Barbara E. Ainsworth's research while affiliated with Shanghai University of Sport and other places

Publications (206)

Article
Background: The 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities provides metabolic equivalent (MET) values for household and eldercare activities (physical activities [PAs]). METs are from published studies, estimated if values are not published, or combined with other PAs with different METs in a single entry. Some PAs are missing from the Compendium. Thi...
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Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the effects of different exercise modes (resistance training [RT], whole body vibration training [WBVT], and mixed training [MT, resistance training combined with other exercises such as balance, endurance and aerobic training]) on muscle strength (knee extension strength [KE...
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Objective We conducted a meta-analysis to analyze the effects of resistance training on measures of body composition, muscle strength, and muscle performance in older people with sarcopenia. Methods All randomized controlled trials on the effects of resistance training on outcome variables in older people with sarcopenia were searched on Pubmed, E...
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Background Sarcopenia is accompanied by a decline in muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle function. Resistance training is the most potential training method for the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia. However, the conventional high-load resistance training (CRT) recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine is a challenge for olde...
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Objective Exercise prevents falls in the general older population, but evidence is inconclusive for older adults living with cognitive impairment. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the potential effectiveness of interventions for reducing falls in older persons with cognitive impairment. Methods PubMed, EMBASE,...
Article
Physical activity (PA) promotion takes on many forms with the goal of encouraging others to be more physically active. This chapter applies the social ecological model (SEM) as a guide to identifying strategies proven effective in promoting PA. Ecological models describe how interactions among individuals, influential others, and their environments...
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China is experiencing significant public health challenges related to social and demographic transitions and lifestyle transformations following unprecedented economic reforms four decades ago. Of particular public health concern is the fourfold increase in overweight and obesity rates in the nation’s youth population, coupled with the low prevalen...
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The forehand loop drive is one of the primary attacking techniques in table tennis and is practiced at a large volume during training. The aim of this study was to investigate the energetic profile of the high-repetition forehand loop drive practice in table tennis. Twenty-six well-trained, young table tennis players performed a treadmill graded ex...
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The on-going Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China has become the world's leading health headline and is causing major panic and public concerns. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the new coronavirus outbreak is a public health emergency of international concern.1 The virus has already had a direct im...
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The on-going Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China has become the world's leading health headline and is causing major panic and public concerns. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the new coronavirus outbreak is a public health emergency of international concern.1 The virus has already had a direct im...
Article
This paper provides reflections on my academic career in kinesiology and public health from an autobiographical perspective. Themes include the importance of movement and physical activity in my development and career choices, a recognition of the importance of physical activity for health outcomes, experiences in studying physical activity in a pu...
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•Noncommunicable diseases and insufficient physical activity are a growing concern in the BRICS nations.•The BRICS Council of Exercise and Sport Science (BRICSCESS) is a timely organization to bring awareness to the health impacts of physical inactivity and its consequences in BRICS nations.•The BRICSCESS represents a new era in providing a coordin...
Article
This study examined whether physical activity (PA) mediated the relationships of four PA-related environmental settings (home, school, neighborhood environments and convenient facilities) with body mass index (BMI) among Chinese adolescents aged 13-18 years. Two setting indicators were assessed: (1) perceived availability of environmental resources...
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Background Health effects of sedentary behaviors (SB) may vary depending on their characteristics such as type, purpose, duration, and intensity of the behavior. While a growing number of questionnaires assess sedentary behaviors, it is unclear which characteristics of SB are measured. The aim of this review was to examine the content of self-repor...
Data
Full list of questionnaire abbreviations and their corresponding definitions. This file presents the entire list of SB questionnaires analyzed in this review, their abbreviations, and the references for each of them. (DOCX)
Data
Content of sedentary behaviors questionnaires. This table presents in the column A and B the short form of the taxonomy in a hierarchical form. In the other columns are presented the SB characteristics identified within each questionnaire. The SB characteristics linked to the taxonomy are represented by an X, while the (X) represents the SB charact...
Article
BACKGROUND Behavioral support may be effective in increasing physical activity (PA) in school settings. However, there are no data collection systems to concurrently record PA and behavioral support. This paper describes the development and validation of the System for Observing Behavioral Ecology for Youth in Schools (SOBEYS)—an instrument used wi...
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Objective: We examined the cultural relevance of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in the design of a physical activity intervention for African-American women. Methods: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty-five African-American women (Mean age = 38.5 years, Mean BMI = 39.4 kg·m2) were enrolled in a series of focus groups (N = 9) to elucidate...
Article
Purpose: This study compared the accuracy of physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) prediction using two methods of accounting for age dependency versus one standard (single) value across all ages. Method: PAEE estimates were derived by pooling data from five studies. Participants, 6-18 years (n=929), engaged in 14 activities while in a roo...
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Background: Increasing access and opportunity for physical activity (PA) in schools are effective; however, not everyone experiences the same effects. Prompting and reinforcement may encourage more frequent participation in recreational PA during the school day. The purpose of this study was to investigate a lunchtime PA intervention on whole-scho...
