Birte Vogel's research while affiliated with The University of Manchester and other places

Publications (17)

Article
Full-text available
This article unpacks the conflict-sensitivity concerns of humanitarian cash and voucher assistance programs (CVA). Contrasting orthodox analysis of economic programming that focuses on the macro level, the article highlights how CVA impacts everyday social and economic dynamics in communities with specific reference to Lebanon. The findings confirm...
Article
This article calls for a better integration of economic and socio-economic aspects of peacemaking efforts into critical peace and conflict scholarship and can be read as a corrective to the predominance of top-down and state-centric lenses in the examination of post-war economic recovery. As of yet, academic debates surrounding peace interventions...
Chapter
Economics and the economy are often seen as something detached from everyday lives. Something that requires a math-heavy degree and follows the rules and laws of hard sciences like physics. Yet, all of us engage with economic activities on a daily basis by working, buying groceries or spending money in the pub. The economic environment these activi...
Article
Full-text available
Cash and voucher assistance (CVA) have become a widespread humanitarian tool to support people affected by conflicts, displacement and disasters. It promises improved ways to meet the diverse needs of aid beneficiaries. To date, current policy and academic debates mainly centre on technocratic questions around economy, effectiveness, economy and eq...
Book
This unique companion is a much-needed guide for those who are embarking on field research in conflict-affected countries. In a break with academic tradition, the chapters are mainly written in the first person and contain personal accounts of the ethical and practical challenges of fieldwork. In the book, over thirty scholars reflect on the comple...
Chapter
This chapter covers two aspects of post-fieldwork writing up. Firstly, it covers the politics of writing and how writing involves issues of power, exclusion and inclusion. The chapter suggests that positionality does not just apply to fieldwork—it is also relevant to the writing-up process and the danger that authors write over the experiences and...
Article
This paper analyses how everyday life, the state and nationhood are regulated and organised in a conflict-affected borderland space through economic activities. It focuses on two elements that are often overlooked when scholars discuss spatial governmentality: tourism and trade. Both are commonly declared to be elements of peace, peacebuilding and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that graffiti can provide a form of socio-political commentary at the local level, and is a valuable, yet often overlooked, resource for scholars and policymakers in conflict-affected societies. Graffiti, in its many forms, can provide rich insight into societies, cultures, social issues, trends, political discourse, and spatial a...
Article
Full-text available
This article calls for a focus on the economic everyday of intervention societies. It opens the debate by demonstrating the effects of intervention gentrification and sketching out different forms of local–intervener interactions. We argue that the majority of economic impacts are localised and connected to immediate geographic proximity and thus r...
Article
Current peace research has provided scholars with a range of conceptualizations of what peace is. Further, there is a substantial body of literature on the processes used to build peace – the how of peacebuilding. However, there is little research that examines the question of where peace and peacebuilding occur and how these spaces shape the possi...
Chapter
Chapter 4 looks into ways in which agency is exercised within civil society with particular focus on manifestations of compliance and resistance. The authors claim that despite the power imbalances, the agency still manages to find its way in both active and post-conflict zones. They identify different ways in which this agency is manifested in the...
Article
Driven by the failure of internationally led top-down peacebuilding interventions, international donors have increasingly posited that civil society actors can play a crucial role in peacebuilding and conflict resolution. This has led to a notable increase in the support for civil society in order to integrate local perspectives into peacebuilding...
Article
From a peacebuilding perspective, EU support for civil society organizations (CSOs) in conflict-ridden countries can be criticized for artificially boosting a liberal, ‘bourgeois’ civil society at the expense of more representative initiatives at the grassroots level. Seen from a governance perspective, however, this criticism is lacking in nuance...

