Catherine Marshall's research while affiliated with East Los Angeles College and other places

Citations

... In recognition that human nature is inherently subjective in understanding and presenting ideas, the four aspects are reliability, validity, credibility and reflexivity. Reliability designates the degree to which participants can be relied upon to be truthful in telling their definitions of constraints, opinions, feelings, emotions and attitudes (Marshall and Rossman, 1999). Because of the sensitivity of this topic, it was essential to ensure a safe space for the respondents enabling them to speak honestly. ...
... Descriptive analysis refers to a four-stage process. (1) Creating a framework for descriptive analysis, (2) Processing the data according to the thematic framework, (3) Identifying the findings, and (4) Interpreting the findings (Marshall & Rossman , 2014). By following these steps, a framework was created for the analysis of the data based on the research questions. ...
... Data collection and analysis are important stages in qualitative researches (Marshall & Rossman, 1989;Merriam, 1988). According to Dao et al. (2021), sample is not selected using statistical approach; instead, it is selected to construct theory or theoretical approach. ...
... We see this concern with getting the methodology right and operating within the agreed scenario of knowledge production in debates about what constitutes good qualitative research practice across many fields that use qualitative methods (e.g., Ackroyd, 1996;Drisko, 1997;Gordon, 1999;Orosz, 1997;Rennie, 1998). We also see the hunger for a defined rule and law to close the system of qualitative research in support for various methodological ideologies; for example, semiotics (Valentine, 1996); Husserlian phenomenology (Giorgi, 1997;Roberts, 1997); grounded theory (Goulding, 1998;Rennie, 1998); realism (Healy & Perry, 2000) and social constructivism (Hackley, 1998). ...
... The researcher employed thorough, detailed descriptions (Merriam, 1998), which allowed other researchers to determine transferability (known as external validity or generalizability in quantitative research). By constantly comparing data, searching the literature for examples of the phenomenon, obtaining multiple viewpoints (Strauss & Corbin, 1998), searching for negative instances of the phenomenon, and checking and rechecking data to increase conformability (also 41 known as objectivity in quantitative studies), the researcher attempted to control for bias (Marshall & Rossman, 1989). Data triangulation is critical to the legitimacy of qualitative research. ...
... Second, the researchers reviewed each transcript line by line to become completely familiar with the content. Then, all the data were initially coded and similar data were classified to form different topics (40). In addition, a list of themes was returned to the participants to reach a consensus on the validity again. ...
... The research data came primarily from longitudinal study during a 13-year period (1993)(1994)(1995)(1996)(1997)(1998)(1999)(2000)(2001)(2002)(2003)(2004)(2005) examining new knowledge creation process with respect to new products and services development at a large company in competitive IT and multimedia business fields. This research paradigm, which was based on in-depth qualitative study, has some similarity to ethnography (Atkinson and Hammersley, 1994) and other forms of research (Lalle, 2003) that derive their theoretical insights from naturally occurring data including interviews or questionnaires (Marshall & Rossman, 1989). Especially, the author of this paper himself serves as a project manager of new product development in NTT and NTT DoCoMo, Japan's largest telecommunications companies. ...