Claudia M Witt's research while affiliated with University of Maryland, Baltimore and other places

Publications (30)

Article
Purpose: The aim of this joint guideline is to provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing physicians and other health care providers on integrative approaches to managing pain in patients with cancer. Methods: The Society for Integrative Oncology and ASCO convened an expert panel of integrative oncology, medical oncology, radiation onc...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To identify factors and assess to what extent they impact the magnitude of the treatment effect of acupuncture therapies across therapeutic areas. Data source Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and China Biology Medicine disc, between 2...
Article
Objective Intervention integrity is the degree to which the study intervention is delivered as intended. This article presents the RIPI-f checklist (Reporting Integrity of Psychological Interventions delivered face-to-face) and summarizes its development methods. RIPI-f proposes guidance for reporting intervention integrity in evaluative studies of...
Article
Background Depressive disorders (DDs) are a public health problem. Face-to-face psychotherapeutic interventions are a first-line option for their treatment in adults. There is a growing interest in eHealth interventions to maximize accessibility for effective treatments. Thus, the number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of eHealth psychothera...
Article
Background: Integrative Medicine (IM) training programs in oncology lacked standardized education core competencies to ensure the practical relevance of its learning content and objectives. In a previous international and interprofessional consensus procedure, core competencies were developed for health professionals working in Integrative Oncolog...
Article
Full-text available
In this project, an e-Learning program for complementary and integrative medicine in oncology was systematically developed, implemented, and evaluated in a stepwise procedure. Learning objectives and content were defined within the KOKON project network, considering the educational competencies for integrative oncology. To design a valuable e-Learn...
Article
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Background: Ayurveda is widely practiced in South Asia in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of these secondary data analyses were to identify the most relevant variables for treatment response and group differences between Ayurvedic therapy compared to conventional therapy in knee OA patients. Methods: A total of 151 patients (Ayurve...
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Objective: This secondary analysis of a randomised controlled patient-blinded trial comparing effectiveness and side effect briefings in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) investigated the association between patients' pre-treatment expectations about minimal acupuncture treatment and pain intensity as outcome during and after the end of t...
Article
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Museum engagement may be an effective approach for decreasing social disconnection and pain among individuals living with chronic pain. In October 2019, we launched a randomized controlled trial to assess the feasibility of museum engagement for individuals living with chronic pain; the study was halted in March, 2020 due to Covid-19-related safety...
Article
Full-text available
An international panel including patients, clinicians, researchers, acupuncture and surgery trialists, statisticians, and experts in clinical epidemiology and methodology have developed new guidance for randomised controlled trials in acupuncture. It addresses the most prevalent and critical concerns of current acupuncture trials and will help fund...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Depressive disorders are a public health problem. Face-to-face psychotherapeutic interventions are considered to be a first-line option for their treatment in adults. There is a growing interest in eHealth interventions to maximize accessibility for effective treatments. Thus, the number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of eHealth...
Article
Third molar extraction is a painful treatment for patients, and thus, it can be used to investigate the effects of analgesics on pain. Hypnosis can help to reduce pain and to decrease the intake of postoperative systemic analgesics. In this study, the effectiveness of a brief hypnotic induction for patients undergoing third molar extractions was in...
Article
Background Chronic neck pain is a highly prevalent condition. Learning a relaxation technique is recommended by numerous guidelines for chronic neck pain. Smartphone apps can provide relaxation exercises; however, their effectiveness, especially in a self-care setting, is unclear. Objective The aim of this pragmatic randomized trial is to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
This column continues the JACM commentary series from the Society for Acupuncture Research (SAR). This is a first in the 5 years of this column partnership, a review of top developments in acupuncture research, with an eye to the way cultural contexts are compelling heightened or new foci for the field. The present commentary began with a survey pr...
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Background: The current COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic is an emergency on a global scale, with huge swathes of the population required to remain indoors for prolonged periods to tackle the virus. In this new context, individuals' health-promoting routines are under greater strain, contributing to poorer mental and physical health. Additionally, indi...
Article
Objectives Chronic pain is a leading cause of morbidity and disability across the world. Cultural engagement may be a valuable tool in addressing the social disconnection that often accompanies chronic pain. This study sought to develop a framework for arts in health programs targeting individuals with chronic pain. Study design Sequential explana...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Chronic neck pain is a highly prevalent condition. Learning a relaxation technique is recommended by numerous guidelines for chronic neck pain. Smartphone apps can provide relaxation exercises; however, their effectiveness, especially in a self-care setting, is unclear. OBJECTIVE The aim of this pragmatic randomized trial is to evaluate...
Article
b>Introduction: Oncological second opinions are becoming increasingly important given more complex treatment strategies, simultaneously more patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and many comprehensive cancer centers initiate integrative medicine programs. The present study focuses on analyzing the effects of a second opinion i...
Article
Das Thema Komplementärmedizin ist im gynäkologisch-onkologischen Praxisalltag relevant. Patientinnen mit Brustkrebs und gynäkologischen Tumoren haben ein hohes Interesse an komplementären Therapien und wenden sich damit an ihr Behandlungsteam. Dem Wunsch kann man mit unterschiedlichen Angeboten nachkommen. Man kann Patientinnen Informationen zu dem...
Article
b>Purpose: To develop an evidence-based decision aid for parents of children with cancer and to help guide them in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for cancer care. Methods: This study had a mixed research design. The needs of parents were investigated by survey and focus group. A systematic review and meta-analysis were perf...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cancer diagnosis and cancer treatment can cause high levels of distress, which is often not sufficiently addressed in standard medical care. Therefore, a variety of supportive nonpharmacological treatments have been suggested to reduce distress in patients with cancer. However, not all patients use these interventions because of limited...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: High expectations about acupuncture might contribute to larger treatment effects (Prady et al., 2015). However, problems in the assessment are well known: 1) floor or ceiling effects lower variance; 2) expectation measures include general beliefs about complementary medicine; 3) construct validity of expectation measures remains unclear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Traditional Indian Medicine Ayurveda is used to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA) despite limited evidence. Objectives We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of complex Ayurvedic treatment compared to complex conventional care in knee OA patients. Methods According to ACR criteria patients with knee OA were included in a multicenter rando...

