D W Murray's research while affiliated with University of Oxford and other places

Publications (346)

Article
Background Cementless fixation is an alternative to cemented unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The aim of this study was to determine if cementless UKR fixation is as good as cemented by comparing the five-year migration measured radiostereometric analysis (RSA) in a randomised controlled trial. Methods Thirty-nine patients were randomised...
Article
Background Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) tends to provide better function but has a higher revision rate than total knee replacement (TKR). The aim was to determine if this occurred in all age groups. Methods Two large, non-registry, prospective cohorts with median 10-year follow-up (2252 TKR, 1000 medial UKR) were identified. All UKR me...
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Purpose Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is widely considered to be a pre-total knee replacement (TKR) particularly in the young. The implication of this is that it is sensible to do a UKR, even though it will be revised at some stage, as it will delay the need for a TKR. The chance of a UKR being revised during a patient’s life time has not...
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The complex inhomogeneous architecture of the human meniscal tissue at the micro and nano scale in the absence of artefacts introduced by sample treatments has not yet been fully revealed. The knowledge of the internal structure organization is essential to understand the mechanical functionality of the meniscus and its relationship with the tissue...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe mid- to long-term outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with simultaneous or staged medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR), and compare outcomes between (1) young patients aged younger than 55 at surgery and those older, (2) those with long-term follow-up greater than...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate lifetime risk of knee and hip replacement following a GP diagnosis of osteoarthritis and assess how this risk varies with patient characteristics. Methods: Routinely collected data from Catalonia, Spain, covering 2006 to 2015, were used. Study participants had a newly recorded GP diagnosis of knee...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association of body mass index (BMI) and smoking with risk of revision following total knee replacement (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR). Design: Primary care data, from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), was linked to inpatient hospital records, from Hospital Episode Statistics...
Article
Background: There is controversy about optimal limb alignment following knee replacement. An aim of using Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) implants is to accurately restore normal ligament tension in the knee, thereby restoring normal kinematics. This return to normal tension typically results in a return to prearthritic align...
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Objectives We studied subchondral intraosseous pressure (IOP) in an animal model during loading, and with vascular occlusion. We explored bone compartmentalization by saline injection. Materials and Methods Needles were placed in the femoral condyle and proximal tibia of five anaesthetized rabbits and connected to pressure recorders. The limb was...
Article
Background: Cementless fixation is an alternative to cemented unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR), with several advantages over cementation. This study reports the ten-year survival and seven-year clinical outcome of cementless Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement (OUKR). Methods: This prospective study describes the clinical outcome and...
Article
Background and purpose The initial outcomes following metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty (MoMHA) revision surgery performed for adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) were poor. Furthermore, robust thresholds for performing ARMD revision are lacking. This article is the second of 2. The first article considered the various investigative modalities u...
Article
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has numerous advantages over total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and one disadvantage, the higher revision rate. The best way to minimize the revision rate is for surgeons to use UKA for at least 20% of their knee arthroplasties. To achieve this, they need to learn and apply the appropriate indications and techniq...
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Objectives: The primary stability of the cementless Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (OUKR) relies on interference fit (or press fit). Insufficient interference may cause implant loosening, whilst excessive interference could cause bone damage and fracture.The aim of this study was to identify the optimal interference fit by measuring the...
Article
Background: Many different measures have been used to describe knee kinematics. This study investigated the changes of two measures, the patellar tendon angle and the patellar flexion angle, in response to variations in the geometry of the knee due to surgical technique or implant design. Methods: A mathematical model was developed to calculate...
Article
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To develop and validate a clinical prediction model of patient-reported pain and function after undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). We used data of 1,649 patients from the Knee Arthroplasty Trial who received primary TKR across 34 centres in the UK. The external validation included 595 patients from Southampton University Hospital, and Nuffiel...
Article
Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether the rates of revision for metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THAs) with Pinnacle components varied according to the year of the initial operation, and compare these with the rates of revision for other designs of MoM THA. Patients and methods: Data from the National Joint Registry...
Article
The unexpected high revision rates of large-diameter (femoral head sizes of 36 mm or greater) metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties (MoMHAs) have led to worldwide regulatory authorities recommending regular surveillance, even for asymptomatic individuals. However, these recommendations are not evidence-based and are very costly. The rapidly evolving ev...
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Introduction: Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) reduce patient morbidity and mortality, and provide significant cost savings by reducing length of stay. Currently, no uniform ERP guidelines exist for lower limb arthroplasty in the UK. The aim of this study was to identify variations in ERPs and determine adherence to local policy. Methods: Hospit...
