Chen-Feng Qi's research while affiliated with National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and other places

Publications (119)

Article
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Lupus nephritis is a severe organ manifestation in systemic lupus erythematosus leading to kidney failure in a subset of patients. In lupus-prone mice, controlled infection with Plasmodium parasites protects against the progression of autoimmune pathology including lethal glomerulonephritis. Here, we demonstrate that parasite-induced protection was...
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Infection by malaria parasites triggers dynamic immune responses leading to diverse symptoms and pathologies; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for these reactions are largely unknown. We performed Trans-species Expression Quantitative Trait Locus analysis to identify a large number of host genes that respond to malaria parasite infecti...
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Malaria infection induces complex and diverse immune responses. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying host–parasite interaction, we performed a genetic screen during early (24 h) Plasmodium yoelii infection in mice and identified a large number of interacting host and parasite genes/loci after transspecies expression quantitative trait locus (Ts-e...
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The acquisition of malaria immunity is both remarkably slow and unpredictable. At present, we know little about the malaria parasite genes that influence the host’s ability to mount a protective immune response. Here, we show that a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) resulting in a single amino acid change (S to F) in an ApiAP2 transcription fact...
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Malaria is a deadly parasitic disease that continues to afflict hundreds of millions of people every year. Infections with malaria parasites can be asymptomatic, with mild symptoms, or fatal, depending on a delicate balance of host immune responses. Malaria parasites enter host red blood cells (RBCs) through interactions between parasite ligands an...
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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by increased production of autoantibodies, which commonly target nuclear antigens, and concomitant deposition of immune complexes that cause inflammation in tissues. SLE is often associated with increased systemic expression of type I interferons, in some cases due to dysreg...
Article
Accumulating evidence suggests granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)can function as an inflammatory mediator, but whether GM-CSF-producing CD4 ⁺ T cells (T H -GM-CSF)are a distinct T helper cell subset is lacking. Herein we demonstrate that interleukin (IL)-1β exclusively drives differentiation of naïve CD4 ⁺ T cells into T H -G...
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Engagement of the BCR with Ags triggers signaling pathways for commitment of B lymphocyte responses that can be regulated, in part, by reactive oxygen species. To investigate the functional relevance of reactive oxygen species produced in primary B cells, we focused on the role of the hydrogen peroxide generator Duox1 in stimulated splenic B cells...
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Myc-deregulating T(12;15) chromosomal translocations are the hallmark cytogenetic abnormalities of murine plasmacytomas (PCTs). In most PCTs, the immunoglobulin heavy chain (Igh) locus is broken between the Eμ enhancer and the 3' regulatory region (3'RR), making the latter the major candidate for orchestrating Myc deregulation. To elucidate the rol...
Article
The follicular helper T cell (TFH) are established regulators of germinal center (GC) B cells, whether TFH have pathogenic potential independent of B cells is unknown. Based on in vitro TFH cell differentiation, in vivo T cell transfer animal colitis model, and intestinal tissues of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, TFH and its functions i...
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The development of vaccines for infectious diseases for which we currently have none, including HIV, will likely require the use of adjuvants that strongly promote germinal center responses and somatic hypermutation to produce broadly neutralizing antibodies. Here we compared the outcome of immunization with the T-cell dependent antigen, NP-conjuga...
Article
TREX1/DNASE III, the most abundant 3′-5′ DNA exonuclease in mammalian cells, is tail-anchored on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Mutations at the N-terminus affecting TREX1 DNase activity are associated with autoimmune and inflammatory conditions such as Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS). Mutations in the C-terminus of TREX1 cause loss of localizati...
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Severe lupus often includes psychiatric and neurological sequelae, although the cellular contributors to CNS disease remain poorly defined. Using intravascular staining to discriminate tissue-localized from blood-borne cells, we find substantial accumulation of CD8+ T cells relative to other lymphocytes in brain tissue, which correlates with lupus...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-11 and Supplementary Table 1-2.
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Sustained low-grade inflammation mediated by non-resolving inflammatory monocytes has long been suspected in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the sustainment of non-resolving inflammatory monocytes during atherosclerosis are poorly understood. Here we observe that subclinical endotoxemia, often...
