Barbara Sitek's research while affiliated with Ruhr-Universität Bochum and other places

Publications (166)

Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a toll on health care systems worldwide, which has led to increased mortality of different diseases like myocardial infarction. This is most likely due to three factors. First, an increased workload per nurse ratio, a factor associated with mortality. Second, patients presenting with COVID-19-like sympto...
Article
Enzalutamide (ENZA) is a frequently used therapy in metastatic castration‐resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Baseline or acquired resistance to ENZA have been observed, but the molecular mechanisms of resistance are poorly understood. We aimed to identify proteins involved in ENZA resistance and to find therapy‐predictive serum markers. We performe...
Preprint
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive cancer with poor prognosis. Drug resistance is the major cause for therapeutic failure in PDAC patients with progressive disease. The mechanisms underlying resistance formation are complex and remain poorly understood. To gain insights into molecular changes during the formation of resistance...
Preprint
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a highly relevant pathogen, and its rodent counterparts serve as common infection models. Global proteome profiling of rat CMV-infected cells uncovered a pronounced loss of the transcription factor STAT2, which is crucial for interferon signalling. Deletion mutagenesis documented that STAT2 is targeted by the viral pr...
Article
Under physiological conditions, Escherichia coli RidA is an enamine/imine deaminase, which promotes the release of ammonia from reactive enamine/imine intermediates. However, when modified by hypochlorous acid (HOCl), it turns into a potent chaperone-like holdase that can effectively protect E. coli's proteome during oxidative stress. However, it i...
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Type I interferons (IFN-I) exert pleiotropic biological effects during viral infections, balancing virus control versus immune-mediated pathologies, and have been successfully employed for the treatment of viral diseases. Humans express 12 IFN-alpha (α) subtypes, which activate downstream signaling cascades and result in distinct patterns of immune...
Article
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Baseline or acquired resistance to docetaxel (DOC) represents a significant risk for patients with metastatic prostate cancer (PC). In the last years, novel therapy regimens have been approved providing reasonable alternatives for DOC-resistant patients making prediction of DOC resistance of great clinical importance. We aimed to identify serum bio...
Preprint
Under physiological conditions, Escherichia coli RidA is an enamine/imine deaminase, which promotes the release of ammonia from reactive enamine/imine intermediates. However, when modified by hypochlorous acid (HOCl), as produced by the host defense, RidA HOCl turns into a potent chaperone-like holdase that can effectively protect the proteome of E...
Article
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(1) Background: Neuroblastomas (NBs) are the most common extracranial solid tumors of children. The amplification of the Myc-N proto-oncogene (MYCN) is a major driver of NB aggressiveness, while high expression of the neurotrophin receptor NTRK1/TrkA is associated with mild disease courses. The molecular effects of NTRK1 signaling in MYCN-amplified...
Preprint
Full-text available
Type I interferons (IFN-I) exert pleiotropic biological effects during viral infections, balancing virus control versus immune-mediated pathologies and have been successfully employed for the treatment of viral diseases. Humans express twelve IFN-alpha (α) subtypes, which activate downstream signalling cascades and result in distinct patterns of im...
Article
Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) is based on the combination of two orthogonal separation techniques. In the first dimension, proteins are separated by their isoelectric point, a technique known as isoelectric focusing (IEF). There are two important variants of IEF, which are carrier-ampholine (CA)-based IEF and immobili...
Chapter
A label-free approachLabel-freeapproaches based on a highly reproducible and stable workflow allows for quantitative proteomeDifferentialProteomes analysisQuantitativeAnalyses. Due to advantages compared to labeling methods, the label-free approach has the potential to measure unlimited samples from clinical specimen monitoring and comparing thousa...
Article
Classical 2D-PAGE allows comparison and quantitation of proteomes by visualization of protein patterns using gel stains and comparative image analysis. The introduction of fluorescent reagents for protein labeling (difference in-gel electrophoresis or DIGE) has brought substantial improvement in this field. It provides multiplexing of up to three s...
Article
Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli cause major epidemics worldwide with significant organ damage and very high percentages of death. Due to the ability of enterohaemorrhagic E. coli to produce shiga toxin these bacteria damage the kidney leading to the hemolytic uremic syndrome. A therapy against this serious kidney disease has not been developed yet and t...
