Aws Alshamsan's research while affiliated with King Saud University and other places

Publications (111)

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Background Interleukin-8 (IL8), Interleukin-12 (IL12) and Interleukin-13 (IL13) are cytokines that play regulatory role in cancer pathogenesis. We analysed their expression profile to evaluate as molecular biomarkers of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their association with different parameters. Methods Expression analysis of IL8, IL...
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The physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) approach can be used to develop mathematical models for predicting the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination (ADME) of administered drugs in virtual human populations. Haloperidol is a typical antipsychotic drug with a narrow therapeutic index and is commonly used in the management of...
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Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains one of the most lethal and incurable forms of cancer and has a poor prognosis. One of the significant therapeutic challenges in PC is multidrug resistance (MDR), a phenomenon in which cancer cells develop resistance toward administered therapy. Development of novel therapeutic platforms that could overcome MDR in PC i...
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The aim of this study was the successful utilization of the positively charged nanocrystals (NCs) of Tedizolid Phosphate (TZP) (0.1% w/v) for topical ocular applications. TZP belongs to the 1, 3-oxazolidine-2-one class of antibiotics and has therapeutic potential for the treatment of many drug-resistant bacterial infections, including eye infection...
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Purpose The Saudi Pharmacist Licensure Examination (SPLE) has been mandated by the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS) for approximately three years; however, colleges of pharmacy and/or pharmacy organizations in Saudi Arabia have yet to implement a comprehensive review program to help prospective graduates to succeed. The aim of this s...
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Positively charged NCs of TZP (0.1%, w/v) for ocular use were prepared by the antisolvent precipitation method. TZP is a novel 5-Hydroxymethyl-Oxazolidinone class of antibiotic and is effective against many drug-resistant bacterial infections. Even the phosphate salt of this drug is poorly soluble, therefore the NCs were prepared for its better sol...
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Low aqueous solubility and membrane permeability of some drugs are considered major limitations for their use in clinical practice. Polymeric micelles are one of the potential nano-drug delivery systems that were found to ameliorate the low aqueous solubility of hydrophobic drugs. The main objective of this study was to develop and characterize a n...
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A biocompatible, biodegradable and FDA-approved polymer [Poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)] was used to prepare the nanoparticles (NPs) to observe the effect of solvents, stabilizers and their concentrations on the physical properties of the PLGA-NPs, following the encapsulation and in vitro release of Indomethacin (IND). PLGA-NPs were prepared b...
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This study investigates the development of topically applied non-invasive chitosan-nanoparticles (CSNPs) for ocular delivery of tedizolid phosphate (TZP) for the treatment of MRSA-related ocular and orbital infections. An ionic-gelation method was used to prepare TZP-encapsulated CSNPs using tripolyphosphate-sodium (TPP) as cross-linker. Particle c...
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Abemaciclib (AC) is a novel, orally available drug molecule approved for the treatment of breast cancer. Due to its low bioavailability, its administration frequency is two to three times a day that can decrease patient compliance. Sustained release formulation are needed for prolong the action and to reduce the adverse effects. The aim of current...
Preprint
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The features of translational repression by micro-RNA can cause various diseases in humans. The liver-specific microRNA (mir122) is primarily involved in tissue tropism during HCV infection. This study focuses on evaluating host serum miR-122 as a prognostic marker in HCV infection. A positive expression of miR-122 was observed in CHC patients foll...
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To eradicate most infectious diseases, mathematical modelling of contagious diseases has revealed that a combination of quarantine, vaccination, and cure is frequently required. However, eradicating the disease will remain a difficult task if they aren't provided at the appropriate time and in the right quantity. Control analysis has been shown to...
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Background The aim of this study was to evaluate rheumatologists’ perceptions of biosimilar biologics and Non-Medical Switching (NMS). Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among registered members of the Saudi Society for Rheumatology. The questionnaire focused on biosimilars and NMS. Logistic regression was performed to ascertain the ef...
