Barlow Soper's research while affiliated with Louisiana Tech University and other places

Publications (42)

Article
A content analysis of the research published in the Journal of Counseling & Development (JCD) was conducted for Volumes 74 (1996) through 84 (2006). Frequency distributions were used to identify the most published authors and their institutional affiliations, as well as some basic characteristics (type of sample, gender, and ethnicity) of the study...
Article
Full-text available
This study represents an expansion of previous research investigating the prevalence of sleep difficulties in college students. Sleep quality and sleep habits were assessed via self-report questionnaires. Poor sleep quality was reported by 22.6% of participants, whereas 65.9% replied that they experienced occasional sleep problems. More than half o...
Article
Reports an error in "Content analysis of Consulting psychology journal: Practice and research (Volumes 44-59)" by Kevin T. Mahoney, Walter C. Buboltz Jr., Barlow Soper, Dennis Doverspike and Byron J. Simoneaux ( Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research , 2008[Sep], Vol 60[3], 246-258). The title of the journal was printed incorrectly on...
Article
[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 60(4) of Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research (see record 2008-17523-003). The title of the journal was printed incorrectly on page 257 as " Counseling Psychology Journal: Practice and Research." The correct title of the journal is Consulting Psychology Journal:...
Article
During the last decade more than 100 governmental units (primarily cities) have implemented living wage ordinances. These regulations require private sector employers who receive public funds through subsidies and contracts to pay their workforces a wage based on “need” rather than “skill.” Such ordinances feature a minimum wage floor that is highe...
Article
With many activities, even unlikely ones such as colonoscopies, it appears that ending procedures are important and affect evaluation of the entire experience. This has been dubbed the "happy end" effect. Training specialists, while acknowledging the importance of endings (e.g., seminar closures, class conclusions, and workshop completions), often...
Article
Full-text available
University students report significantly worse sleep quality than the general population. Sleep problems are related to increased health concerns, irritability, depression, fatigue, and attention and concentration difficulties, along with poor academic performance. Clinical research indicates that psychoeducational interventions are among the most...
Article
This study examines the relationship between psychological reactance as measured by the Therapeutic Reactance Scale (TRS) and the five factor model of personality as measured by the NEO PI-R. The sample consisted of 310 undergraduate students at a mid-sized southern university. The TRS total score was regressed on the five domains of the NEO with t...
Article
Full-text available
Many managers and scholars agree that diversity is a positive factor that leads to competitive economic advantage for organisations. However, this assertion remains largely untested. To examine the implied relationship between firm performance and diversity, performance at minority‐friendly organisations was compared to that at other organisations...
Article
U.S. society is becoming increasingly litigious. Nowhere is this more evident than in the employment process, where preemployment agreements for job applicants are becoming more common. Preemployment agreements require applicants to accept certain terms or provisions before they are offered a position. In this article, the authors describe types of...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological reactance is the tendency of a person to act in a way to protect personal freedoms from actual or perceived threats. Psychological reactance has been shown to be a factor in the process and outcome of therapy and may be an important variable in multicultural counselling. It has been noted that multicultural counselling competencies ar...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological reactance is a construct that has potential wide ranging counseling implications. Recently, researchers have argued that reactance is characterological in nature and have attempted to delineate its nomological network. This study extends the nomological network of psychological reactance using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) an...
Article
The current study chronicles what one professor learned from teaching a distance education course with and without the aid of PowerPoint multimedia presentation software. It compares student ratings of three lectures from the same classes by the same professor; the first, a traditional lecture without any audiovisual aids; the second, a lecture sup...
Article
Full-text available
College students face many challenges and live experiences that may lead to sleep difficulties, including: varied and changing schedules, repeated deadlines, increased freedom and self-responsibility, and group living arrangements, to name but a few. A high frequency of sleep difficulties is commonly reported among college student and others who en...
Article
Full-text available
College students are known for their variable sleep schedules. Such schedules, along with other common student practices (e.g., alcohol and caffeine consumption), are associated with poor sleep hygiene. Researchers have demonstrated in clinical populations that improving sleep hygiene knowledge and practices is an effective treatment for insomnia....
Article
There is a strong tendency for managers and supervisors to blame employees for employee performance problems. Certainly, employees may not have the knowledge, skills, motivation, or aptitude to perform effectively, but managers should consider the possibility that they themselves may be contributing substantially to employees' inadequate performanc...
