Bernt Schiele's research while affiliated with Max Planck Institute for Informatics and other places

Publications (530)

Preprint
Unintentional actions are rare occurrences that are difficult to define precisely and that are highly dependent on the temporal context of the action. In this work, we explore such actions and seek to identify the points in videos where the actions transition from intentional to unintentional. We propose a multi-stage framework that exploits inhere...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite their recent success, deep neural networks continue to perform poorly when they encounter distribution shifts at test time. Many recently proposed approaches try to counter this by aligning the model to the new distribution prior to inference. With no labels available this requires unsupervised objectives to adapt the model on the observed...
Preprint
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In this report, we present the 1st place solution for motion prediction track in 2022 Waymo Open Dataset Challenges. We propose a novel Motion Transformer framework for multimodal motion prediction, which introduces a small set of novel motion query pairs for generating better multimodal future trajectories by jointly performing the intention local...
Article
Full-text available
Despite their recent successes, generative adversarial networks (GANs) for semantic image synthesis still suffer from poor image quality when trained with only adversarial supervision. Previously, additionally employing the VGG-based perceptual loss has helped to overcome this issue, significantly improving the synthesis quality, but at the same ti...
Preprint
Annotating bounding boxes for object detection is expensive, time-consuming, and error-prone. In this work, we propose a DETR based framework called ComplETR that is designed to explicitly complete missing annotations in partially annotated dense scene datasets. This reduces the need to annotate every object instance in the scene thereby reducing a...
Preprint
3D human motion capture from monocular RGB images respecting interactions of a subject with complex and possibly deformable environments is a very challenging, ill-posed and under-explored problem. Existing methods address it only weakly and do not model possible surface deformations often occurring when humans interact with scene surfaces. In cont...
Preprint
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Semi-supervised learning (SSL) improves model generalization by leveraging massive unlabeled data to augment limited labeled samples. However, currently, popular SSL evaluation protocols are often constrained to computer vision (CV) tasks. In addition, previous work typically trains deep neural networks from scratch, which is time-consuming and env...
Preprint
Since out-of-distribution generalization is a generally ill-posed problem, various proxy targets (e.g., calibration, adversarial robustness, algorithmic corruptions, invariance across shifts) were studied across different research programs resulting in different recommendations. While sharing the same aspirational goal, these approaches have never...
Article
Full-text available
Any-shot image classification allows to recognize novel classes with only a few or even zero samples. For the task of zero-shot learning, visual attributes have been shown to play an important role, while in the few-shot regime, the effect of attributes is under-explored. To better transfer attribute-based knowledge from seen to unseen classes, we...
Article
Video-based person re-identification~(re-ID) is an important technique in visual surveillance systems which aims to match video snippets of people captured by different cameras. Existing methods are mostly based on convolutional neural networks~(CNNs), whose building blocks either process local neighbor pixels at a time, or, when 3D convolutions ar...
Preprint
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Adapting to a continuously evolving environment is a safety-critical challenge inevitably faced by all autonomous driving systems. Existing image and video driving datasets, however, fall short of capturing the mutable nature of the real world. In this paper, we introduce the largest multi-task synthetic dataset for autonomous driving, SHIFT. It pr...
Preprint
Deep neural networks are very successful on many vision tasks, but hard to interpret due to their black box nature. To overcome this, various post-hoc attribution methods have been proposed to identify image regions most influential to the models' decisions. Evaluating such methods is challenging since no ground truth attributions exist. We thus pr...
Preprint
We present a new direction for increasing the interpretability of deep neural networks (DNNs) by promoting weight-input alignment during training. For this, we propose to replace the linear transforms in DNNs by our B-cos transform. As we show, a sequence (network) of such transforms induces a single linear transform that faithfully summarises the...
Preprint
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Recently, crowd density estimation has received increasing attention. The main challenge for this task is to achieve high-quality manual annotations on a large amount of training data. To avoid reliance on such annotations, previous works apply unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) techniques by transferring knowledge learned from easily accessible...
