Brigitte Vollmar's research while affiliated with University Medical Center Rostock and other places

Publications (822)

Preprint
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The fundament of an evidence-based severity assessment in laboratory animal science is reliable distress parameters. Many readouts are used to evaluate and determine animal distress and the severity of experimental procedures. Therefore, we analyzed four distinct parameters like the body weight, burrowing behavior, nesting, and distress score in th...
Article
Extensive bowel resection can lead to short bowel syndrome and intestinal failure. Resection-induced dysbiosis may be related to the specific anatomic site of resection and influences the disease progression. While patients with end-jejunostomy are at high risk for intestinal failure, preservation of the ileocecal valve and colon counteracts this r...
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An essential basis for objectively improving the status of animals during in vivo research is the ability to measure the wellbeing of animals in a reliable and scientific manner. Several non-invasive methods such as assessing body weight, burrowing activity, nesting behavior, a distress score and fecal corticosterone metabolites were evaluated in h...
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Background: Muscle injuries are common in humans and are often associated with irrecoverable damage and disability. Upon muscle injury, TNF-α signaling pathways modulate the healing process and are predominantly associated with tissue degradation. In this study we assumed that TNF-α inhibition could reduce the TNF-α-associated tissue degradation a...
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Objective Obesity, often associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is characterized by an imbalance between energy expenditure and food intake, which is also reflected by desensitization of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). FGF21 is strongly influenced, among others, by TNFα, which is known to be upregulated in obesity-induced i...
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The dorsal skinfold chamber is one of the most important in vivo models for repetitive longitudinal assessment of microcirculation and inflammation. This study aimed to refine this model by introducing a new lightweight chamber made from polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Body weight, burrowing activity, distress, faecal corticosterone metabolites and th...
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Indirubin was identified as an active component of Danggui Longhui Wan, an herbal mixture used in traditional Chinese medicine, and showed anticancer activity in clinical trials in patients with chronic leukemia. Investigations on the mechanisms of antitumor action of indirubins have mainly focused on the indirubin derivative indirubin-3′-monoxime...
Article
Short bowel syndrome can occur after extensive intestinal resection, causing intestinal insufficiency or intestinal failure, which requires long‐term parenteral nutrition. Glucagon‐like peptide‐2 (GLP‐2) pharmacotherapy is now clinically used to reduce the disease burden of intestinal failure. However, many patients still cannot be weaned off from...
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Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death, with a 5-year survival rate of 10%. A stagnant high mortality rate over the last decades highlights the need for innovative therapeutic approaches. Pancreatic tumors pursue an altered metabolism in order to maintain energy generation under low nutrient influx and hypoxic conditions. Tar...
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Introduction: Acute radiodermatitis is a common, though severe, side effect of radiotherapy against cancer that may lead to an interruption or even abortion of the radiotherapy. Mouse models provide an excellent tool to study pathomechanisms of a radiation-induced dermatitis as well as to test and develop novel innovative treatment strategies. Ob...
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In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), conventional cell lines do not recapitulate the clonal diversity and microenvironment. Orthotopic patient-derived xenograft models (PDX) overcome these limitations and mimic the clinical situation, but molecular stability and engraftment patterns have not yet been thoroughly assessed. We herein describe and ch...
Article
The human contact system consists of plasma proteins, which - after contact to foreign surfaces - are bound to them, thereby activating the zymogens of the system into enzymes. This activation mechanism gave the system its name - contact system. It is considered as a procoagulant and proinflammatory response mechanism, as activation finally leads t...
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Background/aim: Cancer cell inoculation is routinely used to evaluate novel therapeutic approaches in vivo. However, without reporter genes enabling deep tissue imaging, study of early tumor progression and therapeutic responses is often limited. We describe the establishment and characterization of two canine cancer cell lines stably expressing r...
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Laboratory animals frequently undergo routine experimental procedures such as handling, restraining and injections. However, as a known source of stress, these procedures potentially impact study outcome and data quality. In the present study, we, therefore, performed an evidence-based severity assessment of experimental procedures used in a pancre...
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Background: Tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) are a common complication of trauma and infection. Persisting perforations result from the unique location of the tympanic membrane. The wound is surrounded by air of the middle ear and the external auditory canal. The inadequate wound bed, growth factor, and blood supply lead to circular epithelia...
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Purpose The mammalian brain glucose metabolism is tightly and sensitively regulated. An ischemic brain injury caused by cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) affects cerebral function and presumably also glucose metabolism. The majority of patients who survive CA suffer from cognitive deficits and physical disabilities. Toll-l...
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The welfare of laboratory animals is a consistent concern for researchers. Its evaluation not only fosters ethical responsibility and addresses legal requirements, but also provides a solid basis for a high quality of research. Recently, a new cervical arteriovenous model was created in mice to understand the pathophysiology of arteriovenous fistul...
