Candy Gunther Brown's research while affiliated with Indiana University Bloomington and other places

Publications (33)

Article
Finding God through Yoga is a well-researched, engaging biography of a historically significant, previously understudied Indian American Hindu yoga guru, Paramahansa Yogananda, known as the Father of Yoga in the West. Organizing his biography chronologically, David J. Neumann helps readers evaluate the public identity that Yogananda cultivated in h...
Article
The Spirit of Early Evangelicalism: True Religion in a Modern World is a welcome addition to scholarship on eighteenth-century British-American evangelicalism. Compared with previous studies, D. Bruce Hindmarsh’s distinctive contribution is to contextualize the rise of evangelicalism by demonstrating its relationship with modernizing developments i...
Article
Ira Helderman tracks the close relationship between psychotherapy and Buddhism from the late nineteenth century to the present. The author approaches his subject from the vantage of a practicing psychotherapist and Buddhist sympathizer with a PhD in religious studies. He invites readers to empathize with the dilemma of therapists who are trying to...
Book
The introduction explains how yoga, mindfulness, and meditation entered the U.S. cultural mainstream , including public schools, between the 1970s and 2010s, and why it matters for education, law, and religion. In the 1960s, the U.S. Supreme Court prohibited public schools from endorsing prayer and devotional Bible reading. Yoga and meditation advo...
Article
Full-text available
This essay responds to Michael J. Balboni and Tracy A. Balboni’s Hostility to Hospitality: Spirituality and Professional Socialization within Medicine (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018). The essay reflects on three themes: structural pluralism, miracles, and empirical research. First, it expands on the Balbonis’ proposal of structural plural...
Article
This is the most comprehensive volume to date on the science and history of meditation. Written in an accessible language by world-leading experts, it describes the various meditation practices employed to modify the self, such as concentration, recitation, breathing, and visualisation, and its effects on the mind and body. It includes debates and...
Chapter
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are commonly framed as secular. Yet, this chapter argues, many MBIs, including Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), as well as the multivalent term “mindfulness” itself, continue to reflect their Buddhist ethical foundations. Buddhist ethics remain implicit,...
Chapter
This chapter questions the supposition that “secular” mindfulness programs teach a purely secular, universal technique. It argues that nominally secular programs instill culturally and religiously specific and contested worldviews, epistemologies, and values. Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program receives special emphas...
Article
This review essay charts a progression from seventeenth-century Puritan sermon culture through a differentiation of Protestant belief from secular literature in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries toward the interpenetration of Protestant and secular cultures of performance in the twenty-first century. The essay reflects on broader trends in sc...
Article
This article argues that many forms of “integrative” medicine (IM) offered in modern hospitals are both secular and religious. Practices such as yoga, t’ai chi, acupuncture, mindfulness meditation, biofeedback, chiropractic, homeopathy, aromatherapy, Reiki, Therapeutic Touch, and Healing Touch are premised on metaphysical assumptions about spiritua...
Article
This essay argues that books, broadly defined to include print and internet publications, played a crucial role in the cultural mainstreaming, including adoption by public schools, of non-Christian religious practices such as yoga and meditation. Promotional books, tactically and ironically, played on the textual bias of Christianity, and especiall...
Article
Although testimonies of divine healing figure prominently in pentecostal missions, pentecostals are frequently reluctant to subject testimonials to empirical investigation. In an age of evidence-based medicine, many people insist on medical corroboration before giving claims credence. Hence, pentecostal resistance toward medical validation comes at...
Article
Sensory experience is pivotal to postmodern culture. A globalized world seems newly interconnected, yet individuals may feel more isolated than ever before. Scientific technologies and modern medicine have achieved remarkable triumphs and exhibited devastating limitations that leave people unsatisfied and searching for “more.” Modernization has not...
Article
This article interprets pentecostal divine healing practices as a strategy for mobilizing spiritual power, and as a complement to or replacement for political power. Although sometimes engaging in political activism to remedy the causes and symptoms of social and physical ills, pentecostals often privilege spiritual approaches to addressing ailment...
Article
The current description of personalized medicine by the National Institutes of Health is "the science of individualized prevention and therapy." Although physicians are just beginning to see the promise of genetic medicine coming to fruition, the rapid pace of sequencing technology, informatics, and computer science predict a true revolution in the...
Article
Full-text available
Proximal intercessory prayer (PIP) is a common complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy, but clinical effects are poorly understood, partly because studies have focused on distant intercessory prayer (DIP). This prospective study used an audiometer (Earscan(R) 3) and vision charts (40 cm, 6 m "Illiterate E") to evaluate 24 consecutive M...
Chapter
Peoples and Practices in MotionDevotional ActivitiesBodily DisciplinesExportation AbroadReferences and Further Reading
Article
Daniel David Palmer (1845-1913) reputedly discovered chiropractic in 1895 when he performed the first adjustment, using spinal manipulation to restore hearing to an African American janitor named Harvey Lillard. Relegated to the fringes of American medical and religious orthodoxy for most of the twentieth century in part because of its metaphysical...
Article
The sense of touch plays an important role in many American religious practices. Yet dismissals of touch as an inferior mode of perception and reliance on textual sources that ignore touch have shaped research agendas. This essay identifies theories articulated by philosophical phenomenologists, students of ritual and performance studies, historian...

