Corinna E Löckenhoff's research while affiliated with Institute for Human Development and other places

Publications (95)

Article
Objectives Prior research has documented age differences in risky decisions and indicates that they are susceptible to gain versus loss framing. However, previous studies focused on ‘decisions from description’ that explicitly spell out the probabilities involved. The present study expands this literature by examining the effects of framing on age...
Article
Prior research suggests that older adults seek less information in consumer choices than younger adults do. However, it remains unclear if intentional information avoidance plays a role in such effects. To test this possibility, we examined age differences in deliberate information avoidance in consumer decisions and explored a range of potential m...
Article
Fuzzy-Trace Theory suggests that decision makers encode gist representations (bottom-line meaning) and verbatim representations (details) of information but rely more on gist, a tendency that increases with age. The present study examined implications for age differences in information seeking and decision-making by presenting gist and verbatim for...
Article
It has been hypothesized that an increase in literacy within a society is associated with more negative perceptions of aging and older adults. The present study empirically tested this premise among the Dani in West Papua. Sixty-one Dani participants were asked to nominate two individuals within each of the following categories: (1) most respected,...
Article
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A psychological consequence of chronic pain may be an inappropriately limited future time perspective (FTP) for middle-aged and older adults. FTP is defined as one’s perception of time as limited or expansive. Potentially meaningful measures, like pain temporal pattern, are often ignored in the chronic pain literature. The present study uses second...
Article
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Older adults are more likely to avoid making decisions than younger adults are. Because the underlying reasons are poorly understood, the present study investigated the potential role of age differences in susceptibility to default effects. Defaults facilitate decision avoidance because decision makers are more likely to passively accept than to ac...
Article
Objectives With age, decision makers rely more on heuristic and affect-based processing. However, age differences have not been quantified with respect to the affect heuristic which derives judgments based on positive and negative feelings towards stimuli and concepts. The present study examined whether reliance on the affect heuristic is associate...
Article
Background Older versus younger adults are at greater risk from COVID-19, but descriptive data show they are less likely to seek out related information in the media, although underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Methods A representative adult lifespan sample (N = 500) completed a pre-registered online study assessing changes in media consumption...
Article
Objectives Perceptions of time are shaped by sociohistorical factors. Specifically, economic growth and modernization often engender a sense of acceleration. Research has primarily focused on one time perception dimension (perceived time pressure) in one subpopulation (working-age adults), but it is not clear whether historical changes extend to ot...
Chapter
Five-Factor Theory (FFT) is an account of the functioning of the personality system, with three broad classes of dynamic processes: assimilative, accommodative, and developmental. Developmental processes, on which the present chapter focuses, are the mechanisms by which traits grow or change. We review some of the evidence leading to FFT, a general...
Poster
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Chronic pain patients constitute 65% of those ages 65 and older in the US. Many affected older adults are challenged to manage physical and psychological consequences tied to the intensity, interference, and temporal pattern of their pain. However, little quantitative research highlights the psychological impact of constant versus intermittent or e...
Article
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Self-continuity, the sense that one’s personal past, present, and future selves are meaningfully connected, is unique to human beings. Self-continuity varies across individuals with higher levels conveying benefits for mental health and well-being, physical health and health-related behaviors, as well as financial planning and moral choices (for a...
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Maintaining sound decision-making skills in later life is a key concern in the face of population aging. The four presentations in this symposium highlight the importance of considering socio-emotional and contextual factors when investigating adult age differences in decision making. Together, they show that features of decision contexts such as t...
Article
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It is well-established that pre-decisional information seeking decreases with age (Mata & Nunes, 2010). However, it is still unknown whether age differences in information acquisition are influenced by the type of information provided. Fuzzy-trace theory suggests that decision makers prefer gist-based over verbatim-based processing, and that this p...
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Human development is shaped by socio-cultural contexts and the historical changes therein. Empirical reports suggest that old age has gotten “younger”, both on behavioral measures and in people’s perception. Here, we move one step further and shed light on key quality of life facets not yet well understood. We compare matched cohorts (each n = 250,...
Poster
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As chronic conditions continue to rise in the US, associated pain symptoms are rising as well, affecting 65% of those 65 and older. In an attempt to help patients lessen the burdensome physical/psychological effects of chronic pain, researchers have investigated the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions with pain acceptance-based models yieldi...
Article
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Older adults make up the majority of the U.S. patient population and age differences in information avoidance have potential implications for their ability to participate in informed medical decision making. Meta-analytic evidence suggests that older adults seek less information before making a decision than younger adults do (Mata & Nunes, 2010)....