Article
Background: Extensive intestinal resection may lead to short bowel syndrome resulting in intestinal insufficiency or intestinal failure (IF). Intestinal insufficiency and IF involve deficiency of the proglucagon-derived hormones, GLP-1 and GLP-2. Two major problems of short bowel (SB) are epithelial surface loss and accelerated transit. Standard t...
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For the non-invasive assessment of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), surrogates like pulse wave transit time (PWTT) have been proposed. The aim of this study was to invasively validate for which kind of PAP (systolic, mean, or diastolic) PWTT is the best surrogate parameter. To assess both PWTT and PAP in six healthy pigs, two pulmonary artery Mikro...
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Obesity is one of the most challenging diseases of the 21st century and is accompanied by behavioural disorders. Exercise, dietary adjustments, or time-restricted feeding are the only successful long-term treatments to date. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) plays a key role in dietary regulation, but FGF21 resistance is prevalent in obesity. The...
Poster
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Background: Amyloid β (Aβ) plaques are recognized as a main pathological hallmark of Alzheimer´s disease (AD). One important cause for Aβ-plaque formation may be a persistent dysbalance between Aβ production and clearance. In the last years, the so called glymphatic system was identified as main contributor to Aβ clearance from the brain through g...
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Subcutaneous tumor models in mice are the most commonly used experimental animal models in cancer research. To improve animal welfare and the quality of scientific studies, the distress of experimental animals needs to be minimized. For this purpose, one must assess the diagnostic ability of readout parameters to evaluate distress. In this study, w...
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Novel therapeutic strategies aiming at improving the healing process after an acute myocardial infarction are currently under intense investigation. The mouse model plays a central role for deciphering the underlying mechanisms on a molecular and cellular level. Therefore, we intended to assess in-vivo post-infarct remodeling as comprehensively as...
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Background: Skin cancer is the most frequent cancer worldwide and is divided into non-melanoma skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma, as well as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and malignant melanoma (MM). Methods: This study evaluates the effects of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) on SCC and MM in vivo, employing a comprehensive appr...
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Caloric restriction (CR) slows the aging process, extends lifespan, and exerts neuroprotective effects. It is widely accepted that CR attenuates β-amyloid (Aβ) neuropathology in models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by so-far unknown mechanisms. One promising process induced by CR is autophagy, which is known to degrade aggregated proteins such as amy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: An ischemic brain injury caused by cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) affects cerebral function and presumably also brain glucose metabolism. The majority of patients who survive CA suffer from cognitive deficits and physical disabilities. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) plays a cruical role in inflammatory response in...
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Background Recent evidence proves that intravenous human immunoglobulin G (IgG) can impair cancer cell viability. However, no study evaluated whether IgG application benefits cancer patients receiving chemotherapeutics. Methods Influence of pharmaceutical-grade human IgG on the viability of a series of patient-derived colon cancer cell lines with...
Article
Background: To date, there are no effective treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, a significant need for research of therapies remains. Objective: One promising pharmacological target is the hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), which is thought to be neuroprotective. A clinical candidate for medical use could be the FGF21 analog...
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The literature describes a close correlation between metabolic disorders and abnormal immune responses, like low-grade inflammation (LGI), which may be one mechanistic link between obesity and various comorbidities, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In our study, we investigated the influence of dietary composition on obesity-der...
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Pain management during in vivo experiments is an animal welfare concern and is in many countries also legally required. In this study, we evaluated C57Bl/6J mice when 3 g/L metamizole or 1 g/L tramadol was provided via drinking water, before and during cerulein-induced chronic pancreatitis. Supplementation of drinking water with metamizole or trama...
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Background In short bowel syndrome, epithelial surface loss results in impaired nutrient absorption and may lead to intestinal insufficiency or intestinal failure. Nucleotide oligomerization domain 2 (Nod2) dysfunction predisposes to the development of intestinal failure after intestinal resection and is associated with intestinal barrier defects....
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In order to foster animal welfare as well as high quality of research, many countries regulate by law that the severity of animal experiments must be evaluated and considered when performing biomedical research. It is well accepted that multiple parameters rather than a single readout parameter should be applied to describe animal distress or suffe...
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Schistosomiasis represents one of the most devastating worm parasitosis in the world. Current diagnostic methods are insufficient to determine the infection grade and the disease related organ damage. We herein investigated whether discrimination of infection grade and its correlation to liver damage could be accurately performed by multimodal imag...
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Severity assessment of animal experiments is mainly conducted by using subjective parameters. A widely applicable biomarker to assess animal distress could contribute to an objective severity assessment in different animal models. Here, the distress of three murine animal models for gastrointestinal diseases was assessed by multiple behavioral and...
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Background: Strong line of evidence suggests that the increased risk to develop AD may at least be partly mediated by cholesterol metabolism. A key regulator of cholesterol transport is the Apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4), which plays a fundamental role in neuronal maintenance and repair. Impaired function of ApoE4 may contribute to altered cerebral met...
