D.K. Agrawal's research while affiliated with Indian Veterinary Research Institute and other places

Publications (29)

Article
Fifteen healthy non-descript growing male lambs (10.6±0.5kg) were divided into three equal groups following completely randomized design and were fed a concentrate mixture containing de-oiled groundnut cake, expeller pressed karanj cake and solvent extracted karanj cake, respectively, in groups 1–3. The digestibility of dry matter, organic matter a...
Article
Present experiment was conducted to explore the possibility of using castorbean-meal (CBM) in the diet of adult sheep. For this purpose concentrate mixtures having 15 and 30% CBM were tested to assess their palatability and effect on intake and utilization of the nutrients. Results showed that CBM could be safely included up to 30% level in concent...
Article
Adult 12 crossbred bulls (mean body wt 251.5±7.55 kg) were randomly divided into 3 groups of 4 each following RBD. In group 1, animals were fed a complete ration consisting of 50% wheat straw, 10% maize, 15% soybean, 13.5% wheat bran, 10% molasses, 1% mineral mixture and 0.5% common salt to meet out maintenance requirements. In groups 2 and 3, anim...
Article
Fifteen healthy adult ewes (mean BW 24.40±1.26kg) were divided randomly into three equal groups (T1, T2 and T3) of five animals each and fed three different iso-nitrogenous concentrate mixtures C1, C2 and C3, respectively. Concentrate mixture C1 (control) consisted of 40% crushed maize grain, 31% de-oiled rice bran (DORB), 26% de-oiled groundnut ca...
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation was carried out to study the affect of feeding urea ammoniated neem kernel meal on carcass characteristics and organoleptic properties of the meat in goats. Eight local weaned kids of 3-4 months age with mean body weight of 7.850.42 kg were assigned to two groups of four each in a completely randomised design and were offe...
Article
Full-text available
In order to find the feasibility of feeding raw or processed cotton (Gossypium) seed meal (CSM), 30 male crossbred lambs were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatments with 6 animals each. Lambs were fed each of the isonitrogenous and isocaloric concentrate mixtures containing 30% deoiled groundnut cake (DGNC) (reference diet), 40% raw, 45 minute c...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of urea treatment on chemical composition of neem seed kernel cake (NSKC) was investigated by soaking the cake in 2.1% urea solution (1.2 l NSKC) for five days. The effect on utilisation of nutrients by replacing groundnut cake (GNC) (30%) with urea-treated neem seed kernel cake (UTNSKC) (33%) in a concentrate mixture fed to meet 70% of...
Article
The present investigation was undertaken to study the effect of feeding urea ammoniated neem kernel-meal on gross and histopathological changes in goats. The findings suggested that urea ammoniated neem kernel-meal can be incorporated up to 22.5% of the concentrate mixture safely without any untoward effect on the vital organs in growing goats.
Article
Twelve non-descript indigenous growing lambs of about 3 months of age and 9.78±0.33kg mean body weight were divided into three equal groups (four animals in each group) and fed different iso-nitrogenous concentrate mixtures (1, 2 and 3). While concentrate mixture 1 (control) had 40% maize grain, in concentrate mixtures 2 and 3, maize grain was repl...
Article
An experiment was conducted with twenty crossbred male lambs to assess the effect of cotton (Gossypium) seed meal (CSM) on blood constituents and immunity. Lambs were randomly assigned to a reference diet (30% deoiled peanut meal, DPNM) and four test diets containing 40% of either raw, 45 minutes cooked, 1% Ca(OH)2 and iron (1 free gossypol, FG : 0...
Article
In order to assess the growth and nutrient utilisation in lambs fed processed karanj cake, fifteen apparently healthy non-descript growing male lambs (mean body weight 10.6±0.50kg) were equally divided into three groups (1, 2 and 3) following completely randomized design. Animals in group 1 were fed conventional concentrate mixture containing de-oi...
Article
The performance of 12 male and 12 female Mandya×Merino lambs weighing between 5.4 and 12.4kg was investigated by feeding neem seed kernel cake (NSKC) after treatment with 2.5% urea. Lambs of each sex were allotted randomly to concentrate mixture containing either 30% groundnut cake (GNC) or 33% urea-treated neem seed kernel cake (UTNSKC). Over a pe...
Article
Twenty-four local goats (12 male and 12 female), 7–10 months of age with mean body weight 10.3±0.48kg were assigned at random to two dietary treatments and were offered diets consisting of isonitrogenous concentrate mixtures based on ground maize and containing either deoiled peanut meal (DPNM) or urea-ammoniated neem kernel meal (UANKM), along wit...
Article
1. The performance, nutrient utilisation, blood profile, carcase composition, gross pathology and sensory evaluation of meat from broiler chicks fed from 3 to 42 d on diets containing urea ammoniated neem (Azadirachta indica, A.juss) kernel cake (NKC) as a protein supplement to replace peanut meal (PNM), were evaluated. NKC was ammoniated with urea...
