Bree McEwan's research while affiliated with University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and other places

Publications (33)

Article
The association between computer-mediated communication (CMC) and well-being is a complex, consequential, and hotly debated topic that has received significant attention from pundits, researchers, and the media. Conflicting research findings and fear over negative outcomes have spurred both moral panic and further research into these associations....
Article
Walther’s social information processing theory (SIPT) and hyperpersonal model provided key theoretical foundations guiding interpersonal computer-mediated communication and modality switching research. However, both the affordances and norms for use of mediated channels have changed considerably. This essay provides an in-depth reexamination of mod...
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In the last 10 years, many canonical findings in the social sciences appear unreliable. This so-called “replication crisis” has spurred calls for open science practices, which aim to increase the reproducibility, replicability, and generalizability of findings. Communication research is subject to many of the same challenges that have caused low re...
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Sampling strategies are directly related to external validity. The choices researchers make in selecting sampling frames and sampling participants need to be clearly articulated. Sampling choices can introduce a variety of biases into research findings that reduce the external validity of samples. This essay discusses the relationship between sampl...
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Communicating relational maintenance through social network sites such can be an important strategy for first-year students to build university-affiliated social networks. In this longitudinal network analysis, ninety-four beginning first-year students completed the Facebook Relational Maintenance Measure (FRMM). Emerging network data collected ove...
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The modern media ecology has changed drastically over the last decade yet scholarly theoretical perspectives lag behind lay theories regarding news diffusion making it difficult to fully articulate and understand the processes driving dissemination of information and persuasion across networks and media contexts. The proposed theoretical framework...
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Replications are an important part of the research process because they allow for greater confidence in the findings of communication research. However, engaging in replications is often undervalued, replication studies can be difficult to publish, and thus it is difficult for individual scholars to devote their resources toward replication. This e...
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The concept of affordances in communication technology research has proven to be heuristically provocative, yet perceived affordances are rarely measured. After extracting commonly cited social affordances from the literature, we developed a measure to assess participants’ perceptions of these affordances. The scale was tested across eight communic...
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The present manuscript assessed the three-factor (social contact, response seeking, and relational assurances) Facebook Relational Maintenance Measure (FRMM) in relation to four relationship quality indicators—satisfaction, liking, closeness, and commitment—across two sets of data. The social contact factor was positively related to satisfaction, c...
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News stories regarding societal engagement with technology can carry implicit threats regarding technology use. Comments posted in response to such implicit threats can provide a window into concerns regarding the intersections of technology, privacy, surveillance, and workplaces. Using the framework provided by Tracy and Trethewey’s Crystallized S...
Article
Loneliness has been shown to have direct effects on one's personal well-being. Specifically, a greater feeling of loneliness is associated with negative mental health outcomes, negative health behaviors, and an increased likelihood of premature mortality. Using the neuroendocrine hypothesis, we expected social inclusion to predict decreases in both...
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People may join online communities in order to access specific social resources. Online communities with greater activity and interactivity may vary in regards to specific words signaling stability, cohesiveness, and sociability. These message characteristics can be quantified using language processing software. Fifteen reddit messages boards were...
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Romantic partners use texting to send a variety of messages including relational maintenance messages. Three hundred forty-one individuals in dating relationships completed a questionnaire about texted relational maintenance messages, relational variables, relational texting frequency, and their proclivity for texting romantic partners. Four mainte...
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Dating apps on smartphones have brought speed dating on the Internet to a new level. This exploratory investigation sought to determine what kinds of people use these apps, what their motivations are, and what precautions they take before meeting someone. One hundred and seventy-three non-users and 57 current users of dating apps were surveyed. The...
Article
Cross-sex friends experience a variety of challenges including the audience challenge: when cross-sex friends are mistaken for a romantic couple by other members of their social network. This research sought to explore the various factors that might influence cross-sex friends' experience of the audience challenge. Cross-sex friends who were strict...
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This study explores how women learn effective communication styles through socialization as well as the strategic choices that women make when performing face-threatening acts at work. We argue that communication style choices are gendered and learned primarily through trial and error. We also argue women learn to perform assertiveness in ways that...
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Abstract Relational maintenance is connected to high quality friendships. Friendship maintenance behaviors may occur online via social networking sites. This study utilized an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to examine how Facebook maintenance and surveillance affect friendship quality. Bryant and Marmo's (2012) Facebook maintenance scale was e...
Article
In order to explore the differing theoretical predictions of the cues-filtered-out perspective, SIDE model, and hyperpersonal model for online-to-offline relationships outside of the laboratory, a longitudinal survey study was conducted. Participants from a large online message board community who met up with an online acquaintance face-to-face com...
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Universities are increasingly interested in improving student retention. Furthermore, a student's university-affiliated social network may have an impact on how committed a student is to graduating from the university. A questionnaire study was conducted to evaluate the effect of freshmen's perspective of social variables on institutional commitmen...
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This chapter explores the use of social media in the higher education classroom highlighting potential issues for student–faculty boundary management and providing suggestions for praxis.
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First-year college students are challenged to develop and maintain new friendship networks. This study, informed by an exchange perspective, tests a conceptual model that specifies how relational maintenance, friendship quality, and perceived availability of network resources are associated in newly formed friendship networks. Results from structur...
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This study examined the utility of the investment model in understanding the experience and expression of emotion in young adult friendships (179 undergraduate students). The results provide support for the utility of the investment model components (i.e., satisfaction, investment, alternative quality, and commitment) in understanding (a) friends’...
Article
Increasingly, individuals interested in intercultural communication can turn to computer-mediated communication (CMC), particularly social media, to discursively construct hybridized cultures. This essay examines how CMC can facilitate virtual cosmopolitanism and virtual third cultures by reviewing current literature on virtual third culture spaces...
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The social integration of students within a campus community is vital in enhancing their college experiences. Researchers have sought to determine how best to promote successful social integration for university students. Traditionally, on-campus orientations and residence hall activities have been used to foster student social integration. However...
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First-time freshmen completed communication skills questionnaires at the beginning of a fall semester. Approximately 6 weeks later they completed another questionnaire regarding friendship formation strategies and the perceived availability of resources from their new social network. Results suggest that different profiles of communication skills p...
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Full-text available
This study investigated associations among one partner's relational satisfaction and the other partner's style of attachment and emotional communication. Findings from a questionnaire study involving 581 couples showed that participants reported more relational satisfaction when their partners scored high in security and low in dismissiveness and p...

