Chris Huxham's research while affiliated with University of Strathclyde and other places

Publications (76)

Article
This article explores the dynamic processes of collective identity formation among the participating organizational members in interorganizational collaborations that cross national boundaries. A longitudinal, qualitative multi-case study research approach was adopted in the empirical investigation of collective identity in three international busi...
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This article addresses a "goals paradox" that suggests that both congruence and diversity in organizations' goals influence success in collaboration. Using extensive empirical data, we develop a framework that portrays goals as an entangled, dynamic, and ambiguously hierarchical web of variously perceived, higher- and lower-level goals that can be...
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This article presents the Interpretive Clustering Approach to theory building from Research Oriented Action Research data as a means of creating theory to support the reflective practice of public managers. Tenets about the nature of theory suitable for supporting reflective practice are developed and discussed; these relate to recognizability, gen...
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In this article we address a key tension in the literature. That is, whether the knowledge status of a tradition is largely preserved passively, under tradition’s own authority, or alternatively preserved through deliberate, individual interpretive acts.Through empirical research in three network contexts, we show that both authority and interpreta...
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Since Evan's (1965) call for a theory of inter-organisational relations (IOR), research into IOR has proliferated as inter-organisational practice has become more commonplace. We argue that knowledge about IOR has developed in fragmented and highly differentiated ways, despite periodic attempts to review knowledge and set an agenda for future resea...
Article
Abstract In the complex, usually problematic situation of interorganizational collaboration the need for managerial learning in the pursuit of collaborative advantage is high. Two particular characterizations of learning, in relation to interorganizational collaboration, are well described in the extant literature. We characterize these as transfer...
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In this article we consider the nature and implications of barriers to collaborative process learning that may occur in regional clusters. Our approach is rooted in research in interorganizational collaboration and focuses on interview-based research in photonics clusters in: Scotland and the West Midlands in the United Kingdom; Berlin-Brandenburg...
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Inter-organizational collaboration has been argued to present as many complex challenges as it tries to solve. In this paper, we explore the role of tradition in these challenging and problematic contexts. In particular, we are concerned with the ways in which traditions emerge, endure or change in relationship with (and in the context of) collabor...
Article
Leadership research so far has neglected clusters as a particular context for leadership, while research on networks and clusters has hardly studied leadership issues. This paper fills this dual gap in the abundant research on leadership on the one hand and on networks/clusters on the other by investigating leadership in photonics clusters from a s...
Chapter
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This article discusses the jungle of theories and approaches that abound today in works applied to the management of relations between organizations. It discusses the actions of 'individuals' who may be thought of as managers of an inter-organizational entity (IOE). It also explores research that describes organizational capabilities - in the sense...
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[About the book] Despite predictions that 'new public management' would establish itself as the new paradigm of Public Administration and Management, recent academic research has highlighted concerns about the intra-organizational focus and limitations of this approach. This book represents a comprehensive analysis of the state of the art of public...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore some of the forces which militate against building capacity for research in business and management that satisfies the double-hurdle criteria of academic rigour and relevance to practice, despite strong pressures in favour of it. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is a reflective piece based on...
Article
The authors argue that international collaborations are both vehicles for wider strategic change and development and contexts within which individuals pursue a process of development and change to move their separate organizations toward a functioning relationship. The authors explore two related aspects—trust building and identity construction—of...
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The practice of inviting managers and leaders to make formal presentations telling the story of their experience to others is widespread. In this article we explore these as a way of looking at how audiences learn and change from stories they are told. We considered a range of speakers from high profile `circuit speakers' to little known `experienc...
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In this prologue to the special issue on theory in action research we provide a context and an introduction for the articles that follow. We begin by sketching in some of our shared ideas on theory in action research and some of the differences between our own approaches. Then, after briefly describing the process of preparing this issue, we provid...
Article
The interest in theory is greater than we anticipated. However, in looking at the role of theory in action research, there are more questions than answers. With few exceptions, the way in which theory is built from experience remains elusive. How is it done? It seems that frameworks are useful in making sense of the world. But which frameworks? Wha...