Article
Full-text available
The negative effects of sleep difficulties have been well documented. However, the prevalence of such problems among US college students has not been well studied. Design difficulties are common in the limited number of existing investigations, making it difficult to estimates the prevalence and types of disturbance studied. The authors describe th...
Article
Job loss can be one of life's most traumatic experiences, especially if the unemployment is extended. In addition to more common interventions used by employment counselors and others dedicated to assisting clients in the search for work, it can be helpful to assist clients in expressing their negative feelings through writing. Expressive writing i...
Article
Frequently, supervisors take the golden rule - Do unto others as you would have others do unto you - as their prime managerial directive. But employees are unique individuals and as such, they respond to different management methods than managers might like. This is because what one person appreciates, another may not Supervisors must realize that...
Article
Managing organizational behavior effectively in the new millennium requires supervisors to apply principles that were effective in the old millennium. After reviewing organizational behavior and management literature and incorporating perceptions, insights, and realizations gained from more than 25 years of experience as practitioners and academici...
Article
Arguments deriving from the importance of the strength of social ties between individuals are being applied in social and organizational analysis; however, lack of empirical verification of the components of the construct and lack of consistency in the use of proxy measures have made difficult the resolution of controversies surrounding the relativ...
Article
The movement toward growth that characterized American industry for much of this century has now changed to a trend of consolidation. Consolidation typically includes layoffs, reductions in force, and restructuring. Such downsizing has caused baby boomers holding executive, managerial and professional administrative positions to consider self-emplo...
Article
Scores of 54 fantasy role-game players and 64 National Guardsman were compared on a neuroticism scale and demographic variables. While the Role-gamers reported daydreaming and sleeping more than the Guardsmen, the popular stereotype that game players are withdrawn, emotionally immature adolescents was not confirmed. The typical game player was male...
Article
A study was conducted to evaluate persons' purported ability to detect hidden observers. Anecdotally, most people (87%) report that covert observation can be detected. A total of 1-40 college students individually sat in a room with a two-way mirror and video-monitor camera. They were told that they might be observed for any or all of the subsequen...
Article
Full-text available
Differences have been reported between short sleepers (those who typically sleep 6 or fewer hours per right) and long sleepers (those who sleep 9 or more hours). One explanation for differences in sleep time is that short sleepers have less than optimal levels of cortical arousal. Given this conjecture, and given that sleep amount has been related...
Article
Marketing has looked to other scientific disciplines to supplement its understanding of motivation. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory is frequently uncritically cited in texts, even though most evidence has failed to support its validity. Science requires that theory be supported by empirical facts. Maslow's theory is briefly summarized, along wit...
Article
A study exploring gender differences in self-reported dream perspectives was performed with 282 college students. Significantly more of the 164 women reported dreaming exclusively in first person and more of the 114 men exclusively in third person. Also, gender differences were found for those who dreamed in mixed perspective, a combination of firs...
Article
Empathy is often described as a trait possessed by successful salespeople. Empirical studies that have uncovered a positive relationship between empathy and sales have failed, however, to use empathy measurement techniques deemed appropriate in counseling- psychotherapy, the field where most research pertaining to the empathic construct has been co...
Article
Examined whether 168 older students (aged 52–87 yrs) report dream themes similar to 218 more traditional, younger students (aged 17–25 yrs). Ss completed the Dream Theme Checklist developed by R. M. Griffith et al (1958), as expanded by B. Soper et al (1990). Older Ss reported significantly fewer dream themes, but the overall ranking of theme endor...
Article
The relationship between uncritical inference making and intelligence has been uncertain. In the present study a group of 30 advanced undergraduate students were administered the Uncritical Inference Test and the Otis-Lennon Test of Mental Ability. A significant Pearson correlation of .52 indicates that this measure of intellectual functioning is a...
Article
A form of structuring (providing specific procedural and sensory information, in combination) was effective in lessening anxiety of medical patients scheduled to undergo myelography. Myelography is a complex diagnostic x-ray procedure used to assess nerve damage of the spinal cord which may be serious enough to warrant surgery. Not only was structu...
Article
-The empathy subscale of the Barrett-hnnard Relationship Inventory was used by recent customers to assess empathy levels of 30 new-car salespersons. Salespersons were assigned to low, medium, or high empathy groups and compared on three indicators of sales performance. Contrary to expectations, no performance differences were found. Possible reason...
