Christina M. Smith's research while affiliated with California State University, Channel Islands and other places

Publications (3)

Article
Documentary films employing soldier-generated material were a popular phenomenon during the War in Iraq, as film-makers utilized soldier-captured footage and narration in their films. One of the most successful was Deborah Scranton’s The War Tapes (2006). Notably, Scranton gave the soldiers cameras, and offered instructions through technology while...
Article
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The use of blended learning is well suited for classes that involve a high level of experiential in-quiry such as internship courses. These courses allow students to combine applied, face-to-face fieldwork activities with a reflective academic component delivered online. Therefore, the pur-pose of this article is to describe the pedagogical design...
Article
Courses: Persuasion, Argumentation, and/or Rhetorical TheoryObjective: This one-day activity uses Franklin Delano Roosevelt's “Four Freedoms” speech, in combination with contemporary reinterpretations of Norman Rockwell's related images, to explore the concepts of ideology and visual ideographs.

Citations

... Through Online Distance Learning (ODL), students can obtain learning materials related to new subjects that they can explore theresources such as class lectures outside the school environment where they have face-to-face lessons. The students then focus on the adaptation of new learning content through approaches such as cooperative learning in classes, blended learning, project-based and group discussions and videos (Smith, 2015). ...
... This understanding evolved beyond the written and spoken word to include objects or representational ideographs (Moore, 1993(Moore, , 1994(Moore, , 1996 and images or visual ideographs (Edwards & Winkler, 1997;Osborn, 1986;Palczewski, 2005;Pineda & Sowards, 2007). Objects and images can have important ideological implications and hidden meanings (Ballard, 2016;Meidani, 2015;Smith, 2015). An audience viewing certain pictures can experience a lasting memory from those images that can resonate with that audience (Osborn, 1986). ...