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This text draws together a wide variety of research that makes up the study of inter-organizational relations (IOR). It includes many empirical settings and a range of disciplinary and theoretical bases as well as several specific topic areas. It is mainly concerned with representing the state of knowledge in the emerging field of IOR research; in...
Article
Effective inter-organizational collaboration is a vital capability for organizations and individual managers, who work in increasingly diverse forms of partnerships, alliances and networks. Recent efforts to draw together research in the field of inter-organizational relations (IOR) should, we argue, be complemented with efforts on pedagogic matter...
Book
The Oxford Handbook of Inter-Organizational Relations provides a structured overview of Inter-Organizational Relations (IOR). IOR, the study of Strategic Alliances, Joint Ventures, Partnerships, Networks, and other forms of relationship between organizations, is a field of study that has burgeoned over the last four decades, but is fragmented, draw...
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This article concludes that at this point in its development, and from the vantage point of organization science, inter-organizational relations (IORs) seem to constitute an emerging sub-field of organization science focusing on the inter-organizational level of analysis and beginning to develop its own institutional trappings. The empirical and co...
Article
This article is concerned with attitudes to learning in inter-organizational collaboration. Basic attitudes to learning evident in extant research -"selfish", "sharing" and "sidelined"- are compared with those observed through research-oriented action research. A conceptualization based on a characterization of the attitudes observed in the researc...
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Purpose – This article discuses the challenge of organizations achieving a collaborative advantage. Design/methodology/approach – Gives a brief synopsis of collaborative advantage. Findings – Leadership must involve being both gentle and tough at the same time – being prepared to nurture relationships on the one hand and taking a directive clear...
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Researching organizations using action research Since its inception in the middle of the 20th century, action research has gradually gained in prominence. In the last few years, however, there has been an explosion of interest and a concurrent abundance of articles and books about it and using it. The term is used to describe a range of approaches...
Article
The practice of inviting managers and leaders to make formal presentations telling the story of their experience to others is widespread. In this paper we explore these as one manifestation of the transfer of management practices. We include among those considered, a range of speakers from high profile "circuit speakers" to unknown "experience shar...
Article
Within the general context of the theory of collaborative advantage, this paper focuses on one aspect of a theme of research relating to the issue of learning in collaborative settings. The broad question that this research is addressing is whether conceptualizations of issues relating to learning that face practitioners can be useful in helping th...
Article
Within the general context of the theory of collaborative advantage, this article focuses on attitudes to inter-partner learning in both private and public sector settings. Basic attitudes to learning - "selfish", "sharing" and "sidelined" - are identified and through a qualitative analysis of data collected during collaboration programmes, these a...
Article
This paper problematizes the process of developing and agreeing on aims in inter-organizational collaboration. We observe that real collaboration aims exist, if at all, in an entanglement of other aims both real and imagined. Aims that shape collaborative efforts derive from both members and external stakeholders and can be variously characterized...
Article
Collaboration between organizations on different continents can raise issues of economic development, health, the environment, risk sharing, supply chain efficiency and human resource management. It is an activity that can touch upon almost every aspect of business and social life. In this notable text, the authors combine rigorous theory with prac...
Article
We approached the considerable body of literature on learning in collaborative situations in order to explore the possibility of pulling the separate strands into a broad conceptual framework which might offer new insights. The literature focus in the framework was deliberately upon the interorganizational field, although we do touch upon some more...
Chapter
This book provides a review of the findings of the largest ever programme of cities research in the UK, the 'Cities: Competitiveness and Cohesion programme'. Leading experts present the findings of this wide-ranging programme organised around themes of competitiveness, social cohesion and the role of policy and governance.
Article
This book provides, in a single volume, a review of the findings of the largest ever programme of cities research in the UK, the Economic and Social Research Council's 'Cities: Competitiveness and Cohesion programme'. Leading experts present the findings of this wide-ranging programme organised around themes of competitiveness, social cohesion and...
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We explore the nature of the practice of collaboration, focusing in particular on some of the reasons why collaborative initiatives tend to challenge those involved. Two concepts are central to this exploration. The first is collaborative advantage. This captures the synergy argument: to gain real advantage from collaboration, something has to be a...