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Background: Several studies suggest a role for EPA- and DHA-derived pro-resolving mediators like resolvins in reversing metabolic and inflammatory disturbances seen in various chronic diseases. Here, we investigated the effects of resolvin D1 (RvD1) on bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced cholestatic liver injury. Methods: Mice were treated daily wi...
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Introduction: The volatile endogenous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is known to impair thrombus formation by affecting the activity of human platelets. Beside platelets and coagulation factors the endothelium is crucial during thrombogenesis. Objective: This study evaluates the effect of the H2S donor GYY4137 (GYY) on human umbilical vein endo...
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We investigated the influence of syngeneic cardiomyocyte transplantation after myocardial infarction (MI) on the immune response and cardiac function. Methods and Results: We show for the first time that the immune response is altered as a result of syngeneic neonatal cardiomyocyte transplantation after MI leading to improved cardiac pump function...
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Angiogenesis plays a central role in the healing process following acute myocardial infarction. The PET tracer [68Ga]-NODAGA-RGD, which is a ligand for the αvβ3 integrin, has been investigated for imaging angiogenesis in the process of healing myocardium in both animal and clinical studies. It´s value as a prognostic marker of functional outcome re...
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Cellular inflammation is an integral part of the healing process following acute myocardial infarction and has been under intense investigation for both therapeutic and prognostic approaches. Monocytes and macrophages are metabolically highly active and show increased uptake rates of glucose and its analog, 18F-FDG. Yet, the specific allocation of...
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Aim of the study was to compare the evolvement of vascularization over time of collagen membranes (CM) of dermal and pericardial origin in an in vivo animal study. 28 mice underwent implantation of three commercially available CM derived from porcine dermis (homogenous structure: CM1 (control 1) & bilayer structure: CM2 (control 2)), from porcine p...
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In order to combine high-quality research with minimal harm to animals, a prospective severity assessment for animal experiments is legally required in many countries. In addition, an assessment of the evidence-based severity level might allow realistic harm-benefit analysis and the appraisal of refinement methods. However, only a few examples desc...
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Sufficient supply of pigs with calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) is essential for animal health and welfare during the growth period. However, the P content in animal manure is considered as a cause of massive environmental problems in soil and aquatic ecosystems. To complement previous findings, the objective of this study is the investigation of ef...
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Ureteric stents have become an indispensable tool in the armamentarium of every urologist. However, they carry their own morbidity resulting mostly from infectious or abacterial fouling and biofilm formation, and/or urothelial hyperplastic reaction. All of these may interact and lead to clinical complications. Many different stent designs and coati...
Article
Introduction: Neointima formation is closely linked to vascular stenosis and occurs after endothelial damage. Hydrogen sulphide is an endogenous pleiotropic mediator with numerous positive effects on the cardio vascular system. Objective: This study evaluates the effect of the slow releasing hydrogen sulfide donor GYY4137 (GYY) on neointimal for...
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Prospective severity assessment is legally required in many countries to ensure high-quality research along with high welfare standards for laboratory animals. Mice and rats, the most common laboratory species, are prey animals that usually suppress signs of pain and suffering. Therefore, highly sensitive readout parameters are necessary to adequat...
Article
Background/aim: In this study, we evaluated the effect of galloflavin, an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase, in combination with metformin, an anti-diabetic drug and inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation, on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. Materials and methods: We explored the effect of galloflavin and metformin on proliferation and c...
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The poor survival rate of pancreatic cancer is still a major challenge for the clinicians and their patients. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of metformin, an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation, in combination with LW6, which impairs malate dehydrogenase 2 activities, in treating pancreatic cancer cells. We observed that this combinati...
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Cellular inflammation following acute myocardial infarction has gained increasing importance as a target mechanism for therapeutic approaches. We sought to investigate the effect of syngeneic cardiac induced cells (CiC) on myocardial inflammation using 18F-FDG PET (Positron emission tomography)-based imaging and the resulting effect on cardiac pump...
Article
Reduction of animal suffering during in vivo experiments is usually ensured by continuously monitoring the health status using a score sheet and by applying humane endpoints. However, most studies do not evaluate the plausibility of score sheets and do not attempt to reduce the suffering of animals by determining earlier and therefore more humane e...
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Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening disease with only a few treatment options available. Though extensive research has been conducted for more than 40 years, the underlying pathomechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we studied as to whether APAP-induced ALF can be prevented in mice by silencing the...
Article
Aims: Neointimal hyperplasia contributes to arterial restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or vascular surgery. Neointimal thickening after arterial injury is determined by inflammatory processes. We investigated the role of the innate immune receptor toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in neointima formation after arterial injur...
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Evidence-based severity assessment in laboratory animals is, apart from the ethical responsibility, imperative to generate reproducible, standardized and valid data. However, the path towards a valid study design determining the degree of pain, distress and suffering experienced by the animal is lined with pitfalls and obstacles as we will elucidat...