Article
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As culture shapes the way people think and reason, it may also influence their perception of self-continuity, the psychological proximity to the past and the future, across the lifespan. Meanwhile, previous studies in America indicated that advancing age was associated with greater self-continuity. The present research is the first to simultaneousl...
Article
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Staying informed about COVID-19 is crucial to maintaining public health. Although older adults are at increased risk of complications, recent data (Global Web Index, 2020) suggest that they are less likely to seek out information about COVID-19. This is consistent with prior evidence indicating that information seeking is negatively associated with...
Article
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The different environmental conditions in which people live might challenge memory in different ways. Moreover, the frequency of usage can be a source of improvement of both short- and long-term memory. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of environmental differences on short- and long-term memory in a traditional versus a contempor...
Article
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Background: Declines in health, physical, cognitive, and mental function with age suggest a lower level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in late life; however, previous studies found that the associations were weak and varied, depending on the study designs and cohort characteristics. Methods: The present study examined the paradox of a...
Poster
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Qualitative research on chronic pain patients’ subjective experiences has documented feelings of discontinuity between present and past selves due to changes in physical functioning and social roles. This investigation is the first to test the relationship between pain and self-continuity quantitatively and does so across two samples: Study 1 invol...
Article
Objectives: Prior research has revealed age differences in the preferred timing of monetary outcomes, but results are inconsistent across studies. The present study examined the role of task type, outcome characteristics, and a range of theoretically implicated covariates that may contribute to variations in age effects. Method: Two types of int...
Article
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Attitudes towards aging are often negative, a phenomenon known as ageism. However, personal contact with older adults and intergenerational exchange in the context of close families may mitigate such negative tendencies. So far, these effects have been studied in Western and industrialized contexts. The present study extended this work to the Cook...
Article
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Trait stability and maturation are fundamental principles of contemporary personality psychology and have been shown to hold across many cultures. However, it has proven difficult to move beyond these general findings to a detailed account of trait development. There are pervasive and unexplained inconsistencies across studies that may be due to (a...
Article
The literature has yet to explore the role of pain forecasting and recollection in chronic non-cancer pain patients’ abilities to self-manage and regulate pain. Whereas qualitative studies suggests that pain forecasting plays an important role in pain management, no quantitative studies have examined this question. Considering the prevalence of chr...
Article
Although biopsychosocial models of pain have recognized the role of affective responses, prior work has focused on actual affect. No research has explored ideal and avoided affect and their associations with pain experience among chronic pain patients. The present study addressed these gaps by exploring interindividual variations in affective goals...
Article
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory suggests that older adults have a stronger relative preference for positive than negative information. In information seeking contexts, this has been studied using gist information (e.g., “very good”, “poor”). According to Fuzzy-Trace Theory, older adults favor relying on gist to relying on verbatim numbers when ma...
Article
The present symposium considers strengths and vulnerabilities of aging decision-makers across a range of decision domains and paradigms with particular emphasis on the role of task context and decision framing. Wilson and Strough examined age differences in preferences for sequences of monetary gains and losses. Age was associated with a preference...
Article
Older adults (OAs) are generally more risk averse than younger adults (YAs) on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), but OAs are also less successful in avoiding explosions than YAs. The present study examines whether these age differences are primarily driven by (1) risk-taking tendencies, or (2) both risk taking and learning. We hypothesized tha...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Information-seeking (IS) and emotion-regulatory (ER) motivation play meaningful roles in age-related changes in social interaction across adulthood. This study aims to develop and validate the Social Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ) to assess these two types of motivation. Research Design and Methods: Ten items were selecte...
Article
We examined cross-cultural differences in preferences for sequences of realistic stimuli. Prior research on predominantly European American (EA) samples has found that people typically show a preference for improving sequences (i.e., saving the most positive or least intense stimuli for last). Based on cultural differences in ideal affect, regulato...
Article
Objectives: Many real-life settings require decision-makers to sort a pre-determined set of outcomes or activities into a preferred sequence, and people vary in whether they prefer to tackle the most challenging aspects first, leave them for the last, or intersperse them with less challenging outcomes. Prior research on age differences in sequence...
Article
The rapid growth of mHealth devices holds substantial potential for improving care and care outcomes in all patient populations, including older adults with pain. However, existing research reflects a substantial gap in knowledge about how to design, evaluate, and disseminate devices to optimally address the many challenges associated with managing...