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Local production of pharmaceuticals plays a vital role in maintaining resilience of national healthcare systems, especially when it comes to facilitating access to needed medicines and decreasing exposure to imports and international supply chains. Pharma is a research-intensive industry and the systemic lack of governance and support to R&D activi...
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Present investigation examines the simultaneous encapsulation and delivery of DOX and NAR through PLGA-NPs and CS-coated PLGA-NPs to improve the efficacy and synergistic anticancer activity of DOX, and reduce its toxicity. Drug-loaded F3 and F4 were prepared by double-emulsion solvent-evaporation technique. PS, PDI, ZP and morphology of the NPs wer...
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In this study, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-loaded pollens of Phoenix dactylifera and their coating with ERS was done and evaluated for the colon-targeted delivery of 5-FU to treat colon cancer. Sporopollenin exine microcapsules (SEMC) from the pollens of Phoenix dactylifera were extracted by the reflux method and 5-FU into SEMC was encapsulated by the va...
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The conventional physical and chemical synthetic methods for the preparation of metal nanoparticles have disadvantages as they use expensive equipment and hazardous chemicals which limit their applications for biomedical purposes, and are not environment friendly. However, for the synthesis of biocompatible nanomaterials, plant-based techniques are...
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The objective of this study was to synthesize and characterize a set of biodegradable block copolymers based on TPGS-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (TPGS-b-PCL) and to assess their self-assembled structures as a nanodelivery system for paclitaxel (PAX). The conjugation of PCL to TPGS was hypothesized to increase the stability and the drug solubilizatio...
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The objective of this study was to synthesize and characterize a set of biodegradable block copolymers based on TPGS-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (TPGS-b-PCL) and to assess their self-assembled structures as a nanodelivery system for paclitaxel (PAX). The conjugation of PCL to TPGS was hypothesized to increase the stability and the drug solubilizatio...
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The treatment of corneal abrasion currently involves the topical administration of antibiotics, with moxifloxacin HCl (0.5% w/v) eye drops being one of the most widely used treatments. Our previous work (Tawfik et al., 2020) involved the development of coaxial poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) nanofibers loaded with...
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In the current study, four formulae (BNS1-BNS4) of butenafine (BTF) loaded nanosponges (NS) were fabricated by solvent emulsification technology, using different concentration of ethyl cellulose (EC) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a rate retarding polymer and surfactant, respectively. Prepared NS were characterized for particle size (PS), polydispe...
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Vitiligo is a rare skin condition caused by an immune reaction. Vitiligo can occur anywhere on the body. This proposed explanation of vitiligo makes it clear that vitiligo is not linked to any other autoimmune diseases. The polymorphisms of some genes present in the immune system play a major function in susceptibility of vitiligo. Meta-analysis st...
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Background /Introduction: Despite advances in the diagnosis and management of breast cancer (BC), it is still associated with high mortality rates. New biomarkers are being developed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prediction of responses of BC. Ceramide (CER), a bioactive sphingolipid, has emerged recently as a useful diagnostic tool in several...
Article
Tedizolid phosphate (TZP) a prodrug of Tedizolid (TDZ) is a novel oxazolidinone antibiotic, used for the treatment of acute bacterial skin, skin structure infections and other serious gram positive and MRSA infections. In the present study, a sensitive UPLC-MS/MS analytical method was developed and validated for the quantification of TDZ in rabbit’...
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The introduction of low-oxidation-state sulfur atoms is a popular strategy to provide macromolecules with responsivity to oxidizing conditions, which in turn may confer them specific functionality (e.g. bioactivity or improved targeting). Indeed, reactive oxygen species (i.e. biologically relevant oxidants, ROS) at sufficiently low concentrations a...
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G1896A switch is one of the hotspots in subjects affected with hepatitis B. This hotspot mutation is observed in all the different spectrum of hepatitis B, and it has a very dangerous and a long lasting effect. The major purpose of the study was to screen G1986A mutations at a large scale and also to establish ligase chain reaction as a mutation te...
