Cerstin Mahlow's research while affiliated with Zurich University of Applied Sciences and other places

Publications (26)

Article
Full-text available
Producing written texts is a non-linear process: in contrast to speech, writers are free to change already written text at any place at any point in time. Linguistic considerations are likely to play an important role, but so far, no linguistic models of the writing process exist. We present an approach for the analysis of writing processes with a...
Article
Full-text available
The recent development of education seems to be driven mainly by technology; assigning version numbers is an attempt to tame this development. But education is more complex than buzzwords like “Learning 4.0” may suggest. In this article, we argue for viewing education as a loosely coupled system of two interacting layers, technology and pedagogy: c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Swiss Web Corpus for Applied Linguistics (Swiss-AL) is a multilingual (German, French, Italian) collection of texts from selected web sources. Unlike most other web corpora it is not intended for NLP purposes, but rather designed to support data-based and data-driven research on societal and political discourses in Switzerland. It currently con...
Article
We argue that, starting from a sophisticated understanding of "digital," we should develop a corresponding notion of "education" suitable to meet the challenges of the ongoing digital transformation. The central task for higher education institutions is to model the complex networks of digital skills (critical thinking, media literacy, cross-cultur...
Conference Paper
Research on differencing and versioning in computer science, writing research, and scholarly editing are all concerned with the evolution of texts and documents through various drafts, versions, and changes between different stages. While the different disciplines all have their own perspectives, on closer inspection, there is a large overlap of co...
Article
For the third time, the ACM Symposium on Document Engineering (DocEng) will include a Doctoral Consortium. This newsletter article briefly introduces the goals and the structure of the consortium. We also encourage PhD students to participate in the upcoming ProDoc@DocEng in September in Lausanne (Switzerland).
Conference Paper
This NECTAR track paper (NECTAR: new scientific and technical advances in re-search) summarizes recent research and curation activities at the CLARIN center Stuttgart. CLARIN is a European initiative to advance research in humanities and so-cial sciences by providing language-based resources via a shared distributed infras-tructure. We provide an o...
Book
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology, SFCM 2013, held in Berlin, in September 2013. The 7 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 15 submissions and are complemented with an invited talk. The papers discuss recent advances in the field...
Chapter
This paper describes the process of formally evaluating an E-Learning system that has been in use for several years. Professional usability evaluation offers deeper insight into user behaviour and needs than accidental feedback collection or introspection by system developers. A first analysis of the evaluation samples shows satisfaction of users w...
Chapter
This paper describes the process of formally evaluating an E-Learning system that has been in use for several years. Professional usability evaluation offers deeper insight into user behaviour and needs than accidental feedback collection or introspection by system developers. A first analysis of the evaluation samples shows satisfaction of users w...
Conference Paper
In this paper we compare the state of the art of language awareness in source code editors and word processors. Language awareness refers to functions operating on the elements and structures of a formal or natural language. Language-aware functions allow users to work with meaningful units, increasing efficiency and reducing errors. While all mode...
Conference Paper
Unlike programmers, authors only get very little support from their writing tools, i.e., their word processors and editors. Current editors are unaware of the objects and structures of natural languages and only offer character-based operations for manipulating text. Writers thus have to execute complex sequences of low-level functions to achieve t...
Article
In this paper we argue that the concept of language awareness, as known from programmer’s editors, can be transferred to writing natural language and word processors. We propose editing functions which use methods from computational linguistics and take the structures of natural languages into consideration. Such functions could reduce errors and b...
Article
Full-text available
We present a morphological analyzer for Spanish called SMM. SMM is implemented in the grammar development framework Malaga, which is based on the formalism of Left-Associative Grammar. We briefly present the Malaga framework, describe the implementation decisions for some interesting morphological phenomena of Spanish, and report on the evaluation...
Book
From the point of view of computational linguistics, morphological resources are the basis for all higher-level applications. This is especially true for languages with a rich morphology, such as German or Finnish. A morphology component should thus be capable of analyzing single word forms as well as whole corpora. For many practical applications,...
Book
Non-canonical inflection (suppletion, deponency, heteroclisis...) is extensively studied in theoretical approaches to morphology. However, these studies often lack practical implementations associated with large-scale lexica. Yet these are precisely the requirements for objective comparative studies on the complexity of morphological descriptions....
Article
In this paper we briefly outline editing functions which are aware of the structures of natural languages by using methods from computational linguistics. Such functions could reduce errors and better support writers in realizing their communicative goals. However, linguistic methods have limits, and there are various aspects software developers ha...
Article
While software developers have various power tools at their disposal that make the writing of computer programs more efficient, authors of texts do not have the support of such power tools. Text processors still operate on the level of characters and strings rather than on the level of word forms and grammatical constructions. This forces authors t...
Conference Paper
Revising and editing are important parts of the writing process. In fact, multiple revision and editing cycles are crucial for the production of high-quality texts. However, revising and editing are also tedious and error-prone, since changes may introduce new errors. Grammar checkers, as offered by some word processors, are not a solution. Besides...
Article
This paper presents a novel type of test, halfway between multiple-choice and free-form text, used for training and assessment in several courses in a Computational Linguistics curricu-lum. We will describe the principles of the test, the different ways in which it can be used by learners, and the tools developed for authoring. Use of this type of...