Article
Twelve healthy adult ewes (mean body weight 27.42±1.43kg) were divided into three equal groups (C1, C2 and C3) following randomised block design. Animals in group C1 were fed a concentrate mixture having 35% crushed barley grain, whereas in groups C2 and C3 barley grain was replaced with wheat bran at 50% and 100% levels, respectively. Wheat straw...
Article
To compare the relative efficacy of alkali treated (ANSKC) and urea ammoniated (UANSKC) neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel-cake (NSKC) for replacing 50% nitrogen of deoiled groundnut-cake (GNC-N) in broiler diets. An experiment was undertaken for 42 days with 3-day-old broiler chicks (60) of uniform body weight by allotting them at random in equ...
Article
The effect of feeding neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel-meal after detoxification by urea (2.5%, w/w) ammoniation (UANSKM) on growth rate, nutrients utilization and certain blood constituents in growing male kids (18), was studied. They were fed on isonitrogenous concentrate mixtures containing either deoiled groundnut-cake (group 1, control) o...
Article
1. An experiment was conducted to evaluate growth and nutrient efficiency of broiler chicks from 3 to 42 d fed on diets containing alkali-treated neem (Azadirachta indica A. juss) kernel cake (NKC) as a protein supplement in place of peanut meal (PNM). 2. NKC was treated with sodium hydroxide at 10 (ANKC 1) or 20 g (ANKC 2)/kg and incorporated into...
Article
A growth trial was undertaken to study the feasibility of total replacement of deoiled groundnut cake (DGNC) with urea ammoniated neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel meal (UANSKM). Isonitrogenous control (22% DGNC) and experimental (22.5% UANSKM) concentrate mixtures were fed to 12 male and 12 female goats to meet 90% of the CP requirements for 5...
Article
Neem seed kernel cake (NSKC), a protein rich (34–40% CP) by-product of the oil industry in developing countries, is not suitable for livestock feeding due to the presence of bitter and toxic triterpenoids. It was water washed (WWNSKC) and fed to 15 male growing goats of 5–6 months old, divided into three equal groups in a completely randomised desi...
Article
To mitigate chronic shortage of feeds for livestock in developing countries, neem seed kernel cake (34–40% CP, bitter in taste, unsuitable for livestock feeding) was water washed (WWNSKC) and fed to 5–6-month-old male, growing goats for 180 days as a major source of protein by incorporating it at 15% (group II) and 25% (group III) in the concentrat...
Article
The wheat straw was treated with different volumes of neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel cake water extract (NSKCWE) for up to three weeks at ambient temperature in sealed polythene bags. There was a gradual increase in crude protein content with the increasing volume of extract in the premix and also with the increasing time of fermentation, in...
Article
Sixteen 80 days old indigenous pigs, divided in two groups, were fed diets containing either 35, 10, 47, 6, 1.5 and 0.5 parts maize, groundnut cake (GNC), wheat bran, fish meal, mineral mixture and salt (Control) or the same diet with GNC replaced by water washed neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel cake (experimental). The pigs on experimental di...
Article
A full lactation (300 days) experiment on 32 crossbred milch cows, separated into two groups was carried out. Group 1 (control) was given a concentrate mixture consisting of 400 g groundnut cake, 300 g crushed maize, 270 g wheat bran, 20 g mineral mixture and 10 g common salt per kg; while in group 2 (experimental) the groundnut cake was replaced b...
Article
A new protein supplement in the form of water-washed neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel cake for tropical countries such as India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and also for tropical regions of Australia, Africa, the Middle East and South-East Asia which could be successfully fed to cattle has been reported by Nath, Rajgopal & Garg (1983). The adverse...
Article
Sixteen crossbred calves, of about 70 kg body weight, divided into four groups of four animals each, were fed concentrate mixtures containing 0, 30, 45 and 60% deoiled salseed meal (DSSM) for a period of 154 days. Wheat straw was fed ad lib as the principal roughage.The growth rate and dry matter (DM) digestibility were significantly (P < 0·05) hig...

Citations

... This indicates that neem bitterness and toxicity may be inactivated by alkali treatment as reported by Nagalakshmi et al. (1996). The result was also supported by the report of Reddy (1992) that processing NKC with alkali converted it to a wholesome vegetable protein supplement for growing buffalo calves. ...
... CBM is a by-product of the castor oil industry and has a high protein content. Although many recent studies indicate that detoxified CBM can be used as a protein supplement for animals (5,6,7), this is not recommended in practice because the lethal ricin residue and other anti-nutritive factors can cause chronic poisoning in animals (8,9). Recently, we also observed that CBM can result in feather loss, decreased laying, and histopathologic changes in the ovaries of laying hens. ...