Citations

... Notably, while many of these appraisals normalize meditationrelated challenges, "meditation sickness" and "rlung disorder" also recommend additional responses and interventions beyond meditation practice. These various appraisals for different types of potentially challenging meditation experiences have been reviewed at length in Lindahl et al. (2021) and Cooper et al. (2021) and also appear in a range of Buddhist textual sources (e.g., Ahn, 2021;Goenka, 1987Goenka, /2000Greene, 2021;Lingpa, 2015;Mahāsi Sayadaw, 1965). ...
... Studies reporting prevention, monitoring, interventions and other activities that are based exclusively on faith, faith-related practices, rituals, activities inexplicable by or incompatible with medical science, or controversial practices were excluded. Studies focussing on yoga were excluded because yoga is also sometimes regarded a physical and spiritual practice, rather a means of providing health information or education for behaviour change [40][41][42][43]. Study designs eligible include randomised controlled and non-controlled studies, nonrandomised studies including before and after studies, observational studies, qualitative studies, surveys and reports. ...
... Technological breakthroughs are developing quickly, and these advances have had a dynamic effect on the contemporary corporate climate, making it more fragile, unpredictable, complicated, and ambiguous, causing challenges for organisations to survive (Brown, 2016;Matyushok et al., 2021). Businesses that can develop and implement new ideas to drastically modify the current business environment reap considerable advantages from the useful information. ...
... Religion is linked to well-being (Brown, 2015;Linders & Lancaster, 2013), but if a homosexual couple is forced to reject established churches due to the risk of harm from religious exclusion, spirituality may become more important along with support from each other, family, friends, and support groups. Participation in a faith accepting of homosexuality can provide psychological well-being and positive gains in terms of health (Rostosky et al., 2008). ...
... Concurrently, some practitioners and teachers have sought to distance these disciplines from their SpR roots, calling into question their designation as ''spiritual'' (Antony 2016). In response, the converse position has been argued; that disconnecting yoga, Tai-Chi, Qi-Gong, etc. from their SpR roots is at least innovative, and possibly deceptive, undesirable, or impossible (Brown 2015). This perspective suggests that attempting to practice these disciplines outside of their implicit SpR context can itself be regarded as unconventional. ...
... This diversity is also reflected in the research field, in which empirical studies are often limited to particular aspects of healing experiences. Such research includes, for instance, case studies of spontaneous remission of specific diseases like cancer (Brown 2012b), studies of distinct practices like healing prayer services (Brown 2012a;Hovi 2015;Hovi and Westerink 2013;Kleiven et al. 2019) or personal, distant prayers 1 The Catholic Church, in particular, has elaborated criteria for recognising religious healings as miracles (Hvidt 2002a): ...
... The interest scientists have shown healing practices and spirituality is sometimes related to testing these with the view of investigating their claims (Bomar 2013;Brown 2014;Hewson et al. 2014). Despite some mixed results, many studies emphasised benefits in complementary healing practices, even if these were not evidenced based. ...
... Recently they published about two such cures, one of them from chronic gastroparesis since 16 years and the other one from juvenile macular degeneration blindness (Romez et al. 2019(Romez et al. , 2021. Still, it is an ongoing journey to publish about these cures as there may often be mistrust among church denominations and patients involved, causing reluctance to participate (Brown 2015). ...
... Precision medicine expands personalized care, "the science of individualized prevention and therapy" [7]. The "All of Us" research program seeks to capture biological, environmental, and lifestyle data from over a million patients to help in understanding how these factors affect diseases and treatments [8]. ...
... Martin also points out that the prevailing worldview in the late 1800s was one that linked health care to a broad philosophical base in which a benevolent God ruled the universe through natural laws. Chiropractic emerged into this milieu as an amalgamation of vitalistic and harmonial religious philosophies which were envisioned by their adherents, of which DD Palmer, the 'Discoverer of Chiropractic' was one, as alternatives to Christianity [23]. Ahlstrom [24], in his definitive analysis of religions in the USA, categorized harmonial religions as those forms of religion in which spiritual calmness, physical health, and even economic well-being are understood to flow from a person's oneness with the universe. ...