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Background: The authors of recent studies have reported newly devised implant-specific blood metal ion thresholds to predict adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) in patients who have undergone unilateral or bilateral metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty. These thresholds were most effective for identifying patients at low risk of ARMD. We inve...
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Introduction Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) reduce patient morbidity and mortality, and provide significant cost savings by reducing length of stay. Currently, no uniform ERP guidelines exist for lower limb arthroplasty in the UK. The aim of this study was to identify variations in ERPs and determine adherence to local policy. Methods Hospita...
Article
To determine the outcomes following revision surgery of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties (MoMHA) performed for adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD), and to identify factors predictive of re-revision. Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective observational study using National Joint Registry (NJR) data on 2535 MoMHAs undergoing revision...
Article
Instrumented knee replacements can provide in vivo data quantifying physiological loads acting on the knee. To date instrumented mobile unicompartmental knee replacements (UKR) have not been realised. Ideally instrumentation would be embedded within the polyethylene bearing. This study investigated the feasibility of an embedded flexible capacitive...
Article
Aims: Advocates of debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) in hip periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) argue that a procedure not disturbing a sound prosthesis-bone interface is likely to lead to better survival and functional outcome compared with revision. This case-control study aims were to compare outcome of DAIRs for infected p...
Article
Aims: It is not clear whether anterior knee pain and osteoarthritis (OA) of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) are contraindications to medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Our aim was to investigate the long-term outcome of a consecutive series of patients, some of whom had anterior knee pain and PFJ OA managed with UKA. Patients and met...
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Aims: While medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is indicated for patients with full-thickness cartilage loss, it is occasionally used to treat those with partial-thickness loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the five-year outcomes in a consecutive series of UKAs used in patients with partial thickness cartilage loss in the m...
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Full-text available
Aims: To determine the outcomes following revision surgery of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties (MoMHA) performed for adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD), and to identify factors predictive of re-revision. Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective observational study using National Joint Registry (NJR) data on 2535 MoMHAs undergoin...
Article
We recently published a paper comparing the incidence of adverse outcomes after unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty (UKA and TKA). The conclusion of this study, which was in favour of UKA, was dismissed as “biased” in a review in Bone & Joint 360. Although this study is one of the least biased comparisons of UKA and TKA, this episode highl...
Article
Purpose: Whilst medial UKR is indicated for full-thickness cartilage loss (FTCL) on occasion it has been used to treat partial-thickness cartilage loss (PTCL). This matched case-control study investigates the five-year outcomes in a consecutive series of UKR implanted for PTCL. Methods: Between 2002 and 2014, 94consecutive UKR (90patients) were imp...
Article
Aims: Periprosthetic fracture (PF) after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication. This study aims to investigate the influence of cemented stem designs on the risk of needing a revision for a PF. Patients and methods: We analysed data on 257 202 primary THAs with cemented stems and 390 linked...
Article
Aims Periprosthetic fracture (PF) after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication. This study aims to investigate the influence of cemented stem designs on the risk of needing a revision for a PF. Patients and Methods We analysed data on 257 202 primary THAs with cemented stems and 390 linked first...
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Aims: An evidence-based radiographic Decision Aid for meniscal-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been developed and this study investigates its performance at an independent centre. Patients and methods: Pre-operative radiographs, including stress views, from a consecutive cohort of 550 knees undergoing arthroplasty (UKA or to...
Article
This article outlines concepts of mechanics used in orthopaedics. These concepts are then demonstrated (assuming only a basic understanding of physics) with relevance to the hip, knee, ankle and foot and used to explain some common conditions. Some equations are used in this article for completeness; they are not essential to understanding the core...
Article
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome, failures, implant survival, and complications encountered with cementless fixation in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Methods A systematic review of the literature on cementless fixation in UKA was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. The following database was compr...
Article
Purpose Lateral progression of arthritis following medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), although infrequent, is still the most common reason for revision surgery. Treatment options normally include conversion to total knee arthroplasty. An alternative strategy for some patients may be addition of a lateral UKA. We report the first resul...
Article
Purpose: ACL damage is associated with progression of arthritis and whilst in the population undergoing joint replacement in the majority of cases the ACL is intact there is a wide spectrum of ACL disease. This study investigated whether the macroscopic status of the ACL affected functional outcome or survival following UKR. Methods: The macrosc...