Citations

... Yet, how in detail the mechanism functions in a multi-platform media environment remains rather underexplored. According to the modality switching perspective (Ramirez & Zhang, 2007), which was proposed to understand the effects of channel choice on computermediated information processing, people navigate between social media channels with different affordances (e.g., privacy and network association) to find what best serves the interests of their relationships, which leads to differentiated impacts of social media use (McEwan, 2021). ...
... The medium impacted wetlands had agricultural activities between 5 and 32% of the wetland boundary. Using the probability sampling approach [33], coupled with accessibility and ease of continuous monitoring, two wetland typeslacustrine and riverine systems were identified in two different AEZs of Lesotho ( Table 1). ...
... As the precision of statistical and computational analysis increases, so too must the rigor of quantitative methods advance. Transparency has become central to the open science movement, ensuring rigor in the qualitative research process (Dienlin et al. 2020). This involves providing clear and explicit information about the researcher(s), application of theory (a priori or posteriori), strategies employed for data collection, and interpretation and evaluation of evidence. ...
... More specifically, we study tweets containing URLs to external news by analyzing the relationship between users' political orientation and the content of such news, content source (i.e., website domain), and content topic (extracted using automated processes). We are also interested in understanding the extent to which the exposure of users with a diverging political orientation to the same content contributes to a meaningful engagement, i.e., one that helps to increase the diversity of exchange of ideas, helping to avoid situations such as "echo chambers" [5]. To conduct these analyses, we draw on the 2018 Brazilian presidential election and the 2019 Canadian federal election, two political situations with different polarization levels. ...
... Researchers should never assume the validity of the measure and should perform their due diligence to confirm the factor structures to ensure sound measurement practices and sound inferences of data in future research [27,29]. Failing to do so threatens the integrity of science, preventing changes in human behavior from being detected and obscuring knowledge about the relationships between variables [27,34]. ...
... The development, maintenance, and performance of adolescents' friendships have been shown to be significantly influenced by the new information and communication technologies (Green and Singleton 2009). Furthermore, the use of the Internet and social media can help individuals to maintain and enhance their offline social networks and social connections as well (Gsponer and Hurni 2006;McEwan et al. 2018). For example, individuals' online behaviors can broaden and strengthen their real-life social networks (Subrahmanyam and Smahel 2011). ...
... Participants also described that taking time to think about what they wanted to say online allowed them to come up with "better answers," and to choose how to respond "appropriately" to friends. These findings confirm past research that has found the editability of online communication allows individuals to carefully think about the information they share and to optimize their self-presentation and self-disclosure online (Fox & McEwan, 2017;Valkenburg & Peter, 2011). Further making use of the control afforded within online settings, some young adults elected to not respond to friends at all, particularly during challenging or uncomfortable interactions: "Offline can be a lot more awkward and confrontational compared to online where you can ignore people and leave them on 'read'," (Male, 20 years). ...
... As these platforms have become ubiquitous for both personal and professional networking, a person's visibility and reputation online-known as one's personal brand-is now linked to one's chances of social and economic success Whitmer, 2019Whitmer, , 2020. As government, corporate, and social institutions increasingly leverage the data gathering and surveillance capabilities of the Internet to make decisions about hiring, firing, access, and distribution of resources (Deleuze, 1992;Haggerty & Ericson, 2000;McEwan & Flood, 2018;Micheli, et al., 2018), individuals learn to anticipate surveillance as they present various aspects of their personal identities across an expanding landscape of social media platforms Marwick, et al., 2017). The challenge is to maximize one's personal brand-that is, the marketability of one's publicly visible persona-while balancing any negative outcomes of being caught in the gaze of unseen online watchers. ...
... In contrast, a study demonstrated increases in blood glucose (i.e. hyperglycemia) due to the release of glucocorticoids from the adrenal and epinephrine from the sympathetic nervous system during stress confrontation (Floyd et al., 2017). Overall, changes in food intake and its indicators in response to stress depends on stressor characteristics such as type, duration, and intensity as well as the individual's characteristics, metabolic state, dietary restraint (Adam & Epel, 2007;Radahmadi, Alaei, Sharifi, & Hosseini, 2015;Torres & Nowson, 2007), or even time of food intake evaluation. ...
... The data collected from online, field observations and interviews were analysed through word analysis, a widely-used method in linguistics. Linguistic analysis allows researchers to focus on specific language signals (McEwan, 2016). It assumes that communities perceived as being cohesive feature specific linguistic markers associated with greater relational intensity (Knapp et al., 2014). ...