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Applications of chemical synthetic methods for the preparation of metal nanoparticles involve toxic reagents, which are hazardous to both humans and the environment. On the other hand, ecofriendly plant-based techniques offer rapid, non-toxic, and suitable alternatives to the traditional methods. Herein, we report an eco-friendly method for the pre...
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Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles (BT NPs) have shown exceptional characteristics such as high dielectric constant and suitable ferro-, piezo-, and pyro-electric properties. Thus, BT NPs have shown potential to be applied in various fields including electro-optical devices and biomedicine. However, very limited knowledge is available on the in...
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Tadalafil (TDL) is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE5I), indicated for erectile dysfunction (ED). However, TDL exhibits poor aqueous solubility and dissolution rate, which may limit its application. This study aims to prepare amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) by spray-drying, using glycyrrhizin-a natural drug carrier. Particle and physicochemical...
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Aim The purpose of this review is to discuss the current status of local and international efforts undergoing clinical trials aiming at developing a Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, and to highlight the anticipated challenges of this vaccine globally and in Saudi Arabia. Present Findings COVID-19 vaccine development efforts started in...
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Melanoma remains the most lethal form of skin cancer and most challenging to treat despite advances in the oncology field. Our work describes the utilization of nanotechnology to target melanoma locally in an attempt to provide an advanced and efficient quality of therapy. Amino-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN-NH2) were develope...
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The first case of COVID-19 was announced at the end of year 2019, and later many cases were identified worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, the first case was announced on 2 March 2020. To prevent the spread of this pandemic disease, many precautionary actions were taken by Saudi government. One of these actions was closing public and private schools and un...
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The present study involves the development of Dipivefrin hydrochloride (DV) containing Poloxamers (P407 and P188)-Carbopol-934 (CP) based thermoresponsive-gels for the management of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Optimal formulation was evaluated for gelation temperature (Tgel), physicochemical and viscoelastic properties, in-vitro gel dissol...
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The aim of this study was to assess the ability of PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) to reduce the tacrolimus (TAC)-associated nephrotoxicity following multiple dose administration. The mean diameter of prepared NPs was in the range of 227 to 263 nm with an 8.32% drug loading (w/w). Moreover, in vitro release profile of TAC-loaded NPs showed a sustained rel...
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In the present study, we obtained small unilamellar vesicles by adopting the thin hemispherical lipid-film (containing Reserpine) technique for the encapsulation of Metformin hydrochloride (MET) and Reserpine (RES) together. The nano-sized flexible liposomes were prepared by 2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC), cholesterol and Twe...
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Magnetic particle imaging is an emerging tomographic method used for evaluation of the spatial distribution of iron‐oxide nanoparticles. In this work, the effect of the polymer coating on the response of particles was studied. Particles with covalently crosslinked coating showed improved signal and image resolution. Magnetic particle imaging is an...
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Glipizide (GLZ) is an oral hypoglycemic agent, which is a weakly aqueous soluble drug. The solubility values of GLZ in various neat solvents are scarce in the literature. Hence, the solubility of GLZ in 12 different neat solvents, namely, “water, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol (IPA), 1-butanol, 2-butanol, ethylene glycol (EG), propylene glycol (PG)...
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We present the evaluation of a sulfoxide-based polymer (poly(propylene sulfoxide), PPSO) as a potential ‘stealth’ macromolecule, and at the same time as a pharmacologically active (anti-inflammatory/anti-oxidant) material. The combination of these two concepts may at first seem peculiar since the gold standard polymer in biomaterials and drug deliv...
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The main objective of this study was to investigate the potential of poly(α-carboxylate-co-α-benzylcarboxylate-ε-caprolactone)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(α-carboxylate-co-α-benzylcarboxylate-ε-caprolactone) (PCBCL-b-PEG-b-PCBCL; denoted as PolyGel™) as an in situ gel system for ocular delivery of CyA. The newly developed formulation was...