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Purpose The aim of this case–control study is to assess for predictive factors that may determine development of lateral compartment progression after Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement. Methods Twenty-eight patients who were revised as a result of lateral osteoarthritis progression were matched to 52 alive and unrevised patients. Body...
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Aims: The aims of this study were to compare the diagnostic test characteristics of ultrasound alone, metal artefact reduction sequence MRI (MARS-MRI) alone, and ultrasound combined with MARS-MRI for identifying intra-operative pseudotumours in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MoMHR) patients undergoing revision surgery. Methods: This retrospecti...
Article
Purpose Cementless unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) was introduced to address some of the problems that can occur following cemented UKR. The aim of this study was to report the 5-year experience of the first 512 medial cementless Oxford UKR implanted by two surgeons for the recommended indications. Methods The first consecutive 512 cementle...
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Full-text available
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has advantages over total knee arthroplasty but national joint registries report a significantly higher revision rate for UKA. As a result, most surgeons are highly selective, offering UKA only to a small proportion (up to 5%) of patients requiring arthroplasty of the knee, and consequently performing few ea...
Article
This prospective study reports the 15-year survival and ten-year functional outcome of a consecutive series of 1000 minimally invasive Phase 3 Oxford medial UKAs (818 patients, 393 men, 48%, 425 women, 52%, mean age 66 years; 32 to 88). These were implanted by two surgeons involved with the design of the prosthesis to treat anteromedial osteoarthri...
Article
Background: Quantification of the in vivo position of the medial condyle throughout flexion is important for knee replacement design, and understanding knee pathology. The influence of consciousness, muscle action, and activity type on condyle translation was examined in patients who had undergone medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) usi...
Article
There is a large amount of evidence available about the relative merits of unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty (UKA and TKA). Based on the same evidence, different people draw different conclusions and as a result, there is great variability in the usage of UKA. The revision rate of UKA is much higher than TKA and so some surgeons conclude...
Article
We are developing a new system called Computer-Aided Tracking and Motion Analysis with Ultrasound System (CAT & MAUS) to dynamically describe joint kinematics for pathology research on musculoskeletal conditions. It is essential to have computer-aided bony structure tracking in ultrasound (US) sequences in such a system for practical use. However,...
Article
Whether to use total or unicompartmental knee replacement (TKA/UKA) for end-stage knee osteoarthritis remains controversial. Although UKA results in a faster recovery, lower rates of morbidity and mortality and fewer complications, the long-term revision rate is substantially higher than that for TKA. The effect of each intervention on patient-repo...
Article
Chondrocalcinosis can be associated with an inflammatory arthritis and aggressive joint destruction. There is uncertainty as to whether chondrocalcinosis represents a contraindication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). This study reports the outcome of a consecutive series of patients with chondrocalcinosis and medial compartment osteoart...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed the orientation of the acetabular component in 1070 primary total hip arthroplasties with hard-on-soft, small diameter bearings, aiming to determine the size and site of the target zone that optimises outcome. Outcome measures included complications, dislocations, revisions and ΔOHS (the difference between the Oxford Hip Scores pre-oper...
Article
The most common reasons for revision of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are loosening and pain. Cementless components may reduce the revision rate. The aim of this study was to compare the fixation and clinical outcome of cementless and cemented Oxford UKAs. A total of 43 patients were randomised to receive either a cemented or a cementles...
Article
We scanned 25 left knees in healthy human subjects using MRI. Multiplanar reconstruction software was used to take measurements of the inferior and posterior facets of the femoral condyles and the trochlea. A 'basic circle' can be defined which, in the sagittal plane, fits the posterior and inferior facets of the lateral condyle, the posterior face...
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There is great variability in acetabular component orientation following hip replacement. The aims of this study were to compare the component orientation at impaction with the orientation measured on post-operative radiographs and identify factors that influence the difference between the two. A total of 67 hip replacements (52 total hip replaceme...
Article
Background The rate of bearing dislocation with the domed lateral Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (OUKR) in different series varies from 1% to 6% suggesting that dislocation is influenced by surgical technique. The aim of this study was to identify surgical factors associated with dislocation. Methods Aligned post-operative antero-posteri...
Article
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The orientation of the acetabular component is influenced not only by the orientation at which the surgeon implants the component, but also the orientation of the pelvis at the time of implantation. Hence, the orientation of the pelvis at set-up and its movement during the operation, are important. During 67 hip replacements, using a validated phot...
