Bruno Latour's research while affiliated with Sciences Po Paris and other places

Publications (22)

Article
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In this article, we present a few lessons we learnt in the establishment of the Sciences Po médialab. As an interdisciplinary laboratory associating social scientists, code developers and information designers, the médialab is not one of a kind. In the last years, several of such initiatives have been established around the world to harness the pot...
Article
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In the last few years, electronic media brought a revolution in the traceability of social phenomena. As particles in a bubble chamber, social trajectories leave digital trails that can be analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of collective life. To make sense of these traces a renewed collaboration between social and natural scientists is needed...
Article
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Neste artigo, argumentamos que a nova disponibilidade de conjuntos de dados digitais nos permite revisitar a te- oria social de Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904), de maneira a dispensar inteiramente o uso de noções como “indivíduo” ou “sociedade”. Nosso argumento é que, quando era im- possível, complicado ou simplesmente lento montar e na- vegar através da...
Article
De uma forma ou de outra, somos todos responsáveis por dar à noção de rede uma imensidão, e como alguns poderiam dizer, uma ampliação hegemônica . Ou porque alguns de vocês criaram a infra-estrutura de hardware e software que adicionou redes digitais às já existentes redes de água, esgoto, rodoviária, ferroviária, de telégrafo, telefônica, ou porqu...
Article
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Relying on the fecund interface of three fields—studies in science, risk geography, and knowledge management—this paper notes first that the lack of understanding of the relationships between maps and territory and risks is an unfortunate consequence of the way the mapping impulse has been interpreted during the modernist period. Then, taking into...
Article
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“The whole is always smaller than its parts” This article suggests that the recent availability of digital data allows us to revisit the social theory of Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904) and to forego notions such as the individual or society. Our argument is that as long as it was impossible, difficult or simply tedious to gather and navigate through mas...
Article
Since the Inquiry on Modes of Existence has been long in coming and has connections with all the successive field works done by the author, the paper tries to retrace the main steps that have led to the project. It shows that it has preceded the work done in actor-network theory and explains the link between philosophy and anthropology through the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we argue that the new availability of digital data sets allows one to revisit Gabriel Tarde's (1843-1904) social theory that entirely dispensed with using notions such as individual or society. Our argument is that when it was impossible, cumbersome or simply slow to assemble and to navigate through the masses of information on partic...
Article
Full-text available
Relying on the fecund interface of three fields studies in science, risk geography, and knowledge management this paper notes first that the lack of understanding of the relationships between maps and territory and risks is an unfortunate consequence of the way the mapping impulse has been interpreted during the modernist period. Then, taking into...
Article
In parallel with the empirical work pursued for almost 30 years on the socio-technical networks of science, the author has systematically pursued a philosophical inquiry to compare different ways of producing truth (science and technology being only two ways among several). The principle is to add to the analysis of networks the 'key' in which each...
Article
Les deux disciplines de science politique et de science studies utilisent toutes deux les mots de " politique " et de " science ", mais dans des sens qui semblent incommensurables. L'article propose d'expliquer aux spécialistes des sciences politiques l'emploi quelque peu inhabituel qui est fait de ces termes par les praticiens des études sur les s...
Article
The criticism levelled by Gerard de Vries against the political theory implicit in science studies offers a good occasion to render more precise the different meanings the word " politics " may have in the literature on the " politics of science ". It is certainly time to use the same methods that have modified the theory of science so much, on the...