Citations

... 4 (2) We carefully collected around 90 documents from public administrations, research institutions, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that were alien to our main corpus, from Table 2 List of 20 policy sectors and 13 sub-issues distinguished in the analysis Numbers in parentheses represent the number of documents (policy sectors) or the mean sub-issue probability over all documents (n = 7130) a The sub-issue on genetic resources concentrates on the genetic diversity within species (i.e., diversity of the genome between individuals of a species). The sub-issue on genetically modified organisms is about organisms whose DNA has been edited using genetic engineering techniques (e.g., GMO seeds) Policy sectors Agriculture (7883) (Krasselt et al., 2020). Native speakers with a background in biodiversity research then translated the resulting list of German keywords into French and Italian. ...
... The recent paradigm shift in the higher education sector is a scenario where digital technology is envisioned as an interconnected complex environment that allows online teaching and learning [11]. The shift has seen teaching and learning being conducted virtually on digital platforms that are heavily supported by digital educational technologies. ...
... Technically, we could create a version after each keystroke, which would result in a large amount of versions to be parsed, but two adjacent versions would differ in one character only. We apply the definition as proposed by Mahlow (2015a): A version is the current text-produced-so-far (TPSF) when a change in production mode occurs which also includes spatial aspects. A change in production mode is defined as switching between one of the modes (a) continuous writing at the leading edge of the TPSF (i.e., append) ignoring white insertions as proposed by Lindgren et al. (2019b), (b) continuous deletion of something, (c) continuous insertion of something into existing text (Mahlow, 2015a). ...
... This means that the aggregation and visualization functions can be readily used on different source bases. In this context, the modular design of the system architecture and the use of web services from the CLARIN-D infrastructure pays off (Mahlow et al. 2014). ...
... Both versions, whose content is identical, contain links to additional texts, to other knowledge resources and, most importantly, to interactive elements. These interactive elements are quizzes to test whether learning goals are achieved, Sentence Completion Tests (SCT) (Mahlow & Hess, 2004) for training and assessment, and Interactive Learning Applications (ILAP) for interactive experimentation with programs (Carstensen & Hess, 2003). In each unit, students are stimulated to interactively explore specific problems, methods, and techniques. ...
... Plusieurs types d'adverbes peuvent être distingués. Notamment, dans le cadre de du projet SMM, Mahlow and Piotrowski [2009] ont spécifié les types d'adverbes suivants : général, temporel, modal, local. ...
... (a) Language-aware editing support for writers based on morphosyntactic information. Piotrowski and Mahlow (2009) propose information functions, move-ment functions, and operations as types of editing functions, they give examples (Mahlow and Piotrowski 2009a) and point out challenges and limitations (Mahlow & Piotrowski, 2009b). Their goal is to help writers by offering functions operating on linguistic units in a way writers would refer to them when talking about their texts . ...
... While text editing in general has been analyzed (Mahlow and Piotrowski, 2008), the nature of revisions by language learners -for example, whether learners mostly focus on correcting me-chanical, word-level errors, or also substantially reorganize paragraph or essay structures -has hardly been investigated. One reason for this gap in the literature is the lack of corpus data: none of the existing learner corpora (Izumi et al., 2004;Granger et al., 2009;Dahlmeier and Ng, 2011) contains drafts written by non-native speakers that led to the "final version". ...
... Our approach is also aimed at practical applications that rely on live processing for visualization or specific support for writers based on morphosyntactic and syntactic information during writing. Linguistic modeling of written text production during writing is required for three main types of language-aware (Piotrowski & Mahlow, 2009) or language-sensitive (Dale & Douglas, 1996) applications: ...
... Due to its relevance, the problem of evaluation of e-learning has attracted the attention of sev- eral authors, among them we can cite Liu (2005); Chen (2005); Mahlow et al. (2007); Calinger and Howard (2008). For example, in Liu (2005) the author emphasizes the need to evaluate the learning process in e-learning through factors such as achievement, motivation, and level of student anxiety during the learning process. ...