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Gemfibrozil (GEM) is cholesterol-lowering agent which is being proposed as poorly water soluble drug (PWSD). Temperature based solubility values of GEM are not yet available in literature or any pharmacopoeia/monograph. Hence, the present studies were carried out to determine the solubility of PWSD GEM (as mole fraction) in various pharmaceutically...
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Surface-coated nanocarriers have been extensively used to enhance the delivery of anticancer drugs and improve their therapeutic index. In this study, chitosan (CS)-coated flexible liposomes (chitosomes) containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were designed and characterized for use as a novel approach to target colon cancer cells. 5-FU-loaded flexible li...
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Itraconazole (ITZ) loaded Poly-(D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid, PLGA) nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) stabilized by D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene-glycol succinate-1000 (TPGS) were developed by nanoprecipitation and single emulsion solvent evaporation methods to improve antifungal activity of ITZ by enhancing its solubility, and hence bioavailability. Encapsul...
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One of the greatest disturbing global health problems is antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, which have rendered numerous currently used antibiotics ineffective. Thus, the feasibility of chitosan-coated deformable liposomes (C-Lips) containing dicloxacillin (DLX) were evaluated for their efficacy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus...
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Background: The choice of lipid excipients and their origin are crucial determinant factors in the design of self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS). Aim: To investigate the aspects of alternative excipients which can influence the development of efficient SNEDDS and determine the fate of fenofibrate in aqueous media. Methods: SNEDDS of...
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Delivering drugs via the ocular route has always been a challenge for poorly soluble drugs. The various anatomical and physiological barriers in the eye cavity hinder the residence of drugs within the corneal and precorneal regions. In this study, the nanosystem that could sufficiently deliver the poorly soluble Acyclovir topically via ocular route...
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Background New approaches for the prevention of colon cancer perseveres an essential necessity. Though, resistance to existing chemo-preventive drugs is moderately predominant in colon carcinogenesis. Taxifolin (dihydroquercetin) is a flavononol, have shown virile biological activities against few cancers. The current study was designed to investig...
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Drug shortages are a multifaceted problem that has been recurring in Saudi Arabia over the past decade with its significant negative impact on patient care. However, there is a dearth of evidence about possible domestic reasons, if any, behind this recurring problem. Recently, the Pharmacy Education Unit at King Saud University College of Pharmacy...
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STAT3 knockdown by small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been described to inhibit carcinogenic growth in various types of tumors. Earlier we have reported delivery of siRNA by oleic acid- and stearic acid-modified-polyethylenimine and enhancement of silencing of STAT3 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) in B16.F10 melanoma cell lines and consequent tumor...
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Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane) is a natural product extracted from the root of Curcuma longa. 5-Bis (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-N-methyl-4-piperidone, the piperidone analogue of curcumin (PAC), was one of the analogues that, demonstrated potential anticancer effects against breast and colon cancers compared with native curcumin. A simple, accura...
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We investigated the anticancer potential of Ag-doped (0.5-5%) anatase TiO2 NPs. Characterization study showed that dopant Ag was well-distributed on the surface of host TiO2 NPs. Size (15 nm to 9 nm) and band gap energy (3.32 eV to 3.15 eV) of TiO2 NPs were decreases with increasing the concentration of Ag dopant. Biological studies demonstrated th...
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The objective of this research work was to measure the solubility of mycophenolate mofetil (MPM) in ten different pure solvents at temperatures T = 298.2 K to 318.2 K and pressure p = 0.1 MPa. The solubilities of MPM in mole fraction were obtained maximum in ethyl acetate (9.28 × 10− 2) and minimum in water (4.16 × 10− 6) at “T = 318.2 K” and simil...
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Objective The purpose of this study was to study the antimicrobial activity of chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa with special emphasis on their sensitivity to pH and the effect of pH on their activity. Methodology Antimicrobial activity of CSNPs against Pseudomonas aeruginosa at different pH was tested using broth dilution m...