Article
About the Conference: There is an increasing pressure for management research and theorising to be made more relevant to the world of practice. The aim of this conference is to emphasise this need for scholarly rigor and practical relevance by focusing on the shape of the future and its possible consequences for managerial priorities and decision-m...
Article
Working across organizations has long been recognized as a characteristic of public management, but recent years have seen a worldwide intensification in partnership working. Rhetoric about the benefits is endemic but so are complaints about the difficulty of partnership working in practice. Understanding the way that collaborative approaches may p...
Article
This article provides an overview of the theory of collaborative advantage. This is a practice-oriented theory concerned with enhancing practical understanding of the management isssues involved in joint working across organizations. Two contrasting concepts are central to it: collaborative advantage which is concerned with the potential for synerg...
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This article contributes to an understanding of action research as a phenomenological methodological paradigm for carrying out research into management and organizations. Two case studies of action research are presented. Three areas of choice—overtness, visibility, and riskiness—that emerge out of the cases and that are significant issues in desig...
Article
The aim of this article is to provide some insight into ways in which action research can contribute to the development of theory about the process of health care delivery. It focuses on a variety of action research that is a methodology for carrying out research into management and organisations, which can lead to deep conceptualisations about wha...
Article
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Many organizations aspire to gain collaborative advantage by working in partnerships across organizational, sectoral, and even national boundaries. Such collaborations, however, are difficult to manage, and the likelihood of disappointing outputs is high. To create advantage, practitioners need to engage in a continuous process of nurturing the col...
Article
In this article we consider how issues of identity may have relevance to the management of interorganizational collaborations, and the establishment and disestablishment on trust in such settings. The focus is on the forces for and against consistency and disruption of identity in collaborative settings and the process by which identities are forme...
Article
This paper is concerned with rethinking the notion of 'good management practice'. It explicates a way of framing management theory in terms of tensions between apparently contradictory pieces of good practice advice. The relevance of this, as a practical conceptualization that could usefully inform managers about the kinds of considerations they mi...
Article
This paper contributes to theory on the management of interorganizational collaborative relationships. Using action research and discourse analysis, we draw on data collected from a learning network and focus specifically on conceptualising some of the ways in which issues of power impinge upon participants in collaborations. The emerging theory en...
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About the book: Public-Private partnerships are an increasing aspect of the delivery of public policies and services across the world. This book is the first to draw upon a range of disciplines to offer theoretical perspectives upon their analysis as well as a range of case-studies of their management from around the world. It also offers a number...
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This article contributes to the theory if collaboration in social settings and is based on data collected during action research interventions in a number of public and community interorganizational collaborations. We conceptualize leadership in collaborations as stemming from three leadership media - structures, processes, and participants - and a...
Article
Partnerships increasingly play a major role in determining and implementing major policy drives in localities. Under-standing how they may provide value is therefore essential to understanding modern governance principles. This article describes action research aiming to develop a conceptualization of fac-tors inherent in collaborative forms and, h...
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This paper is concerned with the role that membership structures of inter-organizational collaborations have on the achievement of collaborative advantage in the context of tackling social issues. Based on action research involving participants in a wide variety of collaborative situations, the paper aims to explore the nature of the membership of...
Article
The authors would like to give special thanks to their colleagues Catherine Barr, who played a central role in the data collection and analysis with a number of the groups referred to in the paper, and Colin Eden, who facilitated the strategy workshops and who has been involved in the work and a source of inspiration in countless other ways. They w...
Article
Action research has become increasingly prominent among management researchers as an espoused paradigm used to justify the validity of a range of research outputs. In this paper we introduce and discuss 12 contentions which, we argue, justify an action research project as quality research. The contentions are presented through a discussion of a num...
Article
Recent UK government policies have had a number of effects on public sector organisations. Among the more obvious is the pressure — created from both direct and indirect policy changes — towards privatisation. Thus, for example, local authorities have been required to shift away from being service providers towards enabling others to provide. In th...
Article
This paper examines whether and how the precepts and practices of facilitator-led group decision support (FL-GDS) can be applied to situations in which a consultant works with a single client. This '1-1' perspective is used to drive an analysis of the role of facilitation in both GDS and single client situations. A model of facilitation which ident...