Preprint
Modern deep learning architecture utilize batch normalization (BN) to stabilize training and improve accuracy. It has been shown that the BN layers alone are surprisingly expressive. In the context of robustness against adversarial examples, however, BN is argued to increase vulnerability. That is, BN helps to learn fragile features. Nevertheless,...
Preprint
As a fundamental problem in computer vision, 3D object detection is experiencing rapid growth. To extract the point-wise features from the irregularly and sparsely distributed points, previous methods usually take a feature grouping module to aggregate the point features to an object candidate. However, these methods have not yet leveraged the surf...
Preprint
Any-shot image classification allows to recognize novel classes with only a few or even zero samples. For the task of zero-shot learning, visual attributes have been shown to play an important role, while in the few-shot regime, the effect of attributes is under-explored. To better transfer attribute-based knowledge from seen to unseen classes, we...
Preprint
We consider the problem of omni-supervised object detection, which can use unlabeled, fully labeled and weakly labeled annotations, such as image tags, counts, points, etc., for object detection. This is enabled by a unified architecture, Omni-DETR, based on the recent progress on student-teacher framework and end-to-end transformer based object de...
Preprint
Human-annotated attributes serve as powerful semantic embeddings in zero-shot learning. However, their annotation process is labor-intensive and needs expert supervision. Current unsupervised semantic embeddings, i.e., word embeddings, enable knowledge transfer between classes. However, word embeddings do not always reflect visual similarities and...
Preprint
3D point cloud understanding is an important component in autonomous driving and robotics. In this paper, we present a novel Embedding-Querying paradigm (EQ-Paradigm) for 3D understanding tasks including detection, segmentation and classification. EQ-Paradigm is a unified paradigm that enables the combination of any existing 3D backbone architectur...
Preprint
Deep neural networks have achieved great success in many computer vision tasks. However, deep networks have been shown to be very susceptible to corrupted or adversarial images, which often result in significant performance drops. In this paper, we observe that weak subnetwork (subnet) performance is correlated with a lack of robustness against cor...
Article
We present a simple and effective approach for non-blind image deblurring, combining classical techniques and deep learning. In contrast to existing methods that deblur the image directly in the standard image space, we propose to perform an explicit deconvolution process in a feature space by integrating a classical Wiener deconvolution framework...
Preprint
Consistency regularization is one of the most widely-used techniques for semi-supervised learning (SSL). Generally, the aim is to train a model that is invariant to various data augmentations. In this paper, we revisit this idea and find that enforcing invariance by decreasing distances between features from differently augmented images leads to im...
Preprint
In this paper, we propose a novel co-learning framework (CoSSL) with decoupled representation learning and classifier learning for imbalanced SSL. To handle the data imbalance, we devise Tail-class Feature Enhancement (TFE) for classifier learning. Furthermore, the current evaluation protocol for imbalanced SSL focuses only on balanced test sets, w...
Article
We generate natural language explanations for a fine-grained visual recognition task. Our explanations fulfill two criteria. First, explanations are class discriminative, meaning they mention attributes in an image which are important to identify a class. Second, explanations are image relevant, meaning they reflect the actual content of an image....
Preprint
Video-based person re-identification (re-ID) is an important technique in visual surveillance systems which aims to match video snippets of people captured by different cameras. Existing methods are mostly based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), whose building blocks either process local neighbor pixels at a time, or, when 3D convolutions ar...
Article
Full-text available
Today’s deep learning systems deliver high performance based on end-to-end training but are notoriously hard to inspect. We argue that there are at least two reasons making inspectability challenging: (i) representations are distributed across hundreds of channels and (ii) a unifying metric quantifying inspectability is lacking. In this paper, we a...
Article
Full-text available
Person detection and Re-identification are two well-defined support tasks for practically relevant tasks such as Person Search and Multiple Person Tracking. Person Search aims to find and locate all instances with the same identity as the query person in a set of panoramic gallery images. Similarly, Multiple Person Tracking, especially when using t...