Citations

... O desenvolvimento dos meios digitais e da internet fez emergir novos formatos imersivos, como grandes reportagens multimídia, infográficos interativos e narrativas do jornalismo em base de dados (Barbosa, 2007). Aos poucos foram sendo desenvolvidos formatos nativos digitais (Omena, 2019), mais acomodados à lógica das plataformas (Dijck, Poell, e Waal, 2018), elaborados por fluxos de produção dinâmicos e multidisciplinares, direcionados para consumos cada vez mais móveis. Assim, com o surgimento da realidade virtual (RV), da realidade aumentada (RA) e da aplicação da tecnologia de jogos digitais em narrativas de não ficção, a imersão no jornalismo ganhou nova conotação a partir da estimulação sensorial conduzida por dispositivos. ...
... As postagens que trazem narrativas de bem-estar, também reforçam essa percepção, especialmente por mostrarem bois e vacas em situações de troca de afeto com animais humanos. É importante ressaltar que os animais não humanos também são actantes nos termos convencionados por Latour (2013). Estamos em meio a uma teia de atores, que podem tanto ser vivos quanto inanimados, cujas interações repercutem de diferentes maneiras e em direções diversas. ...
... A questão hoje é menos nos informar, do que entender justamente que "palavras de ordem" e mundos estão embarcados na informação e nas controvérsias. Mapear essas controvérsias, como propõe Bruno Latour (2012), para arrancar, explicitar as palavras de ordem que as habitam. Para criar outros possíveis e sensíveis. ...
... I have written a lot about how the traceability of digital technologies displace the cost of collecting records of collective actions from the researchers to media infrastructure, so I will not elaborate on this point (cf. Venturini et al. 2017;Venturini and Rogers 2019;Venturini et al. 2018). I'd rather highlight the way in which digital infrastructures make it more difficult to follow social actors because they make it possible to move in a variety of new ways whose difference is hidden by digital convergence. ...
... Avec la création du médialab, Bruno Latour et ses collègues ont développé une vision théorique particulière de la sociologie numérique qui reflète bien les espoirs suscités par les développements dans les domaines des humanités numériques et des SSC, annonçant l'avènement d'une « science sociale de troisième génération » (Boullier, 2017). Cette vision est présentée dans un texte notoire (Latour et al., 2013). Les auteurs y décrivent comment, grâce aux traces numériques massives et à la navigation des réseaux de relations entre des « profils », les dichotomies classiques qui ont guidé une bonne partie des discussions sociologiques entre niveau individuel et niveau de la structure, ainsi qu'entre approches qualitative et quantitative, peuvent être dépassées par une approche à un seul niveau. ...
... So, it can be assumed that the AIS capacity is subject to human factors and non-human factors such as applied tools and technologies (Lee and Kim 2001;Justesen and Mouritsen 2011;Alewine et al. 2016;Eze and Chinedu-Eze 2018). However, it is argued that in anthropologic perception as to sociological theories, the non-human components in the AIS cannot create a role and therefore have little or no effect on predicting the human actor roles in accounting information systems in organisations (Latour 2011). Nevertheless, the non-human components in the AIS can be used as practical instruments by a human to achieve the objectives of organisations (Masquefa 2008;Justesen and Mouritsen 2011). ...
... Studying traces of activity afforded by data collection from Twitter, I attempt to reconstruct and contextualize these flows of white thymos with an interpretive approach. In this sense, I draw on the concept of quali-quantitative methods proposed by Venturini and Latour (2010) rather than detect thymotic language using computational methods and quantitatively testing its relative salience amongst these users (as might be possible with logistic regression or word vectors, for example). The present objective is to understand the flows of white thymos that might support future qualitative and quantitative inquiry into the alt-right. ...
... En la otra dirección también existen notables ejemplos de métodos cualitativos que enriquecen el campo de los estudios cuantitativos. Por ejemplo, la información en forma de documentos e imágenes disponibles en internet plantea la utilización de nuevos enfoques mediante combinación de metodologías (Venturini, Jensen and Latour, 2015). ...
... Despite attracting little scholarly attention, the cartography of controversies presents as an interesting and innovative method for exploring and understanding social phenomena that are subject to controversy and/or constant transformation (Venturini, 2010, p. 258). Originating in the field of science and technology studies, it is a methodology that has been adopted and developed by several scholars across Europe and the United States (Rogers et al., 2015;Venturini & Latour, 2010). More recently, the scope of its application has widened to include fields such as tourism (Alves et al., 2018), health care (Cavalcante et al., 2019), education (Khalid & Sorensen, 2015), and religion (Sumiala & Harju, 2019). ...
... В долгосрочной перспективе мы можем начать олицетворять качества алгоритма, считая его возможной идеализированной версией того, какими мы могли бы быть, если бы только могли сохранять как можно больше информации, сопоставлять как можно больше функций и выполнять обработку информации с такой огромной скоростью. Эта «роботоморфность» противоположна антропоморфизму; мы начинаем видеть машину в себе, и, благодаря ее очевидному совершенству в выполнении своей задачи, мы пытаемся «оптимизировать» себя и свою деятельность, пытаясь соответствовать этому алгоритмическому идеалу 31 . ...