... Bagasse consists primarily of the insoluble polysaccharides (cellulose and hemicellulose) and aromatic polymers (lignin) that make up the primary and secondary cell walls in the sugarcane stalk. Therefore, bagasse contributes little in the way of protein, lipids, and minerals to animal feed, and there are relatively few studies describing the incorporation of bagasse as roughage into animal feed without some form of processing to enhance digestibility , Romanponce et al. 1975, Hegde et al. 1982, Briceno et al. 1987, Brondani et al. 1991, Singh et al. 2004. Despite this, while only a small proportion (<7.5%) of cattle in Brazil spend any significant period of time in feedlots, the size of the industry means that the sugarcane bagasse used as the primary source of roughage in finishing diets in a significant proportion (approximately 20%) of Brazilian feedlots represents a substantial amount (Oliveira and Millen 2014). ...
... Only those data were admitted that contained complete information with respect to BW, weight changes and nutrient intake. Finally data from 25 studies ( Singh and Sengar, 1970;Sengar and Mudgal, 1982;Jaikishan et al., 1983;Chakraborty and Chhabra, 1988;Panda et al., 1988;Kumar et al., 1990;Srivastava et al., 1990;Virk et al., 1991;Garg et al., 1994;Verma et al., 1995;Anandan et al., 1996aAnandan et al., ,b, 1999Chandrasekharaiah et al., 1996;Singh et al., 1996Singh et al., , 1998Singh et al., , 1999Bhuyan et al., 1997;Ghosh et al., 1997;Haque et al., 1997;Anbarasu et al., 2001;Pattanaik et al., 2001;Rajendran and Kadirvel, 2002;Raut et al., 2002;Tewatia and Khirwar, 2002) representing 93 different dietary treatments and 698 goats were used in the present study. Those studies were conducted across a wide range of locations and conditions in India. ...
... Laying hens are particularly sensitive to gossypol, and as this accumulates in the body, the tissues are damaged to varying degrees. This compound also damages the reproductive system and liver of hens and may also alter the levels of serum biochemical indicators [102,168,170]. Chelating compounds formed by the reaction of gossypol with protein in the diet may reduce the digestibility of protein and iron and exert an adverse effect on the growth performance of laying birds. ...
... Solvents may also alter the organoleptic characteristics of feed products, as observed with anhydrous acetone [14,15]. Additional methods of FG detoxification involving mineral application or extrusion processes have also been employed for different cotton co-products [16][17][18]. While offering varying efficiencies in FG degradation, such methods, however, can be unsuitable because of deleterious effects on CSC. ...
... Singh et al. (2009) also recorded no difference in dressing percentage with rations containing different roughage to concentrate ratio (50:50, 60:40 and 40:60) consisted of maize, bajra or mixture of maize and bajra along with groundnut straw in kids. Similar observations were also reported by Anandan et al., (2003) in goats. In contrast to the present findings, higher proportion of concentrate in the diet improved dressing percentage in lambs (Jabbar and Anjum, 2008) and kids (Haddad, 2005). ...
... Higher DM intake has been reported in lambs on urea treated neem seed kernel cake (UTNSKC) based diet at 22.5% level compared to ground nut cake (GNC) based diet on iso-nitrogenous basis (Musalia et al. 2000). In another study, lowered digestibility and P retention was observed in lambs when UTNSKC at higher level (33% of concentrate mixture) replaced GNC on protein equivalent basis (Musalia et al. 2002). Feeding pelleted NSC based diet led to higher DCP (10.9 g/kg DM) and TDN in Nellore sheep (Madhavi et al. 2006). ...
... Chez des agneaux en croissance, le tourteau de coton a pu produire les mêmes performances que les autres tourteaux d'oléagineux (Woods et al., 1962 ;Kandylis et al., 1999 ;Ahmed et al., 2005). Le traitement thermique (cuisson) améliore les performances, probablement en raison d'une réduction du gossypol combinée à une augmentation des teneurs en protéines non dégradables (Nagalakshmi et al., 2003). Généralement, le tourteau de coton peut remplacer tout ou partie d'autres tourteaux d'oléagineux (soja, colza, tournesol, arachide) sans affecter la production de lait et sa composition. ...
... Whereas Park et al. [25] suggested that reduced feed intake was associated with lower production of acetate and ß-hydroxy-butyrate in the rumen or due to increased uptake of dietary long-chain fatty acids, thus inhibiting de novo fatty acid synthesis. Garg et al. [26] outlined that concentrates containing high levels of rice bran affected the digestibility of fat, protein and ADF in the rumen. Both Boucque and Fiems [4] and Nega and Melaku [14] suggested that elevated mineral content, namely increased levels of silica, was the main limiting factor affecting dietary intake of rice bran in sheep when fed in large amounts. ...