Citations

... And can conflict-sensitive programming mitigate any potential conflicts and open possibilities for peacebuilding? The article focuses deliberately on implications at the everyday level; a level of analysis that has gained prominence in peace and conflict studies with the emergence of an intellectual "local turn" (Mac Ginty, Roger and Oliver Richmond 2013) but is less advanced in the analysis of economic processes (Pugh et al., 2008;Distler, Stavrevska, and Vogel 2018;Vogel 2022). To understand the perils and promises of CVA on community relations and peace, the article discusses three different levels where conflictsensitivity concerns emerged during the research. ...
... Looking at GDP growth in post-conflict situations, there is evidence that despite rapid economic growth after the end of violent conflict, the benefits are rarely equally distributed. For example, in a comparative analysis of several post-conflict countries, Vogel (2021) demonstrates that despite GDP growth, the Gini coefficient 24 did increase too, meaning that societies became more unequal despite national and international investment and aid programmes. Our research data from Lebanon likewise suggests that the economic benefits of CVA are highly concentrated on a small group. ...
... Yet, this debate is largely omitted in the current CVA literature (cf. Vogel, Tschunkert, and Schläpfer 2022). Rooted in an empirical study of Lebanon, this article seeks to evaluate CVA's risks to, and opportunities for, local peace. ...
... There is a literature that discusses research design and ethical conduct in armed conflicts (e.g., Nordstrom & Robben (eds.) 1995;Goodhand 2000;Barakat et al. 2002;Wood 2006;MacGinty, Brett & Vogel 2021). My field sites, however, were not directly within a theatre of conflict but were in parts of the country that, at that time, existed somewhere between a conflict and a post-conflict scenario. ...
... Firstly, creating graffiti accompanied by individual and collective stories and narratives is a political act based on everyday experience and affords one the opportunity to articulate experiences of marginalisation (Wheeler 2018). Vogel et al. (2020) show how graffiti conveys the struggles and the fabric of everyday spaces and experiences or everyday practices of conflict and peace at the local level. Although arts literature makes a fine-grained distinction between graffiti and street art -assigning the latter a more consensual, rebellious and activist form of art (Ross 2016;Bacharach 2015) -both methods aim to convey a social or political message the participants want to share, thereby raising awareness about socio-political issues. ...
... Building on scholarship that has analyzed cultural and social dynamics of "bordering" in the region, this paper argues that it is possible to read (socio-) economic boundary-making in Ladakh through the state's influence in the organization and experience of trade and tourism for Ladakh and its visitors. The paper highlights how their spatial organization partly underwrites difference and separation and aids in framing the contested territory as 'Indian (Vogel & Field, 2020). In a Journal Article entitled: Borders, geography, and economic activity: The case of China, Hao Guo and Jenny Minier explain that Economic discontinuity is greater for the non-state sector than for the state sector and strong to include measures of local public goods and infrastructure. ...
... And can conflict-sensitive programming mitigate any potential conflicts and open possibilities for peacebuilding? The article focuses deliberately on implications at the everyday level; a level of analysis that has gained prominence in peace and conflict studies with the emergence of an intellectual "local turn" (Mac Ginty, Roger and Oliver Richmond 2013) but is less advanced in the analysis of economic processes (Pugh et al., 2008;Distler, Stavrevska, and Vogel 2018;Vogel 2022). To understand the perils and promises of CVA on community relations and peace, the article discusses three different levels where conflictsensitivity concerns emerged during the research. ...
... Nevertheless, recent lit erature focuses on the intersectionality of nationality with other factors such as gender, class, and race among refugee populations. Gender-, race-(Turner 2020), and class-ori ented analyses predominate in the case of Jordan (Turner 2015;Thomas and Vogel 2018), where the previous migration of middle-and upper-class Iraqi refugees oriented the dis placement discourse differently (Dardiry 2017). By contrast, Lebanon lacks class-based accounts of humanitarianism as well as of refugeehood overall (as noticed in Carpi 2019b) and accounts pertaining to race and racialization. ...
... Many scholars suggest that social, cultural, political, and economic processes are grounded in specific places. As an analytical category in the study of peace, focusing upon place allows scholars to examine a range of place-specific actors and processes beyond the state (Autesserre, 2021;Björkdahl and Kappler, 2017;Brigg and George, 2020;Vogel, 2018). Place also allow scholars to reveal the uneven and distinct social and spatial processes that attenuate or facilitate peace across space and over time (Moore, 2013). ...
... If IR scholars ever apply the frozen conflict concept in the Indo-Pakistani case, it mainly serves to provide a general description of the conflict's character, rather than a central analytical category through which they would examine the conflict (Baghel and Nüsser 2015;Bose 1999;Jahn 2015, pp. 205-220;Stavrevska et al. 2016). Such usage is, to a large extent, merely intuitive. ...