Cem Sen's scientific contributions

Publication (1)

Full-text available
Purpose Workplace social courage is a courageous behavior that can damage the actor's social relationships, social image and accrue face-loss costs. Sometimes, it is difficult to differentiate courageous behavior from incivility that predicts higher levels of psychological distress. While workplace social courage is widely discussed in the manageme...


... research measurement was assessed using the structural equation modeling technique based on the partial least squares' algorithm (PLS-SEM). PLS-SEM aims to reduce errors and aerate the explained variance of the outcome variables(Mert et al., 2021; Hair Jr et al., 2011). This approach was chosen over covariance-based SEM for the following reasons. ...