Article
Purpose: Develop strategic priorities to guide future physical activity surveillance in the United States. Methods: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine convened a Scientific Roundtable of physical activity and measurement experts. Participants summarized the current state of aerobic physical...
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Objective: To examine the associations of food consumption, serum vitamins and metabolic syndrome risk with physical activity level in middle-aged adults. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006. Subjects: Adults aged 40-70 years were divided into three groups by tertile of accele...
Article
The health-enhancing benefits of regular physical activity have been theorized for thousands of years. Within the past 25 years, public health agencies, health-related organizations, and health-focused foundations have recognized regular physical activity as a major factor in preventing premature morbidity and mortality. Colleges and universities h...
Technical Report
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The National Collegiate Fitness Index (NCFI) is an instrument developed through a collaborative project between the National Academy of Kinesiology, the American College of Sports Medicine, and the American Kinesiology Association. The purpose of NCFI is to rank various US college and university campuses for their physical and programmatic resource...
Article
Objectives: We examined whether objectively measured sedentary behavior is related to subsequent functional loss among community-dwelling adults with or at high risk for knee osteoarthritis. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data (2008-2012) from 1659 Osteoarthritis Initiative participants aged 49 to 83 years in 4 cities. Baseline sedentary time...
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Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) is designed to support informed decision making at both the individual, population, and policy levels. The American College of Sports Medicine and partners convened a conference with the focus of building an agenda for CER within the context of physical activity and non-pharmacological lifestyle approaches i...
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This study assessed the concurrent validity of the English and a linguistic Spanish translation of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey (SBAS) with pedometer-measured physical activity (PA) among postpartum Latinas. Latinas (n 97) completed the SBAS in either English (n 47) or Spanish (n 50) and wore pedometers 7 days at three different assessment pe...
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Background Athletes may be at risk for developing adverse health outcomes due to poor eating behaviors during college. Due to the complex nature of the diet, it is difficult to include or exclude individual food items and specific food groups from the diet. Eating behaviors may better characterize the complex interactions between individual food it...
Article
Measuring historical physical activity in epidemiologic research depends on self-report. We aimed to describe data reporting errors women made in completing two validated questionnaires - Lifetime Physical Activity Questionnaire (LPAQ) and Occupational Questionnaire (OQ). Participants, 229 women aged 38 - 65 years, completed questionnaires on paper...
Article
Adherence to recommendations for physical activity (PA) among adults in the United States is reported as poor, particularly among low-income Latinos. In particular, Latina women are at increased risk for inactivity and chronic illness, but national health survey reports aggregate data across demographic strata, limiting descriptive information that...
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Mexican Americans are the largest minority group in the US and suffer disproportionate rates of diseases related to the lack of physical activity (PA). Since many of these Mexican Americans are Spanish-speaking, it is important to validate a Spanish language physical activity assessment tool that can be used in epidemiology as well as clinical prac...
Article
Background Adherence to recommendations for physical activity (PA) among adults in the United States is reported as poor, particularly among low-income Latinos. In particular, Latina women are at increased risk for inactivity and chronic illness, but national health survey reports aggregate data across demographic strata, limiting descriptive infor...
Article
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Sleep and sedentary and active behaviors are linked to cardiovascular disease risk biomarkers, and across a 24-hour day, increasing time in 1 behavior requires decreasing time in another. We explored associations of reallocating time to sleep, sedentary behavior, or active behaviors with biomarkers. Data (n = 2,185 full sample; n = 923 fasting suba...
Chapter
The energy expended in exercise and sports is the most variable portion of one's daily energy expenditure (EE). This chapter provides an overview of direct and indirect methods used in laboratory and field settings to assess the energy cost of exercise and sports activities performed by adults. Various measurement methods can be used to estimate th...
Article
Purpose: To describe the physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors of postpartum Latinas who are overweight or obese before initiating Madres para la Salud, a social support-mediated walking intervention to promote postpartum weight loss. Methods: One hundred thirty-nine postpartum women (13.6 ± 7.7 wk since childbirth, age = 28.3 ± 5.6 yr,...
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Background: We describe the study design and methods used in a 9-month pedometer-based worksite intervention called "ASUKI Step" conducted at the Karolinska Institutet (KI) in Stockholm, Sweden and Arizona State University (ASU) in the greater Phoenix area, Arizona. Methods/design: "ASUKI Step" was based on the theory of social support and a qua...
Article
Assessment of physical activity using self-report has the potential for measurement error that can lead to incorrect inferences about physical activity behaviors and bias study results. To provide recommendations to improve the accuracy of physical activity derived from self report. We provide an overview of presentations and a compilation of persp...
Article
A wide array of accelerometer-based activity monitors has been developed to facilitate objective monitoring of physical activity behaviors, but it has proven difficult to equate outputs from different monitors. On the surface, commercially available monitors seem to be performing the same basic task-monitoring total body acceleration. However, diff...
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Evidence suggests that Latina women appear to be less physically active than women of other racial/ethnic groups. This study evaluated how different domains of physical activity (PA) contributed to overall levels of PA among low-income Latinas, the validity of Latinas' self-reported PA, and potential moderators of self-report bias in PA. A communit...
