeing about several topics over 16 years predicted wives' poorer health. Our work has also shown individuals with greater depressive symptoms blamed themselves more for their relationship conflict and experienced greater relationship disillusionment than those with fewer depressive symptoms (Weigel and Shrout, 2020a). Depressed individuals may therefore see conflict as more damaging, a potential pathway to poor health. ...
... Despite the frequency of infidelity, the vast majority of North Americans report believing that infidelity is morally wrong (Brenan, 2019). This may be due to the negative social and psychological effects on both the perpetrator and victim, including stress, anxiety, and relationship termination (Shrout & Weigel, 2020). To better understand this discrepancy, the current study uses a two-wave longitudinal survey design to examine how men engaging in infidelity cognitively frame their experience with infidelity. ...
... We use a common approach for categorizing types of interdependence which distinguishes between interdependence in inputs, processes, and outcomes (Wong & Campion, 1991, Wageman, 1995. While the input-process-outcome categorization is well suited for distinguishing aspects of work-centric interdependence it is less well suited for distinguishing social-cognitive aspects of interdependence (Agnew, Van Lange, Rusbelt, & Langston, 1998;Cross et al., 2000;Davis & Weigel, 2019). Although these social-cognitive conceptualizations of interdependence are not typically tied directly to a work context, they have been shown to have a significant impact on how individuals work together (Oetzel, 2001) and are therefore worth considering. ...
... Similarly, it was indicated that marital adjustment has a positive correlation with life satisfaction (Işık et al., 2020). In contrast, marital conflict may result in a severe cardiovascular reactivity (Baucom et al., 2018) as well as a decrease of subjective health (Shrout et al., 2019). ...
... T A B L E 3 Factor loadings for the confirmatory factor analysis of relationship well-being Building on the results of Studies 1 and 2, the purpose of Study 3 was threefold. First, to further gauge the validity of the RSOC scale, we tested the measure in a sample of individuals coping with and managing a chronic illness, a particular stressor that can create substantial health and relationship consequences (Checton et al., 2012;Karademas, 2014;Shrout & Weigel, 2019). We reasoned that if relationship SOC contributes to optimal relationship health, it should be associated with greater positive relationship outcomes and fewer negative relationship outcomes in a sample experiencing serious stress. ...
... It has been studied in numerous contexts, including both heterosexual and homosexual couples (e.g. Haas, 2003;Haas & Stafford, 2005), differing types of marriages (Weigel & Ballard-Reisch, 1999), between parents and children (Vogel-Bauer, Kalbfleisch, & Beatty, 1999), between friends (e.g., Dainton, Zelley, & Langan, 2003;Messman, Canary, & Hause, 2000), and in various cultures (e.g., Ballard-Reisch, Weigel, & Zaguidoulline, 2003;Yum, 2003). ...
... Models of positive and negative behaviors are also learned directly or indirectly (Diiorio, Pluhar & Belcher, 2003). For example, Weiser & Weigel (2017) found across three retrospective studies that individuals who had knowledge of a parent's infidelity were more likely to engage in infidelity in adulthood. In another study, a positive and predictable early environment during the first few years of life predicted fewer sexual partners (Belsky, et al., 2012). ...
... There are individual differences in how people respond to infidelity. The scorned party may selectively choose information about the infidelity that is either threatening or conciliatory to the relationship (Shrout & Weigel, 2019). In turn, such information can affect how they perceive key elements of the transgression, such as the relative role of internal and external causes, and to what extent the transgressor should be held responsible and blamed for what has happened. ...