Article
Government policies (of which the introduction of ‘One‐Stop Shops’ for business advice is a recent example) have highlighted the need for public services to manage relationships between organizations as well as within them. This article focuses on one hind of inter‐organizational relationship: collaboration. Based on experience from a public sector...
Article
This paper is based upon a participatory research project carried out within a local level public organization, concerned with developing a strategy for collaboration with other organizations. Two concepts are introduced, 'collaborative advantage' and 'shared meta-strategy'. The issues surrounding these, which have arisen in the course of the proje...
Article
In today's organizational environment, the ability to manage positive relationships between organizations, as well as those within organizations, is becoming increasingly important. Based on work being carried out in Glasgow, explores some of the issues involved in achieving collaborative advantage. Focuses, in particular, on the issues which arise...
Article
The development of group decision support (GDS) methods has become an increasingly developed theme in the OR world and elsewhere. Many such methods have been well tried and shown to be effective within a variety of organizational settings. This paper is based upon work which has aimed to use the methods beyond the confines of a single organizationa...
Article
The mounting of a Large Scale Event (LSE) (such as an Olympics or Expo) in a city or country can be much more than an end in itself. Such an event also provides many opportunities for long-term development. This paper describes a Group Decision Support System (GDSS) for assisting decision makers in local public sector organisations to make use of t...
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The past decade has seen new (or renewed) interest in various approaches to helping decision-making teams, such as cognitive mapping, strategic choice, strategic assumption surfacing and testing (SAST), soft systems methodology, conflict analysis and decision conferencing. Unlike traditional OR, these focus largely on the process of decision, with...
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This paper describes a methodology for strategic management whose primary aim is to gain involvement and commitment from those whose actions will secure the organization's future, rather than to produce perfect plans. The process involves a continuous cycle of workshops in which many managerial levels participate, focussing on the creation and eval...
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How can a group or team organize its meetings so that all members have a say, no one person has too much say and a decision results? In this article, the authors describe the design and subsequent proceedings of a one-day meeting in which they were able to agree a way forward through a ‘messy’ issue to do with their future working relationships. Th...
Article
Within the OR community, an increasing emphasis is being placed on developing approaches to tackle complex, 'messy' decision problems. The work described in this paper arose out of the premise that it would be desirable to integrate ideas from a number of different approaches of this type. Specifically, the paper describes one experimental attempt...
Article
Leadership research has so far neglected clusters as a particular context for leadership, while research on clusters has hardly studied leading (in) networks or clusters. This paper fills this dual gap in the abundant research on leadership on the one hand and networks/clusters on the other by investigating leadership of and in four photonics clust...

Citations

... Although the literature already explores how companies engage in CSI (Christensen, Baumann, Ruggles, & Sadtler, 2006;Herrera, 2015;Mirvis et al., 2016) and the advantages that partnerships provide in terms of development of new skills and knowledge transfer (Holmström Lind, Kang, Ljung, & Forsgren, 2018;Huxham & Vangen, 2013;Kanter, 1994;Phillips, Alexander, & Lee, 2019), these two constructs are usually studied separately, even though they are increasingly considered to be an alternative to offer potential solutions to social problems (Alford, 2016;Brandsen & Honingh, 2016;Herrera, 2015;Porter & Kramer, 2006). Corporate social innovations already consider the need of crosscollaborations as they often involve multi-party collaborations with companies exploring new sources and innovative methods for partnering with social innovators, social enterprises, and governments in order to co-create something new that provides a sustainable solution to social issues so as to expand the roles of different actors and to address a new set of business opportunities while impacting areas such as education, employment, and public services (Alford, 2014;Mirvis & Googins, 2017;Mirvis et al., 2016;Voorberg et al., 2014). ...
... Public policy aims can be difficult to achieve even within organisational and domain boundaries, despite governance structures that exhibit strong vertical integration and mature systems for internal control. Consider, then, the inherent difficulty of managing multiple relationships in networked systems characterised by asymmetries of knowledge, power and authority, as well as variegated cultures, values, business systems and capabilities (Huxham and Vangen 2008). Provan and Kenis (2008: 234-36) identify three basic forms of network governance: ...
