Christopher Frayling's scientific contributions

Citations

... The first is the defence of research specificity [56][57][58][59]; as described by Frayling, RtD treats design as a unique form of thinking and a unique method for establishing knowledge that can further our understanding of non-design topics. The second is the foundation of design research based on existing academic research precedents or methods, particularly in the context of natural sciences, social sciences, and the arts [53,60,61]. Gaver and Bowers proposed that the similarities and familial resemblances of artefacts manifested through design research can be summarised using annotated portfolios, which combine visual information with concise descriptions. ...