Article
Importance Chronic noncancer pain (hereafter referred to as chronic pain) is common among older adults and managed frequently with pharmacotherapies that produce suboptimal outcomes. Psychological treatments are recommended, but little information is available regarding their efficacy in older adults. Objective To determine the efficacy of psychol...
Article
Age differences in decision-making are of theoretical interest and have important practical implications, but relevant lines of work are distributed across multiple disciplines and often lack integration. The present review proposes an overarching conceptual framework with the aim of connecting disjointed aspects of this field of research. The fram...
Article
Objectives: People's preferences for temporal sequences of events have implications for life-long health and well-being. Prior research suggests that other aspects of intertemporal choice vary by age, but evidence for age differences in sequence-preferences is limited and inconclusive. In response, the present research examined age differences in...
Article
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This symposium highlights strengths and vulnerabilities of the aging decision-maker. Using national samples from Sweden and the U.K., and community samples from the U.S, the presentations show that patterns of age differences in decision-making depend on task type and context. Emotional and experiential skills that improve with age can facilitate g...
Article
Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is an efficacious treatment for advanced osteoarthritis, but patient acceptance is below medical recommendations, especially among older adults. The present study explored potential explanations of age effects. Participants (n = 100, aged 40–93) had chronic knee or hip pain and were considering but had not previously...
Article
Life-span development is inherently linked to the perception of time and associated temporal construals. Such concepts are multi-faceted in nature and have important practical implications in areas such as time management, financial planning, or medical choices. A large body of research has documented age-related limitations in global time horizons...
Article
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Previous research has found age differences in intertemporal choices that involve trade-offs among events or outcomes that occur at different points in time, but these findings were mostly limited to hypothetical financial and consumer choices. We examined whether age effects extend to unpleasant physical experiences that elicit states of dread whi...
Chapter
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Compared to younger adults, older adults seek less information before making a decision, prefer to choose among fewer options, and focus selectively on emotionally salient and personally relevant material. Older adults also use less systematic and more experience-based decision strategies and are more likely to avoid and delegate choices. Age diffe...
Article
Background/study context: Research suggests that mental representations of time encompass multiple distinct aspects that vary with age, but prior studies rarely assessed more than one aspect of time perception and did not systematically consider relevant covariates. This lack of integration across studies hampers theory building and limits a deepe...
Article
Although perceived continuity with one's future self has attracted increasing research interest, age differences in this phenomenon remain poorly understood. The present study is the first to simultaneously examine past and future self-continuity across multiple temporal distances using both explicit and implicit measures and controlling for a rang...
Article
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Well-being development at the end of life is often characterized by steep deteriorations, but individual differences in these terminal declines are substantial and not yet well understood. This study moved beyond typical consideration of health predictors and explored the role of social orientation and engagement. To do so, we used social variables...
Conference Paper
New multi-modal annotation tools hold the promise of bringing the benefits of face-to-face contact to remote, asynchronous interactions. One such system, RichReview++, incorporates new techniques to improve access to the embedded multimedia commentary and allows users to annotate with new modalities, like deictic gestures. We conducted a series of...
Chapter
Growing evidence suggests that various aspects of time perception differ by chronological age including global time horizons, the tracking of passing time, and the anticipation and forecasting of future events. Since any meaningful decision is situated in a temporal context and entails the consideration of delayed outcomes, age differences in time...
Chapter
In this chapter, we orient the reader to the emerging field of aging and decision making portrayed in this edited volume. We trace recent progress made in addressing issues identified by the National Research Council (2000, 2006) in three general areas: neurobiological mechanisms, behavioral mechanisms (including cognition, affect, and motivation),...
Article
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Cross-cultural studies suggest that aging attitudes show some variation across societies, but this evidence is mostly drawn from industrialized settings. The limited research record on pre-industrial societies is largely qualitative in nature. The present study targeted this gap by adapting an existing multidimensional measure of aging attitudes fo...
Article
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This article extends socioemotional selectivity theory to online social networking by examining age differences in the size and composition of Facebook networks across a wide age range of Facebook users (18 to 93 years old) in a nationally representative sample. Findings suggest increasing selectivity of Facebook social partners with age. Compared...
Book
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Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individuals capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being. Aging and Decision Making addres...
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Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
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Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
Research on cross-cultural differences in aging attitudes has long focused on comparisons between Asian and Western cultures. Such research was inspired by the belief that Confucian values and filial piety in Asian societies would translate into more positive attitudes towards aging and older adults than in the West. However, empirical evidence for...
Conference Paper
Purpose: To investigate joint decision making perceptions and preferences among older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain (MSP). Method: Purposive sampling was used to identify a group of Hispanic and non-Hispanic White older adults (>55 years) with MSP from one outpatient practice and one senior center in New York City. Semi-structured inte...
