Ciara McEnteggart's scientific contributions

Publications (5)

Article
The current research aimed to examine the implicit biases of smokers and nonsmokers to others who did or did not smoke. Study 1 presented adult smokers and nonsmokers with an Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) that assessed bias toward or against smokers and nonsmokers. Study 2 replicated this with adolescent smokers and nonsmokers. Bo...
Article
Full-text available
Perspective-taking interventions have been shown to improve attitudes toward social outgroups. In contrast, similar interventions have produced opposite effects (i.e., enhanced negativity) in the context of attitudes to elderly groups. The current study investigated whether a brief perspective-taking intervention enhanced with mindfulness would be...
Article
This Professional Interest Brief seeks to provide a clear guide to interpreting data generated by Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). The interpretation of IRAP data is not immediately intuitive and yet has received little explicit attention in the published literature. As such, it is hoped that this guide will help clarify this matter...

Citations

... The current study also sought to determine the potential impact of using single versus multiple labels in the IRAP, and no main or interaction effects were found for this variable. Such a result may be reassuring for previous IRAP research, some of which has employed single labels, whilst other research employed multiple labels (e.g., Barnes-Holmes, Hayden, Barnes-Holmes, & Stewart, 2008;Cagney, Harte, Barnes-Holmes, Barnes-Holmes, & McEnteggart, 2017;McKenna et al., 2007;Nicholson & Barnes-Holmes, 2012). On balance, it is important to bear in mind that this variable may be less important when the labels are relatively simple (e.g., single words or pictures) versus more complex (e.g., full statements or complex pictorial stimuli). ...
... Hence, based on ILT, a match of leader-follower strategic optimism implies high levels of self-perception and self-perception relative to others, that is, perspective-taking ( Galinsky and Moskowitz, 2000;Parker and Axtell, 2001). More specifically, perspective-taking refers to an individual's ability to see the world as others see the individual ( Edwards et al., 2017). ...
... The clinical literature typically treats the components of psychological flexibility and their interactions as functional behavioral processes (Barnes-Holmes et al., 2016). However, the use of such terminology in ACT and putative RFT accounts of problematic clinical behavior is an issue that is of current concern and debate (e.g., see Barnes-Holmes et al., 2018;Villatte et al., 2015). Indeed, in a review of Villatte et al.'s (2015) depiction of the relationship between ACT and RFT, Barnes-Holmes et al. (2018) highlighted their concerns with mixing technical and nontechnical terms in attempting to account for clinical phenomena. ...
... Full, detailed descriptions of the IRAP procedure have been provided elsewhere (Barnes-Holmes et al., 2010;Hussey et al., 2015). Before completing the IRAP participants received clear instructions on how to complete the task. ...
... As such, the term has proven to have a high clinical utility but also has the common problems that midlevel terms posit. For instance, cognitive fusion is simultaneously used to refer to an outcome, a process, and a general tendency (e.g., McEnteggart, Barnes-Holmes, Hussey, & Barnes-Holmes, 2015). Looking at the definitions presented previously, the general use of the term is as an outcome behavior. ...