Article
Purpose: Shortening of the patella tendon has been noted after total knee arthroplasty and has been associated with diminished functional outcomes. Traumatic and/or ischaemic injury peri-operatively are suggested causes. The Oxford domed lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) requires a vertical incision through the patella tendon to fac...
Article
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The assessment of radiolucency around an implant is qualitative, poorly defined and has low agreement between clinicians. Accurate and repeatable assessment of radiolucency is essential to prevent misdiagnosis, minimize cases of unnecessary revision, and to correctly monitor and treat patients at risk of loosening and implant failure. The purpose o...
Article
We assessed the variation in proximal femoral canal shape and its association with geometric and demographic parameters in primary hip OA. In a retrospective cohort study, the joint geometry of the proximal femur was evaluated on radiographs and corresponding CT scans of 345 consecutive patients with end-stage hip OA. Active shape modeling (ASM) wa...
Article
Full-text available
The cementless Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement has been demonstrated to have superior fixation on radiographs and a similar early complication rate compared with the cemented version. However, a small number of cases have come to our attention where, after an apparently successful procedure, the tibial component subsides into a valgus posi...
Article
Mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacements (UKRs) with a flat tibial plateau have not performed well in the lateral compartment, owing to a high dislocation rate. This led to the development of the Domed Lateral Oxford UKR (Domed OUKR) with a biconcave bearing. The aim of this study was to assess the survival and clinical outcomes of the Dom...
Article
The burden of revision total hip replacement (THR) surgery is increasing. With an increasing life expectancy and younger age of primary surgery this trend is set to continue. There are few data on the long-term outcome of revision THR. This retrospective study of 1176 consecutive revision THRs with a minimum 10-year follow-up from a University Teac...
Article
Purpose: Indications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) vary between units. Some authors have suggested, and many surgeons believe, that medial UKA should only be performed in patients who localise their pain to the medial joint line. This is despite research showing a poor correlation between patient-reported location of pain and radiol...
Article
This article outlines concepts of mechanics used in orthopaedics. These concepts are then demonstrated (assuming only a basic understanding of physics) with relevance to the hip, knee, ankle and foot and used to explain some common conditions. Some equations are used in this article for completeness; they are not essential to understanding the core...
Article
When used for appropriate indications, unicompartmental knee replacement is associated with fewer complications, faster recovery, and better function than total knee replacement. However, joint registries demonstrate a higher revision rate for unicompartmental knee replacement. Currently, most unicompartmental knee replacements are cemented; common...
Article
Full-text available
Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is now established as a treatment for medial compartment arthritis. The Oxford UKR (Biomet Orthopedics, Inc, Warsaw, IN, USA) has a mobile-bearing system, which minimizes wear. This has been shown to provide excellent long-term results. Dislocation of the mobile-bearing device is rare with an incidence of 1 i...
Article
The aim of this study was to review the early outcome of the Femoro-Patella Vialla (FPV) joint replacement. A total of 48 consecutive FPVs were implanted between December 2007 and June 2011. Case-note analysis was performed to evaluate the indications, operative histology, operative findings, post-operative complications and reasons for revision. T...
Article
Background: The Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (OUKR) uses a mobile bearing to minimise wear. Bearing dislocation is a problem in the lateral compartment as the ligaments are loose in flexion. A domed tibial component has been introduced to minimise the risk of dislocation, yet they still occur, particularly medially. The aim of this mec...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a motion analysis ultrasound system (MAUS) designed for the in-vivo study of the kinematics of patellofemoral joints (PFJ) in both normal and replaced knees. This system utilises non-iodising radiation to effectively acquire kinematic data during weight-bearing activities. Validation studies on a phantom established that the me...
Article
The Exeter femoral stem is a double-tapered highly polished collarless cemented implant with good long-term clinical results. In order to determine why the stem functions well we have undertaken a long-term radiostereometric analysis (RSA) study. A total of 20 patients undergoing primary Exeter total hip replacement for osteoarthritis using the Har...
Article
Background: In pre-operative planning for total hip arthroplasty (THA), femoral offset (FO) is frequently underestimated on AP pelvis radiographs as a result of inaccurate patient positioning, imprecise magnification, and radiographic beam divergence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of predicting three-dim...
Article
There is conflicting evidence about the merits of mobile bearings in total knee replacement, partly because most randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have not been adequately powered. We report the results of a multicentre RCT of mobile versus fixed bearings. This was part of the knee arthroplasty trial (KAT), where 539 patients were randomly alloca...