Article
Sedentary older adults are at risk of decreased physical function that may lead to loss of independence. In addition, low spirituality is associated with all-cause mortality for older adults. Published research studies have not evaluated the effects of spirituality following a meditative movement intervention such as Sign Chi Do (SCD). The Roy Adap...
Article
Objectives: Community indicators for physical activity were conceptualised by assessing citizens' perceived barriers and supports for physical activity within their community. Suggestions regarding community improvements by multiple sectors of the community (government, non-profit organisations, voluntary organisations, private organisations and le...
Conference Paper
Aims: Sedentary older adults are at risk of decreased physical function and maladaptation to aging that may lead to loss of independence. Conversely, regular physical activity and spiritual engagement reduces the risk for mortality. Previous studies have not evaluated the joint effects of spirituality and physical function following a meditative mo...
Article
to examine the concurrent validity of the Technogym MyWellness Key accelerometer against objective and subjective physical activity (PA) measures. randomised, cross-sectional design with two phases. The laboratory phase compared the MyWellness Key with the ActiGraph GT1M and the Yamax SW200 Digiwalker pedometer during graded treadmill walking, incr...
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Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important factors for improving population health, but no standardised systems exist for international surveillance. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed for international surveillance. The purpose of this study was a comparative international study of population physical a...
Article
The translation of health research is a process of transforming scientific discoveries arising from laboratory, clinical, or population studies into clinical or population-based applications to improve health by reducing disease incidence, morbidity, and mortality. Initiated by the National Institutes for Health Roadmap Initiative and the U.S. Cent...
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This chapter presents an overview of tools used to assess physical activity and inactivity. These include objective measures of energy expenditure, objective measures of physical activity, objective measures of physical fitness, subjective measures of physical activity, measures of physical inactivity, and considerations for selecting an appropriat...
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As the US population continues to grow and diversify, there is a need for progressive physical activity measurement and cross-cultural research. Studies suggest that US Latinos are among the most sedentary of ethnic groups compared to others; however, study findings may be biased given that some measures may not be culturally sensitive for assessin...
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This paper presents a Compendium of Energy Expenditures for use in scoring physical activity questionnaires and estimating energy expenditure levels in youth. Modeled after the adult Compendium of Physical Activities, the Compendium of Energy Expenditures for Youth contains a list of over 200 activities commonly performed by youth and their associa...
Data
Full-text available
The Compendium of Energy Expenditures for Youth. Table of activity descriptors and energy expenditure values.
Article
How do healthcare providers know if their patients are getting enough physical activity to promote good health and to reduce their risks of chronic diseases and injury? The first step is to identify the patient's current level of physical activity using questionnaires and/or motion sensors. Questionnaires assess activity levels by having patients a...
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The goal of this study was to establish preliminary criterion-referenced cut points for adult pedometer-determined physical activity (PA) related to weight status defined by body mass index (BMI). Researchers contributed directly measured BMI and pedometer data that had been collected (1) using a Yamax-manufactured pedometer, (2) for a minimum of 3...
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To examine the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and physical activity (PA). Cross-sectional data were obtained via a national telephone survey from 9173 respondents (30.9% response rate; 51.4% cooperation rate). Four indicators of HRQOL were measured: self-rated health, physically unhealthy days, mentally unhealthy days an...
Article
To compare and contrast youth physical activity (PA) and inactivity patterns in two developing Asian countries: the Philippines and China. Comparative analysis of 1997-1999 Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey and the 1997 China Health and Nutrition Survey, large-scale surveys that included questions on type, frequency and duration of: com...
Article
To develop an historical bone loading questionnaire that assesses loads applied to the skeleton using bone loading units and to determine its reproducibility. Additional purposes were to correlate bone loading units with areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and to determine whether low levels of bone loading increase the odds for low aBMD in healthy p...
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Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between perceptions of neighborhood sidewalks and race, and walking and physical activity (PA) patterns in a southeastern US community. Methods: A telephone survey was administered to a stratified sample of adults (N = 1148). Physical activity was categorized according to the...
Article
The sale of nonprescription weight-loss products accounts for millions of dollars spent by Americans trying to lose weight, yet there is little evidence for effectiveness and there are multiple safety concerns. The purpose of this study was to determine what products, and ingredients within products, were available at retail outlets in a metropolit...
Article
Introduction: This study examined the association between perceptions of social and safety-related environmental attributes and physical activity (PA) and walking in African American and white adults. Methods: In a random-digit-dial telephone survey, 1165 adults in a rural county in South Carolina answered questions about their perceptions of so...
Article
The study purpose was to establish the number (and type) of days needed to estimate mean pedometer-determined steps/day in a field setting. Seven days of data were collected from 90 participants (33 males, age = 49.1 +/- 16.2 years, BMI = 27.2 +/- 4.1 kg/m(2); 57 females, age = 44.8 +/- 16.9 years, BMI = 27.0 +/- 5.9 kg/m(2)). Mean steps/day were c...