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Tacrolimus (TAC)-loaded Ploy-lactide-co-glycolide nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) was developed by emulsification-diffusion method for topical ocular delivery in certain ocular conditions where therapeutic level of immunomodulator into eyes is required for sufficient duration. So, we optimized TAC-loaded PLGA-NPs with higher TAC payload. The mean particle...
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The tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib was recently approved for use against gastrointestinal stromal tumors and advanced renal cell carcinoma. Yet, the protective effect of sunitinib against breast cancer has been poorly investigated. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative and apoptogenic effects of sunitinib and the possible mechan...
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Physicochemical properties of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) can be tuned by doping with metals or nonmetals. Copper (Cu) doping improved the photocatalytic behavior of TiO2 NPs that can be applied in various fields such as environmental remediation and nanomedicine. However, interaction of Cu-doped TiO2 NPs with human cells is scarce. T...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a multifactorial etiology. Although the exact cause behind CRC is still elusive, recent studies have indicated microbial involvement in its etiology. Escherichia coli has emerged as an important factor in CRC development since the bacterium can cause changes in the gut that lead to cancerous transformation. A number of s...
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Collecting evidence suggests that the intercellular infection of Chlamydia pneumoniae in lungs contributes to the etiology of lung cancer. Many proteins of Chlamydia pneumoniae outmanoeuvre the various system of the host. The infection may regulate various factors which can influence the growth of lung cancer in affected persons. In this in-silico...
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The information regarding thermodynamic parameters on solid-liquid equilibrium (SLE) of itraconazole (ITR) in different neat solvents is essential for its pharmaceutical and industrial applications. The SLE of ITR in different neat solvents had not been studied previously in literature. Hence, in this study, the SLE of ITR in various neat solvents...
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Thymoquinone (TQ) is a poorly water soluble bioactive compound which shows poor oral bioavailability upon oral administration. Due to poor aqueous solubility and bioavailability of TQ, various self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) of TQ were developed and evaluated for enhancement of its hepatoprotective effects and oral bioavailabili...
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Nanotechnology offers invaluable tools to tailor cancer vaccines in order to generate robust antitumor immune response. Among the types of vehicles for cancer vaccines, nanoparticles (NPs) are easier to produce with better scalability. Several nanostructures have been discussed in literature as potential delivery systems for cancer antigens. Here,...
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Polymeric nanoparticulate carriers play an important role and holding a significant potential for the development of novel immunomodulatory agents as easily they are taken up by antigen presenting cells. They allow an enhanced antigen stability, better immunogenicity and immunostimulatory effect with sustained and controlled release of the antigen...
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The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different cryoprotectants and their concentration on the physicochemical characteristics of chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs). The effect of coating of CS-NPs with hyaluronic acid (HA) and alginic acid (ALG) before and after lyophilization was also evaluated. The ionic gelation method was us...
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There are very few studies regarding the biological activity of cobalt-based nanoparticles (NPs) and, therefore, the possible mechanism behind the biological response of cobalt NPs has not been fully explored. The present study was designed to explore the potential mechanisms of the cytotoxicity of cobalt NPs in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells. T...
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A 9,10-dialkoxy-substituted anthracene linker has been designed and synthesized and used as a light-responsive platform to deliver siRNA. The histidine-substituted linker self-assembled in the presence of RNA forming a smart and biocompatible delivery capsule. This process is mediated by singlet oxygen, which cleaves the dialkoxyanthracene linker l...
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We investigated the effect of Zn-doping on structural and optical properties as well as cellular response of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. A library of Zn-doped (1–10 at wt%) TiO2 NPs was prepared. Characterization data indicated that dopant Zn was incorporated into the lattice of host TiO2. The average particle size...
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In this study, we aimed to improve the anticancer effect of 5-FU on human colon cancer cell lines by incorporating in poly(D,L lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs). The 5-FU-PLGA NPs were prepared by nanoprecipitation technique. Prepared NPs were moderately dispersed with an average diameter of 133±25.19 nm. Scanning Electron Microsc...