Article
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Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show well-defined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-factor trait...
Article
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Abstract Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show welldefined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-fact...
Article
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Consensual stereotypes of some groups are relatively accurate, whereas others are not. Previous work suggesting that national character stereotypes are inaccurate has been criticized on several grounds. In this article we (a) provide arguments for the validity of assessed national mean trait levels as criteria for evaluating stereotype accuracy; an...
Article
Across a variety of decision domains, older adults were found to desire fewer choice options than younger adults, but the age trajectory and underlying mechanisms of these effects remain unknown. The present study examined the pattern and correlates of age differences in choice set size preferences using self-report and behavioral measures. Self-re...
Data
Research on aging has indicated that whereas deliberative cognitive processes decline with age, emotional processes are relatively spared. To examine the implications of these divergent trajectories in the context of health care choices, we investigated whether instructional manipulations emphasizing a focus on feelings or details would have differ...
Article
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Objectives: The emotional and physical health consequences of caring for a family member are well documented. However, although personality has been shown to affect dyadic interactions and been linked with individual outcomes for both care recipients (CRs) and caregivers (CGs), the influence of CR personality on CG health remains unexplored. Meth...
Article
Purpose: The management of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) involves trade-offs between immediate and delayed consequences of various treatments. Temporal trade-offs may be particularly salient for older adults because of age-related differences in prognosis and perceptions of future time. This study examined how perceptions of time influence the man...
Article
Full-text available
Age trajectories for personality traits are known to be similar across cultures. To address whether stereotypes of age groups reflect these age-related changes in personality, we asked participants in 26 countries (N = 3,323) to rate typical adolescents, adults, and old persons in their own country. Raters across nations tended to share similar bel...
Article
The impending retirement of large population cohorts creates a pressing need for practical interventions to optimize outcomes at the individual and societal level. This necessitates comprehensive theoretical models that acknowledge the multi-layered nature of the retirement process and shed light on the dynamic mechanisms that drive longitudinal pa...
Article
We examined age differences in preferences for the temporal sequence of emotional events. In 2 studies, participants were asked to select the order in which they would like to view a series of emotionally salient images. Study 1 (N = 87; aged 21-88 years) elicited sequence preferences both directly (via a sequence construction task) and indirectly...
Article
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Objectives: In prior research, older adults were found to be less responsive to social slights than younger adults, but the mechanisms behind such effects have remained unclear. The present study examined age differences in susceptibility to the deleterious effects of social exclusion and investigated the explanatory role of cognitive and socioemo...
Article
Time and time perceptions are integral to decision making because any meaningful choice is embedded in a temporal context and requires the evaluation of future preferences and outcomes. The present review examines the influence of chronological age on time perceptions and horizons and discusses implications for decision making across the life span....
Article
We examined age differences in temporal discounting, the tendency to devalue delayed outcomes relative to immediate ones, with particular emphasis on the role of affective responses. A life-span sample completed an incentive-compatible temporal discounting task involving both monetary gains and losses. Covariates included demographic characteristic...
Article
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This study examined the association among caregivers' five-factor personality traits and subjective health with particular emphasis on the role of two theoretically implicated mediators: multi-domain self-efficacy and caregiver strain. The sample comprised 536 informal caregivers (mean age = 62.9 years, SD = 19.9, 72% female, 98% White) of communit...
Article
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We examined the influence of personality traits on mean levels and age trends in 4 single-item measures of self-rated health: general rating, comparison to age peers, comparison to past health, and expectations for future health. Community-dwelling participants (N = 1,683) completed 7,474 self-rated health assessments over a period of up to 19 year...
Article
Reports an error in "Following your heart or your head: Focusing on emotions versus information differentially influences the decisions of younger and older adults" by Joseph A. Mikels, Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Sam J. Maglio, Laura L. Carstensen, Mary K. Goldstein and Alan Garber (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2010[Mar], Vol 16[1], 87-...
Article
Research on aging has indicated that whereas deliberative cognitive processes decline with age, emotional processes are relatively spared. To examine the implications of these divergent trajectories in the context of health care choices, we investigated whether instructional manipulations emphasizing a focus on feelings or details would have differ...
Article
Full-text available
College students (N=3,435) in 26 cultures reported their perceptions of age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and socioemotional areas of functioning and rated societal views of aging within their culture. There was widespread cross-cultural consensus regarding the expected direction of aging trajectories with (a) perceived declines in societ...