Article
Physiological chapters from 31 introductory psychology textbooks were examined for information concerning the number of neurons in the human brain and how many neurons die each day. Almost all text authors reported definite answers to these complex and, as yet, unanswered questions. The answers differed with respect to the number of neurons, but th...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decade more than 100 governmental units (primarily cities) have implemented living wage ordinances. These regulations require private sector employers who receive public funds through subsidies and contracts to pay their workforces a wage based on "need" rather than "skill." Such ordinances feature a minimum wage floor that is highe...

Citations

... 23 Different outside pressure influence on the time is taken to fall asleep and duration of sleep in college students that leads to hallucinations. 24 Sleep quality in college students has closely associated with their academic performance the poor the quality of sleep is the poor the academic performance was, 25,26 Another side good sleep quality helps to improve the academic performance, overall health and well-being. 27 Sleep deprivation (SD) includes either total lack of sleep for some duration of time or less than optimum sleep time. ...
... Professionals should also remember the rule when they are themselves customers, says Tschohl (1999). Despite some criticism of the rule's use in business (e.g., Buckingham, 1999; Stratigos, 2000; Von Bergen et al., 2000), most popular-press mentions of the rule have been positive in nature. Some firms have been cited for their explicit reliance on the Golden Rule as a guide. ...
... Among the many factors influencing students' well-being, the importance of the student-teacher relationship has been indicated by many scholars (Cotten and Wilson 2006;Kim and Sax 2009;Kong et al. 2013;Nielsen et al. 2017;Rosenthal et al. 2000;Siedlecki et al. 2014). Especially in postgraduate programmes, where students need to work with their supervisors frequently, the impact of the student-supervisor relationship (SSR) on students' subjective well-being should be particularly important (Nielsen et al. 2017). ...
... In the current study, no age or gender effect was observed in reactant behaviours to mobility restrictions. Because psychological reactance is a situation-specific state but also an individual trait , determinants of the reactant trait have been explored extensively (Seibel and Dowd, 2001;Buboltz et al., 2003;Seemann et al., 2005). However, demographic impacts on reactance are still under debate. ...
... These rituals need to be accomplished in order for individuals to feel like part of the group. The continuous permutations of university life such as the excitement, nervousness, and adaptation of first year, the enhanced academic and personal independence in the senior years, and the ongoing demands of a financially costly education compel students to sacrifice sleep in fulfillment of academic and social passage (Buboltz, Brown, & Soper, 2001;Buboltz et al., 2006). ...
... The actions are overt or covert (Finchilescu, Bernstein, & Chihambakwe, 2018) and typically directed from those more powerful to the less powerful at work (Mattice & Garman, 2010;Salin, 2003). The result is a hostile and intimidating work environment (Von Bergen, Zavaletta, & Soper, 2006) in which employees' normal work performance and/or health suffers . To be considered inappropriate, behaviour should be regarded as offensive by any reasonable person or be shown to violate accepted social norms (Von Bergen et al., 2006). ...
... Leider wird aus der Publikation nicht klar, welche Arbeiten eingeschlossen wurden. Geht man von den Zitaten auf S. 95 aus, so wurden die Arbeiten von Evans & Thalbourne (1999), Rosenthal, Tabony, Soper & Rosenthal (1997) sowie Schwartz & Russek (1999) nicht berücksichtigt. 30.803 der insgesamt 33.357 Durchgänge, also 92,3%, stammen von Rupert Sheldrake (1998;1999;2001a;2001b;2003;. ...
... According to Von Bergen, Soper and Parnell (2005) and Leveson, Joiner and Bakalis (2009) respectively, most of the organizations are on track when it comes to benefitting from newly found cultural differences, however acknowledging the positive influence of the new trend on administrative and social occurrences is not enough; it is inevitable for a company to run its objectives by hierarchical, official and unsanctioned bodies that are able to analyze the new plan of management by means of communication. ...
... We also considered the contact days between two individuals, that is, the number of days of contact (Marsden and Campbell 1984;Mathews et al. 1998). Our final tie strength measure was contact duration or the elapsed time in the relationship, comparing the first and last contact dates (Arnaboldi, Guazzini, and Passarella 2013;Gilbert and Karahalios 2009;Marsden and Campbell 1984;Panovich, Miller, and Karger 2012). ...
... Reflection exercises such as expressive writing have been particularly effective for individuals who are usually less likely to reflect on their actions (Soper & Von Bergen, 2001). Moreover, drawing on comprehensive qualitative interview data with job seekers, Wanberg et al. (2012) concluded that self-reflection is key to successfully dealing with the challenges encountered during the search period. ...