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Highlights • Interleukin 10-induced miR-146b plays a critical role in the regulation of macrophage polarization and colitis development by targeting IRF5. • Treatment with miR-146b mimic significantly suppresses M1 macrophage activation and ameliorates colitis development. Interleukin 10 and Interleukin receptor are clearly involved in the develop...
Article
Receptor CD300b is implicated in regulating the immune response to bacterial infection by an unknown mechanism. Here, we identified CD300b as a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding receptor and determined the mechanism underlying CD300b augmentation of septic shock. In vivo depletion and adoptive transfer studies identified CD300b-expressing macrophage...
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The most deadly complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection is cerebral malaria (CM) with a case fatality rate of 15-25% in African children despite effective antimalarial chemotherapy. There are no adjunctive treatments for CM, so there is an urgent need to identify new targets for therapy. Here we show that the glutamine analog 6-diazo-5-oxo-...
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Myeloid cells are a heterogenous and abundant population of haematopoietic cells that are virtually present in all mammalian tissues, where they monitor local microenvironment to maintain homeostasis. All myeloid cells originate from the pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells that undergo progressive restriction in their lineage potential to give ris...
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Several mouse models of systemic lupus erythematosus, including FcγRIIB-KO and TLR7tg mice, develop an expansion of an atypical NK cell subset with functional similarity to cells referred as IFN-producing killer DCs or pre-mature NKs in other systems. In this study, we show that atypical NKs purified from spleens of systemic lupus erythematosus-pro...
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Unlabelled: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites of several Plasmodium spp. Cerebral malaria (CM) is a common form of severe malaria resulting in nearly 700,000 deaths each year in Africa alone. At present, there is no adjunctive therapy for CM. Although the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of CM are incompletely understood,...
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Here we show that iNOS-deficient mice display enhanced classically activated M1 macrophage polarization without major effects on alternatively activated M2 macrophages. eNOS and nNOS mutant mice show comparable M1 macrophage polarization compared with wild-type control mice. Addition of N6-(1-iminoethyl)-L-lysine dihydrochloride, an iNOS inhibitor,...
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During hematopoiesis, hematopoietic stem cells constantly differentiate into granulocytes and macrophages via a distinct differentiation program that is tightly controlled by myeloid lineage-specific transcription factors. Mice with a null mutation of IFN regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) accumulate CD11b(+)Gr1(+) myeloid cells that phenotypically and fun...
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Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a signature molecule for classically activated macrophages (M1) but the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of M1 macrophages are still not fully understood. Here, we show that iNOS deficient mice displayed enhanced M1 macrophage differentiation but without major effects on alternatively activated macro...
Data
CTCF is a widely expressed 11-zinc finger (ZF) transcription factor that is involved in different aspects of gene regulation including promoter activation or repression, hormone-responsive gene silencing, methylation- dependent chromatin insulation, and genomic imprinting. Because CTCF targets include oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, we screen...
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The role of intracellular radical oxygen species (ROS) in pathogenesis of cerebral malaria (CM) remains incompletely understood. We undertook testing Tempol-a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic and pleiotropic intracellular antioxidant-in cells relevant to malaria pathogenesis in the context of coagulation and inflammation. Tempol was also tested i...
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Apoptotic cell (AC) clearance is essential for immune homeostasis. Here we show that mouse CD300f (CLM-1) recognizes outer membrane-exposed phosphatidylserine, and regulates the phagocytosis of ACs. CD300f accumulates in phagocytic cups at AC contact sites. Phosphorylation within CD300f cytoplasmic tail tyrosine-based motifs initiates signals that...
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Malaria infection triggers vigorous host immune responses; however, the parasite ligands, host receptors, and the signaling pathways responsible for these reactions remain unknown or controversial. Malaria parasites primarily reside within RBCs, thereby hiding themselves from direct contact and recognition by host immune cells. Host responses to ma...
Article
DUSP3 (also called VHR) is a member of the dual-specificity protein phosphatase family which can dephosphorylate target proteins at phosphoserine/threonine and phosphotyrosine residuals. There are evidences that DUSP3 is highly expressed in cervical and prostate cancers, and may exert its function in inhibiting apoptosis. By analyzing publicly avai...