Citations

... To address the most prevalent design and methodological concerns in current acupuncture randomised trials, an international panel including patients, clinicians, researchers, and trialists in acupuncture, surgery, statistics, patient engagement, and clinical epidemiology developed guidance for research teams planning acupuncture trials. To inform the guidance, we conducted a systematic survey 15 exploring characteristics associated with acupuncture treatment effects. ...
... First, skepticism remains about the effectiveness of acupuncture on cardiopathies, limited by many problems in designing and implementing existing trials. This is a common challenge in RCTs of acupuncture, and fortunately, scholars have focused on this issue and developed guidance for designing high-quality clinical trials, covering complete methodological recommendations (70). Therefore, future clinical studies about acupuncture on cardiopathies are expected to provide high-quality evidence for clinical practice and Medicare reimbursement decisions with rigorous methodological design. ...
... In addition, economic evaluation is recognized as essential in order to be registered in national or private insurance systems, but there are relatively few economic evaluations of acupuncture that also have methodological limitations. 4 Given this situation, this BMJ acupuncture collection is important because it provides guidance on clinical trials, economic analysis, and development of CPGs. In particular, the guidance on acupuncture clinical trials based on surveys of professional acupuncture clinical researchers, consumers, and policy makers from around the world are helpful. ...
... However, almost 6% of respondents never, 8% almost never and 11% very seldom searched for this information. This population group not actively looking for the actual information requires other forms of communications, including gamification approaches for the information delivery with the use of computer games or quizzes [25][26][27] that proved to ameliorate the COVID-19 control practices [28]. The possibility to actively express personal thoughts and judgments about different aspects of the pandemic or frequency of discussions about them within the close social environment has not been analyzed in the survey, but might also be related to willingness to collaborate in case of infection, and appropriate strategies to facilitate such communication would increase contacts sharing. ...
... Socially based interventions targeting individuals living with chronic pain are limited [3,13], and both the cultural sector broadly [24,34], and museums in particular [19,29] may have a valuable role to play in addressing the social disconnection that is associated with chronic pain. This paper describes the transition from an inperson to virtual museum study in response to Covid-19 social-distancing safety measures. ...
... Reasons for low adherence were lack of time, lack of perceived benefit, and technology issues (Ball et al., 2020). Mikolasek et al. (2021) employed a mindfulness and relaxation app for cancer patients who reported improvements in fatigue, sleep, quality of life with reduced distress and anxiety. More distressed patients benefited the most, although only 25% of the sample used the app regularly. ...
... From E. alba, Ecliptasaponin C, a new triterpenoid glucoside, was isolated together with daucosterol and stigmasterol-3-O-glucoside. To promote diuresis, the herbal compound formulation Punarnavadi-kvatha [67] based on the whole plant of B. diffusa and the herbomineral combination Shveta-Parpati [68] were chosen. The ingredients of Punarnavadi-kvatha are listed inTable 3. The method of preparation follows the description of ancient Ayurvedic texts for decoction (kvatha). ...