Article
Few-shot learning aims to recognize novel classes from a few examples. Although significant progress has been made in the image domain, few-shot video classification is relatively unexplored. We argue that previous methods underestimate the importance of video feature learning and propose to learn spatiotemporal features using a 3D CNN. Proposing a...
Preprint
Full-text available
In order to robustly deploy object detectors across a wide range of scenarios, they should be adaptable to shifts in the input distribution without the need to constantly annotate new data. This has motivated research in Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (UDA) algorithms for detection. UDA methods learn to adapt from labeled source domains to unlabele...
Preprint
We introduce a new family of neural network models called Convolutional Dynamic Alignment Networks (CoDA Nets), which are performant classifiers with a high degree of inherent interpretability. Their core building blocks are Dynamic Alignment Units (DAUs), which are optimised to transform their inputs with dynamically computed weight vectors that a...
Preprint
Both generalized and incremental few-shot learning have to deal with three major challenges: learning novel classes from only few samples per class, preventing catastrophic forgetting of base classes, and classifier calibration across novel and base classes. In this work we propose a three-stage framework that allows to explicitly and effectively a...
Article
This paper presents a novel semi-supervised few-shot image classification method named Learning to Teach and Learn (LTTL) to effectively leverage unlabeled samples in small-data regimes. Our method is based on self-training, which assigns pseudo labels to unlabeled data. However, the conventional pseudo-labeling operation heavily relies on the init...
Preprint
Accurate prediction of pedestrian and bicyclist paths is integral to the development of reliable autonomous vehicles in dense urban environments. The interactions between vehicle and pedestrian or bicyclist have a significant impact on the trajectories of traffic participants e.g. stopping or turning to avoid collisions. Although recent datasets an...
Article
Full-text available
Pedestrian detection and re-identification have progressed significantly in the last few years. However, occluded people are notoriously hard to detect and recognize, as their appearance varies substantially depending on a wide range of occlusion patterns. In this paper, we aim to propose a simple and compact method based on CNNs for occlusion hand...
Conference Paper
p>Integrated interpretability without sacrificing the prediction accuracy of decision making algorithms has the potential of greatly improving their value to the user. Instead of assigning a label to an image directly, we propose to learn iterative binary sub-decisions, inducing sparsity and transparency in the decision making process. The key aspe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep neural network (DNN) accelerators received considerable attention in recent years due to the potential to save energy compared to mainstream hardware. Low-voltage operation of DNN accelerators allows to further reduce energy consumption significantly, however, causes bit-level failures in the memory storing the quantized DNN weights. Furthermo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Adversarial training (AT) has become the de-facto standard to obtain models robust against adversarial examples. However, AT exhibits severe robust overfitting: cross-entropy loss on adversarial examples, so-called robust loss, decreases continuously on training examples, while eventually increasing on test examples. In practice, this leads to poor...
Preprint
We introduce a new family of neural network models called Convolutional Dynamic Alignment Networks (CoDA-Nets), which are performant classifiers with a high degree of inherent interpretability. Their core building blocks are Dynamic Alignment Units (DAUs), which linearly transform their input with weight vectors that dynamically align with task-rel...
Chapter
Today’s deep learning systems deliver high performance based on end-to-end training but are notoriously hard to inspect. We argue that there are at least two reasons making inspectability challenging: (i) representations are distributed across hundreds of channels and (ii) a unifying metric quantifying inspectability is lacking. In this paper, we a...
Chapter
Deep learning enables impressive performance in image recognition using large-scale artificially-balanced datasets. However, real-world datasets exhibit highly class-imbalanced distributions, yielding two main challenges: relative imbalance amongst the classes and data scarcity for mediumshot or fewshot classes. In this work, we address the problem...
Preprint
We present a simple and effective approach for non-blind image deblurring, combining classical techniques and deep learning. In contrast to existing methods that deblur the image directly in the standard image space, we propose to perform an explicit deconvolution process in a feature space by integrating a classical Wiener deconvolution framework...