Article
Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains the 4th leading cause of cancer death; therefore, there is a clinically unmet need for novel therapeutics and diagnostic markers to treat this devastating disease. Physicians often rely on biopsy or CT for diagnosis, but more specific protein biomarkers are highly desired to assess the stage and severity of PC in a no...
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Background Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system and a major factor of increasing health care costs worldwide. The molecular actors leading to the development of chronic asthma are not fully understood and require further investigation. Objective The aim of this study was to monitor the proteome dynamics during asthma develop...
Book
This second edition provides new and updated methods on the principles underlying modern protein analysis, from statistical issues to gel-based and mass spectrometry-based applications. Chapters detail protein quantification as basis for realisation of quantitative studies, gel-based and mass spectrometry-based quantification techniques, TMT, IPTL,...
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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver diseases with an increasing prevalence due to rising rates of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes. Untreated NAFLD may progress to steatohepatitis (NASH) and ultimately liver cirrhosis. NAFLD is characterized by lipid accumulation, and when sufficient excess l...
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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a positive-strand RNA virus that primarily infects human hepatocytes. HCV infection constitutes a global health problem with 71 million people currently chronically infected. Recent studies have reported that C19orf66 is expressed as an interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene; however, the intrinsic regulation...
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Combination immunotherapy (CIT) is currently applied as a treatment for different cancers and is proposed as a cure strategy for chronic viral infections. Whether such therapies are efficient during an acute infection remains elusive. To address this, inhibitory receptors were blocked and regulatory T cells depleted in acutely Friend retrovirus-inf...
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Targeted proteomics techniques allow accurate quantitative measurements of analytes in complex matrices with dynamic linear ranges that span up to 4–5 orders of magnitude. Hence, targeted methods are promising for the development of robust protein assays in several sensitive areas, e.g. in health care. However, exploiting the full method potential...
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The urothelium of the urinary bladder represents the first line of defense. However, uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) damage the urothelium and cause acute bacterial infection. Here, we demonstrate the crosstalk between macrophages and the urothelium stimulating macrophage migration into the urothelium. Using spatial proteomics by MALDI-MSI and LC-MS/M...
Article
We evaluated the quantification strategies label-free (LF), SILAC and TMT and their performance in quantification of proteins and phosphosites (p-sites) to identify the most powerful approach for monitoring cellular signaling. We analyzed the EGFR signaling network, which plays an essential role in colorectal cancer, and studied its dynamics within...
Article
Introduction: In 8/8 matched unrelated donor (UD) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), permissive HLA-DPB1 (DP) mismatches within the same functional T Cell Epitope (TCE) group are associated with better outcomes compared to non-permissive mismatches across different TCE groups (Fleischhauer, Blood 2017). This clinical advantage has been shown...
Article
Background Urachal cancer is a rare type of cancer, often following a clinically aggressive course. Due to its rarity, knowledge about its molecular background is still limited. In addition, no sufficiently reliable diagnostic markers are available. Objectives The aim of the present study is to give an overview of our recent molecular projects on...
Preprint
Macrophages perform essential functions during bacterial infections, such as phagocytosis of pathogens and elimination of neutrophils to reduce spreading of infection, inflammation and tissue damage. The spatial distribution of macrophages is critical to respond to tissue specific adaptations upon infections. Using a novel algorithm for correlative...
Data
Characteristics of the patient cohort and laboratory data
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Cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTL) efficiently control acute virus infections but can become exhausted when a chronic infection develops. The checkpoint receptor PD-1 suppresses the functionality of virus-specific CD8+ T cells during chronic infection. However, the role of the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway during the acute phase of infections has not been wel...
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Histopathological differentiation between severe urocystitis with reactive urothelial atypia and carcinoma in situ (CIS) can be difficult, particularly after a treatment that deliberately induces an inflammatory reaction, such as intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guèrin. However, precise grading in bladder cancer is critical for therap...
Chapter
Cells shed into the extracellular space a population of membranous vesicles of plasma membrane origin called microparticles (MP). Given the fact that MP are abundantly present in body fluids including plasma, rich in cell-type or disease-specific proteins and formed in conditions of stress and injury, they have been extensively investigated as biom...
