Birhan Mengistu's research while affiliated with WWF United Kingdom and other places

Publications (10)

Preprint
Background The Geshiyaro project is a five-year intervention to assess the impact of community and school-based water, hygiene, and sanitation (WaSH) interventions on reducing infection with soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and schistosome parasites, in combination with deworming in Wolayita zone, Ethiopia. Methods Data on baseline STH and schistos...
Article
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Introduction The Geshiyaro project aims to break transmission of soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis in the Wolaita Zone of Ethiopia through a combination of two interventions: behavior change communication (BCC) for increased water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) infrastructure use alongside preventive chemotherapy (PC) using albendazole...
Article
Background: The achievement of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) program goals depends on numerous factors, including the ability of national programs to use high-quality, timely data to inform their decision-making and program delivery. This paper presents a use case analysis of the routine data used by national NTD programs targeting lymphatic f...
Article
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Background: Ethiopia has set the ambitious national targets of eliminating soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and schistosomiasis (SCH) as public health problems by 2020, and breaking their transmission by 2025. This systematic review was performed to provide insight into the progress made by the national STH and SCH control programme purposed with...
Article
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Scabies is a parasitic disease of the skin that disproportionately affects disadvantaged populations. The disease causes considerable morbidity and leads to severe bacterial infection and immune-mediated disease. Scientific advances from the past 5 years suggest that scabies is amenable to population-level control, particularly through mass drug ad...
Article
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The transmission soil transmitted helminths (STH) occurs via ingestion of or contact with infective stages present in soil contaminated with human faeces. It follows therefore that efforts to reduce faecal contamination of the environment should help to reduce risk of parasite exposure and improvements in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are se...
Article
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Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthes are among seventeen WHO prioritized neglected tropical diseases that infect humans. These parasitic infections can be treated using single-dose and safe drugs. Ethiopia successfully mapped the distribution of these infections nationwide. According to the mapping there are an estimated 37.3 million peo...
Article
Full-text available
Onchocerciasis is a severe parasitic infection which causes disabling skin and subcutaneous tissue changes. The disease is endemic in many African countries including Ethiopia. In 2013, Ethiopia launched Onchocerciasis elimination program with the goal of attaining interruption of onchocerciasis transmission nationwide by 2020. The country has succ...
Article
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Background In Ethiopia there is no complete registration system to measure disease burden and risk factors accurately. In this study, the 2015 global burden of diseases, injuries and risk factors (GBD) data were used to analyse the incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of malaria in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. Methods GBD 2015 used verbal...
Article
Full-text available
Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthes are among seventeen WHO prioritized neglected tropical diseases that infect humans. These parasitic infections can be treated using single-dose and safe drugs. Ethiopia successfully mapped the distribution of these infections nationwide. According to the mapping there are an estimated 37.3 million peo...

Citations

... Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis remain significant public health problems in Ethiopia [11]. Ethiopia ranked 13 th highest burdened country for both diseases among 40 African countries [12] with an estimated thirty-six and five million infected individuals, respectively, often in impoverished and remote areas [13]. National mapping surveys conducted in Ethiopia indicated widespread distribution of STHs and distinct regional distribution of S.mansoni whereas a more restricted distribution of S. haematobium, primarily to low land areas of the country [14]. ...
... In 2016, it was estimated that scabies affects 455 million people annually and causes 3.8 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) [2]. The prevalence of scabies is highest in underprivileged tropical settings including Indigenous communities of Australia and Pacific Island communities [3][4][5]. These settings are thought to be affected due to factors such as overcrowding [6], hot weather and humidity [7,8]. ...
... Scientific evidence suggests that hand hygiene as one of the most effective measures to control infection [11]. For example a recent Cochrane review and meta-analysis found sufficient evidence to conclude hand hygiene practice as cost effective control measure in reducing gastrointestinal and respiratory tract infection [3,12,13]. Theoretically, hand hygiene to prevent IPIs could require washing/ sanitizing of hand using water and soap (anti-bacterial, non-antibacterial soap) or with waterless hand sanitizer (alcohol based hand sanitizer),on regular basis, at appropriate critical time, for correct time and following standard step by step procedure [14]. The evidence on the literature also indicate hand hygiene intervention for decreasing infection achieved by mechanical removal of disease-causing organisms; and or chemically killing both at home and community setting [15][16][17][18]. ...
... Ethiopia is a country with a huge load of STHs infections [11]. Out of the country's total population, more than 80% are located in areas, where STHs are found year-round [7]. ...
... In Ethiopia, both urinary and intestinal forms of schistosomiasis occur although the latter is the most widespread and highly prevalent (17). Several epidemiological studies indicate that intestinal schistosomiasis caused by S. mansoni is highly endemic in different parts of Ethiopia with prevalences as high as 90% in school-aged children (18). ...
... In onchocerciasis-endemic Ethiopia, mapping of prevalence has been focused on the western districts based on the high incidence of onchocerciasis and because environmental factors favor blackfly breeding in these regions [20]. In contrast, eastern Ethiopia has been assumed to be free of O. volvulus infection, which has generally proven true [21]. ...
... Through a successful scale-up of malaria control interventions, Ethiopia has achieved remarkable reductions in disease burden, with declines in mortality and incidence of 96 and 89%, respectively, between 1990 and 2015 [17]. The most recent national malaria indicator survey in children under 5 found a 2-week period prevalence of fever of 16%, but only 0.6% prevalence of malaria [18], indicating the major role of non-malaria causes of fever. ...