Chapter
Intuitively, image classification should profit from using spatial information. Recent work, however, suggests that this might be overrated in standard CNNs. In this paper, we are pushing the envelope and aim to investigate the reliance on spatial information further. We propose to discard spatial information via shuffling locations or average pool...
Chapter
With the success of deep learning methods in analyzing activities in videos, more attention has recently been focused towards anticipating future activities. However, most of the work on anticipation either analyzes a partially observed activity or predicts the next action class. Recently, new approaches have been proposed to extend the prediction...
Chapter
Prediction of trajectories such as that of pedestrians is crucial to the performance of autonomous agents. While previous works have leveraged conditional generative models like GANs and VAEs for learning the likely future trajectories, accurately modeling the dependency structure of these multimodal distributions, particularly over long time horiz...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most learning methods for 3D data (point clouds, meshes) suffer significant performance drops when the data is not carefully aligned to a canonical orientation. Aligning real world 3D data collected from different sources is non-trivial and requires manual intervention. In this paper, we propose the Adjoint Rigid Transform (ART) Network, a neural m...
Chapter
Consistency regularization is one of the most widely-used techniques for semi-supervised learning (SSL). Generally, the aim is to train a model that is invariant to various data augmentations. In this paper, we revisit this idea and find that enforcing invariance by decreasing distances between features from differently augmented images leads to im...
Chapter
Generalized zero-label semantic segmentation aims to make pixel-level predictions for both seen and unseen classes in an image. Prior works approach this task by leveraging semantic word embeddings to learn a semantic projection layer or generate features of unseen classes. However, those methods rely on standard segmentation networks that may not...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite their recent successes, GAN models for semantic image synthesis still suffer from poor image quality when trained with only adversarial supervision. Historically, additionally employing the VGG-based perceptual loss has helped to overcome this issue, significantly improving the synthesis quality, but at the same time limiting the progress o...
Preprint
Current datasets for video-based person re-identification (re-ID) do not include structural knowledge in form of human pose annotations for the persons of interest. Nonetheless, pose information is very helpful to disentangle useful feature information from background or occlusion noise. Especially real-world scenarios, such as surveillance, contai...
Chapter
Widespread application of computer vision systems in real world tasks is currently hindered by their unexpected behavior on unseen examples. This occurs due to limitations of empirical testing on finite test sets and lack of systematic methods to identify the breaking points of a trained model. In this work we propose semantic adversarial editing,...
Chapter
Today’s success of state of the art methods for semantic segmentation is driven by large datasets. Data is considered an important asset that needs to be protected, as the collection and annotation of such datasets comes at significant efforts and associated costs. In addition, visual data might contain private or sensitive information, that makes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Perceiving the physical world in 3D is fundamental for self-driving applications. Although temporal motion is an invaluable resource to human vision for detection, tracking, and depth perception, such features have not been thoroughly utilized in modern 3D object detectors. In this work, we propose a novel method for monocular video-based 3D object...
Chapter
Full-text available
Few-shot learning aims to train efficient predictive models with a few examples. The lack of training data leads to poor models that perform high-variance or low-confidence predictions. In this paper, we propose to meta-learn the ensemble of epoch-wise empirical Bayes models (E\(^3\)BM) to achieve robust predictions. “Epoch-wise” means that each tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Class-Incremental Learning (CIL) aims to learn a classification model with the number of classes increasing phase-by-phase. The inherent problem in CIL is the stability-plasticity dilemma between the learning of old and new classes, i.e., high-plasticity models easily forget old classes but high-stability models are weak to learn new classes. We al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite their recent successes, GAN models for semantic image synthesis still suffer from poor image quality when trained with only adversarial supervision. Historically, additionally employing the VGG-based perceptual loss has helped to overcome this issue, significantly improving the synthesis quality, but at the same time limiting the progress o...