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Viruses and hosts are situated in a molecular arms race. To avoid morbidity and mortality, hosts evolved antiviral restriction factors. These restriction factors exert selection pressure on the viruses and drive viral evolution toward increasingly efficient immune antagonists. Numerous viruses exploit cellular DNA damage-binding protein 1 (DDB1)-co...
Article
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that function in intercellular communication. We have previously reported that exosomes play an important role in the transmission of antiviral molecules during interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment. In this study, the protein profiles of THP-1-derived macrophages with or without interferon-α treatment and the exosomes...
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In the publication of this article (1), there is an error in Fig. 5b. This has now been updated in the original article (1).
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Background/aims: An estimated 80 million people worldwide are infected with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Even after eradication of HCV with direct acting antivirals (DAAs), hepatic fibrosis remains a risk factor for hepatocarcinogenesis. Recently, we confirmed the applicability of microfibrillar-associated protein 4 (MFAP4) as a serum biomarke...
Article
Chemotherapeutic treatment regimens often take advantage of synergistic effects of drug combinations. Anticipating that synergistic effects on cell biological level likely manifest on proteome level, the analysis of proteome modulations represents an appropriate strategy to study drug combinations on molecular level. More specifically, the detectio...
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Background: Although metabolism is profoundly altered in human liver cancer, the extent to which experimental models, e.g. cell lines, mimic those alterations is unresolved. Here, we aimed to determine the resemblance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines to human liver tumours, specifically in the expression of deregulated metabolic target...
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Tandem mass tags (TMT) are usually introduced at the levels of isolated proteins or peptides. Here, for the first time, we report the labeling of whole cells and a critical evaluation of its performance in comparison to conventional labeling approaches. The obtained results indicated that TMT protein labeling using intact cells is generally possibl...
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The ubiquitous mold Aspergillus fumigatus threatens immunosuppressed patients as inducer of lethal invasive aspergillosis. A. fumigatus conidia are airborne and reach the alveoli, where they encounter alveolar epithelial cells (AEC). Previous studies reported the importance of the surfactant-producing AEC II during A. fumigatus infection via in vit...
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Primary liver cancer (HCC) is recognized as the fifth most common neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Most risk factors are known and the molecular pathogenesis has been widely studied in the last decade; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be unveiled, as they will facilitate definition of novel bio...
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Interferons (IFNs) are pleotropic cytokines secreted upon encounter of pathogens and tumors. Applying their antipathogenic, antiproliferative, and immune stimulatory capacities, recombinant IFNs are frequently prescribed as drugs to treat different diseases. IFNs act by changing the gene expression profile of cells. Due to characteristics such as r...
Article
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Endothelial dysfunction is associated with decreased NO bioavailability and impaired activation of the NO receptor soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) in the vasculature and in platelets. Red blood cells (RBCs) are known to produce NO under hypoxic and normoxic conditions; however evidence of expression and/or activity of sGC and downstream signaling p...
Article
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Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) feature high expression of AP-1 transcription factors, which regulate various physiological processes but also promote lymphomagenesis. The AP-1 factor basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like 3 (BATF3) is highly transcribed in cHL and ALCL; however, its functiona...
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Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignant liver tumor and a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Cirrhosis induced by hepatitis-C virus (HCV) infection is the most critical risk factor for HCC. However, the mechanism of HCV-induced carcinogenesis is not fully understood. Plasma microparticles (PMP) c...
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The analysis of high-throughput mass spectrometry-based proteomics data must address the specific challenges of this technology. To this end, the comprehensive proteomics workflow offered by the de.NBI service center BioInfra.Prot provides indispensable components for the computational and statistical analysis of this kind of data. These components...
Data
Proteomic Quantification of the Metabolic Targets in Tumor vs Adjacent Normal Liver Tissues
Data
Consistently Altered Metabolic Targets in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Article
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Background & Aims Cancer cells rely on metabolic alterations to enhance proliferation and survival. Metabolic gene alterations that repeatedly occur in liver cancer are largely unknown. We aimed to identify metabolic genes that are consistently deregulated, and are of potential clinical significance in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods...
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Discriminating intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) from hepatic metastases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) can be challenging. While pathologists might depend on clinical information regarding a primary tumor, their diagnosis will lead the patient either to potentially curative surgery (for ICC) or to palliation (for mPDAC). Beyond th...