Data
In mammals, a subset of genes inherit gametic marks that establish parent of origin-dependent expression patterns in the soma ([1] and references therein). The currently most extensively studied examples of this phenomenon, termed genomic imprinting, are the physically linked Igf2 (insulin-like growth factor II) and H19 genes, which are expressed m...
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The E3 ligase ARF-BP1 governs the balance of life and death decisions by directing the degradation of p53 and enhancing the transcriptional activity of MYC. We find B cells selectively deficient in ARF-BP1 have many defects in developing and mature B cells associated with increased expression of p53 and reduced expression of Myc. Overexpression of...
Article
Background: Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive hematological neoplasm that responds poorly to therapy. The molecular etiology and pathology of this disease remain unclear, hampering the development of an effective therapy. Therefore, a need for more, and more realistic, animal models remains. Lymphoproliferative disorders have been reported...
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RORγt is necessary for the generation of TH17 cells but the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of TH17 cells are still not fully understood. We show that activation of CD4(+) T cells results in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). iNOS-deficient mice displayed enhanced TH17 cell differentiation but without major effects on...
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Although it is clear that T helper (Th)17 cells play a pathologic role in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases, the contribution and regulation of pathogenic Th17 cells in the development of glomerulonephritis are still not fully understood. Herein, we show that IL-10-deficient mice exhibit exacerbation of glomerulonephritis after indu...
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Transcriptional activation of MYC is a hallmark of many B cell lineage neoplasms. MYC provides a constitutive proliferative signal but can also initiate ARF-dependent activation of p53 and apoptosis. The E3 ubiquitin ligase, ARF-BP1, encoded by HUWE1, modulates the activity of both the MYC and the ARF-p53 signaling pathways, prompting us to determi...
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The splenic marginal zone (MZ) is comprised of specialized populations of B cells, dendritic cells, and macrophages that are uniquely arrayed outside the white pulp follicles to screen the blood for bacterial and other particulate Ags. Mechanisms responsible for MZ B-cell formation, localization, retention, and function are understood to include an...
Data
Supplementary Figures S1–S11 and Supplementary Table S1
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T(H)17 cells are recognized as a unique subset of T helper cells that have critical roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity and tissue inflammation. Although RORγt is necessary for the generation of T(H)17 cells, the molecular mechanisms underlying the functional diversity of T(H)17 cells are not fully understood. Here we show that a member of in...
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Transcriptional control of marginal zone (MZ) and follicular (FO) B cell development remains incompletely understood. The transcription factor, IFN regulatory factor (IRF)8, is known to play important roles in the differentiation of early B cells. In this article, we demonstrate that IRF8 is also required for normal development of MZ and FO B cells...
Chapter
Plasma cells are terminally differentiated cells of the B-cell lineage. They can develop from any of several mature B-cell subsets, including germinal center (GC), memory, marginal zone (MZ), and B1 cells. Plasma-cell tumors of mice, termed plasmacytomas (PCT), are increasingly recognized as sharing many features with the major type of plasma-cell...
Data
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Specific knockdown Eef1a2 expression in PCT cell lines. (A) qPCR analyses of Eef1a1 and Eef1a2 expression levels in transiently transfected PCT-AP cell line with four plasmids specifically targeting Eef1a2 (shRNA-1,2,3,4) and a control plasmid (shRNA-C). (B) Eef1a1 and Eef1a2 transcripts (left) and eEF1A2 protein (right) levels were analyzed by qPC...
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The canonical function of EEF1A2, normally expressed only in muscle, brain, and heart, is in translational elongation, but recent studies suggest a non-canonical function as a proto-oncogene that is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors including breast and ovary. Transcriptional profiling of a spectrum of primary mouse B cell lineage neoplasm...
Data
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(A) The frequency of EdU-postive cells in the Eef1a2 shRNA-3 expressing, control shRNA-C expressing cells and control cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Error bar = ± S.E. **p<0.01. (B) Apoptotic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry in cells transiently transfected with Eef1a2 shRNAs and shRNA-C after culturing in serum-free medium for 48 hour...