... The collaboration that emerged from these conditions eventually formed the concept of collaboration. E s t a b l i s h i n g c o l l a b o ra t i o n a m o n g stakeholders is very dif icult, even the level of success is as low as 20% (Huxham & Hibbert, 2008). There are groups of igures who are skeptical of collaboration. ...
... Meskipun Network Governance bertujuan untuk melayani kebutuhan populasi tunawisma, karena misi organisasi yang berbeda, organisasi layanan manusia dapat bersaing untuk mendapatkan sumber daya keuangan, relawan, dan reputasi (Bunger et al., 2014) Ketiga, berbeda dari pendekatan Top-Down, pengambilan keputusan dalam Network melibatkan banyak organisasi anggota dan menuntut proses musyawarah di mana anggota menetapkan aturan, mengembangkan kepercayaan, dan membangun konsensus dalam pemecahan masalah (Agranoff, 2006) Oleh karena itu mengelola di dalam dan di seluruh Network governance memerlukan berbagai alat dan perangkat keterampilan manajerial. Lingkungan Network Governance menuntut beberapa tingkat pembagian kekuasaan, fleksibilitas, dan kemampuan beradaptasi, kapasitas untuk bekerja dengan semua jenis dinamika antar-organisasi, seperti persaingan dan potensi konflik (Goldsmith & Eggers, 2004;Huxham & Vangen, 2000;Koliba et al., 2010), terakhir asumsi tradisional tentang kepemimpinan hierarkis mungkin tidak ditegakkan dalam pengaturan Network Governance (Huxham & Vangen, 2000). Teori kepemimpinan tradisional menunjukkan bahwa seorang pemimpin formal dapat mempengaruhi anggota kelompok atau organisasi untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu. ...
... Scientific, political, and industrial benefits are derived from ISCs. Scientific benefits are well documented (Katz and Martin, 1997;Melin, 2000;Beaver, 2001;Wagner et al., 2002;Cummings and Kiesler, 2005;Huxham and Hibbert, 2005;Jonkers and Cruz-Castro, 2010) and can include: ...
... Hypergames have been used to model interactive decisions through matrices, trees, and tableaux [85,86]. The authors expand this repertoire by showing preliminary problem structuring, where there are games within games, and build the perception in hypergames. ...
... 3 Donati et al., 2020;, and quasi-experimental approaches (e.g., Comi and Eppler, 2011). A variety of qualitative methods have been applied to alliance teams, such as case studies (e.g., , participatory research (Büchel, 2000), action research (Eden and Huxham, 2001), interpretative case studies , and grounded analysis . See the reference list below for a complete overview of the studies included in our analysis. ...
... The debate of the interplay of contracts and relationships unfolds mainly in the inter-firm literature under the notion of inter-organizational relationship (IOR) governance. IOR governance is considered to be a central determinant of businesses' economic prosperity, and apart from a number of potential benefits (e. g., tapping into resources and learning), it also entails a variety of negative aspects that can manifest themselves in conflicts, opportunism, mistrust, non-cooperation, unethical practices or illegitimacy (Cropper, Ebers, Huxham, & Ring, 2008;Lumineau & Oliveira, 2018;Mesquita, Ragozzino, & Reuer, 2017). ...
... The setting of this study can be characterized as the context for complex theory testing, such as multidimensional poverty and approaches to its alleviation. Furthermore, action research that is focused on institutional development can also be used for social change (Chisholm, 1998;Eden & Huxham, 2006). Its distinguishing feature is the involvement of researchers with the community members over matters of genuine concern to the latter and an intent to take an action together (Eden & Huxham, 2006). ...
... Scholars of work and occupations have demonstrated that occupation-specific identities make it difficult for members of different occupations to understand and appreciate each other's work (O'Mahony & Bechky, 2008). Interprofessional collaborations may therefore be perceived as a threat to professionals' identity because they involve multiple parties with differing identities, interests, beliefs and routines that 'often make it challenging for members of an occupation group to share knowledge with non-members' (Beech & Huxham, 2003;Currie et al., 2009;DiBenigno & Kellogg, 2014, p. 376;McNeil et al., 2013;Ybema et al., 2012). Specifically, interprofessional collaborations may be construed as a threat to professionals' identity in two ways. ...